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Lake
Lake
Manasarovar (Tibetan: མ་ཕམ་གཡུ་མཚོ།, Wylie: ma pham g.yu mtsho; Chinese: 玛旁雍錯 (simplified), 瑪旁雍錯(traditional)), also called Mapam Yumtso, is a high altitude freshwater lake fed by the Kailash
Kailash
Glaciers[1] near Mount Kailash
Kailash
in the Tibet
Tibet
Autonomous Region of China. The lake is revered a sacred place in four religions: Hinduism, Bön, Buddhism
Buddhism
and Jainism.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Religious significance

4.1 In Hinduism 4.2 In the Bon
Bon
religion 4.3 In Buddhism

4.3.1 Dalai Lama

4.4 In Jainism

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Etymology[edit] The Sanskrit
Sanskrit
word "Manasarovar" (मानसरोवर) is a combination of two sanskrit words; "Mánas" (मानस) meaning "mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers), intellect, intelligence, understanding, perception, sense, conscience"[2] while "sarovara" (सरोवर) means "a lake or large pond"[3]. Geography[edit]

Map of the region

Lake
Lake
Manasarovar lies at 4,590 m (15,060 ft) above mean sea level, a relatively high elevation for a large freshwater lake on the mostly saline lake-studded Tibetan Plateau. Lake
Lake
Manasarovar is relatively round in shape with the circumference of 88 km (54.7 mi). Its depth reaches a maximum depth of 90 m (300 ft)[citation needed] and its surface area is 320 km2 (123.6 sq mi). It is connected to nearby Lake Rakshastal by the natural Ganga Chhu channel. Lake
Lake
Manasarovar is near the source of the Sutlej, which is the easternmost large tributary of the Sindhu. Nearby are the sources of the Brahmaputra River, the Indus River, and the Ghaghara, an important tributary of the Ganges. Lake
Lake
Manasarovar overflows into Lake
Lake
Rakshastal which is a salt-water endorheic lake. These lakes used to be part of the Sutlej
Sutlej
basin and were separated due to tectonic activity. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lake
Lake
Manasarovar

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) −3.2 (26.2) −2.0 (28.4) 0.9 (33.6) 6.4 (43.5) 10.2 (50.4) 13.7 (56.7) 13.7 (56.7) 13.1 (55.6) 13.1 (55.6) 11.1 (52) 6.5 (43.7) 1.0 (33.8) 7.04 (44.68)

Daily mean °C (°F) −8.9 (16) −7.6 (18.3) −4.2 (24.4) −0.1 (31.8) 3.1 (37.6) 7.1 (44.8) 8.4 (47.1) 8.0 (46.4) 8.0 (46.4) 5.4 (41.7) −0.2 (31.6) −5.1 (22.8) 1.16 (34.07)

Average low °C (°F) −14.5 (5.9) −13.1 (8.4) −9.2 (15.4) −6.6 (20.1) −4.0 (24.8) 0.6 (33.1) 3.1 (37.6) 3.0 (37.4) −0.2 (31.6) −6.8 (19.8) −11.1 (12) −13.3 (8.1) −6.01 (21.18)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 52 (2.05) 34 (1.34) 52 (2.05) 30 (1.18) 26 (1.02) 40 (1.57) 125 (4.92) 135 (5.31) 66 (2.6) 29 (1.14) 7 (0.28) 18 (0.71) 614 (24.17)

Source: Climate-Data.org

Religious significance[edit]

View from Chiu Gompa Monastery

Satellite view of lakes Manasarovar (right) and Rakshastal with Mount Kailash
Kailash
in the background

Lake
Lake
Manasarovar.

In Hinduism[edit] According to Hinduism, the lake was first created in the mind of the Lord Brahma
Brahma
after which it manifested on Earth.[4] In Hinduism, Lake Manasarovar is a personification of purity, and one who drinks water from the lake will go to the abode of Shiva
Shiva
after death. He is believed to be cleansed of all his sins committed over even a hundred lifetimes.[5] Like Mount Kailash, Lake
Lake
Manasarovar is a place of pilgrimage, attracting religious people from India, Nepal, Tibet
Tibet
and neighboring countries. Bathing in Manasarovar and drinking its water is believed by Hindus to cleanse all sins.[6] Pilgrimage
Pilgrimage
tours are organized regularly, especially from India, the most famous of which is the yearly " Kailash
Kailash
Manas Sarovar Yatra". Pilgrims come to take ceremonial baths in the waters of the lake. Lake
Lake
Manasarovar has long been viewed by the pilgrims as being nearby to the sources of four great rivers of Asia, namely the Brahmaputra, Ghaghara, Sindhu and Sutlej, thus it is an axial point which has been thronged to by pilgrims for thousands of years. The region was closed to pilgrims from the outside following the Battle of Chamdo; no foreigners were allowed between 1951 and 1980. After the 1980s it has again become a part of the Indian pilgrim trail.[5] According to the Hinduism, the lake was first created in the mind of Brahma
Brahma
after which it manifested on Earth.[4] Hence it is called "Manasa sarovaram", which is a combination of the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
words for "mind" and "lake". The lake is also supposed to be the summer abode of the hamsa. Considered to be sacred, the hamsa is an important element in the symbology of the subcontinent, representing wisdom and beauty.[7] According to Hindu theology, there are five sacred lakes; collectively called Panch-Sarovar; Mansarovar, Bindu Sarovar, Narayan Sarovar, Pampa Sarovar
Pampa Sarovar
and Pushkar Sarovar.[8] They are also mentioned in Shrimad Bhagavata Purana.[9][10][8] In the Bon
Bon
religion[edit] The Bon
Bon
religion is also associated with the holy place of Zhang Zhung Meri sacred deity. When Tonpa Shenrab, the founder of the Bon religion, visited Tibet
Tibet
for the first time – from Tagzig Wolmo Lungring – he washed in the lake. In Buddhism[edit] Buddhists associate the lake with the legendary lake Anavatapta (Sanskrit; Pali
Pali
Anotatta) where Maya is believed to have conceived Buddha. The lake has a few monasteries on its shores, the most notable of which is the ancient Chiu Monastery built on a steep hill, looking as if it has been carved right out of the rock. The lake is very popular in Buddhist literature and associated with many teachings and stories. Buddha, it is reported, stayed and meditated near this lake on several occasions. Lake
Lake
Manasarovar is also the subject of the meditative Tibetan tradition, "The Jewel of Tibet". A modern narration and description of the meditation was made popular by Robert Thurman.[11] Dalai Lama[edit] According to the legend, Lake
Lake
Manasarovar is the lake in which a great Tibetan monk saw the letters "Aha", " Kha", " Mha". These three initials helped the search team to locate the current the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet. The three initials stand for the province, the district, and the monastery in which the current Dalai Lama was born, i.e. Ahamdho, Khunbum, and Taktser respectively.[citation needed] In Jainism[edit] In Jainism, Lake
Lake
Manasarovar is associated with the first Tirthankara, Rishabha. As per Jain scriptures, the first Tirthankar, Bhagwan Rushabhdev, had attained nirvana on the Ashtapad Mountain. The son of Bhagwan Rishabhdev, Chakravati Bharat, had built a palace adorned with gems on the Ashtapad Mountain located in the serene Himalayas.There are many stories related to Ashtapad Maha Tirth like Kumar and Sagar's sons, Tapas Kher Parna, Ravan and Mandodri Bhakti, among many others. [12] See also[edit]

Rakshas Tal Lakes of India

References[edit]

^ Brockman, Norbert (2011). Encyclopedia of Sacred Places, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 356.  ^ Williams, Monier. "Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary". faculty.washington.edu. mánas n. mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers), intellect, intelligence, understanding, perception, sense, conscience, will RV. &c. &c. (in phil. the internal organ or antaḥ-karaṇa of perception and cognition, the faculty or instrument through which thoughts enter or by which objects of sense affect the soul IW. 53 • in this sense manas is always is always regarded as distinct from ātman and puruṣa, 'spirit or soul' and belonging only to the body, like which it is – except in the Nyāya – considered perishable  ^ Williams, Monier. "Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary". faculty.washington.edu. sarovara ○vara n. (accord. to some also m.) a lake or large pond, any piece of water deep enough for the lotus Kāv. Pur. &c  ^ a b Charles Allen. (1999). The Search for Shangri-la: A Journey into Tibetan History, p. 10. Little, Brown and Company. Reprint: Abacus, London. 2000. ISBN 0-349-11142-1. ^ a b In Search of Myths & Heroes By Michael Wood ^ Kailash
Kailash
Yatra. "About Holy Manasarovar Lake
Lake
Kailash
Kailash
Yatra". www.kailash-yatra.org. Retrieved 2016-04-25.  ^ Eckard Schleberger, Die Indische Götterwelt. Eugen Diederich Verlag. 1997 (in German) ^ a b [1] Encyclopaedia of tourism resources in India, Volume 2 By Manohar Sajnani ^ " Narayan Sarovar
Narayan Sarovar
Temple in Kutch ~ KACHCHH GUIDE". Kutchguide.blogspot.com. 2010-12-19. Retrieved 2015-07-27.  ^ "Kutch Visiting Places and Tourist Attraction : Kutch Guide – Gujarat". Gujaratguideonline.com. Retrieved 2015-07-27.  ^ The Jewel Tree of Tibet
Tibet
– Robert Thurman. Soundstrue.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-18. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/lifestyle/report-lost-tirth-of-jains-traced-to-himalayas-1631581

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lake
Lake
Manasarovar.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mount_Kailash.

v t e

Hinduism

Aum Chakra Dharma Gurus and saints Karma Mantra Moksha Yoga Worship

Portal

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Buddhist temples in China

Chinese Buddhist architecture

Architectonic elements

Chiwen
Chiwen
(鴟吻) Hip-and-gable roof (歇山頂) Dougong
Dougong
(斗拱) Huilang (迴廊) Bi (壁) Denglong (石燈籠) Terrace (台) Kiosk (亭) Stupa
Stupa
(舍利塔) Chinese guardian lions
Chinese guardian lions
(石狮子)

Men (gates)

Shanmen
Shanmen
(Mount gate) (山門) Paifang
Paifang
(牌門)

Buildings

Hall of Shanmen
Shanmen
(Hall of Mount Gate; 山門殿) Hall of Four Heavenly Kings
Hall of Four Heavenly Kings
(天王殿) Mahavira Hall
Mahavira Hall
(大雄寶殿) Bell tower (鐘樓) Drum Tower (鼓樓) Dharma
Dharma
Hall (法堂) Hall of Sangharama Palace (伽藍殿) Hall of Guru
Hall of Guru
(祖師殿) Hall of Kshitigarbha
Hall of Kshitigarbha
(地藏殿) Hall of Bhaisajyaguru (藥師殿) Hall of Guanyin
Hall of Guanyin
(觀音殿) Hall of Maitreya (彌勒殿) Hall of Skanda (韋陀殿) Arhat Hall (羅漢堂) Abbot's Room (方丈) Buddhist Texts Library
Buddhist Texts Library
(藏經閣) Free Life Pond (放生池)

Schools and objects of worship

Major schools

Chan Tiantai Huayan Pure Land Weishi Sanlun Tangmi

Chan schools

Linji school Caodong school Weiyang school Yunmen school Fayan school

Notable Buddhist temples in China

Baoguang Temple Baoguo Temple Dabeilou Temple Dafo Temple, Xinchang Dafo Temple, Zhangye Donglin Temple Famen Temple Fawang Temple Fayu Temple Fengguo Temple Foguang Temple Geyuan Temple Grand Temple of Mount Heng Guanghua Temple Gufo Temple Guiyuan Temple Guoqing Temple Hanging Temple Hanshan Temple Huacheng Temple Huqiu Temple Jade Buddha Temple Ji Le Temple Jianfu Temple Jiming Temple Jing'an Temple Jingci Temple Jinge Temple Kaishan Temple Kumbum Monastery Linggu Temple Lingyan Temple Lingyin Temple Longhua Temple Longxing Temple Lake
Lake
Manasarovar Mimi Temple Nanchan Temple Nanhua Temple Nanputuo Temple Pagoda Forest at Shaolin Temple Palpung Monastery Puji Temple Puning Temple Putuo Zongcheng Temple Qiongzhu Temple Qixia Temple Shanhua Temple Shaolin Monastery Shuanglin Temple Spring Temple Buddha Standard Design for Buddhist Temple Construction Temple of Bright Filial Piety Temple of Great Compassion Temple of the Six Banyan Trees Tianning Temple Wa Sau Toi Wanfu Temple White Horse Temple Wolong Temple Xiangyan Temple Xi Ming Temple Xingjiao Temple Yanqing Temple Yanshan Temple Youguo Temple Zhanshan Temple Zhenguo Temple Zunsheng Temple Daxiangguo Temple

v t e

Lakes of China

Five Great Lakes

Poyang Dongting Chao Tai Hongze

Notable freshwater lakes

Xingkai Poyang Dongting Tai Hulun Hongze Nansi Bosten Chao Gaoyou Ngoring Gyaring Sayram Baiyangdian Honghu Longgan Liangzi Dianchi Manasarovar Ulansuhai Luoma Erhai Junshan Fuxian Shiju Wabu Nanyi Dongping Ge Yangcheng Chenghai Dianshan Yangzong Xingyun Qilu Yilong Ayding Buir Chagan Daming Diexi Dongqian Heaven (Changbai Tianchi) Baihua Karakul Kunming Lugu Ruyi South Tangjiashan Baiyun Xuanwu Yueya Kanas

Notable salt lakes

Qinghai Namtso Serling Zhari Namco Tangra Yumco Ulungur Yamdrok Pangong Rakshastal (La-Ang Tso) Aibi

National Parks

Jingpo Wudalianchi Tai West (Hangzhou) East Lake
Lake
(Wuhan) Tianshan Tianchi Songhua Jingyue Slim West Dongting Hongfeng Dianchi Jin Crescent QInghai Chao Fairy West (Huizhou) Qiong Bosten Feiyun Huguang Rock Bailong Sayram Huating Zhelin

Protected wetlands

Dongting Poyang Hulun South Dongting West Dongting Xingkai Bita Napa Lashi Nygoring Gyaring

Nature Reserves

Hengshui Xingkai Wudalianchi Yinglong Caiyun Shengjin Poyang Dongting Erhai Serling West (Dunhuang) Gahai Qinghai Caohai Hulun Kanas Hongze Haba

Major urban lakes

West (Hangzhou) East (Wuhan) Tangxun Lake Kunming Yuyuantan West (Huizhou) Slim West Taiye Dianchi Daming Yueya Ruyi South Xuanwu Qujiangchi Lotus Pond Baiyun Yinglong Caiyun

Reservoirs

Three Gorges Longtan Longyangxia Danjiangkou Sapung Thousand Islands Xinfengjiang Liujiaxia Changshou Yantan Jiangkou Guanting Miyun See also: List of dams and r

.