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Lamane
Lamane
or laman (also laam or lam) means "master of the land" in the Serer language.[1][2] The name was also sometimes the title of chiefs or kings of the Serer people
Serer people
of the Senegambia
Senegambia
region which includes modern day Senegal
Senegal
and the Gambia.[3] This title was also used by some kings of the Wolof kingdoms.[4][5][6] The title is sometimes used interchangeably with the old title Maad.[7][8] After the Guelowars' migration to the Sine and the foundation of the Kingdom of Sine, "lamane" denotes a provincial chiefs answerable to the King of Sine and Saloum.[9] Although the later lamanes were always descendants of the Serer village and town founders (the original lamanes), and their families ruled the Kingdoms of Sine, Saloum
Saloum
and Baol
Baol
etc., the power they previously enjoyed as lamanes diminished they continued to make up the land-owning class.[10] Though their power was somewhat diminished, their economic and political power was intricately linked to Serer custom, Serer history
Serer history
and Serer religion. As such, they were extremely powerful if not as true kings as guardians of Serer traditions and beliefs and could dethrone a reigning monarch if threatened.[11][12] The lamanes were the guardians of Serer religion. They created sanctuaries and shrines in honour of the Pangool
Pangool
(Serer ancestral spirits and Saints).[13] Some prominent Serer lamanes[edit]

Lamane
Lamane
Jegan Joof Lamane
Lamane
Jaw (or Lamane
Lamane
Diao) – King of Jolof 1285[14] Lamane
Lamane
Pangha Yaya Sarr – c. 14th century lamane of Sine and an opponent to the Guelowar
Guelowar
refuges.[15][16]

References[edit]

^ Boulègue, Jean. Le Grand Jolof, (XVIIIe – XVIe Siècle). (Paris, Edition Façades), Karthala (1987), p 30 ^ Dyao, Yoro Légendes et coutumes sénégalaises. Cahiers de Yoro Dyao: publiés et commentés par Henri Gaden. p 12. (E. Leroux, 1912) ^ Dyao, Yoro Légendes et coutumes sénégalaises. Cahiers de Yoro Dyao: publiés et commentés par Henri Gaden. p 12. (E. Leroux, 1912) ^ Ajayi, J. F. Ade, Crowder, Michael, History of West Africa, p462. Longman, 1976 ^ Boulègue, Jean. Le Grand Jolof, (XVIIIe – XVIe Siècle). (Paris, Edition Façades), Karthala (1987), p 30 ^ Galvan, Dennis Charles. "The State Must Be Our Master of Fire: How Peasants Craft Culturally Sustainable Development in Senegal." Berkeley, University of California Press, (2004). ISBN 978-0-520-23591-5. pp 109-111 ^ Oliver, Roland, Fage, John Donnelly, Sanderson, G. N, The Cambridge History of Africa, p214. Cambridge University Press, 1985. ISBN 0-521-22803-4 ^ Ajayi, J. F. Ade & Crowder, Michael, History of West Africa, Volume 1, p 468. Longman, 1985. ISBN 0-582-64683-9 ^ Sarr, Alioune, Histoire du Sine-Saloum. BIFAN, Tome 46, Serie B, n° 3-4. 1986-1987, p21 ^ Saint-Martin, Yves-Jean, Le Sénégal sous le Second Empire, Karthala (2000), pp. 35 & 610. ISBN 2-86537-201-4 ^ Kesteloot, Lilyan, Dieux d'eau du Sahel : voyage à travers les mythes, de Seth à Tyamaba, L'Harmattan, Paris, ; IFAN, Dakar, 2007, p. 123 (ISBN 978-2-296-04384-8) ^ Ngom, Biram Éthiopiques (revue), numéro 54, nouvelle série, vol. 7, semestre 1991 ^ Galvan, Dennis Charles. The State Must Be Our Master of Fire: How Peasants Craft Culturally Sustainable Development in Senegal. Berkeley, University of California Press, 2004. pp 53, 185 ^ Nnoli, Okwudiba, Ethnic conflicts in Africa, p241. CODESRIA, 1998. ISBN 2-86978-070-2 ^ Ngom, Biram, Éthiopiques (revue), numéro 54, nouvelle série, vol. 7, semestre 1991 ^ Diouf, Niokhobaye. "Chronique du royaume du Sine." Suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin. (1972). Bulletin de l'Ifan, Tome 34, Série B, n° 4, (1972). pp 706-708

External links[edit] The Seereer Resource Centre, "Seereer Lamans and the Lamanic Era" (2015) [in] The Seereer Resource Centre, URL: http://www.seereer.com/laman

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Lamane
Lamane
Jegan Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Kumba Ndoffene Fa Ndeb Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Mahecor Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Maysa Wali Jaxateh Manneh Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Ama Joof Gnilane Faye Joof Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof Maad Semou Njekeh Joof

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Lingeer
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Lingeer
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Buumi Faye family Joof family Lamane Lingeer Loul Maad Saloum Maad a Sinig Njie family Sarr family Sene family Teigne Thilas

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