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LAHTI (Finnish pronunciation: , Swedish : Lahtis) is a city and municipality in Finland
Finland
.

Lahti
Lahti
is the capital of the Päijänne Tavastia region . It is situated on a bay at the southern end of lake Vesijärvi about 100 kilometres (60 mi) north-east of the capital Helsinki
Helsinki
. In English, the Finnish word Lahti
Lahti
literally means bay. The Lahti
Lahti
region is growing and is one of the main economic hubs of Finland.

The coat of arms of the city depicts a train wheel surrounded by flames.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Climate * 3 Culture

* 4 Sports

* 4.1 Wintersports * 4.2 Ice hockey
Ice hockey
* 4.3 Association football * 4.4 Other events

* 5 Education

* 5.1 Comprehensive and private education * 5.2 Upper secondary and vocational education * 5.3 Tertiary education

* 6 Economy * 7 Demographics
Demographics

* 8 Transportation

* 8.1 Local transport * 8.2 Long-distance transport

* 9 Trivia * 10 Notable people from Lahti
Lahti

* 11 International relations

* 11.1 Twin towns—sister cities

* 12 References * 13 External links

HISTORY

Lahti
Lahti
was first mentioned in documents in 1445. The village belonged to the parish of Hollola and was located at the medieval trade route of Ylinen Viipurintie , which linked the towns of Hämeenlinna
Hämeenlinna
and Vyborg
Vyborg
. Lahti
Lahti
town plan from 1878 by Alfred Caween. A map of Lahti
Lahti
made by Nils Westermark in 1750–52

The completion of the Riihimäki – St. Petersburg railway line in 1870 and the Vesijärvi canal in 1871 turned Lahti
Lahti
into a lively station, and industrial installations began to spring up around it. For a long time, the railway station at Vesijärvi Harbour was the second busiest station in Finland. Craftsmen, merchants, a few civil servants and a lot of industrial workers soon mixed in with the existing agricultural peasantry.

On 19 June 1877, almost the entire village was burned to the ground. However, the accident proved to be a stroke of luck for the development of the place, as it led to the authorities resuming their deliberations about establishing a town in Lahti. The village was granted market town rights in 1878 and an empire-style, grid town plan was approved, which included a large market square and wide boulevards . This grid plan still forms the basis of the city center. Most of the buildings were low wooden houses bordering the streets.

Lahti
Lahti
was founded during a period of severe economic recession. The Russian Empire
Russian Empire
was encumbered by the war against Turkey
Turkey
. The recession also slowed down the building of the township: land would not sell and often plots were not built on for some time. In its early years, the town with its meagre 200 inhabitants was too small to provide any kind of foundation for trade. At the end of the 1890s, Lahti's Township Board increased its efforts to enable Lahti
Lahti
to be turned into a city. In spring 1904, the efforts finally bore fruit as the Senate approved of the application, although it was another eighteen months before Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar Nicholas II
finally gave his blessing and issued an ordinance for establishing the city of Lahti.

At the end of 1905, the area that now comprises Lahti
Lahti
accommodated around 8,200 people of whom just under 3,000 lived in the city itself. All essential municipal institutions were built in just ten years, including a hospital and a city hall. At the same time, a rapid increase in brick houses was taking place in the centre of the city. The Battle of Lahti was fought in the 1918 Finnish Civil War as the German Detachment Brandenstein took the town from the Reds .

In the early 1920s the city gained possession of the grounds of the Lahti
Lahti
Manor, an important piece of land previously blocking the city from the lake. Large-scale industrial operations grew rapidly in the 1930s as did the population; Lahti, at the time, was one of Finland's fastest-growing cities, and before the start of the Winter War its population was approaching 30,000.

Through the addition of new areas in 1924, 1933 and 1956, Lahti
Lahti
grew, both in terms of population and surface area. Especially strong was the growth after the wars, when Lahti
Lahti
accepted about 10,000 immigrants from Karelia , after the region was surrendered to the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, and then later in the 1960 and 1970s as a result of mass urbanization. The population growth came to a sharp end in 1975 and the city has since grown very little, with the latest notable growth in population happening in 2016 when the municipality of Nastola
Nastola
became a part of Lahti.

CLIMATE

CLIMATE DATA FOR LAHTI, FINLAND

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) −2.2 (28) −2.8 (27) 1.1 (34) 7.8 (46) 16.1 (61) 18.9 (66) 22.2 (72) 18.9 (66) 12.8 (55) 7.2 (45) 1.1 (34) −1.1 (30) 8.33 (47)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −6.7 (19.9) −7.2 (19) −2.8 (27) 2.8 (37) 10.0 (50) 13.3 (55.9) 16.7 (62.1) 14.4 (57.9) 8.9 (48) 4.4 (39.9) −0.6 (30.9) −4.4 (24.1) 4.07 (39.31)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −11.1 (12) −12.2 (10) −7.2 (19) −2.2 (28) 3.9 (39) 7.8 (46) 11.1 (52) 10.0 (50) 5.0 (41) 2.2 (36) −2.2 (28) −7.8 (18) −0.22 (31.6)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 50 (1.97) 30 (1.18) 40 (1.57) 30 (1.18) 40 (1.57) 60 (2.36) 70 (2.76) 80 (3.15) 70 (2.76) 60 (2.36) 70 (2.76) 50 (1.97) 650 (25.59)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS 10 8 9 11 12 12 13 13 14 17 14 11 144

Source: Weatherbase.com

Lahti
Lahti
has a humid continental climate (Dfb), also closely bordering on a subarctic climate (Dfc).

CULTURE

Sibelius Hall
Sibelius Hall

Lahti
Lahti
harbors cultural ambitions, and recent years saw the building of a large congress and concert center, the Sibelius Hall
Sibelius Hall
. Lahti
Lahti
has one of Finland's most widely known symphony orchestras, the Lahti Symphony Orchestra (Sinfonia Lahti ), which performs both classical and popular music, notably concentrating on music by Jean Sibelius .

Lahti's annual music festival programme includes such events as Lahti Organ Festival, a jazz festival at the market square and Sibelius Festival.

SPORTS

Ski jumps at the sports centre Hiihtostadion , also known as the Lahti
Lahti
Stadium

WINTERSPORTS

Lahti
Lahti
has a rich sporting tradition, especially in various wintersports. The city is well known for the annually held Lahti
Lahti
Ski Games (Salpausselän kisat) and the Finlandia-hiihto cross-country skiing contest. It is also the only city to host the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships seven times, doing so in 1926, 1938, 1958, 1978, 1989, 2001 and 2017.

ICE HOCKEY

The Pelicans have competed in the top level of Finnish ice hockey , the Liiga , since 1999. Before the new millennium Reipas represented Lahti
Lahti
in top-flight hockey for 50 years. Many former NHL
NHL
players, such as Janne Laukkanen , Toni Lydman and Pasi Nurminen , have started their careers in Reipas.

ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL

Historically the city's most successful association football club has been Kuusysi . In their golden years lasting from the early 1980s to the 1990s they won five Finnish championships as well as two Finnish Cup titles, with appearances in European competitions each year. Their greatest rivals, Reipas, won a total of three championships and seven cup titles from 1963 to 1978 but diminished in the early 1980s as Kuusysi got stronger.

In the 1990s both clubs ended up in such massive financial difficulties that a merger was executed in 1996, with the newly formed club adopting a new name, crest and colours. FC Lahti has played in the Veikkausliiga since 1999, excluding a season-long visit to the first division in 2011, placing third and appearing in Europe twice.

OTHER EVENTS

The 1997 World Games and the 2009 World Masters Athletics Championships were held in Lahti. For the 1952 Summer Olympics , some of the football matches were played at Kisapuisto .

EDUCATION

Lahden yhteiskoulu from 1896 Lahti
Lahti
Folk High School

COMPREHENSIVE AND PRIVATE EDUCATION

Lahti
Lahti
has 16 comprehensive schools and eight secondary schools. Comprehensive education is also available in English and Swedish. Lahden yhteiskoulu is the city's only private school offering both comprehensive and upper secondary education.

UPPER SECONDARY AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

All four upper secondary schools in Lahti
Lahti
have a specialty: the Lyceum has expertise on subjects such as mathematics and biology, and sports (formerly in Salpauselkä), Tiirismaa focuses on music in association with the Lahti
Lahti
Conservatory, Kannas organises theatre classes and Lahden yhteiskoulu offers an economy-centered class.

Salpaus is an educational consortium owned by the municipalities in Päijänne Tavastia arranging most of the region's vocational education and trade schooling. The privately owned Dila and Lahti Conservatory educate students for healthcare and music-related professions, respectively.

TERTIARY EDUCATION

Lahti's greatest educational asset is the highly valued Institute of Design and Fine Arts , which is a part of Lahti
Lahti
University of Applied Sciences , the LAMK. The institute has gained international recognition in particular for jewelry and industrial design, while other areas of expertise include metal, woodworking and furniture.

There are two national sports institutes near Lahti. The Vierumäki International Sports Institute based in Heinola
Heinola
is the most versatile centre of sports and physical education in the country, operating under the Ministry of Culture and Education. In addition the Pajulahti Sports Institute , located in Nastola, is one of the leading sports and training centres in Finland.

One of Finland's six multidisciplinary university campuses is based in central Lahti. The University of Helsinki
Helsinki
's Department of Environmental Sciences is the university's only science department located outside the Greater Helsinki
Helsinki
area .

ECONOMY

The economic region of Lahti, which includes the surrounding municipalities, was strongly affected by the collapse of Finnish-Soviet trade and by the recession in the early 1990s. The value of production slumped, especially in the mechanical engineering industry and other manufacturing industries (e.g. the furniture industry). Production also decreased in the textile and clothing industry. In 1990, there were 90,370 jobs in the Lahti
Lahti
region. The number of jobs diminished over the next couple of years, so that in 1993 there were fewer than 70,000 jobs in the region. The number of jobs had slowly increased to 79,138 in 1999.

EMPLOYMENT BY SECTOR (CITY OF LAHTI) 1980 1990 2000 2007

Services 52.0% 59.3% 63.5% 72.4%

Industry 47.1% 40.1% 36.4% 27.4%

Agriculture & Forestry 0.9% 0.6% 0.1% 0.2%

In 1995, R million € 3,449.3 3,709.7 3,697.5 3,982.3 4,136.8 4,242.4 4,381.9

Changes of GDP; year 2000 = 100% 100.0% 107.5% 107.2% 115.5% 119.9% 123.0% 127.7%

GDP per capita; whole country =100% 80.7% 82.0% 79.4% 84.3% 83.9% 83.4% 81.2%

GDP per employed; whole country =100% 86.6% 87.3% 83.6% 88.9% 88.7% 88.6% 87.1%

DEMOGRAPHICS

The city centre of Lahti
Lahti

As of 31 March 2016 the population of Lahti
Lahti
was 118,885, making it the eighth largest city in Finland
Finland
by population. The population of Nastola, which became a part of Lahti
Lahti
on 1 January 2016, has not been noticed in the following chart.

POPULATION BY DISTRICT 1964 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007

CENTRE (Keskusta) 27,400 21,800 15,600 13,700 17,280 19,778

Laune 13,200 17,100 23,300 22,600 23,670 24,568

Kivimaa–Kiveriö–Joutjärvi 17,100 23,500 20,700 18,300 17,790 16,974

Kärpänen 9,400 7,600 12,800 12,700 11,940 11,612

Ahtiala 4,600 5,100 5,100 9,100 10,500 10,897

Mukkula 1,300 9,100 9,500 8,500 8,120 7,877

Jalkaranta 2,500 1,950 5,600 6,200 6,020 5,852

Kolava–Kujala 900 550 400 300 310 710

TRANSPORTATION

Railway station, built in 1935 and designed by architect Thure Hellström .

LOCAL TRANSPORT

The city is served by 20 local bus lines, most of which are pendulum lines between two different areas via city centre. Bus transport in the Päijänne Tavastia region is organised by the regional transportation authority, known as Lahden seudun liikenne or LSL, and run by several private companies which have bid for the right to run their lines. LSL buses cover all urban areas at 10–20 minute intervals and most nearby municipalities at 30–60 minute intervals.

Lahti
Lahti
is served by VR commuter rail , the Z train to Helsinki
Helsinki
and the R train to Riihimäki run hourly. Most services to Kouvola don't have a letter designation and are run every three hours aside from rush hours. There are plans for building two new train stops inside the city limits before 2020, Hennala and Karisto. A local service to Heinola
Heinola
has been proposed but renovating the old line has been deemed too expensive and unprofitable in the long term, unless the Finnish state reaches an agreement with regional councils to finance a direct rail link from Lahti
Lahti
to either Jyväskylä or Mikkeli .

LONG-DISTANCE TRANSPORT

Bus station, built in 1939 and designed by architect Kaarlo Könönen .

The city's main transportation hubs are the market square (Kauppatori) and the travel centre (Matkakeskus), with local buses providing a non-stop service between the two. The travel centre was built between 2014 and 2016 around the Lahti railway station by building new local bus stops around the station, a long-distance bus terminal next to the station building and an automated parking facility for commuters.

All local and long-distance trains and buses stop at the travel centre, making it convenient to transfer from one mode of transport to another. The city council has sold the old bus station in the city centre and it will be redeveloped for other uses in the near future.

TRIVIA

The asteroid 1498 Lahti was named after the city by its discoverer, the Finnish astronomer Yrjö Väisälä .

NOTABLE PEOPLE FROM LAHTI

* Göran Enckelman , footballer * Pasi Nurminen , former NHL
NHL
goaltender * Toni Lydman , former NHL
NHL
player * Toni Nieminen , ski jumper * Janne Ahonen
Janne Ahonen
, ski jumper * Mikko Ilonen , professional golfer * Jari Litmanen , professional footballer * Aksu Hanttu , drummer of Entwine * Ilona Jokinen , soprano opera singer * Jukka-Pekka Saraste , conductor and violinist * Eija-Riitta Korhola , politician * Jaana Pelkonen , politician and hostess of Eurovision Song Contest 2007 * Jimi Tenor , musician

See also: Category:People from Lahti
Lahti

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Finland
Finland

TWIN TOWNS—SISTER CITIES

Lahti
Lahti
is twinned with:

* Västerås
Västerås
, Sweden
Sweden
(since 1940) * Akureyri
Akureyri
, Iceland
Iceland
(since 1947) * Randers
Randers
, Denmark
Denmark
(since 1947) * Ålesund , Norway
Norway
(since 1947) * Zaporizhzhya , Ukraine
Ukraine
(since 1953) * Pécs , Hungary
Hungary
(since 1956) * Garmisch-Partenkirchen , Germany
Germany
(since 1987) * Suhl , Germany
Germany
(since 1988) * Kaluga
Kaluga
, Russia
Russia
(since 1994) * Narva , Estonia
Estonia
(since 1994, partnership agreement) * Deyang , Sichuan
Sichuan
, China
China
(since 2000) * Most , Czech Republic

REFERENCES

* ^ "Population density by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 12 February 2017. * ^ "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016. * ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. * ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. * ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. * ^ http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=592783 * ^ Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя . City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні відвідувачі