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LAMA (Tibetan : བླ་མ་, Wylie : bla-ma; "chief" or "high priest" ) is a title for a teacher of the Dharma
Dharma
in Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism
. The name is similar to the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
term guru .

Historically, the term was used for venerated spiritual masters or heads of monasteries. Today the title can be used as an honorific title conferred on a monk , nun or (in the Nyingma , Kagyu and Sakya schools) advanced tantric practitioner to designate a level of spiritual attainment and authority to teach, or may be part of a title such as Dalai Lama or Panchen Lama
Panchen Lama
applied to a lineage of reincarnate lamas (Tulkus ).

Perhaps due to misunderstandings by early western scholars attempting to understand Tibetan Buddhism, the term lama has historically been erroneously applied to Tibetan monks in general. Similarly, Tibetan Buddhism
Buddhism
was referred to as "Lamaism" by early western scholars and travelers who perhaps did not understand that what they were witnessing was a form of Buddhism; they may also have been unaware of the distinction between Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism
and Bön . The term Lamaism is now considered by some to be derogatory.

In the Vajrayana
Vajrayana
path of Tibetan Buddhism, the lama is often the tantric spiritual guide, the guru to the aspiring Buddhist yogi or yogini . As such, the lama will then appear as one of the Three Roots (a variant of the Three Jewels
Three Jewels
), alongside the yidam and protector (who may be a dakini , dharmapala or other Buddhist deity figure).

SEE ALSO

* Karmapa * Sifu * Sensei * Rinpoche

REFERENCES

* ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. Retrieved 2013-07-17. * ^ A B C D E "lama" from Encyclopædia Britannica * ^ Lama:definition at About.com
About.com
* ^ A B C D Marcotte, Amanda (2000-01-14). "Who Are the Tibetan Lamas?". Slate.com. Retrieved 2013-07-17. * ^ Frank J. Korom (1997). Constructing Tibetan Culture: Contemporary Perspectives. World Heritage Press. ISBN 1-896064-12-4 .

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(cousin)

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Anatta

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Vipassana movement
) * Shikantaza * Zazen
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Mandala
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vow * Prātimokṣa

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NIRVANA

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Buddhahood
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* Four stages of enlightenment
Four stages of enlightenment

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Sakadagami
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Arhat

MONASTICISM

* Bhikkhu
Bhikkhu
* Bhikkhuni
Bhikkhuni
* Śrāmaṇera * Śrāmaṇerī * Anagarika * Ajahn * Sayadaw * Zen master * Rōshi * Lama * Rinpoche * Geshe
Geshe
* Tulku
Tulku
* Householder * Upāsaka and Upāsikā

* Śrāvaka

* The ten principal disciples

* Shaolin Monastery
Shaolin Monastery

MAJOR FIGURES

* Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
* Kaundinya * Assaji * Sāriputta * Mahamoggallāna * Mulian * Ānanda * Mahākassapa * Anuruddha * Mahākaccana * Nanda * Subhuti
Subhuti
* Punna * Upali * Mahapajapati Gotamī * Khema
Khema
* Uppalavanna * Asita * Channa * Yasa * Buddhaghoṣa * Nagasena * Angulimala * Bodhidharma * Nagarjuna * Asanga
Asanga
* Vasubandhu * Atiśa * Padmasambhava * Nichiren * Songtsen Gampo * Emperor Wen of Sui * Dalai Lama * Panchen Lama
Panchen Lama
* Karmapa * Shamarpa * Naropa
Naropa
* Xuanzang
Xuanzang
* Zhiyi

TEXTS

* Tripiṭaka * Madhyamakālaṃkāra * Mahayana sutras
Mahayana sutras
* Pāli Canon * Chinese Buddhist canon
Chinese Buddhist canon
* Tibetan Buddhist canon
Tibetan Buddhist canon

BRANCHES

* Theravada
Theravada

* Mahayana
Mahayana

* Chan Buddhism
Buddhism

* Zen
Zen
* Seon * Thiền

* Pure Land * Tiantai
Tiantai
* Nichiren * Madhyamaka * Yogachara

* Navayana
Navayana

* Vajrayana
Vajrayana

* Tibetan * Shingon * Dzogchen

* Early Buddhist schools * Pre-sectarian Buddhism
Buddhism
* Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna

COUNTRIES

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HISTORY

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Ashoka
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Buddhist councils

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Buddhism
in India

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Buddhism
in India

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Buddhism
* Buddhism
Buddhism
and the Roman world * Buddhism
Buddhism
in the West * Silk Road transmission of Buddhism
Buddhism
* Persecution of Buddhists * Banishment of Buddhist monks from Nepal * Buddhist crisis
Buddhist crisis
* Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism * Buddhist modernism
Buddhist modernism
* Vipassana movement
Vipassana movement
* 969 Movement * Women in Buddhism
Buddhism

PHILOSOPHY

* Abhidharma * Atomism * Buddhology * Creator * Economics * Eight Consciousnesses
Eight Consciousnesses
* Engaged Buddhism
Buddhism
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Buddhism
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CULTURE

* Architecture

* Temple * Vihara
Vihara
* Wat
Wat
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Pagoda
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Korean Buddhist temples
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* Art

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* Bodhi
Bodhi
Tree * Budai * Buddharupa
Buddharupa
* Calendar * Cuisine * Funeral

* Holidays

* Vesak * Uposatha * Magha Puja * Asalha Puja * Vassa
Vassa

* Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi
Bodhi
* Kasaya * Mahabodhi Temple

* Mantra
Mantra

* Om mani padme hum
Om mani padme hum

* Mudra
Mudra
* Music

* Pilgrimage

* Lumbini
Lumbini
* Maya Devi Temple * Bodh Gaya
Bodh Gaya
* Sarnath
Sarnath
* Kushinagar
Kushinagar

* Poetry * Prayer beads * Prayer wheel

* Symbolism

* Dharmachakra
Dharmachakra
* Flag * Bhavacakra * Swastika
Swastika
* Thangka
Thangka

* Temple of the Tooth * Vegetarianism

MISCELLANEOUS

* Abhijñā * Amitābha

* Avalokiteśvara

* Guanyin
Guanyin

* Brahmā * Dhammapada * Dharma
Dharma
talk * Hinayana
Hinayana
* Kalpa * Koliya
Koliya
* Lineage * Maitreya * Māra * Ṛddhi
Ṛddhi

* Sacred languages

* Pali
Pali
* Sanskrit
Sanskrit

* Siddhi
Siddhi
* Sutra
Sutra
* Vinaya
Vinaya

COMPARISON

* Bahá\'í Faith

* Christianity

* Influences * Comparison

* East Asian religions * Gnosticism * Hinduism * Jainism * Judaism * Psychology * Science * Theosophy * Violence * Western philosophy

LISTS

* Bodhisattvas * Books

* Buddhas

* named

* Buddhists * Suttas * Temples

* Category * Portal

* v * t * e

Dalai Lamas

* Gendun Drup * Gendun Gyatso * Sonam Gyatso * Yonten Gyatso * Lozang Gyatso * Tsangyang Gyatso * Kelzang Gyatso * Jamphel Gyatso * Lungtok Gyatso * Tsultrim Gyatso * Khedrup Gyatso * Trinley Gyatso * Thubten Gyatso * Tenzin Gyatso

* List of Dalai Lamas * Gelug
Gelug
Yellow Hat sect * Ganden Phodrang
Ganden Phodrang
* Potala Palace
Potala Palace
* Norbulingka

* v * t * e

Panchen Lamas

* Khedrup Gelek Pelzang * Sönam Choklang * Ensapa Lobsang Döndrup * Lobsang Chökyi Gyaltsen * Lobsang Yeshe * Lobsang Palden Yeshe * Palden Tenpai Nyima * Tenpai Wangchuk * Thubten Chökyi Nyima * Lobsang Trinley Lhündrub Chökyi Gyaltsen * Disputed: Gedhun Choekyi Nyima (CTA ) / Gyaincain Norbu (PRC )

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