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Lace
Lace
is a delicate fabric made of yarn or thread in an open weblike pattern,[1] made by machine or by hand. Originally linen, silk, gold, or silver threads were used. Now lace is often made with cotton thread, although linen and silk threads are still available. Manufactured lace may be made of synthetic fiber. A few modern artists make lace with a fine copper or silver wire instead of thread.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Types 3 History 4 Patrons and lace makers 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Etymology[edit] The word lace is from Middle English, from Old French
Old French
las, noose, strin, from Vulgar Latin
Latin
*laceum, from Latin
Latin
laqueus, noose; probably akin to lacere, to entice or ensnare.[1] Types[edit]

Square "Sampler," 1800-1825, Brooklyn Museum

There are many types of lace, classified by how they are made. These include:

Needle lace, such as Venetian Gros Point, is made using a needle and thread. This is the most flexible of the lace-making arts. While some types can be made more quickly than the finest of bobbin laces, others are very time-consuming. Some purists regard needle lace as the height of lace-making. The finest antique needle laces were made from a very fine thread that is not manufactured today. Cutwork, or whitework, is lace constructed by removing threads from a woven background, and the remaining threads wrapped or filled with embroidery. Bobbin lace, as the name suggests, is made with bobbins and a pillow. The bobbins, turned from wood, bone, or plastic, hold threads which are woven together and held in place with pins stuck in the pattern on the pillow. The pillow contains straw, preferably oat straw or other materials such as sawdust, insulation styrofoam, or ethafoam. Also known as Bone-lace. Chantilly lace
Chantilly lace
is a type of bobbin lace. Tape lace
Tape lace
makes the tape in the lace as it is worked, or uses a machine- or hand-made textile strip formed into a design, then joined and embellished with needle or bobbin lace. Knotted lace includes macramé and tatting. Tatted lace is made with a shuttle or a tatting needle. Crocheted lace
Crocheted lace
includes Irish crochet, pineapple crochet, and filet crochet. Knitted lace includes Shetland lace, such as the "wedding ring shawl", a lace shawl so fine that it can be pulled through a wedding ring. Machine-made lace is any style of lace created or replicated using mechanical means. Chemical lace: the stitching area is stitched with embroidery threads that form a continuous motif. Afterwards, the stitching areas are removed and only the embroidery remains. The stitching ground is made of a water-soluble or non-heat-resistant material.

Needle lace, showing button hole stitch

Bobbin lace
Bobbin lace
made on a pillow with bobbins and pins

Broderie anglaise, a type of cutwork

Filet lace, embroidered on an existing net

Lace
Lace
knitting

Tatting, with shuttle

History[edit] For the industrial revolution, see Lace
Lace
machine.

Early lace on a fragment of The Virgin and Child by Hans Memling.[2]

The origin of lace is disputed by historians. An Italian claim is a will of 1493 by the Milanese Sforza family.[3] A Flemish claim is lace on the alb of a worshiping priest in a painting about 1485 by Hans Memling.[4] But since lace evolved from other techniques, it is impossible to say that it originated in any one place.[5] The late 16th century marked the rapid development of lace, both needle lace and bobbin lace became dominant in both fashion as well as home décor. For enhancing the beauty of collars and cuffs, needle lace was embroidered with loops and picots.[6] Lace
Lace
was used by clergy of the early Catholic Church as part of vestments in religious ceremonies but did not come into widespread use until the 16th century in the northwestern part of the European continent.[7] The popularity of lace increased rapidly and the cottage industry of lace making spread throughout Europe. In 1840, Britain's Queen Victoria was married in lace, influencing the wedding dress style until now.[8] In North America in the 19th century, missionaries spread the knowledge of lace making to the Native American tribes.[9] St. John Francis Regis
John Francis Regis
guided many women out of prostitution by establishing them in the lace making and embroidery trade, which is why he became the Patron Saint
Patron Saint
of lace making.[10] The English diarist Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
often wrote about the lace used for his, his wife's, and his acquaintances' clothing, and on 10 May 1669, noted that he intended to remove the gold lace from the sleeves of his coat "as it is fit [he] should", possibly in order to avoid charges of ostentatious living.[11] Catherine of Aragon
Catherine of Aragon
while exiled in Ampthill, England was said to have supported the lace makers there by burning all her lace, and commissioning new pieces.[12] This may be the origin of the lacemaker's holiday - Cattern's day. On this day (25 or 26 November) lacemakers were given a day off from work, and Cattern cakes - small dough cakes made with caraway seeds, were used to celebrate.[13] Patrons and lace makers[edit] Historical

Giovanna Dandolo 1457–1462 Barbara Uthmann
Barbara Uthmann
1514–1575 Morosina Morosini
Morosina Morosini
1545–1614 Federico de Vinciolo
Federico de Vinciolo
sixteenth-century Lacemaker (unidentified) in painting by the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer (1632–1675), completed around 1669–1670.

Contemporary

Rosa Elena Egipciaco

See also[edit]

Doily Ribbons See-through clothing Scranton Lace
Lace
Company Anglo Scotian Mills Lippitt Mill lacebark

References[edit]

^ a b "Lace". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 23 May 2012.  ^ "Site officiel du musée du Louvre". cartelfr.louvre.fr.  ^ Verhaegen, Pierre (1912). La Dentelle Belge (in French). Brussel: L. Lebègue. p. 10.  ^ van Steyvoort, Collette (1983). Inleiding to kantcreatie (Introduction to creating lace) (translation by Magda Grisar ed.). Paris: Dessain et Tolra. p. 11. ISBN 224927665X.  ^ "The Origins of Lace". LaceGuild.org. Retrieved 7 January 2015.  ^ "History of Lace
Lace
Lace
Lace
Trends Lace
Lace
Spreads". Decoratingwithlaceoutlet.com. Archived from the original on 8 March 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2012.  ^ "History of Lace". www.lacemakerslace.oddquine.co.uk.  ^ The Fashion Book. London: Dorling Kindersley. 2014. p. 46. ISBN 9781409352327. OCLC 889544401.  ^ "Indian Lace". 1 August 2013.  ^ "Society of Jesus Celebrates Feast of St. John Francis Regis, SJ". jesuits.org. Retrieved 2017-05-08.  ^ Pepys, Samuel. "Monday 10 May 1669". The Diary of Samuel Pepys. Retrieved 7 January 2015.  ^ "St Catherine's Day, Cattern Cakes and Lace". Lavendar and Lovage. 12 April 2017.  ^ Jones,, Julia (1987). A Calendar of Feasts; Cattern cakes and lace. England: DK. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lace.

A lace collection including images and descriptions Museo del Merletto, Venice

v t e

Lace
Lace
types

Needle lace

Filet lace Punto in Aria Point de Venise Point de France Alençon Argentan Argentella Armenian Halas lace Hollie Point Point de Gaze Kenmare Lace Oya Pag Youghal

Embroidery

Buratto Filet lace Reticella Limerick Needlerun net Tambour Ñandutí Teneriffe

Cutwork

Broderie anglaise Carrickmacross

Bobbin lace

Mesh grounds

Torchon Freehand Arras Bayeux Blonde Bucks point Chantilly Tønder Beveren Lille Binche Flanders Paris Valenciennes Antwerp Mechlin

Guipure

Genoese Bedfordshire Cluny Maltese Yak lace

Part laces

Honiton Bruges Brussels Rosaline

Tape

Milanese Hinojosa Russian Idrija Schneeberg Peasant

Tape lace

Mezzopunto Princess Renaissance Battenberg Romanian point Branscombe

Crocheted lace

Broomstick lace Irish crochet Hairpin Filet crochet

Machine-made lace

Bobbinet Leavers Pusher Barmen Curtain Machine Chemical Raschel Stocking Frame Warp Knit

 

Metal laces Lace
Lace
knitting Macramé Tatting Punto a groppo Sprang

Media related to Lace
Lace
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Fundamentals

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