1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers >
1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population
without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g.,
students and military personnel) only counted once.
LAMBESC is a commune in the
Bouches-du-Rhône department in the
Provence-Alpes-Côte d\'Azur region in southern France.
Lambesc is located in the heart of
Provence at the foot of the Côtes
mountain range , near the
Alpilles . The village has a strong
historical and cultural heritage, being home to the Church of Our Lady
of the Assumption, the eleventh-century Romanesque chapel of St.
Anne's Goiron, and Manivert, a local art and archaeological museum.
The special character of the village and its beautiful environs
Luberon ) attracts many tourists.
* 1 Geography
* 2 History
* 2.2 Early history
* 2.3 Gallo-Roman history
* 2.4 Middle Ages
* 2.5 16th to 18th centuries
* 2.7 Contemporary history
* 3 Toponymy
* 4 Population
* 5 Access and transport
* 6 Geology
* 7 Hydrology
* 8 Seismicity
* 9 Policy and administration
* 9.1 Administration before the Revolution
* 10 Political trends
* 11 Administration and management
* 12 Twin towns
* 13 Economy
* 13.1 Economic history
* 13.2 Modern economy
* 14 Education
* 14.1 Schools
* 15 Denominations and religions
* 16 Cultural facilities, events and festivities
* 17 Famous residents
* 18 Monuments and buildings
* 18.1 The Wind Mill Provençal (Moulin à vent Provençal) in the
* 18.2 Modern period
Lambesc and the buildings of worship
* 18.4 Away from
Lambesc and the Fountains
* 18.6 The Church of Our Lady of the Assumption (1700–1741)
* 19 See also
* 20 References
* 21 External links
Lambesc is located on a hillside in the Massif de la
1.5 km from the
Canal de Marseille
Canal de Marseille . It is 20 km from Aix-en-Provence
and Gare d\'Aix-en-
TGV , 15 km from Salon de
Provence , 30 km
Marignane and the
Provence Airport , and 60 km from
To the west of Lambesc, within 500 meters north of the old riverbed
of "The Concernade", a small
Neolithic settlement with evidence of
post holes was discovered during the work of
LGV Méditerranée .
Another settlement was discovered in 1995 in a nearby valley. Traces
of occupation (homes, septic, lithic material) from the
Bronze Age have been found. The site was reoccupied until the
Bronze Age IIIb (as evidenced by funerary structure type mounds, a
mold foundry, and a small dwelling) before being finally abandoned in
the Iron Age.
Lambesc has evidence of a Celtic-Ligurian settlement (Saluvii)
Salyens and of the Tritolii, tribes which have left a multitude of
sites (oppidum establishment of plains, places of worship etc.). There
is also evidence of many trade partners, including the
Etruscans , the
Massilia in particular, the other tribes of the federation
Salyens or even of
Rome . Archaeologists have found that
Lambesc was already occupied in the
Bronze Age and
Iron Age . There
are also many hill forts and open institutions, which show the
diversity of cultivated soils and development of metallurgical
activities. They have also founded a market which took the name
"Oppidum Amboliacense", which came to supply the Greek
and 2nd century BC).
However, the perennial animosity, and a few violent conflicts between
Greeks of Marseilles and its hinterland natives led to the call
from Marseilles for Roman intervention against the aboriginals. In 124
BC, Romans of Flaccus Flaccus occupied the whole territory, including
the province of
Gaul Narbonne. What remained of the army of Salyens
Toutomotulus, its king and its leaders, fled and found refuge with the
Savoyards. The last
Salyens revolt in the region was in 90 BC.
After the peace,
Rome distributed lands and settlements to the
veterans of the legions for use with the
Salyens who survived the war.
They founded an establishment vicus, on the site of a temple to
Mercury . It remains as "
Saint-Estève ", the remains of a Gallo-Roman
rural settlement as well as another institution, organized and based
on the farm in Grand Verger. The latter is divided into a pars urbana,
a go fructuria. This site has been occupied since the 1st century AD.
There are agricultural settlements, villas, and cemeteries, and the
site index includes deposits of amphorae, dolia, and ceramics.
We know from the Gallo-Roman population of
Lambesc that they revered
a local water deity, near an ancient spring, where three dedications
to Iboïte were found. One of them is that of an M (...) Amoena, freed
man of Pompeii. Another from Sextus Pompeius Theophilus, a prepaid'
Proculus, and the last of Decimus Ratius Bassus, prepaid Decimus.
An inscription was found, to the god Mercury , on an altar of
limestone to the east of the town. In the same area, a dedication to
the tutelary deities was discovered: "Sextus has fulfilled his vow
against Suleviae willingly and rightfully".
In the Middle Ages, in the valley of the Concernade, the small town
Lambesc was built on a rocky headland, now 'Church Square'.
Previously the local 'castrum', or fort, sat on this promontory.
Local toponymy suggests the "neighborhood villains" lived there,
which was the poorest part of the
Lambesc castrum. It was on this hill
(the church square, Place Jean Jaurès, place du Castel). Towards the
end of 15C and early 16C, as the first suburbs were created outside
the old city walls, inns and other taverns developed.
East of Lambesc, in the district of Saint-Peyre, remains Podium
Amboliacense, the ruins of a medieval chapel. The chapel of St. Peter
was built on the ruins of the temple of Mercury in 810, by Eldrad son
of Ardrad, the first
Lord Lambesc. San-Peyre was sacked by Ramon
Berenguer IV in 1222.
In the 12th century, the Abbey of Saint-André of
Avignon owned the church of St. John in the valley
Valbonette, which enabled it to raise revenues. This church-priory was
sold to the Abbey Silvacane at the end of the twelfth century.
In 1358, the lords of
Lambesc Philippe and Pierre d'Alamanon,
followed by the lords of La Roque d'Antheron, plundered the monastery
The castle that remains today is a 9th-century tower, inside the
Church of Our Lady of the Assumption (1700–1741). This church
succeeded Notre-Dame-de-la-Rose (13th-century). The nave of Our Lady
of Hope of the Cathedral of Saint-Sauveur in Aix-en-
Provence was the
work of Jean Vallon, author, with his brother Lawrence.
Barony and the Principality as Louis XIV , the city became famous
playing a political role in the history of Provence, which earned him
the nickname" Versailles Aix."
Until the 18th century many nobles, from noble families of Provence,
16TH TO 18TH CENTURIES
In 1453 and in 1688, the barony
Lambesc belonged to the House of
Guise (branch of the
House of Lorraine
House of Lorraine ). Mary of Lorraine bequeathed
it on 6 February 1686, to Mr. Armagnac , Grand Equerry of France.
The barony included several hamlets (The Chapusse La Tour-de-Janet,
Janet, Douau, Upper Libran, La Font-d'Arles, The Coussou, The Fedon,
Sues and Garandeau) that constitute its fiefs.
In 1589, Valletta laid siege to the city. After 300 guns given, the
garrison under Esmenard of Vautubière capitulated. The latter and
eleven of his men were hanged on the spot, thus paying the price for
their loyalty to their lord the Duke of Guise. Lambeth, bastion of the
ultra-Catholic cause, was occupied for several days by the royal
troops of Henri III .
In May 1590, in the urgency of an outbreak of child fever , a
hospital was established in the Fédons. The latter was used for only
three to four months, and was forgotten until discovered by the
preliminary works for the
LGV Méditerranée during spring 1996.
Under the reigns of Louis XIV and
Louis XVI ,
Lambesc played an
important political role in the history of Provence. For a hundred
years, 1646 to 1786, the General Assemblies of communities in the
Provence sat there, which earned the city the name
"Versailles Aachen". There are still some very beautiful mansions
around the city. (Hotel de
Cadenet Charleval, Laura of Pagy Valbonne,
Faudran of Laval, and Saint Chamas).
Lambesc became a principality in 1688 and remained in the hands of
the family of Lorraine de Brionne (1688–1789) until 1789, the year
French Revolution .
The outbreak of fever , which broke out in
Marseille in 1720,
terrorized the whole of Provence. Men were conscious of their
impotence before it but took drastic measures to protect themselves.
Lambesc's population was marked for more than a year as evidenced by
the many deliberations between 2 August 1720 and 17 August 1721.
Preventive measures were taken against the scourge:
a ban on trade with foreigners, the need to erect fences and
barricades to confine the city and suburbs, eviction of a family of 15
in Marseille, designation of a road to allow free movement for
foreigners to avoid their contact with Lambescains, construction of
walls with lime and sand more than 40 men under the command of the
Marquis de La Barben, to purchase 80 pounds of drugs and medicines,
fines given to anyone who opens the doors and windows closed, foreign
provision of a line of six soldiers in the direction of Saint-Cannat,
another line towards Taillades and another towards the path of Berre,
security provided by the bourgeois guard.
On 25 March 1789, a meeting of the people of
Lambesc was called by
the consuls and his council, at the Hotel du Janet, to prepare a list
of grievances . Of the 790 heads of families called, 725 move and are
quoted on the record. On 2 April
Lambesc also elected eight delegates
to represent the community in the drafting of a "provincial register
On 14 February 1790, the municipality was renewed but
divided into two assemblies (royalists and revolutionaries); one met
in the church of the Trinitarians and the other in the chapel of
Bourras, where a few years earlier the general meetings of communities
in the country of
Provence were held. The Chairman of the National
Assembly did not hesitate on 13 June 1790 to send support to the mayor
and municipal officers of the city, and expressed the satisfaction of
the National Assembly on the wise and measured steps they had taken
"despite the turmoil that erupted in the city due to the resistance of
the Royal Navy Regiment (aside from Marseille) against the new
authority in place".
The same year
Lambesc became the county seat of the Canton .
In 1793, a counter-revolutionary movement was led by the vicar
Lambesc Angelier, who was later guillotined with other friends in
Marseille. This period of unrest between Federated and Republicans,
led to sacking of the convent by the revolutionaries. Federalists do
not the Republicans before General Carteaux. It was during these
fierce battles that Theresa Figueur (AliasMadame Sans-Gene ), acting
as a gunner, was arrested in Marseilles and taken prisoner to Lambesc.
The girl soldier was faced with a simple alternative: enlist under the
banner of the Republic or the guillotine. She chooses the first
Illustrious guests stayed in Lambesc: In 1564, King Charles IX and
Queen Catherine de\' Medici , with the future King Henri III , and the
Prince of Navarre, the future Henri IV . It is a stop on the Grand
France made by early royal courts: in 1631 by Prince of Condé
, in 1639 Prince Casimir of Poland , in 1657 Queen Christina of Sweden
Madame de Sévigné
Madame de Sévigné came several times to
Lambesc to visit
her daughter Franchise , wife of Count Grignan, lieutenant general of
the king in Provence. Camille de Lorraine (1726–1788), brother of
Charles Louis de Lorraine, the penultimate Prince of Lambesc, Marie de
Lorraine (1671–1724), Princess of Monaco and her brother,
Louis-Alphonse Ignatius (1675–1704) called the 'Bailiff of Lorraine
"(1701) also visited.
On 31 May 1807 Sues was attached to Lambesc.
On 4 March 1886, the last hermit and gatekeeper known as St. Anne
Goiron Jean Cluny (1810–1886) died.
In the early 1900s,
Lambesc had 2,352 residents, a stock market,
factories for jams and preserves (the old cannery and Barbier Dauphin,
located in the current market place, at the location of the current
post since 1989), and oil mills. See History of the Post Office of
The 6.2 Ms
Provence earthquake destroyed many houses and left 46
people dead on June 11, 1909. The shock occurred on the Trévaresse
Fault and had a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme) . It
affected Lambesc, Rognes ,
Vernègues , and Pélissanne
In 1944, resistance was organised throughout Lambesc, in the face of
German occupation. The Resistance went into the hills on 5 June 1944,
on the plateau and that of Manivert Seze. As a result of intense
clashes on 12 June 1944, many guerrillas were arrested or shot on the
spot after a few days, and then shot at various locations in the
township. Monuments are found at various places in Lambesc, honouring
the martyrs killed by Nazi bullets.
22% of Lambeth was affected by the explosion of a German munitions
train, parked at the station, which destroyed many houses. Lambeth was
cited in the order of the division, with the award of the Croix de
guerre 1939–1945 on 11 November 1948.
In 814 AD the city was designated for the first time under the name
Lambisco villa. The Ligurian suffix -iscum and could be Latin pre-fix
'lamb' (mountain) became Lambisco (in 965-977), and finally took the
form 'Lambescho' around 1200 AD.
The peculiarity of its name is that "Lambesc" has always been spelled
out in the
Provence , although Arnaud d'Agnel
gallicised it as the "Lambs" in 1477.
The residents are called Lambescain(s).
ACCESS AND TRANSPORT
Lambesc can be accessed by car on
Route nationale 7
Route nationale 7 ; its position
along this road makes
Lambesc a place at the crossroads of principle
One can get to
Lambesc from Paris, the east, the north, and the west
by high-speed rail , stopping at Gare d\'Aix-en-
TGV , and
then taking a shuttle bus. One can also take a Corail rail car on the
Transport express régional to Gare d\'Aix-en-
To get to
Provence Airport , one can take a
shuttle bus toward Salon-de-
Provence or a taxi (20 km).
To the north, the hills rise to 484 m, extending the Massif des
Costes which lies to the west.
Further east are the limestone reliefs of the Alps of
Provence . It
is initiated by the valley of the
Around the village, the plains are fertile with irrigation and the
many streams; wheat , the wine and olives are grown.
Lambesc was crossed by four rivers: the Lavaldenan,
Estagnol, the Concernade and
Touloubre , of which only the latter
still retains a significant flow.
The catchment area of the village provides numerous springs, with
various levels of dryness: the springs of Castle Calavon, Libran,
Beauchamp, Toulouzan, Chapuis, the Font d'Arles, Viviers,
Saint-Michel, Fontvive, Bois-Vert du Moulin Blanc, Suffren St., three
in north-western Bonrecueil, Castle Calavon of Gréau and of Mondesir
and southwest of the Castle Taillades.
Following the decree of 14 May 1991, defining the seismic zoning map
Bouches-du-Rhône was cut up as follows:
* Zone II area that corresponds to a "seismic average": the
townships of Lambesc, Peyrolles-en-
Provence and Salon-de-Provence, all
three of the
Arrondissement of Aix-en-Provence
* Zone Ib, an area which corresponds to a "low seismicity" around
the Canton of Aix-en-
Trets of Arrondissement of
Provence , the townships of
Arrondissement of Arles and the townships of Berre-l \'Etang , Istres
North and Istres-Sud of Arrondissement
* Zone Ia, an area that corresponds to a "very low seismicity": all
other townships of the
Arrondissement of Aix-en-Provence , the cantons
of Arles- is ,
Châteaurenard and Saint Remy-de-
Arrondissement of Arles the townships
Martigues East and
Martigues West of Arrondissement
Istres , and finally township
Roquevaire of Arrondissement of
* Zone 0, which corresponds to a "negligible seismicity".
POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION
ADMINISTRATION BEFORE THE REVOLUTION
The land of
Lambesc comprised no less than 22 portions. The
management of the manor was mainly provided by the "vassals" of the
Prince. The rest of
Lambesc was regrouped into a "general council of
the community", with a municipal system adopted since 1715.
Lambesc was originally a barony . At least it was for the Parliament
Provence which sat in Aix . The status of the
Lambesc was a
bone of contention with the French monarch , who considered it as an
"autonomous principality in Western Provence" which he had created.
The board met once a week usually on Tuesdays. A General Assembly
could be called in exceptional circumstances. The last time was on 25
March 1789, on the occasion of the convening of the States General .
As head of the General Council of the Community, there was a first
consul and two deputies (who were also consuls); they were elected
from the General Council for a term of one year.
The First Consul took care of routine business. Counselors were
co-opted annually and numbered fifteen individuals. Often ex-consuls
and junior officers represented the board in their daily tasks. A
master Registrar, a Chief Clerk and Recorder controlled elections, and
the royal lawyer ratified them. The new directors were sworn in and
were accepted or rejected by the magistrate of Lambesc. All were paid
by the community.
In terms of justice, the Prince of
Lambesc named a judge, who sat in
his courtroom, the Hotel Du Janet. When his position was vacant, the
Seneschal of Aix made all necessary arrangements, as was the case on
20 February 1781, when an inhabitant was "found dead, murdered" on 18
February 1781. The judge also had the power to prevent the holding of
the general council of the community if a quorum was not reached. In
this case, he ordered the requisition, by the consuls of the city, of
several former advisors to achieve the quorum, and made them swear an
oath before the opening of the council.
The armed wing of the local justice and Royal was represented by the
Marshals. The latter had a brigade that consisted of six riders in
1779. The community council could also take some legal measures.
Lambesc depended, in terms of its finances, on the stewardship of the
Viguerie and the revenues of Aix.
Revenues (despite the various taxes) were too little to bear the load
on the community. Extraordinary expenses perpetually undermined the
budget. The community council was constantly advancing étapiers money
and lodging. The stewardship of Aix-en-
Provence advanced this money
from year to year. Finally, the community, since 1646, had been
supporting housing for members during the General Assembly conventions
in the country of Provence, which burdened finances a little more and
were expensive for the city and the community Lambesc.
Free accommodation for MPs was necessarily at the expense of the
community. But the level of comfort of guests, and the presence of
powerful nobles of the Kingdom of
France at such meetings required a
sacrifice, tipping the small principality of
Lambesc into inescapable
debt. It was not until 1760 that the consuls of
Lambesc obtained an
annual allowance of 600 pounds, increased to 1,200 pounds in 1765, to
help defray the costs generated by holding these meetings.
Formerly, inns and other lodging capacity were sufficient, but around
the year 1770 the problem of housing rapidly became a concern. Many
mattresses were provided at the meetings: 69 were provided in 1777, 99
in 1778. The final blow occurred on 23 November 1785. The Lambesc
community council ratified the building of new rooms and new windows
in the Hotel Du Janet. But Lambesc, already too much in debt, could
not bear the construction costs for new housing. So in 1786, with the
background of a "housing crisis", the holding of
Lambesc meetings was
removed to the city of Aix. The latter had adequate housing which was
But in December 1787, the community council asked the prince of
Charles Eugène de Lorraine , to intervene to ensure the
maintenance of general meetings of the province in Lambesc. A request
that appears to have been immediately satisfied, since on 25 March
Lambesc community council registered the order of
Archbishop of Aix, who had asked the
to build a row of homes (along the current National Boulevard). The
work progressed, but the troubles which broke out in
Provence in the
aftermath of the
French Revolution of 1789 did not allow
continue as the "political capital" of Provence.
In the last 2008 municipal elections the results were :
* BUCKI JACQUES 56.95% (2738 votes) Listed union of the left
Lambesc For All'
* Bernard Ramond 43.05% (2070 votes) Listed UMP
ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT
Mr. Rene Emera, a new director general of service created two new
leadership positions: Directors of public procurement and purchasing,
and of the legal department.
In 2008, the municipality, by its willing and active participation in
theCITY OF LAMBESC, won the regional 'Premio' competition, organized
by 'Cape Energies' (a subsidiary of ÉDF ) and became a pilot city in
Sustainable Development .
In 2009, an extension of the
Lambesc childcare centre was opened,
managed by the Lambescaine association "Rural Families", in response
to parental demand for continuous care for their children during their
A new summer camp was inaugurated in the summer of 2009, managed by
the Federation of Friends of Secular Education .
The town of
Lambesc is combined with another municipality.
Ancien Régime , agriculture was characterized as mixed,
with typically Mediterranean crops: cereals, oil and wine are mainly
produced. In the late eighteenth century, wheat and oil were the basic
products, but wheat became less and less important. Moreover,
agronomists were suggesting Provençal olive farms and vineyards.
Already in 1766, Abbot Expilly reflects this trend and says
"in a country abounding in pleasant wine and olive oil." But there is
also growing almonds, followed by fodder and a few mulberry.
Raising ovicapridés was known in Lambesc. Local toponymy has left us
traces. The "coussous", meaning the patis (pastures, meadows)
indicates a place only for flocks of sheep and goats. It is the same
for "Fedon", a term that seems to have been adopted after 1500,
because this area was formerly called "Farriol". The "Fedon (for
fede: sheep), is a place name later, so that would mean the place
where the sheep lie down. Other names evoke the road for the
transhumant such as that of the 'track of Arles. "
Long before the
Industrial Revolution , the local cadastral map near
the Concernade records, around 1777, new land parcels reserved solely
for spinning silk, a soap factory and one for dyeing cotton. Taillades
was a soda factory, a product essential to the manufacture of soap. In
Lambesc therefore had a soap factory, two boilers and two tile.
It also identified seven oil mills and wheat mills along the
Concernade at Bertoire and the Calvary. Until 1777, stone was quarried
in "large areas", before the district of Peirière was preferred for
reasons of cost by 1786 .
According to the Count de Villeneuve, three fairs were held at
Lambesc, the main one, also cited by the Abbot Expilly, was that of 9
October, the feast of St. Denis, patron saint of the country.
As of 23 January 1763, markets were held at
Lambesc each Tuesday as
in the cities of
Cadenet and Rians . This was decided in response to a
request from Lambescains, presented to the Council of State on 17 July
1754. It had first established the day to be Wednesday, but the
community council later ruled it should be Tuesday.
Lambesc, above all, was a stage coach town; that was the main reason
for its houses and hostels. Twenty were identified between the
sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. Now the only remaining inn has its
original sign, the "Golden Arm." It was not until the arrival of the
railroad in Provence, in the mid-nineteenth century that the major
sectors of the local economy – based on transport – were shaken by
this "revolution", leading in particular to the closure of homes and
inns, and the exodus of its population.
The local economy is now focused on quarries, vineyards, olive trees,
cereals, fruit and vegetable crops, wine making and the wines
classified under the AOC as 'Coteaux d'Aix-en Provence', honey, olive
oil and truffles. There is a fruit and vegetables cannery and several
agricultural cooperatives (for olive oil, wine etc.).
* Elementary School 'Vincent Van Gogh'
* Elementary School 'Jeanne d'Arc' (private)
* Elementary school 'Jacques Prévert'
* College 'Jean Guehenno'
* MFR (Domaine Garachon).
DENOMINATIONS AND RELIGIONS
Lambesc has many churches due to its ultra-Catholic character during
the Middle Ages. These include: the Parish of Three Stones, Catholic,
the EPRE Protestant Community — Chapelle Saint-Roch
CULTURAL FACILITIES, EVENTS AND FESTIVITIES
Lambesc is located twenty minutes by car from Aix-en-
Sainte-Victoire , 45 minutes from the
Luberon (Gordes, Roussillon ...)
and is close to
Marseille , the Mediterranean, the Camargue
, the Alpes-de-Haute-
Provence and Var .
A market is held on Friday mornings, a craft fair in mid-March; on
the 3rd weekend of November there is a market for figurines, a local
produce market in late November and a Fair for plants in mid-April.
The Village Festival is on September 16.
The city has cultural facilities for film, a sports complex, a pool,
a theater, a library, and supports many sports and cultural
activities, through an association. Tourist accommodation in Lambesc
is varied: hotels, cottages, bed and breakfast and camping.
* Charles Eugène de Lorraine, Prince of
Lambesc and Grand Squire of
France (1761–1789) was known, following the events of 1789, the
slasher of Lambesc. He died childless in Vienna, 21 November 1825.
Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné
Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné (1626–1696). A
famous letter writer who gave us 41 letters alluding to Lambesc; four
were written in
Lambesc during visits to her daughter, the Countess of
Grignan (in 1672, 1690, 1695).
Émile Zola (1840–1902), writer and author of Mysteries of
Marseille (1867). In this novel, which is a replica of the mysteries
of Paris, Zola portrays his hero in three cities including Marseille,
Provence and Lambesc.
Antoine Pagi (1624–1699) Author of Critique of the Annals of
Baronius (1689–1705, 4 vols. folio), an Essay on the consulates of
the Roman emperors and Dissertatio hypatica, seu consulibus of
Caesareis, 1682, Lyon.
Francis Pagi (1654–1721), friar, Franciscan, who was made
'provincial' three times. He is the author of Historical Breviarium
criticum, Pontificum Romanorum illustrium gestation Conciliorum
generalium acta, etc.., Complectens, 1717–1747, Antwerp (Geneva), 4
vols. in-4 °, and was responsible for even a continuatio
historiography chronologicoe ab Alexandro XII usque ad Innocentium
XII, 1694, Lyon, in-12.
* Leon Dury (1822–1891), was appointed by Mr. Duchesne Bellecour,
France in Nagasaki; he assumed his duties in Japan until
1866 (see 1867.74 and 77). On 21 November 1862, Leon Dury was
appointed Deputy French Consul in Nagasaki. Dury was a French doctor,
who was brought to Japan by a missionary to open a hospital in
Hakodate. He later found work as Vice Consul in French Yokohama before
coming to Nagasaki. In June 1870 he resigned to become Professor of
French at Kyoto. In 1874 he was professor at the faculty of Tokyo in
1877, and honorary consul of Japan. Finally, he was awarded the Cross
of the Order of the Rising Sun. Upon his return to France, he
regularly returned to
Lambesc with Japanese students (whose
minister was Matsuoka). One of these, who died, is buried in the
family tomb in the cemetery of Dury Lambesc.
* Reynaud Toussaint (1822–1891), was a famous Arabist. He held
the chair of Arabic at the School of Modern Oriental Languages. It was
also the author of a book on Muslim Archaeology. He was made an
Officer of the Legion of Honour.
* Barbara Morel Miss National 2011
MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS
The Bertoire windmill (18thC) undergoing restoration
THE WIND MILL PROVENçAL (MOULIN à VENT PROVENçAL) IN THE
The tower mill of Bertoire (13410 – Lambesc) was built of local
stone (between 1795 et 1810), with a vaulted ground floor to support
the first floor and two rotating and recumbent wheels. It is located
near the sports park, opposite the "Calypso" shopping centre. The
"Conservation patrimoine de Lambesc" (CPL) Association was founded in
October 2009, whose first project is to add sails to the mill and then
to grind wheat; the tower will then become a windmill.
The City of Lambesc, owner of this windmill since 1981, authorized
this project in November 2010, contracting with the CPL Association.
Then, the CPL Association contracted, in December 2010, with the
"Fondation du Patrimoine" (the heritage foundation in France), to
launch a public appeal for funds, starting in January 2011. Soutien au
Projet de restauration du Moulin de Bertoire
Lambesc inherited seven monuments and many classified historic
paintings (visible in the church).
Still to be seen are: the oratories of St. Roch (eighteenth-century),
Sainte-Anne (1777) (listed as an historic monument), near the chapel
Saint-Marc (1709) (IMH ), in a boundary wall of the castle Aiguebelle,
Sainte-Thérèse (1629) (IMH), not far from the convent of the Blessed
Sacrament, St. Suffren (1825), Notre-Dame-de-la-Rose (1680 ) of the
Sacred Heart of Jesus Sacred Heart, Holy Cross, St. Catherine, St.
Mary Mother of the Church, and Calvary, in the woods of Taillades.
LAMBESC AND THE BUILDINGS OF WORSHIP
Lambesc possess (or possessed) many buildings of worship: the Church
of Our Lady of the Assumption (an eighteenth-century monument),
replaced the old building (Notre-Dame-de-La-Rose from the 13th
century). It keeps the 16th-century tower, with square battlements
(from where an arrow was shot in 1909); the White Penitents chapel
(seventeenth century, a former chapel of the Grey Penitents (1640),
was razed in 1905; its Chapel St. Michael Cemetery is an historical
monument ). The Chapelle Saint-Jacques Hospital (1860), Monastery of
Trinitarian Fathers (1512), St. Therese Convent (1640) can also be
AWAY FROM LAMBESC
Away from Lambesc, there is also the votive chapel of Saint-Roch
(1634), rebuilt in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries (IMH), the
Sainte-Anne-de-Goiron (Romance), which belonged to the Abbey of
Marseille until the early twelfth century, then to
Saint-André of Villeneuve-les-Avignon, and then to Silvacane at the
end the twelfth century, and finally to the Abbey of Saint-André of
Avignon . This historical monument, restored in the
nineteenth century, is constructed in a wilderness (a former place of
pilgrimage for rain), and is characterized by a single nave with three
bays, an arched barrel vault, an apse in a cul-de-oven, and two
chapels forming a triangular Gothic transept tower.
LAMBESC AND THE FOUNTAINS
There are fountains built between the sixteenth and eighteenth
centuries, on the Rue de la Republique. The best example is at the
city gate of the sixteenth century, called "Around the Jacquemard"
(MH) built on the former grounds of the fourteenth century and
surmounted by a clock with automata from 1598, replaced in 1882 and
recently restored, with many mansions of the sixteenth century and
seventeenth century such as the old hotel Pagy Valbonne (IMH),
recently restored in 1635, with a Renaissance façade, mullioned
windows, and the hotels Arquier, Cadenet-Charleval of Alamanon of
Faudran Laval, Lauris of Taillades, and Saint-Chamas.
In rural areas there are: the Field of Aiguebelle 17thC (IMH) with
Wings from 18thC; a park and statue of Neptune, ponds, three fountains
(MH); Pavilion Bidaine dating from the seventeenth and its gardens
(IMH), the "Castles" (from Béziers, Libran, of Taillades of
Valbonnette of Bonrecueil with remnant of an older keep), mills and
the Viaduct Valbonnette, the cave dwellings of St. Anne-de-Goiron
(IMH), a Monument to the Resistance, the lodgings of St. Anne.
THE CHURCH OF OUR LADY OF THE ASSUMPTION (1700–1741)
The Church of Our Lady of the Assumption is integrated within the
pastoral unit of 'three stones': Lambesc, Rognes , and
It has a large octagonal dome that gives plenty of light.
This "house" was founded in the sixteenth century (in 1512) at the
southern entrance of the village. Part of the cemetery that had been
there and the cemetery chapel were levelled.
The community fathers of the Holy Trinity consisted, on average, of a
dozen canons. They also had the responsibility of the hospice. This
order, founded in
France in 1198, by Saint John of Matha and St. Felix
de Valois, has 81 houses and 384 members. Their mission was originally
to redeem Christian captives in the Barbary States.
The St. Therese Convent was founded by the House of Lorraine. The
community wanted to offer the building as a school for girls of the
nobility. But it was decided to use the building to house the sisters
of St. Thomas of Villanova de Lamballe.
* Communes of the
* ^ Site Museum
Lambesc Archived 24 January 2011 at
* ^ Reynaud P. et al, 2002, p.853
Livy Epit. 61 and Appian, IV, 12
* ^ J. Gascou , 1995, ILN, III, pp.317-321, No. 252, 253, 254 and
* ^ J. Gascou, 1995, p. 322, No. 256
* ^ A B C D E F G H Alexandre Dumont-Castells,
Lambesc under the
Old regime (1692–1789), a principality of
Thebookedition.com Publishing, 2010
* ^ Alix BAS (1985–2004), between
Trévaresse a place
where the spirit — Notes on Saint Anne Goiron, notes p.51-52.
* ^ A B Barruol Guy, Michele Wood, Yann Codou, Marie-Pierre
Etienne, Elizabeth Sauze "List of religious institutions within the
abbey of Saint-André to thirteenth century, in Guy Barruol, Roseline
Bacou and Alain Girard (eds.),The Abbey of Saint-André of
Villeneuve-les-Avignon, history, archeology, radiation,Proceedings of
the Interregional Symposium held in 1999 to mark the millennium of the
founding of the Abbey of Saint-André of Villeneuve-les-Avignon, Ed.
Alps-light notebooks Salagon No. 4, Mane, 2001, 448 p. ISSN 1254-9371
ISBN 2-906162-54-X , p 220
* ^ Vicomte d'Estienne de Saint-Jean, History of the Cistercian
abbey Silvacane, pp. 86-87 in Alix Bas (1985–2004), between Luberon
Trévaresse a place where the spirit — Notes on St. Anne Goiron
* ^ E. Baratier et al., 1969, p. 51: "There is no establishment of
land barony. This title is traditionally given to estates which
belonged to important medieval lords, whose jurisdiction extended over
several neighboring fiefs. Therefore, there is rarely a date
contiguous to the name of a barony, and the choice is quite
restrictive; what was adopted can not be justified by custom and
* ^ Departmental archives of the Bouches-du-Rhône, Marseille
deposit: 129 E
Lambesc — Series A1.
* ^ E. Bergounhoux and P. Masson,communal Monographs, Volume XV:
Part III, soil & the people,Encyclopedia county: 1933, p. 261-262.
Departmental archives of the
* ^ According to Archived 24 January 2011 at
* ^ Alix DOWN "Between
Luberon and a place of the
spirit— Notes on St. Anne Goiron (1985–2004) "
* ^ 20a% 20lambesc.htmPOST to LAMBESC Archived 24 January 2011 at
* ^ 20of% 20the% 20r% %% E9sistance 20termin
E9/maquischainedescotes/lemaquis.html Maquis resistance.
Charles Rostaing , Essay on the Place Names of Provence,
Marseille, Laffitte, 1973, p. 191
Charles Rostaing , "Essay on the toponymy of Provence", 1973
* ^ Alexandre Dumont Castells Thebookedition.com Publishing, 2010
* ^ Ville de
Lambesc – La Commune, la Mairie de
Lambesc et sa
France / Provence-Alpes-Côte d\'Azur) Archived 24 January 2011
* ^ F. Raynaud, "
Lambesc hamlet Fedon, in BSR PACA, 1996 93.
* ^ Comte de Villeneuve, Statistics Department of the
Bouches-du-Rhône, with atlas. Dedicated to the King, 1824, Volume II,
Marseille – District Lambesc.
* ^ the Heart Schools: Lambesc. Archived 24 January 2011 at WebCite
* ^ L. Billard:The famous people of the Bouches-du-Rhône, 1993,
ed. Bastion, p. 87. Castells and A. Dumont
* ^ L. Billard:The famous people of the Bouches-du-Rhône, 1993,
ed. Bastion, p. 87. And Dumont-Castells, ed. InLibroVeritas, 2008
* ^ Leon Dury Archived 24 January 2011 at
* ^ Japonisme and Architecture: Timeline Archived 24 January 2011
* ^ Stories Archived 24 January 2011 at
* ^ Reynaud Toussaint Archived 24 January 2011 at
* ^ & P. Gazanhes, 1992
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