Kannada : ಲಕ್ಕುಂಡಿ )in
Gadag District of
Karnataka is a tiny village on the way to
Hosapete ) from
Lakkundi 11 km from
Gadag in the east. It is 14 km from
Dambal and 25 km from
Mahadeva Temple (Itagi) .
* 1 Introduction
* 2 History
* 2.1 Temples
* 2.3 Inscriptions
* 3 Tourism
Brahma Jinalaya (Adinath Basadi)
* 3.2 Kashivishvanatha Temple
* 3.3 Nanneshwara Temple
* 3.4 Stepped wells
* 4 Weaving of Ambasi panje
* 5 Transport
* 6 Gallery
* 7 See also
* 8 Architecture References
* 9 References
* 10 External links
Lakkundi, full of ruined temples like Mallikarjuna, Virabhadra,
Manikeshwara, Nanneshwara, Lakshminarayana, Someshwara,
Nilakanteshwara and many more.
Lakkundi is a place of antiquarian interest with as many as 50
temples, 101 stepped wells (called Kalyani or Pushkarni) and 29
inscriptions, spread over the period of the later
Seuna and the
Hoysalas . A great center of Kalyani
Chalukyas art, there are several temples of note here. Among them
KASIVISVESVARA TEMPLE, LAKKUNDI is the most ornate and elaborately
furnished. There is also a
Jain Temple dedicated to
Mahavira , the
largest and oldest shrines at Lakkundi. There is sculpture gallery
(Museum) maintained by the ASI (Archaeological Survey of
Lakkundi also has a Darga of Zindeshah Wali.
Core area of Western
Chalukya architectural activity in modern
Kirtimukha decoration at Kasivisvesvara
Lakkundi A pierced window screen brings light into
the mantapa at Manikesvara Temple in
Lakkundi Main articles:
Western Chalukya architecture and
Western Chalukya temples
Lakkundi is known for the temple archietecture and Danachintamani
Attimabbe (patronage for
Kannada literature and
Other name for
Lakkundi was called as LOKKIGUNDI in the
Lakkundi was ruled by later
Chalukyas , Kalachuris ,
Seuna and the
Hoysalas . The
Chalukyas who wrested power from the Rashtrakutas
(9th-10th centuries), made Kalyani their capital. Nothing remains of
this city now. Most of the later
Chalukya temples are preserved in
Lakkundi. The JAINA TEMPLE AT LAKKUNDI near
Gadag forms the next step
in the improvement of Kalyani
Chalukyas style introducing a greater
ornamental effect in the treatment of the surface.
In the 12th century, the Kalyani
Chalukyas style of architecture
Gadag style of architecture) reaches its maturity and
culmination. KASIVISVESVARA TEMPLE, LAKKUNDI , Mallikarjuna at
Mahadeva Temple (Itagi) are the finest examples produced
by the later
Chalukya architects. The architecture of the Kalyani
Chalukyas of Kalyani are said to be a link between those of the early
Badami and the
Hoysalas who succeeded them.
Lakkundi all the temples are made of green schist and the outer
walls and entrances are very richly decorated. The shikhara is an
in-between-style type and the parapet and the artistic division of the
wall with pilasters is typical of the south-Indian style.
Lakkundi has about 50 TEMPLES OF VARIOUS STATURE AND
ANTIQUITY. Some of the temples of note are Halagunda Basavanna Temple,
Laxmianarayana Temple, Mallikarjuna Temple, Manikeshwara Temple,
Nadayadeva Temple, Nagaradeva Shrine, Neelakanteshwara Temple,
Suryanarayana Shrine (of Sun God facing the Kashi Vishweshwara Temple
), Someshwara Temple, Virabhadara Temple, Vishwantha Temple,
Virupaksha Temple. Most of them are dedicated to Lord Siva and his
Gadag, the district center itself have a few attractive temples.
Shiva temple is impressive with its intricately ornate
pillars, screens of carved stones and friezes.
ATTIMABBE built a
Jain temple at
Lakkundi to which the king
(Satyashraya) provided a golden Kalasa.
Attimabbe, known as Danachintamani is a well known personality of the
Chalukyas period. She made 1000 copies of great poet Ponna's
Santi purana and distributed as Sastradana.
Brahma jinalaya was constructed by Attimabbe.
Attimabbe wife of
Nagadeva who was the chieftain and soldier of
Chalukya King Ahavamalla
and mother of Ahniga Masavadi who was ruling
Lakkundi for some time.
Attimabbe sheltered the poet
Lakkundi is also a treasure house of many important Inscriptions
* The inscriptions of the Kalyani
Chalukyas king Irive Bedanga
AJITHANATHA PURANA the details of the construction of the
Attimabbe and the donations.
* The inscriptions of the
Kalachuris of Kalyani King Sovideva (1173
A.D.) reveals the donation of gold to a Basadi by Gunanidi Keshava.
* The important inscriptions of Kalyani
Chalukyas Somashekara VI
(1185 A.D.), reveals the donation for conducting Ashtavidharchana. And
other 12th century period inscription mentions the donation of land to
Tribhuvana tilaka Shantinatha. Also an inscription mentions the
Jain saints Mulasangha Devanga.
Lakkundi is known for the CHALUKYA STYLE TEMPLES , stepped wells and
historic inscriptions. Owing to their uniqueness, sometimes these
temples are simply referred to as Kalyani
Lakkundi is often a gem missed by majority of tourists. One take the
trouble of making visit to
Lakkundi is rewarded with one of the fine
architectural feasts of the Kalyana
Chalukya period (c. 10th century
BRAHMA JINALAYA (ADINATH BASADI)
Brahma Jinalaya Jina image in sanctum and door
panel decoration at
Jain Temple in
Lakkundi Chaturmukha, a
Brahma image at
Jain Temple in Lakkundi, 11th century CE
Brahma Jinalaya stands as the testimony of the high rank in the
Karnataka temple Archietecture.
Brahma Jinalaya was built by queen
DANACHINTAMANI ATTIMABBE is the largest of many
Jain temples in
Lakkundi. This Basadi is dedicated to Adinatha , the most revered
This Basadi is perhaps one of the earliest examples of temples in
this area built of a kind of fine textured chloritic schist as
distinct from the hitherto used sandstone of this region. The new
material, because of its less thick quarry sizes and tractability,
reacted on the workmanship, with the result that the masonry courses
became reduced in size and the carvings more delicate and highly
finished. The temple, perhaps built in the latter half of the 11th
century, has a five-storeyed vimana, square on plan from the base to
the shikhara, and had originally a closed square navaranga in front,
though an open mandapawas added in front later on.
Basadi has a well fastened Mukha mantapa. and Open hall proped by
central pillars decorated with beautiful carving. The Garbagudi holds
the idol of Neminatha Tirthankara.
The central bay of the navaranga is a larger square than the
peripheral eight around it. The second storey, as in the
Pattadakal , is functional and has an antarala-mantapa in front
over the vestibule of the lower storey. This raises the total height
of the vimana considerably.
Kasivisvesvara Temple, Lakkundi
Kashivishweshwara Temple , dedicated to Lord
Shiva is meticulous for
its carvings on the towers and the doorways. The heavy circular
pillars were made using some kind of lathe.
A great deal of care has gone into the construction of the
Kashivishvanatha temple in
Lakkundi which deifies
Shiva . This temple
has a unique feature: a small surya shrine faces the main shrine on
the west. There is a common platform between both which must have been
an open mandapa originally. Hence the Kashivishvanatha temple has an
entrance on the east side and south side of the mandapa. The entrance
doorway and the towers are covered with close intricate carving. The
shikhara is in the North-Indian style and it looks like a lathe must
have been used to make the complex circular pillars.
Nanesvara Temple, Lakkundi Nanneshwara Temple at
Lakkundi Nanneshwara Temple at
Nanneshwara Temple , located to its east, is worth a visit. This
temple looks like a simple and small replica of the much elaborate
Kashi Vishweshwara Temple. Probably the Nanneshwara Temple was built
as a prototype before the grand Kashi Vishweshwara Temple was
Stepped well (muskin bhanvi) at the Manikesvara Temple in
Lakkundi is also noted for its step wells, artistically built with
small canopied niches inside the walls of the wells enshrining lingas
There are numerous ancient wells in Lakkundi, of which the Chateer
Bavi, Kanne Bavi and Musukina Bavi are popular for their carvings
architectural beauty. Most of the wells are carved with tiny Siva
shrines in the form of niches into the walls.
Manikesvara Temple with Stepped Kalyani is one of the Tourist
Lakkundi there is a stepped well of the
Chalukya period next to
the Manikeshwara temple. On 3 sides of the Kalyani there are steps
and the approach to the mandapa of the temples forms a bridge on the
WEAVING OF AMBASI PANJE
Contrast bordered Lungi (Ambasi Phadiki Dhadi Panje) woven at
Lakkundi, the Dhoti (Lingi), daily wear woven with a contrast border
using traditional motifs.
Lakkundi is well connected by road. It can be reached by coming to
Gadag or Koppal. There are KSRTC buses from all over karnataka to
Gadag and Koppal. It is 11 km from
Gadag and 50 km from Koppal. The
nearest Railway station is in
Gadag city. Once you get dropped at the
Lakkundi bus stand, you can practically cover all the temples and
other monuments on foot. Nevertheless, you can hire a local taxi for
better convenience. There are more than 15 Hindu and
Jain temples in
this town which was a prominent city a thousand years back.
Lakkundi tableau at Vishwa
Kannada sammelana Belgaum *
Wikimedia Commons has media related to TEMPLES OF KARNATAKA .
Western Chalukya temples
Western Chalukya architecture
Mahadeva Temple (Itagi)
* Tourism in North
* Temples of North
Western Chalukya architecture
Hindu temple architecture
* ^ "Kalyani Chalukyan temples". Retrieved 2008-08-20.
* ^ "A great tourist place i karanataka, Lakkundi". Retrieved
* ^ "Chapter XIV, Karnataka, The Tourist Paradise". Archived from
the original on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2009-03-03.
* ^ "CHAPTER 9. THE CALUKYAS AND THE KALACURYAS OF KALYANI.
HISTORY–ANCIENT PERIOD, Chalukya" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-03-10.
* ^ "The
Chalukyas of Kalya