''Lake County'' is one of 64 counties
in the U.S. state
. As of the 2010 census
, the population was 7,310.
The county seat
and the only municipality
in the county is Leadville
The highest natural point in Colorado and the entire Rocky Mountains
is the summit of Mount Elbert
in Lake County at 14,440 feet (4401.2 meters) elevation.
Lake County was one of the original 17 counties created by the Colorado legislature on November 1, 1861. As originally defined, Lake County included a large portion of western Colorado to the south and west of its present boundaries. The county was named for Twin Lakes
Placer gold was found at Colorado Gulch in 1863 as part of the Colorado Gold Rush
[Voynick, S.M., 1992, Colorado Gold, Missoula: Mountain Press Publishing Company, ]
Lake County slowly lost territory over the succeeding decades, losing land in its southeast to Saguache County
in 1866 and Hinsdale County
in 1874; in its southwest to La Plata County
in 1874 and San Juan County
in 1876, and in its west to Ouray
counties in 1877.
With its many reductions in size, Lake County's designated county seat also changed multiple times within just a few years, residing successively in Oro City
(from 1861), Lourette
(from 1863), Dayton
(from 1866), and Granite
By 1878, Lake County had been reduced to an area including only present-day Lake and Chaffee
counties. On February 8, 1879, the Colorado legislature renamed Lake County as Carbonate County
, although this designation name only lasted for two days, until Chaffee County was split off from Carbonate's southern section on February 10 and the remaining northern portion was redesignated Lake County with its current county seat of Leadville.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (1.8%) is water.
It is the fourth-smallest county in Colorado by area.
* Eagle County
* Summit County
* Park County
* Chaffee County
* Pitkin County
* U.S. Highway 24
* State Highway 82
* State Highway 91
In popular culture
The 2013 horror video game ''Outlast
'' is set in a fictional asylum in Lake County.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 7,812 people, 2,977 households, and 1,914 families living in the county. The population density
was 21 people per square mile (8/km2
). There were 3,913 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2
). The racial makeup of the county was 77.60% White
, 0.18% Black
or African American
, 1.25% Native American
, 0.31% Asian
, 0.05% Pacific Islander
, 17.99% from other races
, and 2.62% from two or more races. 36.14% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 2,977 households, out of which 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.70% were married couples
living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.70% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.90% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 33.10% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 6.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 115.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,691, and the median income for a family was $41,652. Males had a median income of $30,977 versus $24,415 for females. The per capita income
for the county was $18,524. About 9.50% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.
* Leadville North
* Twin Lakes
* Oro City
* Healy House Museum
and Dexter Cabin
* Leadville National Historic District
State protected area
* Arkansas Headwaters Recreation Area
National protected areas
* San Isabel National Forest
** Buffalo Peaks Wilderness
** Collegiate Peaks Wilderness
** Holy Cross Wilderness
** Mount Massive Wilderness
*** Leadville National Fish Hatchery
* American Discovery Trail
* Colorado Trail
* Continental Divide National Scenic Trail
* Mineral Belt National Recreation Trail
* Top of the Rockies National Scenic Byway
* Outline of Colorado
* Index of Colorado-related articles
* Colorado census statistical areas
* National Register of Historic Places listings in Lake County, Colorado
Lake County Government websiteColorado Historical SocietyLake County Visitor Center
Category:1861 establishments in Colorado Territory
Category:Populated places established in 1861