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The Labrador
Labrador
Peninsula
Peninsula
is a large peninsula in eastern Canada. It is bounded by the Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
to the west, the Hudson Strait
Hudson Strait
to the north, the Labrador Sea
Labrador Sea
to the east, and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
to the southeast. The peninsula includes the region of Labrador, which is part of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, and the regions of Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, Côte-Nord, and Nord-du-Québec, which are in the province of Quebec. It has an area of 1,400,000 km2 (541,000 sq mi).

Contents

1 Location and geography

1.1 Hydrology

2 History 3 References

Location and geography[edit]

A hillside at Nain, east coast of the peninsula on a September 2008 autumn day.

The peninsula is surrounded by sea on all sides except for the southwest where it connects to the mainland. The northwestern part of the Labrador
Labrador
Peninsula
Peninsula
is shaped as a lesser peninsula, the Ungava Peninsula, surrounded by Hudson Bay, the Hudson Strait, and Ungava Bay. The northernmost point of the Ungava Peninsula, Cape Wolstenholme, also serves as the northernmost point of the Labrador Peninsula
Peninsula
and of the province of Quebec. The peninsula is a plateau threaded by river valleys. There are several mountain ranges. The Torngat Mountains, located in the northern part of the peninsula, contain the highest point of the peninsula Mount Caubvick, which at 1,652 metres (5,420 ft) is also the highest point of Canada
Canada
east of Alberta. The mountains also host Torngat Mountains
Torngat Mountains
National Park, the only national park of Canada on the Labrador
Labrador
Peninsula. The park is located in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, whereas the adjacent Kuururjuaq National Park is located in the province of Quebec. Hydrology[edit] Due do it being covered almost entirely by the Canadian Shield
Canadian Shield
- a vast, rocky plateau with a history of glaciation - the peninsula has a large number of lakes. The province of Quebec
Quebec
alone has more than half a million [1] lakes of varying size. The largest body of water on the Labrador
Labrador
Peninsula
Peninsula
is the Caniapiscau Reservoir, but the largest natural lake is Lake Mistassini. Other lakes of note include the Manicouagan Reservoir, the Smallwood Reservoir, the Caniapiscau Reservoir, and the La Grande 2 and La Grande 3 reservoirs. Due to a history of hydroelectic development, the majority of the larger freshwater lakes on the peninsula are reservoirs. In addition to an abundance of lakes, the peninsula also has many rivers. The longest, the La Grande River, is 900 kilometres (560 mi) long and flows westwards across nearly half the peninsula. Other rivers of note include the Eastmain River, Rupert River, and Churchill River History[edit] Prior to European arrival, the peninsula was inhabited chiefly by Cree people, as well as the Innu
Innu
people in the Southeast area of the peninsula, who referred to their land as Nitassinan, meaning "our land" in the Innu
Innu
language.[2] The area was known as Markland in Greenlandic Norse
Greenlandic Norse
and its inhabitants were known as skrælingjar. It is widely accepted that the peninsula is named after Portuguese explorer João Fernandes Lavrador. He was granted a patent by King Manuel I of Portugal
Manuel I of Portugal
in 1499 which gave him the right to explore that part of the Atlantic Ocean as set out in the Treaty of Tordesillas. Together with Pêro de Barcelos, he first sighted Labrador
Labrador
in 1498. Fernandes charted the coasts of Southwestern Greenland
Greenland
and of adjacent Northeastern North America
North America
around 1498 and gave notice of them in Portugal
Portugal
and Europe. His landowner status allowed him to use the title lavrador, Portuguese for "farmer" or "landholder", while "labrador" in Spanish and Galician means "agricultural worker". (Portuguese pronunciation: [lɐvɾɐˈðoɾ]). Fernandes actually gave the name of Terra do Lavrador to Greenland
Greenland
which was the first land he sighted, but eventually the name was spread to all areas and finally was set for Labrador.[3] References[edit]

^ http://www.mddelcc.gouv.qc.ca/eau/politique/politique-integral.pdf ^ Nitassinan: The Innu
Innu
Struggle to Reclaim Their Homeland, Douglas & McIntyre, December 1991, 240pp, by Marie Wadden, ISBN 978-1-55365-731-6, (book link), (retrieved 11/19/2012) ^ "The Portuguese Explorers". Memorial University of Newfoundland. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 246514

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