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Lahti
Lahti
(Finnish pronunciation: [ˈlɑxti], Swedish: Lahtis) is a city and municipality in Finland. Lahti
Lahti
is the capital of the Päijänne Tavastia
Päijänne Tavastia
region. It is situated on a bay at the southern end of lake Vesijärvi
Vesijärvi
about 100 kilometres (60 mi) north-east of the capital Helsinki. In English, the Finnish word Lahti
Lahti
literally means bay. The Lahti
Lahti
region is growing and is one of the main economic hubs of Finland. The coat of arms of the city depicts a train wheel surrounded by flames.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Culture 4 Sports

4.1 Winter sports 4.2 Ice hockey 4.3 Association football 4.4 Other events

5 Education

5.1 Comprehensive and private education 5.2 Upper secondary and vocational education 5.3 Tertiary education

6 Economy 7 Demographics 8 Transportation

8.1 Local transport 8.2 Long-distance transport

9 Trivia 10 Notable people from Lahti 11 International relations

11.1 Twin towns—sister cities

12 References 13 External links

History[edit] Lahti
Lahti
was first mentioned in documents in 1445. The village belonged to the parish of Hollola
Hollola
and was located at the medieval trade route of Ylinen Viipurintie, which linked the towns of Hämeenlinna
Hämeenlinna
and Vyborg.

Lahti
Lahti
town plan from 1878 by Alfred Caween.

A map of Lahti
Lahti
made by Nils Westermark in 1750–52

The completion of the Riihimäki – St. Petersburg railway line in 1870 and the Vesijärvi
Vesijärvi
canal in 1871 turned Lahti
Lahti
into a lively station, and industrial installations began to spring up around it. For a long time, the railway station at Vesijärvi
Vesijärvi
Harbour was the second busiest station in Finland. Craftsmen, merchants, a few civil servants and a lot of industrial workers soon mixed in with the existing agricultural peasantry. On 19 June 1877, almost the entire village was burned to the ground. However, the accident proved to be a stroke of luck for the development of the place, as it led to the authorities resuming their deliberations about establishing a town in Lahti. The village was granted market town rights in 1878 and an empire-style, grid town plan was approved, which included a large market square and wide boulevards. This grid plan still forms the basis of the city center. Most of the buildings were low wooden houses bordering the streets. Lahti
Lahti
was founded during a period of severe economic recession. The Russian Empire
Russian Empire
was encumbered by the war against Turkey. The recession also slowed down the building of the township: land would not sell and often plots were not built on for some time. In its early years, the town with its meagre 200 inhabitants was too small to provide any kind of foundation for trade. At the end of the 1890s, Lahti's Township Board increased its efforts to enable Lahti
Lahti
to be turned into a city. In spring 1904, the efforts finally bore fruit as the Senate approved of the application, although it was another eighteen months before Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar Nicholas II
finally gave his blessing and issued an ordinance for establishing the city of Lahti. At the end of 1905, the area that now comprises Lahti
Lahti
accommodated around 8,200 people of whom just under 3,000 lived in the city itself. All essential municipal institutions were built in just ten years, including a hospital and a city hall. At the same time, a rapid increase in brick houses was taking place in the centre of the city. The Battle of Lahti
Battle of Lahti
was fought in the 1918 Finnish Civil War
Finnish Civil War
as the German Detachment Brandenstein took the town from the Reds. In the early 1920s the city gained possession of the grounds of the Lahti
Lahti
Manor, an important piece of land previously blocking the city from the lake. Large-scale industrial operations grew rapidly in the 1930s as did the population; Lahti, at the time, was one of Finland's fastest-growing cities, and before the start of the Winter War
Winter War
its population was approaching 30,000. Through the addition of new areas in 1924, 1933 and 1956, Lahti
Lahti
grew, both in terms of population and surface area. Especially strong was the growth after the wars, when Lahti
Lahti
accepted about 10,000 immigrants from Karelia, after the region was surrendered to the Soviet Union, and then later in the 1960 and 1970s as a result of mass urbanization. The population growth came to a sharp end in 1975 and the city has since grown very little, with the latest notable growth in population happening in 2016 when the municipality of Nastola
Nastola
became a part of Lahti. Geography[edit] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lahti, Finland

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) −2.2 (28) −2.8 (27) 1.1 (34) 7.8 (46) 16.1 (61) 18.9 (66) 22.2 (72) 18.9 (66) 12.8 (55) 7.2 (45) 1.1 (34) −1.1 (30) 8.33 (47)

Daily mean °C (°F) −6.7 (19.9) −7.2 (19) −2.8 (27) 2.8 (37) 10.0 (50) 13.3 (55.9) 16.7 (62.1) 14.4 (57.9) 8.9 (48) 4.4 (39.9) −0.6 (30.9) −4.4 (24.1) 4.07 (39.31)

Average low °C (°F) −11.1 (12) −12.2 (10) −7.2 (19) −2.2 (28) 3.9 (39) 7.8 (46) 11.1 (52) 10.0 (50) 5.0 (41) 2.2 (36) −2.2 (28) −7.8 (18) −0.22 (31.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 50 (1.97) 30 (1.18) 40 (1.57) 30 (1.18) 40 (1.57) 60 (2.36) 70 (2.76) 80 (3.15) 70 (2.76) 60 (2.36) 70 (2.76) 50 (1.97) 650 (25.59)

Average precipitation days 10 8 9 11 12 12 13 13 14 17 14 11 144

Source: Weatherbase.com [6]

Lahti
Lahti
has a humid continental climate (Dfb), also closely bordering on a subarctic climate (Dfc). Culture[edit]

Sibelius Hall

Lahti
Lahti
harbors cultural ambitions, and recent years saw the building of a large congress and concert center, the Sibelius Hall. Lahti
Lahti
has one of Finland's most widely known symphony orchestras, the Lahti
Lahti
Symphony Orchestra (Sinfonia Lahti ), which performs both classical and popular music, notably concentrating on music by Jean Sibelius. Lahti's annual music festival programme includes such events as Lahti Organ Festival, a jazz festival at the market square and Sibelius Festival. Sports[edit]

Ski jumps at the sports centre

Hiihtostadion, also known as the Lahti
Lahti
Stadium

Winter sports[edit] Lahti
Lahti
has a rich sporting tradition, especially in various wintersports. The city is well known for the annually held Lahti
Lahti
Ski Games (Salpausselän kisat) and the Finlandia-hiihto cross-country skiing contest. It is also the only city to host the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships seven times, doing so in 1926, 1938, 1958, 1978, 1989, 2001 and 2017. Ice hockey[edit] The Pelicans have competed in the top level of Finnish ice hockey, the Liiga, since 1999. Before the new millennium Reipas represented Lahti in top-flight hockey for 50 years. Many former NHL
NHL
players, such as Janne Laukkanen, Toni Lydman and Pasi Nurminen, have started their careers in Reipas. Association football[edit] Historically the city's most successful association football club has been Kuusysi. In their golden years lasting from the early 1980s to the 1990s they won five Finnish championships as well as two Finnish Cup titles, with appearances in European competitions each year. Their greatest rivals, Reipas, won a total of three championships and seven cup titles from 1963 to 1978 but diminished in the early 1980s as Kuusysi got stronger. In the 1990s both clubs ended up in such massive financial difficulties that a merger was executed in 1996, with the newly formed club adopting a new name, crest and colours. FC Lahti
FC Lahti
has played in the Veikkausliiga
Veikkausliiga
since 1999, excluding a season-long visit to the first division in 2011, placing third and appearing in Europe twice. Other events[edit] The 1997 World Games
World Games
and the 2009 World Masters Athletics Championships were held in Lahti. For the 1952 Summer Olympics, some of the football matches were played at Kisapuisto. Education[edit]

Lahden yhteiskoulu from 1896

Lahti
Lahti
Folk High School

Comprehensive and private education[edit] Lahti
Lahti
has 16 comprehensive schools and eight secondary schools. Comprehensive education is also available in English and Swedish. Lahden yhteiskoulu is the city's only private school offering both comprehensive and upper secondary education. Upper secondary and vocational education[edit] All four upper secondary schools in Lahti
Lahti
have a specialty: the Lyceum has expertise on subjects such as mathematics and biology, and sports (formerly in Salpauselkä), Tiirismaa focuses on music in association with the Lahti
Lahti
Conservatory, Kannas organises theatre classes and Lahden yhteiskoulu offers an economy-centered class. Salpaus is an educational consortium owned by the municipalities in Päijänne Tavastia
Päijänne Tavastia
arranging most of the region's vocational education and trade schooling. The privately owned Dila and Lahti Conservatory educate students for healthcare and music-related professions, respectively. Tertiary education[edit] Lahti's greatest educational asset is the highly valued Institute of Design and Fine Arts, which is a part of Lahti
Lahti
University of Applied Sciences, the LAMK. The institute has gained international recognition in particular for jewelry and industrial design, while other areas of expertise include metal, woodworking and furniture. There are two national sports institutes near Lahti. The Vierumäki International Sports Institute based in Heinola
Heinola
is the most versatile centre of sports and physical education in the country, operating under the Ministry of Culture and Education. In addition the Pajulahti Sports Institute, located in Nastola, is one of the leading sports and training centres in Finland. One of Finland's six multidisciplinary university campuses is based in central Lahti. The University of Helsinki's Department of Environmental Sciences is the university's only science department located outside the Greater Helsinki
Helsinki
area.

Economy[edit] The economic region of Lahti, which includes the surrounding municipalities, was strongly affected by the collapse of Finnish-Soviet trade and by the recession in the early 1990s. The value of production slumped, especially in the mechanical engineering industry and other manufacturing industries (e.g. the furniture industry). Production also decreased in the textile and clothing industry. In 1990, there were 90,370 jobs in the Lahti
Lahti
region. The number of jobs diminished over the next couple of years, so that in 1993 there were fewer than 70,000 jobs in the region. The number of jobs had slowly increased to 79,138 in 1999.

Employment by sector (City of Lahti) 1980 1990 2000 2007

Services 52.0% 59.3% 63.5% 72.4%

Industry 47.1% 40.1% 36.4% 27.4%

Agriculture & Forestry 0.9% 0.6% 0.1% 0.2%

In 1995, R&D expenditure was FIM 715 per person, while Finland's average was about FIM 2050. The amount of Tekes (the National Technology Agency) funding in the Lahti
Lahti
Region grew 40% during 2004–2007 while the average growth in Finland
Finland
was 60%.

Gross domestic product ( Lahti
Lahti
Region) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

GDP at current prices; million € 3,449.3 3,709.7 3,697.5 3,982.3 4,136.8 4,242.4 4,381.9

Changes of GDP; year 2000 = 100% 100.0% 107.5% 107.2% 115.5% 119.9% 123.0% 127.7%

GDP per capita; whole country =100% 80.7% 82.0% 79.4% 84.3% 83.9% 83.4% 81.2%

GDP per employed; whole country =100% 86.6% 87.3% 83.6% 88.9% 88.7% 88.6% 87.1%

Demographics[edit]

The city centre of Lahti

As of 31 March 2016 the population of Lahti
Lahti
was 118,885, making it the eighth largest city in Finland
Finland
by population. The population of Nastola, which became a part of Lahti
Lahti
on 1 January 2016, has not been noticed in the following chart.

Population by district 1964 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007

Centre (Keskusta) 27,400 21,800 15,600 13,700 17,280 19,778

Laune 13,200 17,100 23,300 22,600 23,670 24,568

Kivimaa–Kiveriö–Joutjärvi 17,100 23,500 20,700 18,300 17,790 16,974

Kärpänen 9,400 7,600 12,800 12,700 11,940 11,612

Ahtiala 4,600 5,100 5,100 9,100 10,500 10,897

Mukkula 1,300 9,100 9,500 8,500 8,120 7,877

Jalkaranta 2,500 1,950 5,600 6,200 6,020 5,852

Kolava–Kujala 900 550 400 300 310 710

Transportation[edit]

Railway station, built in 1935 and designed by architect Thure Hellström.

Local transport[edit] The city is served by 20 local bus lines, most of which are pendulum lines between two different areas via city centre. Bus transport in the Päijänne Tavastia
Päijänne Tavastia
region is organised by the regional transportation authority, known as Lahden seudun liikenne or LSL, and run by several private companies which have bid for the right to run their lines. LSL buses cover all urban areas at 10–20 minute intervals and most nearby municipalities at 30–60 minute intervals. Lahti
Lahti
is served by VR commuter rail, the Z train to Helsinki
Helsinki
and the G train to Riihimäki run hourly. Most services to Kouvola don't have a letter designation and are run every three hours aside from rush hours. There are plans for building two new train stops inside the city limits before 2020, Hennala
Hennala
and Karisto. A local service to Heinola
Heinola
has been proposed but renovating the old line has been deemed too expensive and unprofitable in the long term, unless the Finnish state reaches an agreement with regional councils to finance a direct rail link from Lahti
Lahti
to either Jyväskylä
Jyväskylä
or Mikkeli. Long-distance transport[edit]

Bus station, built in 1939 and designed by architect Kaarlo Könönen.

The city's main transportation hubs are the market square (Kauppatori) and the travel centre (Matkakeskus), with local buses providing a non-stop service between the two. The travel centre was built between 2014 and 2016 around the Lahti railway station
Lahti railway station
by building new local bus stops around the station, a long-distance bus terminal next to the station building and an automated parking facility for commuters. All local and long-distance trains and buses stop at the travel centre, making it convenient to transfer from one mode of transport to another. The city council has sold the old bus station in the city centre and it will be redeveloped for other uses in the near future. Trivia[edit] The asteroid 1498 Lahti was named after the city by its discoverer, the Finnish astronomer Yrjö Väisälä. Notable people from Lahti[edit]

Göran Enckelman, footballer Pasi Nurminen, former NHL
NHL
goaltender Toni Lydman, former NHL
NHL
player Toni Nieminen, ski jumper Janne Ahonen, ski jumper Mikko Ilonen, professional golfer Jari Litmanen, professional footballer Aksu Hanttu, drummer of Entwine Ilona Jokinen, soprano opera singer Jukka-Pekka Saraste, conductor and violinist Eija-Riitta Korhola, politician Jaana Pelkonen, politician and hostess of Eurovision Song Contest 2007 Jimi Tenor, musician

See also: Category:People from Lahti International relations[edit]

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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Finland Twin towns—sister cities[edit] Lahti
Lahti
is twinned with:

Västerås, Sweden
Sweden
(since 1940) Akureyri, Iceland
Iceland
(since 1947) Randers, Denmark
Denmark
(since 1947) Ålesund, Norway
Norway
(since 1947) Zaporizhzhya, Ukraine
Ukraine
(since 1953)[7] Pécs, Hungary
Hungary
(since 1956) Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
Germany
(since 1987) Suhl, Germany
Germany
(since 1988) Kaluga, Russia
Russia
(since 1994) Narva, Estonia
Estonia
(since 1994, partnership agreement) Deyang, Sichuan, China
China
(since 2000) Most, Czech Republic

References[edit]

^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.  ^ "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017.  ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.  ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.  ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.  ^ "Lahti, Finland
Finland
Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 28 December 2017.  ^ Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя [Twin Cities Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived from the original on 2012-08-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lahti.

1952 Summer Olympics
1952 Summer Olympics
official report. pp. 62–3. City of Lahti
Lahti
– Official city website. Lahti
Lahti
Guide – information for visitors to Lahti. Lahti
Lahti
region - Living, business and travel information. Lahti
Lahti
info - News, events, business and other information. Lahti
Lahti
video - documentary about city of Lahti Lahti
Lahti
travel guide from Wikivoyage

Maps

Map Service

Media

Etelä-Suomen Sanomat
Etelä-Suomen Sanomat
– local newspaper in Finnish (translates as South Finland
Finland
News)

v t e

Municipalities of Päijänne Tavastia

Municipalities

Asikkala Hartola Heinola Hollola Kärkölä Lahti Orimattila Padasjoki Sysmä

Former municipalities

Artjärvi Hämeenkoski Heinolan maalaiskunta Nastola

Päijänne Tavastia Finland

v t e

50 most populous urban areas in the Nordic countries

 Denmark  Finland  Iceland  Norway  Sweden

1. Stockholm 1,372,565

2. Copenhagen 1,263,698

3. Helsinki 1,214,210

4. Oslo 958,378

5. Gothenburg 549,839

6. Tampere 325,025

7. Malmö 280,415

8. Aarhus 261,570

9. Turku 260,367

10. Bergen 250,420

11. Stavanger 210,874

12. Reykjavík 209,510

13. Oulu 193,817

14. Trondheim 175,068

15. Odense 173,814

16. Uppsala 140,454

17. Aalborg 132,578

18. Jyväskylä 120,306

19. Lahti 117,424

20. Drammen 113,534

21. Västerås 110,877

22. Fredrikstad-Sarpsborg 108,636

23. Örebro 107,038

24. Linköping 104,232

25. Helsingborg 97,122

26. Porsgrunn-Skien 91,737

27. Jönköping 89,396

28. Norrköping 87,247

29. Kuopio 86,034

30. Pori 84,509

31. Lund 82,800

32. Umeå 79,594

33. Esbjerg 72,060

34. Gävle 71,033

35. Vaasa 66,911

36. Borås 66,273

37. Joensuu 65,686

38. Eskilstuna 64,679

39. Södertälje 64,619

40. Karlstad 61,685

41. Randers 61,664

42. Täby 61,272

43. Växjö 60,887

44. Kristiansand 60,583

45. Kolding 58,757

46. Halmstad 58,577

47. Horsens 56,536

48. Lappeenranta 55,429

49. Vejle 53,975

50. Kotka 52,600

v t e

Venues of the 1952 Summer Olympics

Hämeenlinna Harmaja Helsinki
Helsinki
Football Grounds Huopalahti Käpylä Kotka Laakso Lahti Liuskasaari Malmi Rifle Range Maunula Meilahti Messuhalli Olympic Stadium Pakila Ruskeasuo
Ruskeasuo
Equestrian Hall Swimming Stadium Taivallahti Tali Race Track Tampere Tennis Palace Turku Velodrome Westend Tennis Hall

v t e

Olympic venues in association football

1900 Vélodrome de Vincennes 1904 Francis Field 1908 White City Stadium 1912 Råsunda IP, Stockholm
Stockholm
Olympic Stadium (final), Tranebergs Idrottsplats 1920 Jules Ottenstadion, Olympisch Stadion (final), Stade Joseph Marien, Stadion Broodstraat 1924 Stade Bergeyre, Stade de Colombes (final), Stade de Paris, Stade Pershing 1928 Monnikenhuize, Olympic Stadium (final), Sparta Stadion Het Kasteel 1936 Hertha-BSC Field, Mommsenstadion, Olympiastadion (final), Poststadion 1948 Arsenal Stadium, Champion Hill, Craven Cottage, Empire Stadium (medal matches), Fratton Park, Goldstone Ground, Green Pond Road, Griffin Park, Lynn Road, Selhurst Park, White Hart Lane 1952 Helsinki
Helsinki
Football Grounds, Kotka, Lahti, Olympic Stadium (final), Tampere, Turku 1956 Melbourne Cricket Ground
Melbourne Cricket Ground
(final), Olympic Park Stadium 1960 Florence Communal Stadium, Grosseto Communal Stadium, L'Aquila Communal Stadium, Livorno Ardenza Stadium, Naples Saint Paul's Stadium, Pescara Adriatic Stadium, Stadio Flaminio
Stadio Flaminio
(final) 1964 Komazawa Olympic Park Stadium, Mitsuzawa Football Field, Nagai Stadium, Tokyo National Stadium (final), Nishikyogoku Athletic Stadium, Ōmiya Football Field, Prince Chichibu Memorial Football Field 1968 Estadio Azteca
Estadio Azteca
(final), Estadio Cuauhtémoc, Estadio Nou Camp, Jalisco Stadium 1972 Dreiflüssestadion, ESV-Stadion, Jahnstadion, Olympiastadion (final), Rosenaustadion, Urban Stadium 1976 Lansdowne Park, Olympic Stadium (final), Sherbrooke Stadium, Varsity Stadium 1980 Dinamo Stadium, Dynamo Central Stadium, Grand Arena, Grand Arena (final), Kirov Stadium, Republican Stadium 1984 Harvard Stadium, Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium, Rose Bowl (final), Stanford Stadium 1988 Busan Stadium, Daegu Stadium, Daejeon Stadium, Dongdaemun Stadium, Olympic Stadium (final) 1992 Estadi de la Nova Creu Alta, Camp Nou
Camp Nou
(final), Estadio Luís Casanova, La Romareda, Sarrià Stadium 1996 Florida Citrus Bowl, Legion Field, Orange Bowl, RFK Memorial Stadium, Sanford Stadium
Sanford Stadium
(both finals) 2000 Stadium Australia, Brisbane Cricket Ground, Bruce Stadium, Hindmarsh Stadium, Melbourne Cricket Ground, Olympic Stadium (men's final), Sydney Football Stadium
Sydney Football Stadium
(women's final) 2004 Kaftanzoglio Stadium, Karaiskakis Stadium
Karaiskakis Stadium
(women's final), Olympic Stadium (men's final), Pampeloponnisiako Stadium, Pankritio Stadium, Panthessaliko Stadium 2008 Beijing National Stadium
Beijing National Stadium
(men's final), Qinhuangdao Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Shanghai Stadium, Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium, Workers' Stadium
Workers' Stadium
(women's final) 2012 City of Coventry Stadium, Hampden Park, Millennium Stadium, St James' Park, Old Trafford, Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
(both finals) 2016 Estádio Nacional de Brasília, Arena Fonte Nova, Mineirão, Arena Corinthians, Arena da Amazônia, Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, Maracanã (both finals) 2020 International Stadium Yokohama, Kashima Soccer Stadium, Miyagi Stadium, National Stadium, Saitama Stadium, Sapporo Dome, Tokyo Stadium 2024 Parc des Princes
Parc des Princes
(both finals), Parc Olympique Lyonnais, Stade de la Beaujoire, Stade de Nice, Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Stade Matmut Atlantique, Stadium Municipal, Stade Pierre-Mauroy, Stade Vélodrome 2028 Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park, Banc of California Stadium, Rose Bowl, Levi's Stadium, Avaya Stadium, Stanford Stadium, California Memorial Stadium

v t e

World Games
World Games
host cities

   

1981: Santa Clara 1985: London 1989: Karlsruhe 1993: The Hague 1997: Lahti

2001: Akita 2005: Duisburg 2009: Kaohsiung 2013: Ca

.