Lake Chala, also known as Dschalla, is a crater lake in a
caldera on the borders of
Tanzania on the eastern edge of
Mount Kilimanjaro, 8 km north of Taveta and 55 km from the
town of Moshi. Depending on the time of year, it ranges in colour from
deep blue to turquoise and green, it is surrounded by a 100 metres
high crater rim. The lake is fed by groundwater flows, which come from
Mount Kilimanjaro, fed and drained under ground with a rate of about
10 million m³ / year. Even the Chala loses volume. Its level had
dropped in the last 6 years, by 2.4 metres, at the start of 2011 the
water level has risen again by over 1 metre.
The lake is home to the endemic
Lake Chala tilapia
Lake Chala tilapia (Oreochromis
hunteri), which is now considered
Critically Endangered on the IUCN
red list of threatened species
Crocodiles were introduced to
Lake Chala in the early 1900s, and in
2002, a woman was killed by a rare
Nile crocodile (Crocodylus
niloticus) while swimming in the lake. Since then the local
fishermen, tired of having their nets ripped to pieces by the
non-native crocodiles, started an eradication programme by shooting
and poisoning. It is doubtful if any crocodiles remain in the lake
This stunning[peacock term] volcanic area is rapidly growing in
tourism and it is now possible to stay at Lake Chala.
Aerial Photo of Lake Chala
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lake Chala.
List of lakes of Tanzania
List of protected areas of Tanzania
^ Susan Carter; A. R. Smith (1 June 1988). Flora of Tropical East
Africa - Euphorbiac v2 (1988). CRC Press. p. 425.
^ "Tanzania » Places Of Interest » Lake Chala".
go2africa.com. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
^ Studie to the kenian goundwatersystems
^ Blomfield, Adrian (14 March 2002). "British girl 'killed by rare
dwarf crocodile'". The Daily Telegraph. London.
Lakes of Tanzania
Lakes of Kenya