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Lachit Borphukan (Assamese: লাচিত বৰফুকন ) was a commander and Borphukan in the Ahom kingdom
Ahom kingdom
known for his leadership in the 1671 Battle of Saraighat
Battle of Saraighat
that thwarted a drawn-out attempt by Mughal forces under the command of Ramsingh I
Ramsingh I
to take back Kamrup.[1][2] He died about a year later due to illness.[3]. He was the inventor of guerilla tactic which he used against the mughals

Contents

1 Biography 2 Battle of Saraighat 3 Memorial & monuments

3.1 Lachit Divas 3.2 Lachit Borphukan Gold Medal (Best Cadet of NDA) 3.3 Mahabir Lachit Award 3.4 Lachit Borphukan's Maidam

4 See also 5 Gallery 6 References 7 External links

Biography[edit] Lachit Borphukan was the son of Momai Tamuli Borbarua, the first Borbarua (or "Governor") of upper- Assam
Assam
and Commander-in-Chief of the Ahom army) under Prataap Singha. He was born in Betioni, what is today Golaghat district; to a family belonging to Chutiya ethnic group. Lachit Borphukan was educated in the Humanities, Fralung Philosophy, Indigenous Scriptures and military skills. He was given the responsibility of serving as the Soladhara Barua (scarf-bearer) of the Ahom Swargadeo, a position equivalent to a Private Secretaryship, which was regarded as the first step for a career as an ambitious diplomat or politician. Other offices held by Lachit before his appointment as Phu - kan - lung (Phu = Great, Kan / Kon / Kun / = Man, Lung = Dragon)or Borphukan included Superintendent of the Stable of Royal Horses (Ghora Barua), Commander of the strategic Simulgarh Fort and Superintendent of the Royal Household Guards (Dolakaxaria Barua) for King Chakradhwaj Singha. King Chakradhwaj Singha
Chakradhwaj Singha
selected Lachit Borphukan to lead the forces of the Kingdom of Ahom to liberate Guwahati
Guwahati
from Mughal-occupation.[4] The King presented Lachit with a gold-hafted sword (Hengdang) and the customary paraphernalia of distinction. Lachit raised the army and preparations were completed by summer of 1667. Lachit recovered Guwahati
Guwahati
from the Mughals
Mughals
and successfully defended it against the Mughal forces during the Battle of Saraighat. Lachit Borphukan died about a year after the victory at Saraighat
Saraighat
due to natural causes. His remains lie in rest at the Lachit Maidaam constructed in 1672 by Swargadeo
Swargadeo
Udayaditya Singha
Udayaditya Singha
at Hoolungapara 16 km from Jorhat. There is no portrait of Lachit Barphukan, but an old chronicle does provide a physical description:

His face is broad, and resembles the moon in its full phase. No one is capable of staring at his face.

Battle of Saraighat[edit] Main article: Battle of Saraighat

35-feet-high statue of Ahom general Lachit Borphukan and his army in the middle of the Brahmaputra.

After being defeated by Lachit and his forces, the Mughals
Mughals
army sailed up the Brahmaputra river
Brahmaputra river
from Dhaka
Dhaka
towards Assam
Assam
advancing to Guwahati. The Mughal Army under Ram Singh I
Ram Singh I
consisted of 30,000 infantry, 15,000 archers, 18,000 Turkish cavalry, 5,000 gunners and over 1000 cannons besides a large flotilla of boats.[5][6] Ram Singh, the Mughal commander in chief failed to make any advance against the Assamese army during the first phase of the war. An arrow carrying a letter by Ram Singh telling that Lachit have been paid rupees one lakh and he should evacuate Guwahati
Guwahati
was fired into the Ahom camp, which eventually reached the Ahom king, Chakradhwaj Singha.[7] Although the king started to doubt Lachit's sincerity and patriotism, his prime minister Atan Buragohain convinced the King this was just a trick against Lachit. During the last stage of the Battle of Saraighat, when the Mughals attacked by the river in Saraighat, the Assamese soldiers began to lose their will to fight. Some elements retreated. Though Lachit was seriously ill he boarded a boat and with seven boats advanced against the Mughal fleet. He said: "If you (the soldiers) want to flee, flee. The king has given me a task here and I will do it well. Let the Mughals
Mughals
take me away. You report to the king that his general fought well following his orders". His soldiers rallied and a desperate battle ensured on the river Brahmaputra. Lachit Barphukan was victorious. The Mughals
Mughals
were forced to retreat from Guwahati.[8] The Mughal Commander-in-Chief, acknowledging his defeat by the Ahom soldiers and their Commander-in-chief Lachit Barphukan, wrote:

Glory to the king! Glory to the counselors! Glory to the commanders! Glory to the country! One single individual leads all the forces! Even I, Ram Singh, being personally on the spot, have not been able to find any loophole and an opportunity!

Memorial & monuments[edit]

Lachit Bust at National Defense Academy

Lachit Divas[edit] On 24 November each year Lachit Divas (Lachit Day) is celebrated statewide in Assam
Assam
to commemorate the heroism of Lachit Borphukan and the victory of the Assamese army at the Battle of Saraighat.[9][10] Lachit Divas is celebrated to promote the ideals of Lachit Borphukan – the legendary general of Assam’s history. Sarbananda Sonowal, the chief minister of Assam
Assam
took part in the Lachit Divas celebration at the statue of Lachit Borphukan at Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
riverfront on 24th November 2017. Sonowal stated the first countrywide celebration of ‘Lachit Divas’ would take place in New Delhi
New Delhi
followed by state capitals such as Hyderabad, Bangalore
Bangalore
and Kolkata
Kolkata
in a phased manner. Lachit Borphukan Gold Medal (Best Cadet of NDA)[edit] The best passing out cadet of National Defence Academy
National Defence Academy
is conferred the Lachit Borphukan gold medal every year from 1999, after the then Indian Army chief General V P Malik made the formal announcement about its institution in New Delhi
New Delhi
on 24 April 1999 at an all-India level national seminar & lecture programme organised at the initiative of a Guwahati-based organisation founded by Assam's leading heritage scholar and former top Indian bureaucrat Principal Bhabananda Deka and columnist, storywriter, novelist Arnab Jan Deka. Assam Foundation-India under the leadership of its founder-member and director Principal Bhabananda Deka and executive director Arnab Jan Deka were primarily instrumental in presenting the 17th century Assamese Army General Lachit Borphukan at the pan-Indian level for the very first time by organizing the said seminar & lecture program in New Delhi
New Delhi
on 24 April 1999. At the invitation of Arnab Jan Deka, the incumbent Vice President of India Dr Krishna Kant, Indian Army chief General V P Malik, India Government's Home Secretary B P Singh attended the Assam
Assam
Foundation programme and delivered research based lectures acknowledging Lachit's military prowess as army general. ‘The Assam
Assam
Tribune’ on its issue dated 25 April 1999 under a caption "Heroic feats of Lachit recalled" reported from New Delhi
New Delhi
that "A lecture on the life and times of Lachit Barphukan organized by Assam
Assam
Foundation involving leading political figures, historians, bureaucrats and Army officers today sought to place the great Ahom general at the centre-stage by bringing out his feats and deeds of brevity outside of Assam. The Chief of the Army Staff, V P Malik, who was present at the lecture today perhaps to remove the shortcoming of historians, agreeing in principle, had instituted a Lachit Barphukan prize at the National Defence Academy. The move, it was felt, will promote awareness about Lachit among the officers of the Defence services and inspire them to emulate his great example. Earlier, the function was inaugurated by Vice President, K Kant who said that leadership of Barphukan as a Ahom general was a great whatershed in the political history of Assam. Addressing the function, the Union Home Secretary B P Singh said that whenever great politician, military leaders and patriots meet, great events happen of which the country saw glimpses in Lachit's life."[11] Almost all leading Indian newspapers like Hindustan Times, The Hindu, The Telegraph extensively covered this event in their national editions published from New Delhi on 25 April 1999.[12] Press Trust of India (PTI) report published on Hindustan Times and others also reported that Assam
Assam
chief minister Prafulla Kumar Mahanta and governor S K Sinha "thanked the Army Chief General V P Malik, for agreeing in principle to institute a ‘Lachit Barphukan Prize’ at the National Defence Academy
National Defence Academy
saying this would inspire defence personnel to emulate Barphukan's heroism and sacrifices."[13] The main organizer of the historic event Arnab Jan Deka recalled the proceedings of the event leading to institution of Lachit Barphukan Award and Statue at the India government's top army school through a write-up published in 1 September 2016 issue of the top Assamese literary journal ‘Prantik’, wherein the news published in leading dailies like Hindustan Times, The Hindu and The Assam
Assam
Tribune regarding the event had been extensively quoted.[14] The announcement of institution of the award by Indian Army chief General Malik on 25 April 1999 at the Delhi programme in presence of India's vice-president and other dignitaries was the pivot to perpetuate the memory of Lachit Borphukan at the national level for the very first time.[15][16] Battalion Cadet Adjutant Aaditya Udupa, 126th NDA Course,was awarded the medal for the Spring Term 2014 on 28 May 2014. Mahabir Lachit Award[edit] An award is presented to notable personalities of Assam
Assam
by Tai Ahom Yuva Parishad. Some of recipients are : Lt. Gen (retd.) S.K. Sinha (2012), Bhugeswar Baruah (2013), Capt. Jintu Gogoi - posthumously (2014),[17] Jadav Payang (2015),[18] Dr. Pushpadhar Gogoi and Dr. Hiran Gohain (2016).[19] The award includes cash amount of ₹50,000.00, a citation and a traditional sword. Lachit Borphukan's Maidam[edit] Main article: Lachit Borphukan's Maidam Lachit Borphukan's Maidam was constructed in memory of Lachit Borphukan at Jorhat, Assam.[20] It is 8 km far from the famous Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary.[21] Here last remains of Borphukan were laid under this tomb (Maidam) constructed by Swargadeo
Swargadeo
Udayaditya Singha in 1672.[22] See also[edit]

Lachit Borphukan, a movie in Assamese language.

Gallery[edit]

Lachit Bhawan inside Lachit maidam.

Lachit Barphukan's maidam at Hoolungapara, Jorhat

Statue of Lachit Borphukan at National Defence Academy
National Defence Academy
(NDA), Khadakwasla[1]

Lachit Borphukon's Statue near Church field, Tezpur

References[edit]

^ a b "Lachit Borphukan : A great 'unknown' Son of Sanatan Dharma Hindu Human Rights Online News Magazine". Hinduhumanrights.info. 2012-06-10. Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ "Lachit Barphukan: An Assamese war hero and new Hindutva icon".  ^ "'Is it wrong to be proactive?'". Rediff.com. Retrieved 2013-04-02.  ^ Bhuyan, S K (1947). Lachit Barphukan and His Times. Guwahati: Lawyer's Book Stall.  ^ "» Remembering our Heroes – Lachit Barphukan & the Battle of Saraighat". Satyameva Jayate. Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ Rashmi Sarmah. "Remembering the Great Lachit Barphukan of Assam – the Hero of Saraighat
Saraighat
Battle". Retrieved April 2, 2013.  ^ "Lachit Borphukan: saluting the redoubtable General of Assam". Mail-archive.com. 2002-11-24. Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ Gurmeet Kanwal (2000). Defenders of the Dawn: A Panorama of Eastern Command. Lancer Publishers. pp. 40–. ISBN 978-81-7062-279-6. Retrieved 3 April 2013.  ^ "Lachit Divas observed across Assam". Newslivetv.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ TI Trade (2010-11-25). "The Assam
Assam
Tribune Online". Assamtribune.com. Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ Correspondent, Staff (25 April 1999). "Heroic feats of Lachit recalled". The Assam
Assam
Tribune.  ^ Reporter, Staff (25 April 1999). "Heroic deeds of Barphukan recalled". The Hindu.  ^ Reporter, PTI (25 April 1999). "Lachit Barphukan a national hero, says Krishan Kant". Hindustan Times.  ^ Deka, Arnab Jan (1 Sep 2016). "Puner National Defence Academyt Lachitar pratimurti aru xonar padak prawartanar aaror buranji". Prantik. 35 (19): 21–22.  ^ "Lachit Borphukan gold medal award: NDA ideal platform for grooming of cadets: Gogoi - Regional News Post". Newslivetv.com. 2013-02-18. Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ "The Sentinel". Sentinelassam.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ "Lachit Award posthumously to Jintu Gogoi". Assam
Assam
Tribune.  ^ "Mahabir Lachit Award 2015 conferred on Jadav Payeng". Echo of Arunachal.  ^ "Tributes to Bir Lachit; Govt confers Lachit Award to Dr Hiren Gohain". G-Plus. Retrieved 25 November 2016.  ^ "Lachit Borphukan's Maidam, Jorhat
Jorhat
Lachit Borphukan's Maidam Photos Jorhat
Jorhat
Tourist Places". Holidayiq.com. Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ "Lachit Borphukan's Maidam". greatinindia.com. 2009-07-25. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ Swati Mitra (2011). Assam
Assam
Travel Guide. Goodearth Publications. pp. 102–. ISBN 978-93-80262-04-8. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lachit Borphukan.

Lachit Borphukan: Remembering The Ahom Hero On His Birthday Lachit Borphukan must become a household name Lachit Borphukon Author: Ajit Barua Lachit Barphukan: the other nane of chivalry Author: Shibdas Bhattacharjee Assam
Assam
groups to follow nationalism path: Togadia IndiaInfo

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