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Lalu Prasad Yadav[2] (born 11 June 1948)[3] is an Indian politician. He is from the state of Bihar
Bihar
and is the President of the Rashtriya Janata Dal, former Chief Minister of Bihar, former UPA Minister of Railways, and а former Member of Parliament of the 15th Lok Sabha. He entered politics at Patna University
Patna University
as a student leader and was elected as then youngest member of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
in 1977 as a Janata Party candidate at the age of 29.[4] He became Chief Minister of Bihar in 1990 but had to resign in 1997 following escalating corruption charges relating to the Fodder Scam. From 1997 to 2005 his wife Rabri Devi ruled as the Chief Minister, who was accused by critics of being Lalu's "surrogate."[5] Lalu's tenure as Chief Minister of the state has been criticized for lawlessness and has been termed as the Jungle Raj.[6] After a long gap his party came to power in Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly election, 2015 in partnership with Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
of JD(U), but Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
dumped Lalu's party from the power in July 2017 after the Enforcement Directorate
Enforcement Directorate
and CBI lodged several criminal cases against Lalu, his wife Rabri, his son and former deputy Chief Minister, Tejashwi Yadav, in another disproportionate assets and railway tender bribery scam during Lalu's stint as the Railway Minister.[7][8][9][10] Known as a down to earth, civil & social rights leader [11][12] and colourful politician[13] he has also been criticized for promoting and encouraging caste-based politics,[12] with several corruption court cases against him.[14] On 3 October 2013, he was sentenced to five years of rigorous imprisonment and ₹25 lakh (US$38,000) fine for his role in the first Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
by CBI court,[13] then again for 3.5 years in a second fodder scam case on the same day 23 December 2017 when his member of parliament daughter Misa Bharti was also officially charged by Enforcement Directorate
Enforcement Directorate
in disproportionate assets,[15][16][17][18] while 3 more fodder scam cases against him are also pending in the court.[19] Yadav was found guilty in third fodder scam case in January, 2018.[20] In March, 2018 Special
Special
CBI Court convicted him in the fourth fodder scam case which is related to swindling of Rs. 3.13 crore from the Dumka treasury. [21]In Dumka Treasury case total Rs 60 lakh fine imposed (Rs 30 lakh under PC act and Rs 30 lakh under IPC) and 14 years imprisonment (7 years under IPC and 7 years under Prevention of Corruption Act) on Lalu Prasad Yadav in to run consecutively.

Contents

1 Personal life

1.1 Relationship

2 Politics career

2.1 Positions held 2.2 1970–1990: Student politics 2.3 1990–1997: Lalu and wife as Chief Ministers of Bihar
Bihar
during the Fodder scam era 2.4 1998–2002: Formation of RJD and out of power 2.5 2002–2005: RJD and Rabri rule in Bihar 2.6 2004–2009: Railway Minister 2.7 2005–2010: RJD out of power in Bihar 2.8 2009–2014: Out of power in center and Bihar 2.9 2015-current: Conviction in 2 fodder scam cases

3 Corruption, conviction and criticism

3.1 Corruption cases

3.1.1 1996 Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
– 1st case of INR 33.61 crore scammed from Chaibasa
Chaibasa
treasury: 5 year conviction in 2013

3.1.1.1 1998 Lalu's disproportionate assets case

3.1.2 1996 Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
– 2nd case of INR89.27 lakh scammed from Deoghar
Deoghar
treasury: 3.5 years conviction in 2017 3.1.3 1996 Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
– 3rd case of INR35.62 crore scammed from Chaibasa
Chaibasa
tresary: 5 years conviction in 2018 3.1.4 1996 Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
– 4th case of INR 3.97 crore scammed from Dumka treasury: 14 years conviction in 2018 3.1.5 1996 Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
– 5th case of INR184 crore scammed from Doranda tresary: pending in court 3.1.6 2005 Indian Railway tender scam: Lalu family booked by CBI 3.1.7 2017 Delight Properties 45 crore benami disproportionate assets and tax evasion cases: Lalu family booked by ED 3.1.8 2017 AB Exports 40 crore benami disproportionate assets and tax evasion cases: Lalu family booked by ED 3.1.9 2017 Patna
Patna
zoo soil scam

3.2 Criticism

3.2.1 Negative image of corrupt, casteist, nepotistic and dynastic politician 3.2.2 Use of Osama bin Laden's look-alike

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Personal life[edit] Lalu, 2nd of his parents six sons, was born in Phulwaria in Bihar
Bihar
to Kundan Rai and Marachhiya Devi, attended a local middle school before moving to Patna
Patna
with his elder brother.[2][22][23] After completing Bachelor of Laws
Bachelor of Laws
and a Master in Political Science from B. N. College of Patna
Patna
University, he worked as clerk in Bihar
Bihar
Veterinary College at Patna
Patna
where his elder brother was also a peon.[24] He turned down Patna
Patna
University's Honorary Doctorate in 2004.[25] Yadav married Rabri Devi
Rabri Devi
on 1 June 1973, in an arranged marriage,[4][26] and they went on to have 9 children, 2 sons and 7 daughters.[27] "The Making of Laloo Yadav, The Unmaking of Bihar", updated and reprinted under the title "Subaltern Sahib: Bihar
Bihar
and the Making of Laloo Yadav", is a book based on Lalu's life by Sankarshan Thakur.[28][29] Relationship[edit] Lalu and his wife have 9 children.[27] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35][36][37]

Name Relationship Other relations Comments

Rabri Devi Wife

Tej Pratap Yadav Eldest son

Ex-Health minister of Bihar[38]

Tejashwi Yadav Younger son

ex-cricketer, ex-deputy chief minister of Bihar

Misa Bharti Devi Eldest daughter Married a software engineer Shailesh Kumar in 1999 Misa was nominated to Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
as MP by Lalu's RJD

Rohini Acharya Second daughter Married Samaresh Singh in May 2002 Samaresh is a US-based commerce graduate from SRC Delhi, son of Rao Ranvijay Singh of Arwal-Daudnagar

Chanda Singh Third daughter Married an Indian Airlines pilot Vikram Singh in 2006

Ragini Yadav Fourth daughter Married Rahul Yadav, son of Jitendra Yadav Jitendra is SP MLA and now a Congress party member

Hema Yadav Fifth daughter married to Vineet Yadav of a political family

Dhannu (aka Anushka Rao) Sixth daughter Married to Chiranjeev Rao, son of Ajay Singh Yadav of the INC Ajay is ex-power minister of Haryana
Haryana
who had legal issues related to a land scam

Rajlaxmi Singh Youngest daughter Married SP MP Tej Pratap Singh Yadav Tej Pratap is a grand-nephew of Mulayam Singh Yadav

Politics career[edit] Positions held[edit]

1977: Elected to the 6th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
at the age of 29. 1980–1989: Member of the Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly (two terms). 1989: A Leader of Opposition of Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly, Chairman of Pustakalaya Committee, Convenor of Committee on Public Undertakings. Re-elected to the 9th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(2nd term). 1990–1995: Member of the Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Council. 1990–1997: Chief Minister of Bihar 1995–1998: Member of the Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly. 1996: Lalu implicated in Fodder Scam 1997: Splits from Janata Dal
Janata Dal
to form Rashtriya Janata Dal. 1998: Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(3rd term). 1998–1999: Member of General Purposes Committee, Committee on Home Affairs and its Sub Committee on Swatantrata Sainik Samman Pension Scheme, Consultative Committee of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. 2004: Re-elected to the 14th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(4th term). Appointed Cabinet Minister in the Ministry of Railways in UPA govt. Lalu, wife Rabri Devi, son Tejashwi Yadav and daughter Misa Bharti booked for railway tender bribery scam, disproportionate illegal property and income tax evasion cases in 2017. 2009: Re-elected to the 15th Lok Sabha
15th Lok Sabha
(5th term) and disqualified in 2013 subsequent to his conviction in the first fodder scam case.

1970–1990: Student politics[edit]

Lalu prasad addressing Yuva Janata Dal
Janata Dal
in Nayagaon, Sonpur in 1988

In 1970, Lalu entered in student politics as General Secretary of the Patna University
Patna University
Students' Union (PUSU), became its president in 1973,[23][24] joined Jai Prakash Narayan' Bihar
Bihar
Movement in 1974[39] where he became sufficiently close to Janata Party (JP) leaders to became the Janata alliance's winning candidate in the 1977 Lok Sabha election from Chapra [40] at the age of 29.[23][41] In 1979,the Janata Party government fell due to in-fighting.The parliament was dissolved with new polls held in 1980. Lalu quit Janata party to join the splinter group, Janata Party-S led by Raj Narain, only to lose the re-election in 1980.He managed to win Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly election later in 1980, and again in 1985 to become leader of opposition in Bihar
Bihar
assembly in 1989.Later in 1989, he was also elected for Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
under V. P. Singh
V. P. Singh
government.By 1990, he positioned himself as the leader of Yadav (11.7% of the Bihar's) and lower castes.[42] Muslims, who had traditionally served as Congress (I) vote bank, shifted their loyalty to Prasad after the 1989 Bhagalpur violence.[43] He became popular among the Muslim
Muslim
and Yadav voters of Bihar.[44] 1990–1997: Lalu and wife as Chief Ministers of Bihar
Bihar
during the Fodder scam era[edit] In 1990, Janta Dal came to power in Bihar. PM V. P. Singh
V. P. Singh
wanted former Chief Minister Ram Sundar Das
Ram Sundar Das
to lead the government.[24] and Chandra Shekhar
Chandra Shekhar
backed Raghunath Jha. To break deadlock deputy PM Devi Lal nominated Prasad as CM candidate. He was victorious in an internal poll of Janta Party MLS's and became the Chief Minister. On 23 September 1990, Prasad arrested L K Advani
L K Advani
at Samastipur
Samastipur
during later's Ram Rath Yatra
Ram Rath Yatra
to Ayodhya,[45] and presented himself as a secular leader.[46] The World Bank
World Bank
lauded his party for its work in the 1990s on the economic front.[47] In 1993, Prasad adopted a pro-English policy and pushed for the re-introduction of English as a language in school curriculum, contrary to the angrezi hatao (banish English) policy of then Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
CM Mulayam Singh Yadav, another Yadav and caste based politician. Policy of opposition to English was considered an anti-elite policy since both the Yadav leaders represented the same social constituents The Backward castes, Dalits and minority communities.[48] With the help of Yadav- Muslim
Muslim
votes, Lalu continued to be Bihar
Bihar
CM.[24] In the Fodder Scam, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) issued an arrest warrant for Yadav, and he had to resign from CM's post. Subsequently, he installed his wife Rabri Devi as Bihar
Bihar
CM. 1998–2002: Formation of RJD and out of power[edit]

RJD Flag

In 1997, due to allegation related to Fodder Scam, a leadership revolt surfaced in Janata Dal, consequently Lalu broke away from Janata Dal and formed a new political party Rashtriya Janata Dal
Rashtriya Janata Dal
(RJD).[49] In 1998 general for 12th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Lalu won from Madhepura,[50] but lost in 1999 general election to Sharad Yadav.[23] In Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly election, 2000 he won and remained in opposition.[51] 2002–2005: RJD and Rabri rule in Bihar[edit] In 2002, Lalu was elected in Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
where he stayed till 2004. In 2002, RJD formed the government with Rabri Devi
Rabri Devi
as the CM. Except for brief President rule and 8 days term of Nitish Kumar, RJD remained in power in Bihar
Bihar
till 2005.[52] 2004–2009: Railway Minister[edit]

Yadav together with Ram Vilas Paswan
Ram Vilas Paswan
and Amar Singh at a party rally in Mumbai
Mumbai
during the 2009 general elections.

In 2004, Yadav contested general election from Chapra and Madhepura against Rajiv Pratap Rudy
Rajiv Pratap Rudy
and Sharad Yadav
Sharad Yadav
respectively and won from both the seats.[53] In total, RJD won 21 seats and it allied with Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
becoming 2nd largest member of UPA I after Congress. Yadav became the railway minister in the 2004 UPA Government. Later, he gave up the Madhepura seat.[54] As railway minister, Yadav left passenger fares untouched and focused on other sources of revenue for the Railways. He banned plastic cups from being used to serve tea at railway stations and replaced those with kulhars (earthen cups), in order to generate more employment in rural areas.[55] Later, he also said that he had plans to introduce buttermilk[56] and khādī.[57] In June 2004, he announced that he would get on the railway himself to inspect its problems and went on to board the Patna
Patna
railway station at midnight.[58] When he took over, the Indian Railways was a loss-making organization.[59] In the four years under his leadership, it showed a cumulative total profit of Rs.250 billion (US $5.2 billion). The turnaround of railways from a loss-making to a profit venture was actually more of a cosmetic exercise. According to CAG, it was the new practice of issuing a "statement of cash and investible surplus" that helped Lalu project a rosy picture.[60] In 2008, the profits shown were ₹25,000 crore (US$3.8 billion). Schools of management became interested in Yadav's leadership in managing the turnaround (with more or less the same IAS officers and the same workforce who worked under the previous ministers). The alleged turnaround was introduced as a case study by the prestigious Indian Institute of Management.[61] Yadav also received invitations from eight Ivy League schools for lectures, and addressed over a hundred students from Harvard, Wharton and others in Hindi.[62] In 2009, Yadav's successor Mamata Banerjee
Mamata Banerjee
and the opposition parties alleged that the so-called turnaround of the Railways during his tenure was merely a result of presenting financial statements differently.[63][64] In 2011, a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) endorsed this view. CAG found that the "surplus" shown on the financial statements during Yadav's tenure covered "cash and investible surplus", which were not included in the "net surplus" figures released by the Railways in the earlier years. The "cash surplus" included the money available for paying dividend, contribution to the Depreciation Reserve Fund used for renewal or replacement of existing assets, and other funds for investment. The "investible surplus" included the money allocated for capital expenditure. The report concluded that the performance of the Railways actually declined marginally during the last few years of Lalu's tenure.[65] Earlier in August 2008, CNN-IBN
CNN-IBN
had also alleged that Yadav had misused his position as the Union Railway Minister to help his relatives acquire land.[66] 2005–2010: RJD out of power in Bihar[edit] In November 2005 state elections RJD won 54 seats, less than both Janata Dal
Janata Dal
United (JDU) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Nitish Kumar led coalition, consisting of JD(U)
JD(U)
and BJP, came to power. In the 2010 elections, the RJD tally was reduced to just 22 seats whereas the ruling alliance claimed a record 206 out of the 243 Assembly seats.[52] 2009–2014: Out of power in center and Bihar[edit] In 2009 general election RJD won 4 seats and provided outside support to Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
government.[67] In May 2012, Lalu Prasad Yadav envisaged Hamid Ansari, previous Vice-President, as a presidential candidate.[68] In May 2013, Lalu Yadav tried to rejuvenate the party and fuel the party workers in his Parivartan Rally.[69] After the conviction in Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
on 3 October 2013, Yadav was disqualified from the membership of Lok Sabha. In 2014 general election, Lalu Yadav's RJD again won 4 seats. Lalu Yadav has been working on a merger of six parties to form a Janata Parivar. 2015-current: Conviction in 2 fodder scam cases[edit] In the Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly election, 2015, Lalu Yadav's RJD became the largest party with a total of 81 seats. He along with his partner Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
of JD(U)
JD(U)
had the absolute majority to form a government in Bihar. This was cited as a major comeback for the RJD and for Lalu Yadav on the political stage of Bihar
Bihar
after a gap of 10 years. But that suffocating alliance did not last long as Nitish Kumar dumped and ousted Lalu's party from the power and alliance in July 2017 after the Enforcement Directorate
Enforcement Directorate
and Central Bureau of Investigation lodged several criminal cases against Lalu's son and Deputy Chief Minister, Tejashwi Yadav.[7][8][9] Corruption, conviction and criticism[edit] Corruption cases[edit] Lalu has been convicted and jailed in 2 scams, he and his family, including wife Rabri Devi, sons Tejashwi Yadav and Tej Pratap Yadav, and daughter Misa Bharti have has been charged in several other corruption cases (c. Jan 2018).[10][70][10] 1996 Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
– 1st case of INR 33.61 crore scammed from Chaibasa treasury: 5 year conviction in 2013[edit] Fodder scam has several cases, in which Lalu is an accused in 6 cases, he has been convicted in 2 cases and 3 more cases against him are still pending in the court (c. Jan 2018). In the first case, Lalu was accused in 1996 and later convicted in "Fodder Scam" cases in which about Rs.4.50 billion (US $111.85 million) were siphoned off from the animal husbandry department, albeit the probe itself was ordered by him.[71] Several reports of alleged embezzlement of money withdrawn from the animal husbandry department were tabled from 1990–95. In January 1996, a raid conducted on Chaibasa
Chaibasa
treasury indicated the siphoning off of funds by non-existent companies. Yadav then ordered an inquiry to probe the alleged irregularities. However, after a public interest litigation, the Bihar
Bihar
High Court in March 1996 ordered the case to be handed over to the CBI.[72] In June 1997, CBI filed the charge sheet in the case and made Yadav an accused. The fodder scam forced Yadav to resign from the office of Chief Minister and he appointed his wife, Rabri Devi, his successor as the state's Chief Minister.[49] In 2001, Supreme Court transferred the scam cases to newly formed Jharkhand and trial began in a special court in Ranchi
Ranchi
in 2002. In August 2013, Yadav tried to get the trial court judge transferred, but his plea was rejected by Supreme Court of India. Yadav has been an accused in many of the 53-odd cases filed. He has been remanded to custody on multiple occasions because of the number of cases. Over 64 people were convicted in the case.[73][74] Yadav was first sent to "Judicial remand" ( Bihar
Bihar
Military Police guest house, Patna) on 30 July 1997, for 134 days.[75][76] On 28 October 1998, he was again sent to the same guest house for 73 days. When the Supreme Court of India
India
took exception to his guest house stay, he had also moved to the Beur jail in Patna. On 26 November 2001, Yadav was again remanded, in a case related to the fodder scam.[77] Yadav accused the NDA of creating a conspiracy against him. On 1 October 2004, the Supreme Court of India served a notice to Yadav and his wife, Rabri Devi, on the fodder scam. This was in response to a petition which alleged that they have been interfering with the investigation. Lalu Prasad Yadav, along with 44 other accused, was convicted on 30 September 2013, by Central Bureau of Investigation
Central Bureau of Investigation
court at Ranchi, after being found guilty in fraudulent withdrawal of Rs. 37 crores (INR370 million) from Chaibasa
Chaibasa
treasury.[78] Several other politicians, IAS officers were also convicted in the case.[78] Immediately after the verdict was pronounced, Laloo Prasad Yadav was arrested and taken to Birsa Munda Central Jail, located at Ranchi.[78] Consequent upon his conviction, Mr. Yadav stands disqualified as MP and he will not be eligible to contest public election for next six years.[79] He has been given a jail sentence of five years and a fine of 25 lakh rupees.[80] Lalu Yadav was sentenced again on 23 December 2017.[81] He was released on bail from Birsa Munda Central Jail, after he completed the bail formalities in a Special
Special
CBI court, two-and-a-half months after he was convicted in a fodder scam case.[82] 1998 Lalu's disproportionate assets case[edit] In 1998, a disproportionate assets case arising out of fodder scam was registered against Yadav and Rabri Devi.[83] In April 2000, both were made co-accused in the charge-sheet and surrendered. While Rabri Devi got bail due to being CM of Bihar, Yadav was remanded for 11 days and sent to the Beur Jail.[75] Due to the proceedings in the fodder scam, Yadav was remanded for a day in Beur jail on 28 November 2000. CBI failed to prove them guilty and they were acquitted by a CBI court in 2006. Bihar
Bihar
government wanted to appeal against the acquittal, but Supreme court in 2010 ruled that state government can not challenge such rulings.[84] 1996 Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
– 2nd case of INR89.27 lakh scammed from Deoghar treasury: 3.5 years conviction in 2017[edit] Lalu was convicted and jailed in 2nd Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
case of INR8.927 million[85] on the same day 23 December 2017 when his member of parliament daughter Misa Bharti was also officially charged by Enforcement Directorate
Enforcement Directorate
in disproportionate assets.[15][16][17][18] while 4 more fodder scam cases against him are also pending in the court.[19] Lalu was convicted 23 December 2017 and sentenced on 6th January 2018 to 3.5 years imprisonment and INR1,000,000 fine under the under the Prevention of Corruption Act and the Sections 120B (criminal conspiracy), section 420 (cheating and dishonestly), section 467 (forgery), section 471 (forged record) and section 477A (falsification) of the Indian Penal Code and for the fraudulent withdrawal of INR8,900,000 from the Deoghar
Deoghar
district treasury between 1990 and 1994 1996 Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
– 3rd case of INR35.62 crore scammed from Chaibasa tresary: 5 years conviction in 2018[edit] This case, pertaining to scamming INR356.2 million scammed from the Chaibasa
Chaibasa
tresary of West Singhbhum district, [86] 1996 Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
– 4th case of INR 3.97 crore scammed from Dumka treasury: 14 years conviction in 2018[edit] Lalu Prasad was convicted by the special CBI court in the fourth fodder scam case relating to alleged withdrawal of Rs 3.13 crore from the Dumka districttreasury over two decades ago. [87] CBI Judge awarded him two separate sentences of seven years each under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and the Prevention of Corruption Acts.[88] 1996 Fodder Scam
Fodder Scam
– 5th case of INR184 crore scammed from Doranda tresary: pending in court[edit] This case, pertaining to the scamming of INR1.84 billion from the Doranda tresary in Ranchi, is still pending in the Special
Special
CBI Court (c. Jan 2018).[19][85] 2005 Indian Railway tender scam: Lalu family booked by CBI[edit] 2005 Indian Railway tender scam, investigated by the CBI, is the bribery and corruption case where Lalu Prasad Yadav
Lalu Prasad Yadav
and his family are charged for illegally receiving prime property from the bidder as a bribe for corruptly awarding the Railway tender during Lalu's tenure as Railway Minister.[10] Transfer of these properties as bribe to Lalu and his children were disguised using the shell companies; for example, wife Rabri Devi
Rabri Devi
and three children, Misa Bharti, Tejashwi Yadav and Tej Pratap Yadav, received Saguna Mor Mall property worth INR 45 crore through a shell company named Delight Marketing (renamed as Lara properties), and another shell company AB Exports was used to transfer properties worth INR 40 crore for a price of INR 4 lakh to Lalu's other three children Tejashwi Yadav, Ragini and Chanda.[89][90] This case spawned several other related but independent cases, such as disproportionate assets case as well as tax avoidance case by ED.[10] Under the Benami Transactions Prohibition Act recipient of such benami properties can be imprisoned for up to 7 years and fined up to 25% fair market value, and convicted politicians are barred from contesting elections or holding elected position for six years.[89] 2017 Delight Properties 45 crore benami disproportionate assets and tax evasion cases: Lalu family booked by ED[edit] 2017 Delight Properties 45 crore benami disproportionate assets and tax evasion case, investigated by Enforcement Directorate
Enforcement Directorate
(ED), against Lalu, his wife Rabri Devi, son Tejashwi Yadav, daughter Misa Bharti and others, arose from the alleged illegal proceeds of the "2005 Indian Railway tender scam".[10] The I-T department issued summons for 12 June 2017 to MP Misa Bharti, over benami land deals worth Rs. 10 billion.[17][18] Misa was officially charged by Enforcement Directorate
Enforcement Directorate
(ED) in disproportionate assets case on the same day her father was convicted again in the 2nd fodde4r scam.[16] After CBI lodged a FIR on 5th July 2017, ED also filed the Case Information Report (ECIR) on 27 July 2017 against Lalu, his wife Rabri, their younger son Tejashwi Prasad Yadav and others in the railways tender corruption and ill-gotten property scam that happened during Lalu's tenure as the Railway Minister.[10] Taking action against this scam, ED of Income Tax Department
Income Tax Department
on 12 September 2017 attached more than 12 properties in Patna
Patna
and Delhi including the plot for the mall in Patna, a farm house in Delhi and up-market land in Palam Vihar in Delhi.[10] This includes the transfer of INR450 million (45 crore) Seguna mor benami property transferred to Lalu's wife [[Rabri Devi] and chidlren Tejashwi Yadav and [Tej Pratap Yadav]] by using a shell company named Delight Properties, which was later renamed as Lara Properties.[90] (Updated: 7 Jan 2018) 2017 AB Exports 40 crore benami disproportionate assets and tax evasion cases: Lalu family booked by ED[edit] AB Exports was a shell company used to transfer, as a bribe for the railway tender scam, INR400 million (40 crore) benami property for a mere price of INR400,000 to Lalu's 3 children Tejashwi Yadav, Ragini Yadav and Chanda Singh.[89] ED has attached this property and booked the 3 accused children of Lalu.[89] (Updated: 7 Jan 2018) 2017 Patna
Patna
zoo soil scam[edit] 2017 Patna
Patna
zoo soil scam is a case against Lalu Prasad Yadav
Lalu Prasad Yadav
and his sons Tej Pratap Yadav and Tejaswi Yadav for the "gross irregularities" of selling soil from the construction of Tej Pratap's Saguna Mor mall basement. The bogus beautification scheme was for Rs 90 lakh to Patna zoo without inviting any tenders when Tej Pratap was the minister of environment and forest in Bihar, a department that controls the zoo. The scam came to the light in April 2017, a Public interest litigation (PIL) was filed in Patna
Patna
High Court in October 2017, court ordered the Bihar
Bihar
government to furnish the details of investigation, followin which the case was handed over to Bihar
Bihar
Vigilance Investigation Bureau (VIB) department for the investigation under the Pollution Control Board Act, the Environment Protection Act and Wildlife Protection Act (1972) (update: 6 Jan 2018).[91][92] Criticism[edit] Negative image of corrupt, casteist, nepotistic and dynastic politician[edit] Lalu Prasad Yadav
Lalu Prasad Yadav
is one of the first noted politicians to lose parliamentary seat on being arrested in fodder scam as per Supreme Court decision banning convicted legislators to hold their posts.[13] Despite several ongoing corruption cases against him, he and his wife Rabdi Devi ruled Bihar
Bihar
state for 15 years, a period during which every economic and social rankings of the state went to lowest level when compared to other states of India.[93] During his tenure as Chief Minister, Bihar's law and order was at lowest, kidnapping was on rise and private armies mushroomed.[93] Use of Osama bin Laden's look-alike[edit] While campaigning for Bihar
Bihar
elections in 2005, both Lalu Prasad Yadav and Ram Vilas Paswan
Ram Vilas Paswan
used a Muslim
Muslim
cleric in the traditional Islamic dress to woo Muslim
Muslim
voters. The cleric would accompany them in their helicopter to various election meetings, share the stage with them and make speeches that attacked the United States for its alleged anti- Muslim
Muslim
activities.[94][95] Pramod Mahajan, senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party, had criticized both leaders for this by comparing the cleric with Osama bin Laden and blaming that they were "glorifying the name of a man who is recognized as the most wanted terrorist in the world."[95] See also[edit]

List of Chief Ministers of Bihar

References[edit]

^ "Profile: Lalu Prasad Yadav". Times of India.  ^ a b "Scanned Copy of 2009 Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
election affidavit". Association of Democratic Reforms. Retrieved 4 October 2013.  ^ While the Indian media was unsure as to the spelling of his name, in June 2004, he issued a clarification to the media to endure that his name was spelt as Lalu and not Laloo."It's Lalu not Laloo and it's official (24 June 2004)". Rediff.com. Retrieved 8 May 2006.  ^ a b "Lalu Prasad Yadav". Mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 3 October 2013.  ^ "Rabri's kitchen instinct". India
India
Today. Archived from the original on 23 April 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2009.  ^ "Bihar: after the "Jungle Raj"". Reuters. 14 April 2009.  ^ a b Why Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
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External links[edit] Official website

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lalu Prasad Yadav.

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Political offices

Preceded by Nitish Kumar Minister of Railways 25 May 2004 – 18 May 2009 Succeeded by Mamata Banerjee

Preceded by Jagannath Mishra Chief Minister of Bihar 1990–1997 Succeeded by Rabri Devi

v t e

Chief Ministers of Bihar

Sri Krishna Sinha Deep Narayan Singh Binodanand Jha Krishna Ballabh Sahay Mahamaya Prasad Sinha Satish Prasad Singh B. P. Mandal Bhola Paswan Shastri Harihar Singh Daroga Prasad Rai Karpoori Thakur Kedar Pandey Abdul Ghafoor Jagannath Mishra Ram Sundar Das Chandrashekhar Singh Bindeshwari Dubey Bhagwat Jha Azad Satyendra Narayan Sinha Lalu Prasad Yadav Rabri Devi Nitish Kumar Jitan Ram Manjhi

v t e

Railway Minister of India

John Mathai N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar Lal Bahadur Shastri Jagjivan Ram Sardar Swaran Singh Kengal Hanumanthaiah C. M. Poonacha Panampilly Govinda Menon Gulzari Lal Nanda T. A. Pai Lalit Narayan Mishra Kamalpati Tripathi Madhu Dandavate Kedar Pandey A. B. A. Ghani Khan Chowdhury Madhav Rao Scindia Janeshwar Mishra C. K. Jaffer Sheriff Suresh Kalmadi Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ram Vilas Paswan Nitish Kumar Mamata Banerjee Nitish Kumar Lalu Prasad Yadav Mamata Banerjee Mukul Roy Manmohan Singh Dinesh Trivedi Mukul Roy C. P. Joshi Pawan Kumar Bansal Mallikarjun Kharge D. V. Sadananda Gowda Suresh Prabhu Piyush Goyal

v t e

Leaders of Janata Dal

Prime Ministers of Janata Dal

V. P. Singh Inder Kumar Gujral H. D

.