Lac de Guiers or Lake Guiers is a lake in northern Senegal, south
of the city of
Richard-Toll and in the Louga and Saint-Louis
regions. It is a chief source of fresh water for the city of Dakar,
hundreds of kilometers to the south-west, through underground pipes.
It is about 35 kilometers long and 8 kilometers wide, and is supplied
by the Ferlo or Bounoum River, which flows north into its southern
end, from Fouta in the rainy season. Water used to
flow out to the
Senegal River north through the Portuguese River, but
this has been replaced by a straight canal to Richard-Toll. A dam was
built in 1916 to prevent saltwater flowing in from Taoué River and
Senegal River delta.
The shores are mostly fertile. The north shore and surrounding area
have been converted to a large sugar-growing region irrigated with
water from the lake.
Lac de Guiers is designated an
Important Bird Area
Important Bird Area by BirdLife
International; the key species are lesser flamingo (Phoeniconaias
minor), glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus), Eurasian spoonbill
African spoonbill (Platalea alba), white-winged
tern (Chlidonias leucopterus) and river prinia (Prinia
The lake has a complicated history involving the kingdoms of Tekrur
Waalo and the Empire of Jolof (Diolof). Notably, the settlement of
Nder, the third and final capital of the former Kingdom of Waalo, was
located on the west shores of the Lake. The royal compound or "keur"
is still there. Previously
Lac de Guiers was called Lac du Panier
Foule or Pania Fuli, referring to the Fula people.
^ a b BirdLife International: IBA Factsheet: Lac de Guiers
^ Britannica: Lake Guier
^ In Fula: Fulɓe; in French: Peul or Peulh.
Senegal location article is a stub. You can help by