The Info List - Lake Chala

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Lake Chala, also known as Dschalla,[1] is a crater lake in a caldera[2] on the borders of Kenya
and Tanzania
on the eastern edge of Mount Kilimanjaro, 8 km north of Taveta and 55 km from the town of Moshi. Depending on the time of year, it ranges in colour from deep blue to turquoise and green, it is surrounded by a 100 metres high crater rim. The lake is fed by groundwater flows, which come from Mount Kilimanjaro, fed and drained under ground with a rate of about 10 million m³ / year.[3] Even the Chala loses volume. Its level had dropped in the last 6 years, by 2.4 metres, at the start of 2011 the water level has risen again by over 1 metre. The lake is home to the endemic Lake Chala tilapia
Lake Chala tilapia
(Oreochromis hunteri),[4] which is now considered Critically Endangered
Critically Endangered
on the IUCN red list of threatened species[5] Crocodiles were introduced to Lake Chala
Lake Chala
in the early 1900s, and in 2002, a woman was killed by a rare Nile crocodile
Nile crocodile
(Crocodylus niloticus) while swimming in the lake.[6] Since then the local fishermen, tired of having their nets ripped to pieces by the non-native crocodiles, started an eradication programme by shooting and poisoning. It is doubtful if any crocodiles remain in the lake today.[7] This stunning[peacock term] volcanic area is rapidly growing in tourism and it is now possible to stay at Lake Chala.

Aerial Photo of Lake Chala

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lake Chala.

List of lakes of Tanzania List of protected areas of Tanzania


^ Susan Carter; A. R. Smith (1 June 1988). Flora of Tropical East Africa - Euphorbiac v2 (1988). CRC Press. p. 425. ISBN 978-90-6191-338-2.  ^ "Tanzania » Places Of Interest » Lake Chala". go2africa.com. Retrieved 12 June 2010.  ^ Studie to the kenian goundwatersystems ^ fishbase.org ^ [1] ^ Blomfield, Adrian (14 March 2002). "British girl 'killed by rare dwarf crocodile'". The Daily Telegraph. London.  ^ http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=5937540

External links[edit]

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Lakes of Tanzania

Ambussel Babati Burigi Chala Eyasi Jipe Manyara Natron Rukwa Tanganyika Victoria

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Lakes of Kenya

Baringo Bogoria Chew Bahir Chala Elmenteita Jipe Kamnarok Logipi Magadi Naivasha Nakur