Lahti (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈlɑxti], Swedish: Lahtis) is a
city and municipality in Finland.
Lahti is the capital of the
Päijänne Tavastia region. It is situated
on a bay at the southern end of lake
Vesijärvi about 100 kilometres
(60 mi) north-east of the capital Helsinki. In English, the
Lahti literally means bay. The
Lahti region is growing
and is one of the main economic hubs of Finland.
The coat of arms of the city depicts a train wheel surrounded by
4.1 Winter sports
4.2 Ice hockey
4.3 Association football
4.4 Other events
5.1 Comprehensive and private education
5.2 Upper secondary and vocational education
5.3 Tertiary education
8.1 Local transport
8.2 Long-distance transport
10 Notable people from Lahti
11 International relations
11.1 Twin towns—sister cities
13 External links
Lahti was first mentioned in documents in 1445. The village belonged
to the parish of
Hollola and was located at the medieval trade route
of Ylinen Viipurintie, which linked the towns of
Lahti town plan from 1878 by Alfred Caween.
A map of
Lahti made by Nils Westermark in 1750–52
The completion of the Riihimäki – St. Petersburg railway line in
1870 and the
Vesijärvi canal in 1871 turned
Lahti into a lively
station, and industrial installations began to spring up around it.
For a long time, the railway station at
Vesijärvi Harbour was the
second busiest station in Finland. Craftsmen, merchants, a few civil
servants and a lot of industrial workers soon mixed in with the
existing agricultural peasantry.
On 19 June 1877, almost the entire village was burned to the ground.
However, the accident proved to be a stroke of luck for the
development of the place, as it led to the authorities resuming their
deliberations about establishing a town in Lahti. The village was
granted market town rights in 1878 and an empire-style, grid town plan
was approved, which included a large market square and wide
boulevards. This grid plan still forms the basis of the city center.
Most of the buildings were low wooden houses bordering the streets.
Lahti was founded during a period of severe economic recession. The
Russian Empire was encumbered by the war against Turkey. The recession
also slowed down the building of the township: land would not sell and
often plots were not built on for some time. In its early years, the
town with its meagre 200 inhabitants was too small to provide any kind
of foundation for trade. At the end of the 1890s, Lahti's Township
Board increased its efforts to enable
Lahti to be turned into a city.
In spring 1904, the efforts finally bore fruit as the Senate approved
of the application, although it was another eighteen months before
Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar Nicholas II finally gave his blessing and issued an ordinance for
establishing the city of Lahti.
At the end of 1905, the area that now comprises
around 8,200 people of whom just under 3,000 lived in the city itself.
All essential municipal institutions were built in just ten years,
including a hospital and a city hall. At the same time, a rapid
increase in brick houses was taking place in the centre of the city.
Battle of Lahti
Battle of Lahti was fought in the 1918
Finnish Civil War
Finnish Civil War as the
Detachment Brandenstein took the town from the Reds.
In the early 1920s the city gained possession of the grounds of the
Lahti Manor, an important piece of land previously blocking the city
from the lake. Large-scale industrial operations grew rapidly in the
1930s as did the population; Lahti, at the time, was one of Finland's
fastest-growing cities, and before the start of the
Winter War its
population was approaching 30,000.
Through the addition of new areas in 1924, 1933 and 1956,
both in terms of population and surface area. Especially strong was
the growth after the wars, when
Lahti accepted about 10,000 immigrants
from Karelia, after the region was surrendered to the Soviet Union,
and then later in the 1960 and 1970s as a result of mass urbanization.
The population growth came to a sharp end in 1975 and the city has
since grown very little, with the latest notable growth in population
happening in 2016 when the municipality of
Nastola became a part of
Climate data for Lahti, Finland
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days
Source: Weatherbase.com 
Lahti has a humid continental climate (Dfb), also closely bordering on
a subarctic climate (Dfc).
Lahti harbors cultural ambitions, and recent years saw the building of
a large congress and concert center, the Sibelius Hall.
Lahti has one
of Finland's most widely known symphony orchestras, the
Orchestra (Sinfonia Lahti ), which performs both classical and
popular music, notably concentrating on music by Jean Sibelius.
Lahti's annual music festival programme includes such events as Lahti
Organ Festival, a jazz festival at the market square and Sibelius
Ski jumps at the sports centre
Hiihtostadion, also known as the
Lahti has a rich sporting tradition, especially in various
wintersports. The city is well known for the annually held
Games (Salpausselän kisat) and the
skiing contest. It is also the only city to host the FIS Nordic World
Ski Championships seven times, doing so in 1926, 1938, 1958, 1978,
1989, 2001 and 2017.
The Pelicans have competed in the top level of Finnish ice hockey, the
Liiga, since 1999. Before the new millennium Reipas represented Lahti
in top-flight hockey for 50 years. Many former
NHL players, such as
Toni Lydman and Pasi Nurminen, have started their
careers in Reipas.
Historically the city's most successful association football club has
been Kuusysi. In their golden years lasting from the early 1980s to
the 1990s they won five Finnish championships as well as two Finnish
Cup titles, with appearances in European competitions each year. Their
greatest rivals, Reipas, won a total of three championships and seven
cup titles from 1963 to 1978 but diminished in the early 1980s as
Kuusysi got stronger.
In the 1990s both clubs ended up in such massive financial
difficulties that a merger was executed in 1996, with the newly formed
club adopting a new name, crest and colours.
FC Lahti has played in
Veikkausliiga since 1999, excluding a season-long visit to the
first division in 2011, placing third and appearing in Europe twice.
World Games and the 2009 World Masters Athletics
Championships were held in Lahti. For the 1952 Summer Olympics, some
of the football matches were played at Kisapuisto.
Lahden yhteiskoulu from 1896
Lahti Folk High School
Comprehensive and private education
Lahti has 16 comprehensive schools and eight secondary schools.
Comprehensive education is also available in English and Swedish.
Lahden yhteiskoulu is the city's only private school offering both
comprehensive and upper secondary education.
Upper secondary and vocational education
All four upper secondary schools in
Lahti have a specialty: the Lyceum
has expertise on subjects such as mathematics and biology, and sports
(formerly in Salpauselkä), Tiirismaa focuses on music in association
Lahti Conservatory, Kannas organises theatre classes and
Lahden yhteiskoulu offers an economy-centered class.
Salpaus is an educational consortium owned by the municipalities in
Päijänne Tavastia arranging most of the region's vocational
education and trade schooling. The privately owned Dila and Lahti
Conservatory educate students for healthcare and music-related
Lahti's greatest educational asset is the highly valued Institute of
Design and Fine Arts, which is a part of
Lahti University of Applied
Sciences, the LAMK. The institute has gained international recognition
in particular for jewelry and industrial design, while other areas of
expertise include metal, woodworking and furniture.
There are two national sports institutes near Lahti. The Vierumäki
International Sports Institute based in
Heinola is the most versatile
centre of sports and physical education in the country, operating
under the Ministry of Culture and Education. In addition the Pajulahti
Sports Institute, located in Nastola, is one of the leading sports and
training centres in Finland.
One of Finland's six multidisciplinary university campuses is based in
central Lahti. The University of Helsinki's Department of
Environmental Sciences is the university's only science department
located outside the Greater
The economic region of Lahti, which includes the surrounding
municipalities, was strongly affected by the collapse of
Finnish-Soviet trade and by the recession in the early 1990s. The
value of production slumped, especially in the mechanical engineering
industry and other manufacturing industries (e.g. the furniture
industry). Production also decreased in the textile and clothing
industry. In 1990, there were 90,370 jobs in the
Lahti region. The
number of jobs diminished over the next couple of years, so that in
1993 there were fewer than 70,000 jobs in the region. The number of
jobs had slowly increased to 79,138 in 1999.
Employment by sector (City of Lahti)
Agriculture & Forestry
In 1995, R&D expenditure was FIM 715 per person, while Finland's
average was about FIM 2050. The amount of Tekes (the National
Technology Agency) funding in the
Lahti Region grew 40% during
2004–2007 while the average growth in
Finland was 60%.
Gross domestic product (
GDP at current prices; million €
Changes of GDP; year 2000 = 100%
GDP per capita; whole country =100%
GDP per employed; whole country =100%
The city centre of Lahti
As of 31 March 2016 the population of
Lahti was 118,885, making it the
eighth largest city in
Finland by population. The population of
Nastola, which became a part of
Lahti on 1 January 2016, has not been
noticed in the following chart.
Population by district
Railway station, built in 1935 and designed by architect Thure
The city is served by 20 local bus lines, most of which are pendulum
lines between two different areas via city centre. Bus transport in
Päijänne Tavastia region is organised by the regional
transportation authority, known as Lahden seudun liikenne or LSL, and
run by several private companies which have bid for the right to run
their lines. LSL buses cover all urban areas at 10–20 minute
intervals and most nearby municipalities at 30–60 minute intervals.
Lahti is served by VR commuter rail, the Z train to
Helsinki and the G
train to Riihimäki run hourly. Most services to Kouvola don't have a
letter designation and are run every three hours aside from rush
hours. There are plans for building two new train stops inside the
city limits before 2020,
Hennala and Karisto. A local service to
Heinola has been proposed but renovating the old line has been deemed
too expensive and unprofitable in the long term, unless the Finnish
state reaches an agreement with regional councils to finance a direct
rail link from
Lahti to either
Jyväskylä or Mikkeli.
Bus station, built in 1939 and designed by architect Kaarlo Könönen.
The city's main transportation hubs are the market square (Kauppatori)
and the travel centre (Matkakeskus), with local buses providing a
non-stop service between the two. The travel centre was built between
2014 and 2016 around the
Lahti railway station
Lahti railway station by building new local
bus stops around the station, a long-distance bus terminal next to the
station building and an automated parking facility for commuters.
All local and long-distance trains and buses stop at the travel
centre, making it convenient to transfer from one mode of transport to
another. The city council has sold the old bus station in the city
centre and it will be redeveloped for other uses in the near future.
1498 Lahti was named after the city by its discoverer,
the Finnish astronomer Yrjö Väisälä.
Notable people from Lahti
Göran Enckelman, footballer
Pasi Nurminen, former
Toni Lydman, former
Toni Nieminen, ski jumper
Janne Ahonen, ski jumper
Mikko Ilonen, professional golfer
Jari Litmanen, professional footballer
Aksu Hanttu, drummer of Entwine
Ilona Jokinen, soprano opera singer
Jukka-Pekka Saraste, conductor and violinist
Eija-Riitta Korhola, politician
Jaana Pelkonen, politician and hostess of Eurovision Song Contest 2007
Jimi Tenor, musician
See also: Category:People from Lahti
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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Finland
Twin towns—sister cities
Lahti is twinned with:
Sweden (since 1940)
Iceland (since 1947)
Denmark (since 1947)
Norway (since 1947)
Ukraine (since 1953)
Hungary (since 1956)
Germany (since 1987)
Germany (since 1988)
Russia (since 1994)
Estonia (since 1994, partnership agreement)
China (since 2000)
Most, Czech Republic
^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land
Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
^ "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in
Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and
land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's
PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December
2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland.
Retrieved 28 April 2009.
^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration
of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
Finland Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
Retrieved 28 December 2017.
^ Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя [Twin Cities
Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні
відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived
from the original on 2012-08-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lahti.
1952 Summer Olympics
1952 Summer Olympics official report. pp. 62–3.
Lahti – Official city website.
Lahti Guide – information for visitors to Lahti.
Lahti region - Living, business and travel information.
Lahti info - News, events, business and other information.
Lahti video - documentary about city of Lahti
Lahti travel guide from Wikivoyage
Etelä-Suomen Sanomat – local newspaper in Finnish (translates as
Municipalities of Päijänne Tavastia
50 most populous urban areas in the Nordic countries
Venues of the 1952 Summer Olympics
Helsinki Football Grounds
Malmi Rifle Range
Ruskeasuo Equestrian Hall
Tali Race Track
Westend Tennis Hall
Olympic venues in association football
Vélodrome de Vincennes
White City Stadium
Stockholm Olympic Stadium (final), Tranebergs
Jules Ottenstadion, Olympisch Stadion (final), Stade Joseph Marien,
Stade Bergeyre, Stade de Colombes (final), Stade de Paris, Stade
Monnikenhuize, Olympic Stadium (final), Sparta Stadion Het Kasteel
Hertha-BSC Field, Mommsenstadion, Olympiastadion (final), Poststadion
Arsenal Stadium, Champion Hill, Craven Cottage, Empire Stadium (medal
matches), Fratton Park, Goldstone Ground, Green Pond Road, Griffin
Park, Lynn Road, Selhurst Park, White Hart Lane
Helsinki Football Grounds, Kotka, Lahti, Olympic Stadium (final),
Melbourne Cricket Ground
Melbourne Cricket Ground (final), Olympic Park Stadium
Florence Communal Stadium, Grosseto Communal Stadium, L'Aquila
Communal Stadium, Livorno Ardenza Stadium, Naples Saint Paul's
Stadium, Pescara Adriatic Stadium,
Stadio Flaminio (final)
Komazawa Olympic Park Stadium, Mitsuzawa Football Field, Nagai
Stadium, Tokyo National Stadium (final), Nishikyogoku Athletic
Stadium, Ōmiya Football Field, Prince Chichibu Memorial Football
Estadio Azteca (final), Estadio Cuauhtémoc, Estadio Nou Camp, Jalisco
Dreiflüssestadion, ESV-Stadion, Jahnstadion, Olympiastadion (final),
Rosenaustadion, Urban Stadium
Lansdowne Park, Olympic Stadium (final), Sherbrooke Stadium, Varsity
Dinamo Stadium, Dynamo Central Stadium, Grand Arena, Grand Arena
(final), Kirov Stadium, Republican Stadium
Harvard Stadium, Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium, Rose Bowl
(final), Stanford Stadium
Busan Stadium, Daegu Stadium, Daejeon Stadium, Dongdaemun Stadium,
Olympic Stadium (final)
Estadi de la Nova Creu Alta,
Camp Nou (final), Estadio Luís Casanova,
La Romareda, Sarrià Stadium
Florida Citrus Bowl, Legion Field, Orange Bowl, RFK Memorial Stadium,
Sanford Stadium (both finals)
Stadium Australia, Brisbane Cricket Ground, Bruce Stadium, Hindmarsh
Stadium, Melbourne Cricket Ground, Olympic Stadium (men's final),
Sydney Football Stadium
Sydney Football Stadium (women's final)
Karaiskakis Stadium (women's final), Olympic
Stadium (men's final), Pampeloponnisiako Stadium, Pankritio Stadium,
Beijing National Stadium
Beijing National Stadium (men's final), Qinhuangdao Olympic Sports
Center Stadium, Shanghai Stadium, Shenyang Olympic Sports Center
Stadium, Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium,
Workers' Stadium (women's
City of Coventry Stadium, Hampden Park, Millennium Stadium, St James'
Park, Old Trafford,
Wembley Stadium (both finals)
Estádio Nacional de Brasília, Arena Fonte Nova, Mineirão, Arena
Corinthians, Arena da Amazônia, Estádio Olímpico João Havelange,
Maracanã (both finals)
International Stadium Yokohama, Kashima Soccer Stadium, Miyagi
Stadium, National Stadium, Saitama Stadium, Sapporo Dome, Tokyo
Parc des Princes
Parc des Princes (both finals), Parc Olympique Lyonnais, Stade de la
Beaujoire, Stade de Nice, Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Stade Matmut
Atlantique, Stadium Municipal, Stade Pierre-Mauroy, Stade Vélodrome
Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park, Banc of California Stadium,
Rose Bowl, Levi's Stadium, Avaya Stadium, Stanford Stadium, California
World Games host cities
1981: Santa Clara
1993: The Hague