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The Laigin, modern spelling Laighin (Irish pronunciation: [ˈl̪ˠaːjɪnʲ]), were a population group of early Ireland. They gave their name to the province of Leinster, which in the medieval era was known in Irish as Cóiced Laigen, meaning "province of the Leinstermen".[1] Their territory, located in south-east Ireland, is thought to have once extended from the River Shannon to the River Boyne.[1]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Origins 3 Related peoples and dynasties 4 In medieval literature 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

Etymology[edit] Laigin is a plural noun, indicating an ethnonym rather than a geographic term;[2] however the Irish system of naming territories meant that an area tended to be named after an apical ancestor-figure even when the ruling dynasty had no links to that figure.[3] The origin of their name is uncertain; however, it is traditionally assumed to derive from the Irish word láigen, meaning 'a spear'.[1] Early texts use names Láigen and Gáileoin interchangeably.[4] Origins[edit] The Laigin are claimed as being descended from Labraid Loingsech.[1] Modern historians suggest, on the basis of Irish traditions and related place names, that the Laigin were a group of invaders from Gaul or Britain, who arrived no later than the 6th century BC, and were later incorporated into the medieval genealogical scheme which made all the ruling groups of early Ireland
Ireland
descend from Míl Espáine. Placenames also suggest they once had a presence in north Munster and in Connacht.[5] Related peoples and dynasties[edit] Archaic poems found in medieval genealogical texts distinguish three groups making up the Laigin: the Laigin proper, the Gáilióin, and the Fir Domnann. The latter are suggested to be related to the British Dumnonii.[1][6] Amongst others, some of the dynasties that claimed to belong to the Laigin include: Uí Failge, Uí Biarrche, Uí Dúnlainge, Uí Ceinnselaig, Uí Garrchon, and the Uí Máil.[1] In medieval literature[edit] In the legendary tales of the Ulster Cycle, the king of the Connachta, Ailill mac Máta, is said to belong to the Laigin. This is thought by Byrne (2001) to be related to a possible early domination of the province of Connacht by peoples related to the Laigin, the Fir Domnann and the Gamanrad. See also[edit]

Uí Dúnlainge Uí Ceinnselaig Uí Bairrche List of kings of Leinster Loígis

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f Connolly, p. 308. ^ Byrne, p. 46. ^ Duffy, pp. 7-8. ^ John T. Koch, Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia. Vols 1-4, p. 1079. ^ Byrne 2001, pp. 130-164 ^ Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, "Ireland, 400-800", in Dáibhí Ó Cróinín (ed.), A New History of Ireland
Ireland
Vol 1, 2005, pp. 182-234

Bibliography[edit]

Byrne, Francis J. (2001). Irish Kings and High Kings. Four Courts Press.  Connolly, S.J. (2007). Oxford Companion to Irish History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-923483-7.  Duffy, Seán (2014). Brian Boru and the Battle of Clontarf. Gill & Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-7171-6207-9. 

External links[edit]

Ancient Laigin Tribes of Laigin Breassal Breac DNA

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Laigin

Kindreds and septs

Dál Niad Cuirp

Uí Máil

O'Tighe O'Kelly

Uí Dúnlainge

Fitzdermot O'Toole O'Byrne O'Cosgrave

Uí Cheinnselaig

MacMurrough Kavanagh Kinsella Kehoe O'Finneran O'Murphy O'Garvey O'Hartley O'Ryan Morrow

Uí Failghe

O'Connor Faly O'Dunne O'Dempsey Kavanagh Branagh MacGilpatrick (Fitzpatrick) O'Dwyer O'Holohan O'Hennessy

Uí Bairrche

MacGorman Kearney Tracy Hughes Mooney Carney

Uí Enechglaiss

O'Feary

Uí Crimthainn Áin

O'Duff

Dál Cairpre Arad

O'Kealy

Dál Messin Corb

O'Farrell

Personalities

Úgaine Mór Lóegaire Lorc Labraid Loingsech Óengus Ollom Fergus Fortamail Crimthann Coscrach Nuadu Necht Cumhall Fionn mac Cumhaill Oisín Oscar Conchobar Abradruad Cathair Mór Énnae Cennsalach Crimthann mac Énnai Áed mac Colggen Augaire mac Ailella Máel Mórda mac Murchada Diarmait Mac Murchada Fiach McHugh O'Byrne Art Óg mac Murchadha Caomhánach

Places

Naas Mullaghmast Lyons Hill

Battles

Confey Glenmama Clontarf Móin Mhór Ros-Mhic-Thriúin Glenmalure

Related articles

Gaels Milesians Heremonians Mythological Cycle Dindsenchas Book of Leinster List of Kings of Leinster Kingdom of Leinster O'Rahilly's historical model Gaelic nobility of Ireland Follow Me up to Carlow

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Ulaid
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Prominent organisations

Údarás na Gaeltachta Foras na Gaeilge Bòrd na Gàidhlig Culture Vannin Conradh na Gaeilge An Comunn Gàidhealach Manx Gaelic Society Seachtain na Gaeilge Gael Linn ULTACH Trust Comunn na Gàidhlig Columba Project Clans of Ireland An Coimisinéir Teanga An Comunn Gàidhealach
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Gaelic Ireland

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Germany

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After partitions:

Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
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Kingdom of Ireland

History

Timeline of Irish history History of Ireland
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(1536–1691) History of Ireland
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(1691–1801)

General and events

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(Settlement and Barbadosed) Williamite–Jacobite War (Wild Geese) Popery Act Constitution of 1782 Irish Rebellion of 1798 Acts of Union 1800 United Kingdom

Gaelic conquests

Tuadhmhumhain (1543) Uí Echach (1543) Loígis (1543) Uí Failghe (1550) Uí Díarmata
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(1585) Iar Connacht
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(1602) Laigin (1603) Bréifne Uí Ruairc (1605) Cairbrigh (1606) Tír Chonaill (1607) Tír Eoghain (1607) Fear Manach (1607) Uí Catháin (1607) Bréifne Uí Raghallaigh (1607) Uí Maine
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