LACE is a delicate fabric made of yarn or thread in an open weblike pattern, made by machine or by hand.
Originally linen , silk , gold, or silver threads were used. Now lace is often made with cotton thread, although linen and silk threads are still available. Manufactured lace may be made of synthetic fiber . A few modern artists make lace with a fine copper or silver wire instead of thread.
* 1 Etymology * 2 Types * 3 History * 4 Patrons and lace makers * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
The word lace is from
There are many types of lace, classified by how they are made. These include:
* NEEDLE LACE , such as Venetian Gros Point , is made using a needle
and thread . This is the most flexible of the lace-making arts. While
some types can be made more quickly than the finest of bobbin laces,
others are very time-consuming. Some purists regard needle lace as the
height of lace-making. The finest antique needle laces were made from
a very fine thread that is not manufactured today.
* CUTWORK , or whitework , is lace constructed by removing threads
from a woven background, and the remaining threads wrapped or filled
with embroidery .
* BOBBIN LACE , as the name suggests, is made with bobbins and a
pillow . The bobbins, turned from wood, bone, or plastic, hold threads
which are woven together and held in place with pins stuck in the
pattern on the pillow. The pillow contains straw, preferably oat straw
or other materials such as sawdust, insulation styrofoam, or ethafoam.
Also known as Bone-lace.
Chantilly lace is a type of bobbin lace.
* TAPE LACE makes the tape in the lace as it is worked , or uses a
machine- or hand-made textile strip formed into a design, then joined
and embellished with needle or bobbin lace.
* KNOTTED LACE includes macramé and tatting . Tatted lace is made
with a shuttle or a tatting needle.
* CROCHETED LACE includes
Needle lace, showing button hole stitch *
Bobbin lace made on a pillow with bobbins and pins *
Broderie anglaise, a type of cutwork *
Filet lace, embroidered on an existing net *
Tatting, with shuttle
The origin of lace is disputed by historians. An Italian claim is a will of 1493 by the Milanese Sforza family. A Flemish claim is lace on the alb of a worshiping priest in a painting about 1485 by Hans Memling . But since lace evolved from other techniques, it is impossible to say that it originated in any one place.
The late 16th century marked the rapid development of lace, both needle lace and bobbin lace became dominant in both fashion as well as home décor. For enhancing the beauty of collars and cuffs, needle lace was embroidered with loops and picots.
The English diarist
Catherine of Aragon while exiled in Ampthill, England was said to have supported the lace makers there by burning all her lace, and commissioning new pieces. This may be the origin of the lacemaker's holiday - Cattern's day. On this day (25 or 26 November) lacemakers were given a day off from work, and Cattern cakes - small dough cakes made with caraway seeds , were used to celebrate.
PATRONS AND LACE MAKERS
* ^ A B "Lace". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 23 May 2012. * ^ Site officiel du musée du Louvre * ^ Verhaegen, Pierre (1912). La Dentelle Belge (in French). Brussel: L. Lebègue. p. 10. * ^ van Steyvoort, Collette (1983). Inleiding to kantcreatie (Introduction to creating lace) (translation by Magda Grisar ed.). Paris: Dessain et Tolra. p. 11. ISBN 224927665X . * ^ "The Origins of Lace". LaceGuild.org. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
* ^ "History of