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LAKKUNDI ( Kannada
Kannada
: ಲಕ್ಕುಂಡಿ )in Gadag District of Karnataka
Karnataka
is a tiny village on the way to Hampi
Hampi
( Hosapete ) from Hubballi . Lakkundi
Lakkundi
11 km from Gadag in the east. It is 14 km from Dambal and 25 km from Mahadeva Temple (Itagi) .

CONTENTS

* 1 Introduction

* 2 History

* 2.1 Temples * 2.2 Attimabbe * 2.3 Inscriptions

* 3 Tourism

* 3.1 Brahma Jinalaya (Adinath Basadi) * 3.2 Kashivishvanatha Temple * 3.3 Nanneshwara Temple * 3.4 Stepped wells

* 4 Weaving of Ambasi panje * 5 Transport * 6 Gallery * 7 See also * 8 Architecture References * 9 References * 10 External links

INTRODUCTION

Lakkundi, full of ruined temples like Mallikarjuna, Virabhadra, Manikeshwara, Nanneshwara, Lakshminarayana, Someshwara, Nilakanteshwara and many more.

Lakkundi
Lakkundi
is a place of antiquarian interest with as many as 50 temples, 101 stepped wells (called Kalyani or Pushkarni) and 29 inscriptions, spread over the period of the later Chalukyas
Chalukyas
, Kalachuris , Seuna and the Hoysalas
Hoysalas
. A great center of Kalyani Chalukyas
Chalukyas
art, there are several temples of note here. Among them KASIVISVESVARA TEMPLE, LAKKUNDI is the most ornate and elaborately furnished. There is also a Jain
Jain
Temple dedicated to Mahavira
Mahavira
, the largest and oldest shrines at Lakkundi. There is sculpture gallery (Museum) maintained by the ASI (Archaeological Survey of India
India
).

Lakkundi
Lakkundi
also has a Darga of Zindeshah Wali.

HISTORY

Core area of Western Chalukya
Chalukya
architectural activity in modern Karnataka
Karnataka
state, India
India
Kirtimukha decoration at Kasivisvesvara Temple at Lakkundi
Lakkundi
A pierced window screen brings light into the mantapa at Manikesvara Temple in Lakkundi
Lakkundi
Nanneshwara Temple at Lakkundi
Lakkundi
Main articles: Western Chalukya architecture and Western Chalukya temples

Lakkundi
Lakkundi
is known for the temple archietecture and Danachintamani Attimabbe (patronage for Kannada
Kannada
literature and Jainism
Jainism
).

Other name for Lakkundi
Lakkundi
was called as LOKKIGUNDI in the inscriptions.

Lakkundi
Lakkundi
was ruled by later Chalukyas
Chalukyas
, Kalachuris , Seuna and the Hoysalas
Hoysalas
. The Chalukyas
Chalukyas
who wrested power from the Rashtrakutas (9th-10th centuries), made Kalyani their capital. Nothing remains of this city now. Most of the later Chalukya
Chalukya
temples are preserved in Lakkundi. The JAINA TEMPLE AT LAKKUNDI near Gadag forms the next step in the improvement of Kalyani Chalukyas
Chalukyas
style introducing a greater ornamental effect in the treatment of the surface.

In the 12th century, the Kalyani Chalukyas
Chalukyas
style of architecture (also known Gadag style of architecture) reaches its maturity and culmination. KASIVISVESVARA TEMPLE, LAKKUNDI , Mallikarjuna at Kuruvatii and Mahadeva Temple (Itagi) are the finest examples produced by the later Chalukya
Chalukya
architects. The architecture of the Kalyani Chalukyas
Chalukyas
of Kalyani are said to be a link between those of the early Chalukyas
Chalukyas
of Badami
Badami
and the Hoysalas
Hoysalas
who succeeded them.

TEMPLES

At Lakkundi
Lakkundi
all the temples are made of green schist and the outer walls and entrances are very richly decorated. The shikhara is an in-between-style type and the parapet and the artistic division of the wall with pilasters is typical of the south-Indian style.

Currently Lakkundi
Lakkundi
has about 50 TEMPLES OF VARIOUS STATURE AND ANTIQUITY. Some of the temples of note are Halagunda Basavanna Temple, Laxmianarayana Temple, Mallikarjuna Temple, Manikeshwara Temple, Nadayadeva Temple, Nagaradeva Shrine, Neelakanteshwara Temple, Suryanarayana Shrine (of Sun God facing the Kashi Vishweshwara Temple ), Someshwara Temple, Virabhadara Temple, Vishwantha Temple, Virupaksha Temple. Most of them are dedicated to Lord Siva and his various aspects.

Gadag, the district center itself have a few attractive temples. Trikuteshwara Shiva
Shiva
temple is impressive with its intricately ornate pillars, screens of carved stones and friezes.

ATTIMABBE

ATTIMABBE built a Jain
Jain
temple at Lakkundi
Lakkundi
to which the king (Satyashraya) provided a golden Kalasa.

Attimabbe, known as Danachintamani is a well known personality of the Kalyani Chalukyas
Chalukyas
period. She made 1000 copies of great poet Ponna's Santi purana and distributed as Sastradana.

The Brahma
Brahma
jinalaya was constructed by Attimabbe. Attimabbe wife of Nagadeva who was the chieftain and soldier of Chalukya
Chalukya
King Ahavamalla and mother of Ahniga Masavadi who was ruling Lakkundi
Lakkundi
for some time.

Attimabbe sheltered the poet Ranna
Ranna
.

INSCRIPTIONS

Lakkundi
Lakkundi
is also a treasure house of many important Inscriptions (about 29).

* The inscriptions of the Kalyani Chalukyas
Chalukyas
king Irive Bedanga narrates in

AJITHANATHA PURANA the details of the construction of the BRAHMAJINALAYA by Attimabbe and the donations.

* The inscriptions of the Kalachuris of Kalyani King Sovideva (1173 A.D.) reveals the donation of gold to a Basadi by Gunanidi Keshava. * The important inscriptions of Kalyani Chalukyas
Chalukyas
Somashekara VI (1185 A.D.), reveals the donation for conducting Ashtavidharchana. And other 12th century period inscription mentions the donation of land to Tribhuvana tilaka Shantinatha. Also an inscription mentions the existence of Jain
Jain
saints Mulasangha Devanga.

TOURISM

Lakkundi
Lakkundi
is known for the CHALUKYA STYLE TEMPLES , stepped wells and historic inscriptions. Owing to their uniqueness, sometimes these temples are simply referred to as Kalyani Chalukyas
Chalukyas
Temples.

Lakkundi
Lakkundi
is often a gem missed by majority of tourists. One take the trouble of making visit to Lakkundi
Lakkundi
is rewarded with one of the fine architectural feasts of the Kalyana Chalukya
Chalukya
period (c. 10th century CE).

BRAHMA JINALAYA (ADINATH BASADI)

Main article: Brahma Jinalaya Jina image in sanctum and door panel decoration at Jain
Jain
Temple in Lakkundi
Lakkundi
Chaturmukha, a four-faced Brahma
Brahma
image at Jain
Jain
Temple in Lakkundi, 11th century CE

Brahma Jinalaya stands as the testimony of the high rank in the Karnataka
Karnataka
temple Archietecture. Brahma Jinalaya was built by queen DANACHINTAMANI ATTIMABBE is the largest of many Jain
Jain
temples in Lakkundi. This Basadi is dedicated to Adinatha , the most revered saint of Jainism
Jainism
.

This Basadi is perhaps one of the earliest examples of temples in this area built of a kind of fine textured chloritic schist as distinct from the hitherto used sandstone of this region. The new material, because of its less thick quarry sizes and tractability, reacted on the workmanship, with the result that the masonry courses became reduced in size and the carvings more delicate and highly finished. The temple, perhaps built in the latter half of the 11th century, has a five-storeyed vimana, square on plan from the base to the shikhara, and had originally a closed square navaranga in front, though an open mandapawas added in front later on.

Basadi has a well fastened Mukha mantapa. and Open hall proped by central pillars decorated with beautiful carving. The Garbagudi holds the idol of Neminatha Tirthankara.

The central bay of the navaranga is a larger square than the peripheral eight around it. The second storey, as in the Jain
Jain
temple at Pattadakal , is functional and has an antarala-mantapa in front over the vestibule of the lower storey. This raises the total height of the vimana considerably.

KASHIVISHVANATHA TEMPLE

Main article: Kasivisvesvara Temple, Lakkundi

Kashivishweshwara Temple , dedicated to Lord Shiva
Shiva
is meticulous for its carvings on the towers and the doorways. The heavy circular pillars were made using some kind of lathe.

A great deal of care has gone into the construction of the Kashivishvanatha temple in Lakkundi
Lakkundi
which deifies Shiva
Shiva
. This temple has a unique feature: a small surya shrine faces the main shrine on the west. There is a common platform between both which must have been an open mandapa originally. Hence the Kashivishvanatha temple has an entrance on the east side and south side of the mandapa. The entrance doorway and the towers are covered with close intricate carving. The shikhara is in the North-Indian style and it looks like a lathe must have been used to make the complex circular pillars.

NANNESHWARA TEMPLE

Main article: Nanesvara Temple, Lakkundi Nanneshwara Temple at Lakkundi
Lakkundi
Nanneshwara Temple at Lakkundi
Lakkundi

Nanneshwara Temple , located to its east, is worth a visit. This temple looks like a simple and small replica of the much elaborate Kashi Vishweshwara Temple. Probably the Nanneshwara Temple was built as a prototype before the grand Kashi Vishweshwara Temple was executed.

STEPPED WELLS

Stepped well (muskin bhanvi) at the Manikesvara Temple in Lakkundi
Lakkundi

Lakkundi
Lakkundi
is also noted for its step wells, artistically built with small canopied niches inside the walls of the wells enshrining lingas .

There are numerous ancient wells in Lakkundi, of which the Chateer Bavi, Kanne Bavi and Musukina Bavi are popular for their carvings architectural beauty. Most of the wells are carved with tiny Siva shrines in the form of niches into the walls.

Manikesvara Temple with Stepped Kalyani is one of the Tourist attractions of Lakkundi
Lakkundi

At Lakkundi
Lakkundi
there is a stepped well of the Chalukya
Chalukya
period next to the Manikeshwara temple. On 3 sides of the Kalyani there are steps and the approach to the mandapa of the temples forms a bridge on the fourth side.

WEAVING OF AMBASI PANJE

Contrast bordered Lungi (Ambasi Phadiki Dhadi Panje) woven at Lakkundi, the Dhoti (Lingi), daily wear woven with a contrast border using traditional motifs.

TRANSPORT

Lakkundi
Lakkundi
is well connected by road. It can be reached by coming to Gadag or Koppal. There are KSRTC buses from all over karnataka to Gadag and Koppal. It is 11 km from Gadag and 50 km from Koppal. The nearest Railway station is in Gadag city. Once you get dropped at the Lakkundi
Lakkundi
bus stand, you can practically cover all the temples and other monuments on foot. Nevertheless, you can hire a local taxi for better convenience. There are more than 15 Hindu and Jain
Jain
temples in this town which was a prominent city a thousand years back.

GALLERY

PHOTO GALLERY

*

Lakkundi
Lakkundi
tableau at Vishwa Kannada
Kannada
sammelana Belgaum * * * * * * *

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to TEMPLES OF KARNATAKA .

* Western Chalukya temples * Western Chalukya architecture * Western Chalukya
Chalukya
Empire * Annigeri * Dambal * Gadag * Mahadeva Temple (Itagi) * Kuknur
Kuknur

* Lakshmeshwar * Kundgol * Haveri
Haveri
* Sudi * Kamthana * North Karnataka
Karnataka
* Tourism in North Karnataka
Karnataka
* Temples of North Karnataka
Karnataka

ARCHITECTURE REFERENCES

* Western Chalukya architecture * Hindu temple architecture * Hoysala architecture * Vijayanagara architecture * Badami
Badami
Chalukya
Chalukya
architecture * Dravidian architecture
Dravidian architecture

REFERENCES

* ^ "Kalyani Chalukyan temples". Retrieved 2008-08-20. * ^ "A great tourist place i karanataka, Lakkundi". Retrieved 2008-08-11. * ^ "Chapter XIV, Karnataka, The Tourist Paradise". Archived from the original on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2009-03-03. * ^ "CHAPTER 9. THE CALUKYAS AND THE KALACURYAS OF KALYANI. HISTORY–ANCIENT PERIOD, Chalukya" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-03-10. * ^ "The Chalukyas
Chalukyas
of Kalya