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LAMA (Tibetan : བླ་མ་, Wylie : bla-ma; "chief" or "high priest" ) is a title for a teacher of the Dharma
Dharma
in Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism
. The name is similar to the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
term guru .

Historically, the term was used for venerated spiritual masters or heads of monasteries. Today the title can be used as an honorific title conferred on a monk , nun or (in the Nyingma
Nyingma
, Kagyu
Kagyu
and Sakya schools) advanced tantric practitioner to designate a level of spiritual attainment and authority to teach, or may be part of a title such as Dalai Lama
Dalai Lama
or Panchen Lama
Panchen Lama
applied to a lineage of reincarnate lamas (Tulkus ).

Perhaps due to misunderstandings by early western scholars attempting to understand Tibetan Buddhism, the term lama has historically been erroneously applied to Tibetan monks in general. Similarly, Tibetan Buddhism
Buddhism
was referred to as "Lamaism" by early western scholars and travelers who perhaps did not understand that what they were witnessing was a form of Buddhism; they may also have been unaware of the distinction between Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism
and Bön
Bön
. The term Lamaism is now considered by some to be derogatory.

In the Vajrayana
Vajrayana
path of Tibetan Buddhism, the lama is often the tantric spiritual guide, the guru to the aspiring Buddhist yogi or yogini . As such, the lama will then appear as one of the Three Roots (a variant of the Three Jewels
Three Jewels
), alongside the yidam and protector (who may be a dakini , dharmapala or other Buddhist deity figure).

SEE ALSO

* Karmapa * Sifu * Sensei * Rinpoche
Rinpoche

REFERENCES

* ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. Retrieved 2013-07-17. * ^ A B C D E "lama" from Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
* ^ Lama:definition at About.com * ^ A B C D Marcotte, Amanda (2000-01-14). "Who Are the Tibetan Lamas?". Slate.com. Retrieved 2013-07-17. * ^ Frank J. Korom (1997). Constructing Tibetan Culture: Contemporary Perspectives. World Heritage Press. ISBN 1-896064-12-4 .

* v * t * e

Buddhism
Buddhism
topics

* Glossary * Index * Outline

FOUNDATIONS

* Three Jewels
Three Jewels

* Buddha * Dharma
Dharma
* Sangha
Sangha

* Four Noble Truths
Four Noble Truths
* Noble Eightfold Path
Noble Eightfold Path
* Nirvana
Nirvana
* Middle Way
Middle Way

THE BUDDHA

* Tathāgata
Tathāgata
* Birthday * Four sights
Four sights
* Physical characteristics * Footprint * Relics * Iconography in Laos and Thailand * Films * Miracles

* Family

* Suddhodāna (father) * Māyā (mother) * Mahapajapati Gotamī (aunt, adoptive mother) * Yasodhara (wife) * Rāhula (son) * Ānanda (cousin) * Devadatta
Devadatta
(cousin)

* Places where the Buddha stayed * Buddha in world religions

KEY CONCEPTS

* Avidyā (Ignorance) * Bardo
Bardo
* Bodhicitta
Bodhicitta
* Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva
* Buddha-nature
Buddha-nature
* Dhamma theory * Dharma
Dharma
* Enlightenment * Five hindrances * Indriya * Karma * Kleshas * Mind Stream * Parinirvana
Parinirvana
* Pratītyasamutpāda
Pratītyasamutpāda
* Rebirth * Saṃsāra * Saṅkhāra * Skandha
Skandha
* Śūnyatā
Śūnyatā
* Taṇhā
Taṇhā
(Craving) * Tathātā
Tathātā
* Ten Fetters

* Three marks of existence
Three marks of existence

* Impermanence
Impermanence
* Dukkha
Dukkha
* Anatta
Anatta

* Two truths doctrine

COSMOLOGY

* Ten spiritual realms
Ten spiritual realms

* Six realms
Six realms

* Heaven * Human realm * Asura realm * Hungry Ghost realm * Animal realm * Hell

* Three planes of existence

PRACTICES

* Bhavana
Bhavana
* Bodhipakkhiyādhammā

* Brahmavihara
Brahmavihara

* Mettā
Mettā
* Karuṇā
Karuṇā
* Mudita
Mudita
* Upekkha

* Dāna
Dāna
* Devotion * Dhyāna * Faith * Five Strengths
Five Strengths
* Iddhipada

* Meditation

* Mantras * Kammaṭṭhāna
Kammaṭṭhāna
* Recollection * Smarana * Anapanasati
Anapanasati
* Samatha
Samatha
* Vipassanā
Vipassanā
( Vipassana movement ) * Shikantaza * Zazen
Zazen
* Kōan
Kōan
* Mandala
Mandala
* Tonglen * Tantra
Tantra
* Tertön
Tertön
* Terma

* Merit

* Mindfulness

* Satipatthana
Satipatthana

* Nekkhamma * Pāramitā
Pāramitā
* Paritta
Paritta

* Puja

* Offerings * Prostration * Chanting

* Refuge

* Satya
Satya

* Sacca

* Seven Factors of Enlightenment
Seven Factors of Enlightenment

* Sati * Dhamma vicaya * Pīti
Pīti
* Passaddhi
Passaddhi

* Śīla

* Five Precepts * Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva
vow * Prātimokṣa
Prātimokṣa

* Threefold Training
Threefold Training

* Śīla * Samadhi
Samadhi
* Prajñā

* Vīrya
Vīrya

* Four Right Exertions

NIRVANA

* Bodhi
Bodhi
* Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva
* Buddhahood
Buddhahood
* Pratyekabuddha
Pratyekabuddha

* Four stages of enlightenment

* Sotāpanna
Sotāpanna
* Sakadagami
Sakadagami
* Anāgāmi
Anāgāmi
* Arhat

MONASTICISM

* Bhikkhu
Bhikkhu
* Bhikkhuni
Bhikkhuni
* Śrāmaṇera * Śrāmaṇerī * Anagarika
Anagarika
* Ajahn * Sayadaw * Zen master * Rōshi * Lama * Rinpoche
Rinpoche
* Geshe * Tulku
Tulku
* Householder * Upāsaka and Upāsikā

* Śrāvaka

* The ten principal disciples
The ten principal disciples

* Shaolin Monastery
Shaolin Monastery

MAJOR FIGURES

* Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
* Kaundinya
Kaundinya
* Assaji
Assaji
* Sāriputta * Mahamoggallāna * Mulian * Ānanda * Mahākassapa * Anuruddha * Mahākaccana * Nanda * Subhuti
Subhuti
* Punna * Upali * Mahapajapati Gotamī * Khema
Khema
* Uppalavanna * Asita
Asita
* Channa * Yasa
Yasa
* Buddhaghoṣa
Buddhaghoṣa
* Nagasena * Angulimala
Angulimala
* Bodhidharma
Bodhidharma
* Nagarjuna
Nagarjuna
* Asanga
Asanga
* Vasubandhu
Vasubandhu
* Atiśa
Atiśa
* Padmasambhava * Nichiren
Nichiren
* Songtsen Gampo
Songtsen Gampo
* Emperor Wen of Sui
Emperor Wen of Sui
* Dalai Lama
Dalai Lama
* Panchen Lama
Panchen Lama
* Karmapa * Shamarpa
Shamarpa
* Naropa
Naropa
* Xuanzang
Xuanzang
* Zhiyi
Zhiyi

TEXTS

* Tripiṭaka
Tripiṭaka
* Madhyamakālaṃkāra
Madhyamakālaṃkāra
* Mahayana sutras
Mahayana sutras
* Pāli Canon
Pāli Canon
* Chinese Buddhist canon
Chinese Buddhist canon
* Tibetan Buddhist canon
Tibetan Buddhist canon

BRANCHES

* Theravada
Theravada

* Mahayana
Mahayana

* Chan Buddhism
Buddhism

* Zen
Zen
* Seon * Thiền

* Pure Land * Tiantai
Tiantai
* Nichiren
Nichiren
* Madhyamaka
Madhyamaka
* Yogachara
Yogachara

* Navayana
Navayana

* Vajrayana
Vajrayana

* Tibetan * Shingon * Dzogchen
Dzogchen

* Early Buddhist schools * Pre-sectarian Buddhism
Buddhism
* Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna

COUNTRIES

* Afghanistan * Bangladesh * Bhutan * Cambodia * China * India * Indonesia * Japan * Korea * Laos * Malaysia * Maldives * Mongolia * Myanmar * Nepal * Pakistan * Philippines

* Russia

* Kalmykia

* Singapore * Sri Lanka * Taiwan * Thailand * Tibet * Vietnam

* Middle East

* Iran

* Western countries

* Argentina * Australia * Brazil * France * United Kingdom * United States * Venezuela

HISTORY

* Timeline * Ashoka
Ashoka
* Buddhist councils
Buddhist councils

* History of Buddhism
Buddhism
in India

* Decline of Buddhism
Buddhism
in India

* Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution
Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution
* Greco- Buddhism
Buddhism
* Buddhism
Buddhism
and the Roman world * Buddhism
Buddhism
in the West * Silk Road transmission of Buddhism
Buddhism
* Persecution of Buddhists * Banishment of Buddhist monks from Nepal * Buddhist crisis
Buddhist crisis
* Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism * Buddhist modernism
Buddhist modernism
* Vipassana movement * 969 Movement * Women in Buddhism
Buddhism

PHILOSOPHY

* Abhidharma
Abhidharma
* Atomism * Buddhology
Buddhology
* Creator * Economics * Eight Consciousnesses * Engaged Buddhism
Buddhism
* Eschatology * Ethics * Evolution * Humanism * Logic * Reality * Secular Buddhism
Buddhism
* Socialism * The unanswered questions
The unanswered questions

CULTURE

* Architecture

* Temple * Vihara
Vihara
* Wat
Wat
* Stupa
Stupa
* Pagoda
Pagoda
* Candi * Dzong architecture
Dzong architecture
* Japanese Buddhist architecture
Buddhist architecture
* Korean Buddhist temples * Thai temple art and architecture * Tibetan Buddhist architecture
Buddhist architecture

* Art

* Greco-Buddhist

* Bodhi
Bodhi
Tree * Budai
Budai
* Buddharupa
Buddharupa
* Calendar * Cuisine * Funeral

* Holidays

* Vesak
Vesak
* Uposatha
Uposatha
* Magha Puja
Magha Puja
* Asalha Puja
Asalha Puja
* Vassa
Vassa

* Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi
Bodhi
* Kasaya * Mahabodhi Temple
Mahabodhi Temple

* Mantra
Mantra

* Om mani padme hum
Om mani padme hum

* Mudra
Mudra
* Music

* Pilgrimage

* Lumbini
Lumbini
* Maya Devi Temple * Bodh Gaya
Bodh Gaya
* Sarnath
Sarnath
* Kushinagar
Kushinagar

* Poetry * Prayer beads * Prayer wheel
Prayer wheel

* Symbolism

* Dharmachakra
Dharmachakra
* Flag * Bhavacakra
Bhavacakra
* Swastika
Swastika
* Thangka
Thangka

* Temple of the Tooth
Temple of the Tooth
* Vegetarianism

MISCELLANEOUS

* Abhijñā
Abhijñā
* Amitābha
Amitābha

* Avalokiteśvara
Avalokiteśvara

* Guanyin
Guanyin

* Brahmā * Dhammapada
Dhammapada
* Dharma
Dharma
talk * Hinayana
Hinayana
* Kalpa * Koliya
Koliya
* Lineage * Maitreya
Maitreya
* Māra * Ṛddhi
Ṛddhi

* Sacred languages

* Pali
Pali
* Sanskrit
Sanskrit

* Siddhi
Siddhi
* Sutra
Sutra
* Vinaya
Vinaya

COMPARISON

* Bahá\'í Faith

* Christianity

* Influences * Comparison

* East Asian religions * Gnosticism * Hinduism * Jainism * Judaism * Psychology * Science * Theosophy * Violence * Western philosophy

LISTS

* Bodhisattvas * Books

* Buddhas

* named

* Buddhists * Suttas * Temples

* Category * Portal
Portal

* v * t * e

Dalai Lamas

* Gendun Drup * Gendun Gyatso * Sonam Gyatso * Yonten Gyatso * Lozang Gyatso * Tsangyang Gyatso * Kelzang Gyatso * Jamphel Gyatso * Lungtok Gyatso * Tsultrim Gyatso * Khedrup Gyatso * Trinley Gyatso * Thubten Gyatso * Tenzin Gyatso

* List of Dalai Lamas * Gelug
Gelug
Yellow Hat sect * Ganden Phodrang
Ganden Phodrang
* Potala Palace
Potala Palace
* Norbulingka
Norbulingka

* v * t * e

Panchen Lamas

* Khedrup Gelek Pelzang * Sönam Choklang * Ensapa Lobsang Döndrup * Lobsang Chökyi Gyaltsen * Lobsang Yeshe * Lobsang Palden Yeshe * Palden Tenpai Nyima * Tenpai Wangchuk * Thubten Chökyi Nyima * Lobsang Trinley Lhündrub Chökyi Gyaltsen * Disputed: Gedhun Choekyi Nyima (CTA ) / Gyaincain Norbu (PRC )

* List of Panchen Lamas * Tashilhunpo Monastery

* v * t * e

Karmapas

Karma Kagyu
Kagyu
- Black Crown - Tsurphu Monastery - Rumtek Monastery - Recognition of the Seventeenth Karmapa

* Düsum Khyenpa * Karma Pakshi * Rangjung Dorje * Rolpe Dorje * Deshin Shekpa * Thongwa Dönden * Chödrak Gyatso * Mikyö Dorje * Wangchuk Dorje * Chöying Dorje * Yeshe Dorje * Changchub Dorje * Dudul Dorje * Thekchok Dorje * Khakyab Dorje * Rangjung Rigpe Dorje * Ogyen Trinley Dorje * Trinley Thaye Dorje

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Lama
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