1 Etymology 2 Types 3 History 4 Patrons and lace makers 5 See also 6 References 7 External links
The word lace is from Middle English, from
Square "Sampler," 1800-1825, Brooklyn Museum
There are many types of lace, classified by how they are made. These include:
Needle lace, such as Venetian Gros Point, is made using a needle and
thread. This is the most flexible of the lace-making arts. While some
types can be made more quickly than the finest of bobbin laces, others
are very time-consuming. Some purists regard needle lace as the height
of lace-making. The finest antique needle laces were made from a very
fine thread that is not manufactured today.
Cutwork, or whitework, is lace constructed by removing threads from a
woven background, and the remaining threads wrapped or filled with
Bobbin lace, as the name suggests, is made with bobbins and a pillow.
The bobbins, turned from wood, bone, or plastic, hold threads which
are woven together and held in place with pins stuck in the pattern on
the pillow. The pillow contains straw, preferably oat straw or other
materials such as sawdust, insulation styrofoam, or ethafoam. Also
known as Bone-lace.
Needle lace, showing button hole stitch
Broderie anglaise, a type of cutwork
Filet lace, embroidered on an existing net
Tatting, with shuttle
For the industrial revolution, see
Early lace on a fragment of The Virgin and Child by Hans Memling.
The origin of lace is disputed by historians. An Italian claim is a
will of 1493 by the Milanese Sforza family. A Flemish claim is lace
on the alb of a worshiping priest in a painting about 1485 by Hans
Memling. But since lace evolved from other techniques, it is
impossible to say that it originated in any one place.
The late 16th century marked the rapid development of lace, both
needle lace and bobbin lace became dominant in both fashion as well as
home décor. For enhancing the beauty of collars and cuffs, needle
lace was embroidered with loops and picots.
Giovanna Dandolo 1457–1462
Rosa Elena Egipciaco
^ a b "Lace". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
^ "Site officiel du musée du Louvre". cartelfr.louvre.fr.
^ Verhaegen, Pierre (1912). La Dentelle Belge (in French). Brussel: L.
Lebègue. p. 10.
^ van Steyvoort, Collette (1983). Inleiding to kantcreatie
(Introduction to creating lace) (translation by Magda Grisar ed.).
Paris: Dessain et Tolra. p. 11. ISBN 224927665X.
^ "The Origins of Lace". LaceGuild.org. Retrieved 7 January
^ "History of
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lace.
A lace collection including images and descriptions Museo del Merletto, Venice
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Filet lace Punto in Aria Point de Venise Point de France Alençon Argentan Argentella Armenian Halas lace Hollie Point Point de Gaze Kenmare Lace Oya Pag Youghal
Buratto Filet lace Reticella Limerick Needlerun net Tambour Ñandutí Teneriffe
Broderie anglaise Carrickmacross
Torchon Freehand Arras Bayeux Blonde Bucks point Chantilly Tønder Beveren Lille Binche Flanders Paris Valenciennes Antwerp Mechlin
Genoese Bedfordshire Cluny Maltese Yak lace
Honiton Bruges Brussels Rosaline
Milanese Hinojosa Russian Idrija Schneeberg Peasant
Mezzopunto Princess Renaissance Battenberg Romanian point Branscombe
Broomstick lace Irish crochet Hairpin Filet crochet
Bobbinet Leavers Pusher Barmen Curtain Machine Chemical Raschel Stocking Frame Warp Knit
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