VLASINA LAKE (Serbian : Власинско језеро/Vlasinsko
jezero) is a semi-artificial lake in Southeast
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Islands * 1.2 Water
* 2 Biodiversity and protection * 3 Tourism * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
The lake lies at 42°42′N 22°20′E / 42.700°N 22.333°E
/ 42.700; 22.333 on a plateau called
Vlasina in the municipalities of
The central part of the lake is wide and 10 and 15 metres (33 and 49 ft) deep. Its eastern coastline is jagged, with two bays: larger Biljanina bara and smaller Murin zaliv separated by Taraija peninsula. The southern part of the lake, between Bratanov del peninsula and the mouth of Božićki kanal is shallower (2 to 6 metres or 6.6 to 19.7 feet), with swampy coasts and peat.
The dam is located in the northwestern part of the lake. It is an
embankment dam , built of a concrete core with an earth-filled cover.
First plans for the power plant were made in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
, during the
The lake is most easily accessible from the southwestern side, by a
19 kilometres (12 mi) long section of the M1.13 road from
There are two permanent islands on the lake, along its eastern coast:
Dugi del (7.84 hectares or 19.4 acres) and Stratorija (1.82 hectares
or 4.5 acres). Along with those islands, one of the lake's most
famous features are the floating islands , occurring when at high
water level loose chunks of peat 0.5 to 2 metres (1 ft 8 in to 6 ft 7
in) thick break off the shore. Driven by the wind, they float from one
shore of the lake to another, carrying the flora and fauna, and
serving as shelter and a food source for fish. For that reason, they
are an attractive target for fishermen. The largest such island has an
area of 8 hectares (20 acres), and is referred to as "
The temperature of the water reaches 21 to 23 °C (70 to 73 °F) in
the summer months, making for refreshing swimming. It freezes in the
winter and the ice crust can be as much as 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) thick.
The temperature also varies with location and depth. In the village
Topli Dol south of the lake, there is a water factory "Vlasinka",
producing high-quality mineral water called "Vlasinska Rosa ", a
renowned brand in Serbia. It was purchased by
The Coca-Cola Company
BIODIVERSITY AND PROTECTION
Protected areas of the nature preserve "Vlasina"
The lake's flora and fauna are rich, and include several endemic
species. It features over 850 species of flora and over 180 species of
vertebrates , including rare species of mammals, reptiles and
amphibians. The lake's surroundings are a mixture of meadows and
high-altitude forests, especially birch , beech , pine and juniper
(the former two indigenous, and the latter chiefly introduced by
afforestation of the western shore). The indigenous trees downy birch
and yellow beech (characteristic for its ever-yellow leaf color) stand
out among the species of trees. Sundew is the only carnivorous plant
The lake is home to 16 species of fish. These include brown and Ohrid trout , perch , minnow , barbel , grass carp , common carp , crucian carp , tench , roach and others. Ohrid trout was stocked and it successfully adapted to the environment, making it a popular for fishing.
By the decision of Government of
Current tourist capacity includes around 300 beds in hotels "Vlasina"
and "Narcis", offering a modest range of services. Along with regular
tourists, they often host sporting teams from
An ambitious project for development of tourism is planned for the
Vlasina area by the country's Development plan and the Ministry of
Tourism, and it is included in the "21 projects for the 21st century"
plan. The planned facilities include a new tourist center Novi Rid ,
with 1000 beds and shopping center, tourist center Krstinci with 350
beds, center "Džukelice" for summer sports, a marina for sailboats
(motorboats are forbidden on the lake ), a number of ski lifts and
Touristic attractions could include the numerous churches from the
19th century in the area. Also, the region is known for many popular
local legends, which include myths of the giant water beasts, fairies
and the now submerged bridge which was allegedly built by the
* List of lakes in
* ^ A B C D Ministry of Environmental Protection of Republic of
* ^ A B "Vlasinsko jezero" (in Serbian). Turistička organizacija
* ^ A B C D Tanja Vujić (23 June 2009), "
Vlasina nije za snobove",
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