LAKE MANASASAROVAR (also MANAS SAROVAR, MAPAM YUMTSO; Tibetan :
མ་ཕམ་གཡུ་མཚོ།, Wylie : ma pham g.yu mtsho;
Chinese : 玛旁雍錯 (simplified ), Chinese : 瑪旁雍錯
(traditional )) is a freshwater lake in the Tibetan Autonomous Region
According to legend, Lake Manasasarovara is the lake in which a great Tibetan monk saw the letters "Aha", " Kha", " Mha". These three initials helped the search team to locate the current the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet. The three initials stand for the province, the district, and the monastery in which the current Dalai Lama was born, i.e. Ahamdho, Khunbum, and Taktser respectively.
* 1 Geography * 2 Etymology
* 3 Religious significance
* 4 Regional terrain * 5 Further reading * 6 References * 7 External links
Map of the region
Lake Manasasarovar lies at 4,590 m (15,060 ft) above mean sea level,
a relatively high elevation for a large freshwater lake on the mostly
Lake Manasasarovar is relatively round in shape with the
circumference of 88 km (54.7 mi). Its depth reaches a maximum depth of
90 m (300 ft) and its surface area is 320 km2 (123.6 sq mi). It is
connected to nearby
Lake Rakshastal by the natural
Ganga Chhu channel.
Lake Manasasarovar is near the source of the
Lake Manasasarovar overflows into Lake Rakshastal which is a salt-water endorheic lake . These lakes used to be part of the Sutlej basin and were separated due to tectonic activity.
The word "Manasasarovar" originates from
View from Chiu Gompa Satellite view of lakes Manasasarovar (right) and Rakshastal with Mount Kailash in the background Lake Mansarovar.
In Hinduism, Lake Manasasarovar is a personification of purity, and
one who drinks water from the lake will go to the abode of
Mount Kailash , Lake Manasasarovar is a place of pilgrimage,
attracting religious people from
Lake Manasasarovar has long been viewed by the pilgrims as being nearby to the sources of four great rivers of Asia, namely the Brahmaputra, Ghaghara, Sindhu and Sutlej, thus it is an axial point which has been thronged to by pilgrims for thousands of years. The region was closed to pilgrims from the outside following the Battle of Chamdo ; no foreigners were allowed between 1951 and 1980. After the 1980s it has again become a part of the Indian pilgrim trail.
According to the Hinduism, the lake was first created in the mind of
According to Hindu theology, there are five sacred lakes; collectively called Panch-Sarovar; Mansarovar, Bindu Sarovar , Narayan Sarovar , Pampa Sarovar and Pushkar Sarovar . They are also mentioned in Shrimad Bhagavata Purana .
IN THE BON RELIGION
Buddhists associate the lake with the legendary lake Anavatapta
The lake is very popular in Buddhist literature and associated with many teachings and stories. Buddha, it is reported, stayed and meditated near this lake on several occasions. Lake Manasasarovar is also the subject of the meditative Tibetan tradition, "The Jewel of Tibet". A modern narration and description of the meditation was made popular by Robert Thurman .