Lake Mariout (Arabic: بحيرة مريوط Boḥēret
Maryūṭ , IPA: [boˈħeːɾet mɑɾˤˈjuːtˤ], Coptic:
ⲡⲓⲗⲓⲙⲛⲏ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲱⲧⲏⲥ), also spelled Maryut
or Mariut, is a brackish lake in northern Egypt. The lake area covered
200 km² and had a navigable canal at the beginning of the 20th
century, but at the beginning of the 21st century, it covers only
about 50 km².
3 Ecclesiastical history
3.1 Titular see
4 Ancient findings
5 Fish species
6 See also
8 Sources and external links
The name derives from Mareotis or Marea, the name of the lake in
Salt refining-Lake Mariout
At least 250 years ago, the lake was fresh water, and much of it would
dry up during the period just before the
Nile flooded again. A storm
in 1770 breached the sea wall at Abu Qir, creating a sea-water lake
known as Lake Abu Qir. The salt waters were kept separate from Lake
Mariout by the canal that allowed fresh water to travel from the Nile
to Alexandria. As part of the Siege of Alexandria, on 13 March 1801,
the British cut the canal, allowing a great rush of sea water from
Abu Qir into Lake Mariout. Lake
Abu Qir ceased to exist, and Lake
Mariout became brackish instead of fresh.
It is separated from the
Mediterranean Sea by the narrow isthmus on
which the city of
Alexandria was built. The lake shore is home to
fisheries and saltworks. As far back as the early 1900s, it was
documented that salt was being refined from the western part of the
According to some records, a homonymous nome (Ancient name: Mareotis)
was located on the shores of this lake.
Basilica at Marea.
There was a bishopric of Mareotes, in the
Roman province of Aegyptus
Primus, which was a suffragan of the Metropolitan Archbishop of the
Patriarchate of Alexandria, but it faded like most in Roman Egypt,
plausibly at the advent of Islam.
Two bishops are historically documented:
Ischiras (mentioned circa 335)
Pistos (mentioned in 337)
The diocese was nominally restored in 1933 as
Titular bishopric of
Mareotes (Latin = Curiate Italian) / Mareoten(sis) (Latin adjective).
Although technically a Latin titular bishopric, it has had several
Eastern Catholic incumbents, notably of Egypt's native Coptic Catholic
Church sui iuris (Alexandrian Rite).
It has had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting Episcopal
Antonios Aziz Mina (2002.12.21 – 2006.01.03) as Bishop of Curia of
Coptic Catholic Patriarchate (Egypt) ([2002.12.19] 2002.12.21 –
2006.01.03), next Eparch (Bishop) of
Guizeh of the Copts (Egypt)
(2006.01.03 – 2017.01.23)
Botros Fahim Awad Hanna (2006.09.06 – 2013.04.08) as Bishop of Curia
Egypt of the Copts ([2006.08.31] 2006.09.06 – 2013.04.08), next
Eparch (Bishop) of
Minya of the Copts (Egypt) ([2013.03.25] 2013.04.08
Conventual Franciscans (O.F.M. Conv.) (2016.08.02 –
...) as (
Apostolic Vicar of Beirut (Lebanon).
In 2015 a stele, resembling the
Rosetta Stone and dating back some
2,200 years, was discovered in ancient ruins called Taposiris Magna
Temple site at Lake Mariout. Measuring 41 inches (105 cm) by 25.6
inches (65 cm) by 7 inches (18 cm), its message commemorates
two Ptolemaic pharaohs and Cleopatra I. There are ancient tombs
located on the shores of the lake.
The fish species
Nile perch lives in the lake although its principal
habitat is fresh water, and the lake contains some salt. In 1939, a
small lake, called the Nozha Hydrodrome was "isolated from Lake
Mariout" and this allowed for the
Nile perch to flourish there.
List of Catholic dioceses in Egypt
^ a b Baedeker, Karl (1885). Egypt: Handbook for Travellers :
Part First, Lower Egypt, with the Fayum and the Peninsula of Sinai.
Karl Baedeker (Firm). Retrieved 24 November 2016.
^ a b Close, Angela E.; Schild, Ramuald; Wendorf, Fred (2012). Egypt
During the Last Interglacial: The Middle Paleolithic of Bir Tarfawi
and Bir Sahara East. Springer US. p. 9. ISBN 9781461529088.
Retrieved 24 November 2016.
^ Mackesy, Piers (2010). British Victory in Egypt: The End of
Napoleon's Conquest. Taurus Parke Paperbacks (Firm). Retrieved 11 July
^ Bulletin of the Louisiana Geological Survey. Louisiana Geological
Survey. 1908. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
^ Cooper, William Ricketts (1876). An Archaic Dictionary:
Biographical, Historical, and Mythological: From the Egyptian,
Assyrian, and Etruscan Monuments and Papyri. S. Bagster and Sons,
1876. p. 317. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved
^ Miller, Mark (February 13, 2015). "Rosetta-style engraving lauding
Cleopatra I and two Ptolemaic Pharaohs unearthed in Egypt". Ancient
Origins. Archived from the original on 24 November 2016. Retrieved 24
Sources and external links
GCatholic (Titular) Bishopric of Mareotes
Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig
1931, p. 460
Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus,
Paris 1740, vol. II, coll. 529-530
Klaas A. Worp, A Checklist of Bishops in Byzantine
Egypt (A.D. 325 -
c. 750), in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 100 (1994)
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