LAKE MANASAROVAR (
* 1 Etymology * 2 Geography * 3 Climate
* 4 Religious significance
* 4.3 In Buddhism
* 4.3.1 Dalai Lama
* 4.4 In Jainism
* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
Map of the region
Lake Manasasarovar lies at 4,590 m (15,060 ft) above mean sea level, a relatively high elevation for a large freshwater lake on the mostly saline lake-studded Tibetan Plateau .
Lake Manasasarovar is relatively round in shape with the
circumference of 88 km (54.7 mi). Its depth reaches a maximum depth of
90 m (300 ft) and its surface area is 320 km2 (123.6 sq mi). It is
connected to nearby
Lake Rakshastal by the natural
Ganga Chhu channel.
Lake Manasasarovar is near the source of the
Sutlej , which is the
easternmost large tributary of the Sindhu . Nearby are the sources of
Lake Manasasarovar overflows into Lake Rakshastal which is a salt-water endorheic lake . These lakes used to be part of the Sutlej basin and were separated due to tectonic activity.
CLIMATE DATA FOR LAKE MANASAROVAR
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) −3.2 (26.2) −2.0 (28.4) 0.9 (33.6) 6.4 (43.5) 10.2 (50.4) 13.7 (56.7) 13.7 (56.7) 13.1 (55.6) 13.1 (55.6) 11.1 (52) 6.5 (43.7) 1.0 (33.8) 7.04 (44.68)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −8.9 (16) −7.6 (18.3) −4.2 (24.4) −0.1 (31.8) 3.1 (37.6) 7.1 (44.8) 8.4 (47.1) 8.0 (46.4) 8.0 (46.4) 5.4 (41.7) −0.2 (31.6) −5.1 (22.8) 1.16 (34.07)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −14.5 (5.9) −13.1 (8.4) −9.2 (15.4) −6.6 (20.1) −4.0 (24.8) 0.6 (33.1) 3.1 (37.6) 3.0 (37.4) −0.2 (31.6) −6.8 (19.8) −11.1 (12) −13.3 (8.1) −6.01 (21.18)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 52 (2.05) 34 (1.34) 52 (2.05) 30 (1.18) 26 (1.02) 40 (1.57) 125 (4.92) 135 (5.31) 66 (2.6) 29 (1.14) 7 (0.28) 18 (0.71) 614 (24.17)
View from Chiu Gompa Monastery Satellite view of lakes
Manasasarovar (right) and Rakshastal with Mount
In Hinduism, Lake Manasasarovar is a personification of purity, and one who drinks water from the lake will go to the abode of Shiva after death. He is believed to be cleansed of all his sins committed over even a hundred lifetimes.
Lake Manasasarovar has long been viewed by the pilgrims as being nearby to the sources of four great rivers of Asia, namely the Brahmaputra, Ghaghara, Sindhu and Sutlej, thus it is an axial point which has been thronged to by pilgrims for thousands of years. The region was closed to pilgrims from the outside following the Battle of Chamdo ; no foreigners were allowed between 1951 and 1980. After the 1980s it has again become a part of the Indian pilgrim trail.
According to the Hinduism, the lake was first created in the mind of
According to Hindu theology, there are five sacred lakes;
collectively called Panch-Sarovar; Mansarovar, Bindu Sarovar , Narayan
IN THE BON RELIGION
Buddhists associate the lake with the legendary lake Anavatapta
The lake is very popular in Buddhist literature and associated with many teachings and stories. Buddha, it is reported, stayed and meditated near this lake on several occasions. Lake Manasasarovar is also the subject of the meditative Tibetan tradition, "The Jewel of Tibet". A modern narration and description of the meditation was made popular by Robert Thurman .
According to the legend, Lake Manasasarovara is the lake in which a great Tibetan monk saw the letters "Aha", " Kha", " Mha". These three initials helped the search team to locate the current the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet. The three initials stand for the province, the district, and the monastery in which the current Dalai Lama was born, i.e. Ahamdho, Khunbum, and Taktser respectively.
Jainism , Lake Manasasarovar is associated with the first
* Lakes of
* ^ Brockman, Norbert (2011). Encyclopedia of Sacred Places, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 356.
* ^ Williams, Monier. "Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary".
faculty.washington.edu. mánas n. mind (in its widest sense as applied
to all the mental powers), intellect, intelligence, understanding,
perception, sense, conscience, will RV. &c. &c. (in phil. the internal
organ or antaḥ-karaṇa of perception and cognition, the faculty or
instrument through which thoughts enter or by which objects of sense
affect the soul IW. 53
• in this sense manas is always is always regarded as distinct from
ātman and puruṣa, 'spirit or soul' and belonging only to the body,
like which it is – except in the Nyāya – considered perishable
line feed character in quote= at position 342 (help ) * ^ Williams,
Monier. "Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary".
faculty.washington.edu. sarovara ○vara n. (accord. to some also m.)
a lake or large pond, any piece of water deep enough for the lotus
Kāv. Pur. &c line feed character in quote= at position 9 (help )
* ^ A B Charles Allen. (1999). The Search for
Shangri-la : A
Journey into Tibetan History, p. 10. Little, Brown and Company.
Reprint: Abacus, London. 2000. ISBN 0-349-11142-1 .
* ^ A B In Search of Myths & Heroes By Michael Wood
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