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The Primera División,[a] commonly known as La Liga[b] and as La Liga Santander for sponsorship reasons with Santander,[1] is the men's top professional football division of the Spanish football league system. Administrated by the Liga de Fútbol Profesional (LFP), La Liga is contested by 20 teams, with the three lowest-placed teams relegated to the Segunda División and replaced by the top two teams in that division plus the winner of a play-off. A total of 62 teams have competed in La Liga since its inception. Nine teams have been crowned champions, with Real Madrid winning the title a record 33 times and Barcelona 25 times. After Athletic Bilbao claimed several titles in the league's early years, Real Madrid dominated the championship from the 1950s through to the 1980s, when Athletic and neighbours Real Sociedad each won the league twice. From the 1990s onwards, Barcelona (15 titles) and Real Madrid (9 titles) were both prominent, though La Liga also saw other champions, including Atlético Madrid, Valencia, and Deportivo de La Coruña. In the 2010s, Atlético Madrid became increasingly strong, forming a trio alongside Real Madrid and Barcelona which occupied the podium places exclusively. According to UEFA's league coefficient, La Liga has been the top league in Europe over the last five years and has led Europe for more years (13) than any other country. It has also produced the continent's top-rated club more times (21) than any other league, more than double that of second-placed Serie A. Its clubs have won the most UEFA Champions League (18), UEFA Europa League (11), UEFA Super Cup (14), and FIFA Club World Cup (6) titles, and its players have accumulated the highest number of (FIFA) Ballon d'Or awards (19). La Liga is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 26,741 for league matches in the 2014–15 season. This is the sixth-highest of any domestic professional sports league in the world and the fourth-highest of any professional association football league in the world, behind the Bundesliga, the Premier League, and the Indian Super League.[2][3][4]

Contents

1 Competition format

1.1 Promotion and relegation 1.2 Ranking of clubs on equal points 1.3 Qualifying for European competitions

2 History

2.1 Foundation 2.2 The 1930s 2.3 The 1940s 2.4 Alfredo Di Stéfano, Puskás, Kubala and Suárez 2.5 The Madrid years 2.6 The 1980s: Another Real Madrid dominance 2.7 The 1990s 2.8 The 2000s 2.9 The 2010s

3 Teams

3.1 Stadiums and locations

4 La Liga clubs in Europe 5 Champions

5.1 Performance by club

6 Performance comparison 7 All-time La Liga table 8 Players

8.1 Eligibility of non-EU players 8.2 Individual awards 8.3 Transfers

9 Player records

9.1 Top scorers 9.2 Most appearances

10 Sponsors 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links

Competition format[edit] The competition format follows the usual double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which lasts from August to May, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for a total of 38 matchdays. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, and no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, with the highest-ranked club at the end of the season crowned champion. Promotion and relegation[edit] A system of promotion and relegation exists between the Primera División and the Segunda División. The three lowest placed teams in La Liga are relegated to the Segunda División, and the top two teams from the Segunda División promoted to La Liga, with an additional club promoted after a series of play-offs involving the third, fourth, fifth and sixth placed clubs. Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history;

 

1929–1934: 10 clubs 1934–1941: 12 clubs 1941–1950: 14 clubs 1950–1971: 16 clubs 1971–1987: 18 clubs 1987–1995: 20 clubs 1995–1997: 22 clubs 1997–present: 20 clubs

Ranking of clubs on equal points[edit] If points are equal between two or more clubs, the rules are:[5]

If all clubs involved have played each other twice:

If the tie is between two clubs, then the tie is broken using the goal difference for the two matches those clubs have played against each other (without away goals rule) If the tie is between more than two clubs, then the tie is broken using the games the clubs have played against each other:

a) head-to-head points b) head-to-head goal difference c) total goal difference

If two legged games between all clubs involved have not been played, or the tie is not broken by the rules above, it is broken using:

a) total goal difference b) total goals scored

If the tie is still not broken, the winner will be determined by Fair Play scales.[6] These are:

yellow card, 1 point doubled yellow card/ejection, 2 points direct red card, 3 points suspension or disqualification of coach, executive or other club personnel (outside referees' decisions), 5 points misconduct of the supporters: mild 5 points, serious 6 points, very serious 7 points stadium closure, 10 points if the Competition Committee removes a penalty, the points are also removed

If the tie is still not broken, it will be resolved with a tie-break match in a neutral stadium.

Qualifying for European competitions[edit]

Barcelona against Schalke 04 in the 2008 UEFA Champions League

The top teams in La Liga qualify for the UEFA Champions League. The first, second, third and fourth placed teams directly enter the group stage of UEFA Champions League. Teams placed fifth and sixth play in the UEFA Europa League, along with the cup winners. If the cup winners finish in the top six, an additional berth in the Europa League is given to the team that finishes in seventh. History[edit] Foundation[edit] In April 1929, José María Acha, a director at Arenas Club de Getxo, first proposed the idea of a national league in Spain. After much debate about the size of the league and who would take part, the Real Federación Española de Fútbol eventually agreed on the ten teams who would form the first Primera División in 1929. Real Madrid, Barcelona, Athletic Bilbao, Real Sociedad, Arenas Club de Getxo and Real Unión were all selected as previous winners of the Copa del Rey. Atlético Madrid, Espanyol and Europa qualified as Copa del Rey runners-up and Racing de Santander qualified through a knockout competition. Only three of the founding clubs, Real Madrid, Barcelona and Athletic Bilbao, have never been relegated from the Primera División. The 1930s[edit] Although Barcelona won the very first Liga in 1929 and Real Madrid won their first titles in 1932 and 1933, it was Athletic Bilbao that set the early pace winning Primera División in 1930, 1931, 1934 and 1936. They were also runners-up in 1932 and 1933. In 1935, Real Betis, then known as Betis Balompié, won their only title to date. Primera División was suspended during the Spanish Civil War. In 1937, the teams in the Republican area of Spain, with the notable exception of the two Madrid clubs, competed in the Mediterranean League and Barcelona emerged as champions. Seventy years later, on 28 September 2007, Barcelona requested the RFEF to recognise that title as a Liga title. This action was taken after RFEF was asked to recognise Levante FC's Copa de la España Libre win as equivalent to Copa del Rey trophy. Nevertheless, the governing body of Spanish football has not made an outright decision yet. The 1940s[edit] When the Primera División resumed after the Spanish Civil War, it was Atlético Aviación (nowadays Atlético Madrid), Valencia, and Sevilla that initially emerged as the strongest clubs. Atlético were only awarded a place during the 1939–40 season as a replacement for Real Oviedo, whose ground had been damaged during the war. The club subsequently won their first Liga title and retained it in 1941. While other clubs lost players to exile, execution, and as casualties of the war, the Atlético team was reinforced by a merger. The young, pre-war squad of Valencia had also remained intact and in the post-war years matured into champions, gaining three Liga titles in 1942, 1944, and 1947. They were also runners-up in 1948 and 1949. Sevilla also enjoyed a brief golden era, finishing as runners-up in 1940 and 1942 before winning their only title to date in 1946. By the latter part of the decade, Barcelona began to emerge as a force when they were crowned champions in 1945, 1948 and 1949. Alfredo Di Stéfano, Puskás, Kubala and Suárez[edit]

Naturalised Argentine Alfredo Di Stéfano was part of a dominant Real Madrid side in the 1950s

Although Atlético Madrid, previously known as Atlético Aviación, were champions in 1950 and 1951 under catenaccio mastermind Helenio Herrera, the 1950s saw the beginning of the Real Madrid dominance. During the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, there were strict limits imposed on foreign players. In most cases, clubs could only have three foreign players in their squads, meaning that at least eight local players had to play in every game. During the 1950s, however, these rules were circumvented by Real Madrid and Barcelona, who naturalized Alfredo Di Stéfano, Ferenc Puskás. Di Stéfano, Puskás, Raymond Kopa and Francisco Gento formed the nucleus of the Real Madrid team that dominated the second half of the 1950s. Madrid won the first division for the first time as Real Madrid in 1954 and retained its title in 1955. They were winners again in 1957 and 1958, with only Athletic Bilbao interrupting their sequence. During this period, Real Madrid also won an unprecedented five consecutive European Cups. Barcelona, with a team coached by Helenio Herrera and featuring Luis Suárez, won the title in 1959 and 1960. The Madrid years[edit] Between 1961 and 1980, Real Madrid dominated the Primera División, being crowned champions 14 times, although their only European Cup triumph during this era came in 1966, a sharp contrast to their five successive victories in the competition starting with the first final in 1956. This included a five-in-a-row sequence from 1961 to 1965 and two three-in-a-row sequences (1967–1969 and 1978–1980). During this era, only Atlético Madrid offered Real Madrid any serious challenge, adding four more titles to their tally in 1966, 1970, 1973, and 1977. Of the other clubs, only Valencia in 1971 and the Johan Cruyff-inspired Barcelona of 1974 managed to break the dominance of Real Madrid. The 1980s: Another Real Madrid dominance[edit] The Madrid winning sequence was ended more significantly in 1981 when Real Sociedad won their first-ever title. They retained it in 1982 and their two in a row was followed by another by their fellow Basques Athletic Bilbao, who won back-to-back titles in 1983 and 1984. Terry Venables led Barcelona to a solitary title in 1985 before Real Madrid won again another five in a row sequence (1986–1990) with a team guided by Leo Beenhakker and including Hugo Sánchez and the legendary La Quinta del Buitre – Emilio Butragueño, Manolo Sanchís, Martín Vázquez, Míchel and Miguel Pardeza.[citation needed] The 1990s[edit] Johan Cruyff returned to Barcelona as manager in 1988, and assembled the legendary Dream Team. Cruyff introduced players like Pep Guardiola, José Mari Bakero, Txiki Begiristain, Ion Andoni Goikoetxea, Ronald Koeman, Michael Laudrup, Romário and Hristo Stoichkov. This team won Primera División four times between 1991 and 1994 and won the European Cup in 1992. Laudrup then moved to arch-rivals Real Madrid, and helped them end Barcelona's run in 1995. Atlético Madrid won their ninth Primera División title in 1996 before Real Madrid added another Liga trophy to their cabinet in 1997. After the success of Cruyff, another Dutchman – Ajax manager Louis van Gaal – arrived at the Camp Nou, and with the talents of Luís Figo, Luis Enrique, and Rivaldo, Barcelona again won the title in 1998 and 1999. The 2000s[edit] As Primera División entered a new century, the Big Two of Real Madrid and Barcelona found themselves facing new challengers. Between 1993 and 2004, Deportivo La Coruña finished in the top three on ten occasions, a better record than either Real Madrid or Barcelona, and in 2000, under Javier Irureta, they became the ninth team to be crowned champions. Real Madrid won two more Liga titles in 2001 and 2003 and also the UEFA Champions League in 2000 and 2002, and won their 30th league title in 2007 after a three-year drought. They were challenged by a re-emerging Valencia in both competitions. Under the management of Héctor Cúper, Valencia finished as Champions League runners-up in 2000 and 2001. His successor, Rafael Benítez, built on this and led the club to a Liga title in 2002 and winning the double with a league title and the UEFA Cup in 2004. The 2004–05 season saw a resurgent Barcelona, inspired by the brilliant Ronaldinho, win their first title of the new century, in addition to the Liga-Champions League double in 2005–06. With world-class players like Raúl, Ruud van Nistelrooy and Gonzalo Higuaín, Real Madrid won back-to-back La Liga titles in 2006–07 and 2007–08 season. Under Pep Guardiola's Dream Team, powered by La Masia talents such as Lionel Messi, Xavi and Andrés Iniesta, Barcelona added three straight Liga titles (2008–09, 2009–10 and 2010–11). The 2010s[edit]

Match between Deportivo de La Coruña and FC Barcelona in 2016–17 season.

In the 2011–12 season, Real Madrid won its 32nd title under the management of José Mourinho with a record-breaking points tally of 100, a record 121 number of goals scored, most overall (32) and away (16) wins in a single season in La Liga history. Barcelona coach Tito Vilanova matched the 100-point record a year later in 2012–13 while battling terminal cancer. Atlético Madrid won the 2013–14 title, their first in 18 years, and the first title in ten years that Real Madrid or Barcelona had not won. Barcelona won the 2014–15 season as well as the 2015–16 season resulting in 4 titles in 6 years. Real Madrid have brought back the La Liga title under the management of Zinedine Zidane for the 2016–17 season. Barcelona completed the double for the 2017-2018 season, which resulted in 5 La Liga titles in 8 years. Teams[edit]

Alavés

Athletic Bilbao

Atlético Madrid

Barcelona

Celta Vigo

Deportivo

Eibar

Espanyol

Getafe

Girona

Leganés

Las Palmas

Levante

Málaga

Betis

Real Madrid

Real Sociedad

Sevilla

Valencia

Villarreal

Location of teams in 2017–18 La Liga

A total of 20 teams contest the league in its current season, including the top 17 sides from the 2016–17 season and three promoted from the 2016–17 Segunda División. These are two clubs promoted directly from that division (Levante and Girona), and the winner of the play-offs, Getafe. Stadiums and locations[edit]

Team Location Stadium Capacity

Alavés Vitoria-Gasteiz Mendizorrotza 7004198400000000000♠19,840[7]

Athletic Bilbao Bilbao San Mamés 7004532890000000000♠53,289[8]

Atlético Madrid Madrid Wanda Metropolitano 7004677030000000000♠67,703[9]

Barcelona Barcelona Camp Nou 7004993540000000000♠99,354[10]

Celta Vigo Vigo Balaídos 7004290000000000000♠29,000[11]

Deportivo La Coruña A Coruña Abanca-Riazor 7004329120000000000♠32,912[12]

Eibar Eibar Ipurua 7003708300000000000♠7,083[13]

Espanyol Barcelona RCDE Stadium 7004405000000000000♠40,500[14]

Getafe Getafe Coliseum Alfonso Pérez 7004173930000000000♠17,393[15]

Girona Girona Montilivi 7004135000000000000♠13,500[16]

Las Palmas Las Palmas Gran Canaria 7004324000000000000♠32,400[17]

Leganés Leganés Butarque 7004114540000000000♠11,454[18]

Levante Valencia Ciutat de València 7004263540000000000♠26,354[19]

Málaga Málaga La Rosaleda 7004300440000000000♠30,044[20]

Real Betis Seville Benito Villamarín 7004607200000000000♠60,720[21]

Real Madrid Madrid Santiago Bernabéu 7004810440000000000♠81,044[22]

Real Sociedad San Sebastián Anoeta 7004250000000000000♠25,000[23]

Sevilla Seville Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán 7004425000000000000♠42,500[24]

Valencia Valencia Mestalla 7004550000000000000♠55,000[25]

Villarreal Villarreal Estadio de la Cerámica 7004235000000000000♠23,500[26]

La Liga clubs in Europe[edit] Main article: Spanish football clubs in international competitions

Real Madrid against Borussia Dortmund in the UEFA Champions League in 2013

The Primera División is currently first in the UEFA rankings of European leagues based on their performances in European competitions over a five-year period, ahead of England's Premier League, Italy's Serie A, and Germany's Bundesliga in fourth.[27] Real Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia are in the top ten most successful clubs in European football in terms of total European trophies.[citation needed] These three clubs, along with Sevilla and Atlético Madrid, are five of the most successful teams in European competition history; these five are the only Spanish clubs to have won five or more international trophies. Deportivo La Coruña are the sixth-most participating Spanish team in the Champions League — after Real Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Atletico Madrid and Sevilla FC — with five Champions League appearances in a row, including a semifinal appearance in 2003–04.[28] In 2005–06, Barcelona won the Champions League and Sevilla won the UEFA Cup, making the La Liga the first league to do the European "double" since 1997. On 25 August 2015, La Liga became the first league to classify five teams for the UEFA Champions League group stage (Atlético Madrid, Barcelona, Real Madrid, Sevilla and Valencia). Champions[edit] Main article: List of Spanish football champions Performance by club[edit]

Teams Winners Runners-up Winning seasons

Real Madrid

33

23

1931–32, 1932–33, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1971–72, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1994–95, 1996–97, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2011–12, 2016–17

Barcelona

25

25

1929, 1944–45, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1973–74, 1984–85, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2017–18

Atlético Madrid

10

10

1939–40, 1940–41, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1965–66, 1969–70, 1972–73, 1976–77, 1995–96, 2013–14

Athletic Bilbao

8

7

1929–30, 1930–31, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1942–43, 1955–56, 1982–83, 1983–84

Valencia

6

6

1941–42, 1943–44, 1946–47, 1970–71, 2001–02, 2003–04

Real Sociedad

2

3

1980–81, 1981–82

Deportivo La Coruña

1

5

1999–00

Sevilla

1

4

1945–46

Real Betis

1

0

1934–35

Performance comparison[edit]

Teams 99–00 00–01 01–02 02–03 03–04 04–05 05–06 06–07 07–08 08–09 09–10 10–11 11–12 12–13 13–14 14–15 15–16 16–17 17–18

RMA 5 1 3 1 4 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 3 2 2 1 3

BAR 2 4 4 6 2 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1

ATH 11 12 9 7 5 9 12 17 11 13 8 6 10 12 4 7 5 7 16

ATM 19 - - 12 7 11 10 7 4 4 9 7 5 3 1 3 3 3 2

VAL 3 5 1 5 1 7 3 4 10 6 3 3 3 5 8 4 12 12 4

ESP 14 9 14 17 16 5 15 11 12 10 11 8 14 13 14 10 13 8 11

SEV 20 - 8 10 6 6 5 3 5 3 4 5 9 9 5 5 7 4 7

RSO 13 13 13 2 15 14 16 19 - - - 15 12 4 7 12 9 6 12

ZAR 4 17 20 - 12 12 11 6 18 - 14 13 16 20 - - - - -

BET 18 - 6 8 9 4 14 16 13 18 - - 13 7 20 - 10 15 6

DEP 1 2 2 3 3 8 8 13 9 7 10 18 - 19 - 16 15 16 18

     League champions      Champions League      Europa League      Relegation

All-time La Liga table[edit] The All-time La Liga table[29] is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in La Liga since its inception in 1929. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2017–18 season.[30] Teams in bold are part of the 2018–19 La Liga.

Pos Team S Pts GP W D L GF GA 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th T Debut Since/ Last App Best

1 Real Madrid 86 4461 2800 1669 562 569 6041 3184 33 23 9 8 3 4 80 1929 1929 1

2 Barcelona 86 4355 2800 1609 582 609 5999 3143 25 25 12 12 4 6 84 1929 1929 1

3 Atlético Madrid 81 3521 2652 1264 608 780 4592 3331 10 10 16 9 7 6 57 1929 2002–03 1

4 Valencia 83 3459 2702 1209 623 870 4463 3507 6 6 10 12 10 7 51 1931–32 1987–88 1

5 Athletic Bilbao 86 3411 2800 1219 646 935 4672 3749 8 7 10 5 8 10 49 1929 1929 1

6 Sevilla 74 2877 2446 1007 538 901 3729 3431 1 4 4 5 12 6 32 1934–35 2001–02 1

7 Espanyol 83 2841 2664 960 621 1083 3645 3926 – – 4 5 2 5 16 1929 1994–95 3

8 Real Sociedad 71 2622 2340 878 584 878 3294 3289 2 3 2 5 4 3 19 1929 2010–11 1

9 Zaragoza 58 2109 1986 698 522 766 2683 2847 – 1 4 5 4 4 18 1939–40 2012–13 2

10 Real Betis 52 1945 1766 624 446 696 2222 2552 1 – 2 3 4 5 15 1932–33 2015–16 1

11 Deportivo La Coruña 46 1843 1568 569 403 596 2090 2269 1 5 4 1 – 1 12 1941–42 2017–18 1

12 Celta Vigo 52 1838 1736 599 399 738 2337 2685 – – – 2 4 5 11 1939–40 2012–13 4

13 Valladolid 42 1471 1466 463 384 619 1767 2180 – – – 1 1 1 3 1948–49 2013–14 4

14 Racing Santander 44 1416 1428 453 336 639 1843 2368 – 1 1 2 – 1 5 1929 2011–12 2

15 Sporting Gijón 43 1389 1458 471 358 629 1753 2152 – 1 1 2 2 1 7 1944–45 2016–17 2

16 Osasuna 37 1351 1318 426 327 565 1497 1833 – – – 2 2 2 6 1935–36 2016–17 4

17 Málaga 37 1334 1293 395 335 563 1445 1824 – – – 1 – 1 2 1949–50 2017–18 4

18 Oviedo 38 1174 1192 408 292 492 1642 1951 – – 3 2 2 4 11 1933–34 2000–01 3

19 Mallorca 27 1148 988 333 256 399 1182 1371 – – 2 – 2 1 5 1960–61 2012–13 3

20 Las Palmas 34 1042 1134 372 249 513 1371 1820 – 1 1 1 1 1 5 1951–52 2017–18 2

21 Villarreal 18 1031 684 284 179 221 949 839 – 1 1 2 4 2 10 1998–99 2013–14 2

22 Granada 23 667 742 218 175 349 819 1158 – – – – – 2 2 1941–42 2016–17 6

23 Rayo Vallecano 17 662 652 189 148 305 760 1088 – – – – – – – 1977–78 2015–16 8

24 Getafe 13 608 494 162 122 210 562 662 – – – – – 1 1 2004–05 2017–18 6

25 Elche 21 606 678 203 180 295 750 1022 – – – – 1 1 2 1959–60 2014–15 5

26 Hércules 20 538 628 184 149 295 716 1050 – – – – 1 4 5 1935–36 2010–11 5

27 Tenerife 13 510 494 155 128 211 619 744 – – – – 2 – 2 1961–62 2009–10 5

28 Alavés 13 468 418 140 83 195 498 673 – – – – – 1 1 1930–31 2016–17 6

29 Levante 12 462 440 124 108 208 474 690 – – – – – 1 1 1963–64 2017–18 6

30 Murcia 18 445 586 145 143 298 607 992 – – – – – – – 1940–41 2007–08 11

31 Salamanca 12 375 423 123 102 198 422 581 – – – – – – – 1974–75 1998–99 7

32 Sabadell 14 353 426 129 95 202 492 720 – – – 1 1 – 2 1943–44 1987–88 4

33 Cádiz 12 343 448 104 127 217 393 662 – – – – – – – 1977–78 2005–06 12

34 Logroñés 9 293 346 96 92 158 291 489 – – – – – – – 1987–88 1996–97 7

35 Castellón 11 285 334 103 79 152 419 588 – – – 1 2 – 3 1941–42 1990–91 4

36 Albacete 7 277 270 76 76 118 320 410 – – – – – – – 1991–92 2004–05 7

37 Almería 6 242 228 62 56 110 244 366 – – – – – – – 2007–08 2014–15 8

38 Córdoba 9 230 282 82 63 137 285 430 – – – – 1 – 1 1962–63 2014–15 5

39 Compostela 4 190 160 52 45 63 199 241 – – – – – – – 1994–95 1997–98 10

40 Recreativo 5 188 186 50 46 90 202 296 – – – – – – – 1978–79 2008–09 8

41 Eibar 4 183 152 49 36 67 183 217 – – – – – – – 2014–15 2014–15 9 [31]

42 Burgos CF 6 168 204 59 50 95 216 310 – – – – – – – 1971–72 1979–80 12

43 Pontevedra 6 150 180 53 44 83 165 221 – – – – – – – 1963–64 1969–70 7

44 Numancia 4 148 152 37 37 78 155 253 – – – – – – – 1999–00 2008–09 17

45 Arenas 7 107 130 43 21 66 227 308 – – 1 – 3 – 4 1929 1934–35 3

46 Real Burgos 3 96 114 26 44 44 101 139 – – – – – – – 1990–91 1992–93 9

47 Gimnàstic 4 91 116 34 16 66 181 295 – – – – – – – 1947–48 2006–07 7

48 Extremadura 2 83 80 20 23 37 62 117 – – – – – – – 1996–97 1998–99 17

49 Mérida 2 81 80 19 24 37 70 115 – – – – – – – 1995–96 1997–98 19

50 Leganés 2 78 76 20 18 38 70 106 – – – – – – – 2016–17 2016–17 17

51 Alcoyano 4 76 108 30 16 62 145 252 – – – – – – – 1945–46 1950–51 10

52 Jaén 3 71 90 29 13 48 121 183 – – – – – – – 1953–54 1957–58 14

53 Real Unión 4 56 72 21 14 37 153 184 – – – – – 1 1 1929 1931–32 6

54 AD Almería 2 52 68 17 18 33 71 116 – – – – – – – 1979–80 1980–81 10

55 Girona 1 51 38 14 9 15 50 59 – – – – – – – 2017–18 2017–18 9

56 Europa 3 42 54 18 6 30 97 131 – – – – – – – 1929 1930–31 8

57 Lleida 2 40 68 13 14 41 70 182 – – – – – – – 1950–51 1993–94 16

58 Xerez 1 34 38 8 10 20 38 66 – – – – – – – 2009–10 2009–10 20

59 Condal 1 22 30 7 8 15 37 57 – – – – – – – 1956–57 1956–57 16

60 Atlético Tetuán 1 19 30 7 5 18 51 85 – – – – – – – 1951–52 1951–52 16

61 Cultural Leonesa 1 14 30 5 4 21 34 65 – – – – – – – 1955–56 1955–56 15

62 Huesca – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2018–19 2018–19 –

Note: Despite finishing the season in the 13th position in the 2014-15 La Liga, on 5 June, Elche was relegated to Segunda División due to its financial struggles, Newcomers Eibar, who finished the season in the 18th position, took Elche's place in 2015–16 La Liga.

League or status at 2017–18:

2017–18 La Liga

2017–18 Segunda División

2017–18 Segunda División B

2017–18 Tercera División

2017–18 Divisiones Regionales

To be determined

Clubs that no longer exist

Players[edit] Eligibility of non-EU players[edit] In La Liga, players can claim citizenship from the nation their ancestors came from. If a player does not have European ancestry, he can claim Spanish citizenship after playing in Spain for five years. Sometimes, this can lead to a triple-citizenship situation; for example, Leo Franco, who was born in Argentina, is of Italian heritage yet can claim a Spanish passport, having played in La Liga for over five years. In addition, players from the ACP countries — countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific that are signatories to the Cotonou Agreement — are not counted against non-EU quotas due to the Kolpak ruling. Individual awards[edit] Until the season 2008–09, no official awards for individuals in La Liga existed. Following[clarification needed] the 2008–09 season, the Liga de Fútbol Profesional (LFP) governing body sanctioned LFP Awards to player individuals. Additional awards relating to La Liga are distributed, some are sanctioned by the LFP or the Royal Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) and therefore not regarded as official.[clarification needed] The most notable of these are four awarded by Spain's biggest sports paper, Marca, namely the Pichichi Trophy, awarded to the top scorer of the season; the Ricardo Zamora Trophy for the goalkeeper with the least "goals-to-games" ratio; the Trofeo Alfredo di Stéfano, for the player judged to be the best overall player in the division; and the Zarra Trophy, awarded to the Spanish domestic player with the highest goal total in La Liga. Since the 2013–14 season, La Liga also awards the monthly Manager of the Month and Player of the Month awards. Transfers[edit] The first La Liga player to be involved in a transfer which broke the world record was Luis Suárez in 1961, who moved from Barcelona to Internazionale for £152,000. Twelve years later, Johan Cruyff was the first player to join a La Liga club for a record fee, £922,000 from Ajax to Barcelona. In 1982, Barcelona again set the record by signing Diego Maradona from Boca Juniors for £5 million.[32] Real Betis set the world record in 1998 when they signed Denílson from São Paulo for £21.5 million.[33] Four of the last six world transfer records (in euro) have been set by Real Madrid, signing Luís Figo,[34] Zinedine Zidane,[35] Cristiano Ronaldo[36] (plus a deal for Kaká days before Ronaldo[37] which fell just below a world record due to the way the fee was calculated)[38] and finally Gareth Bale, who was bought for £85.3 million (€103.4 million / $140 million) from Tottenham Hotspur in 2013.[39] The Brazilian forward Neymar was the subject of an expensive and complicated transfer arrangement when he joined Barcelona from Santos in 2013,[40][41] and his outgoing transfer to Paris Saint-Germain in 2017 set a new world record fee at €222m (via his 'buyout clause').[42] Barcelona soon invested a large chunk of this money in a replacement, Ousmane Dembélé, whose deal – €105m – was the second most expensive ever before Philippe Coutinho's transfer to Barcelona for €142m.[43] [44] Player records[edit] Top scorers[edit]

As of matches played 29 April 2018

Rank Nat Name Club Years Goals Apps Ratio

1

Lionel Messi Barcelona 2004– 383 418 0.92

2

Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid 2009– 311 292 1.07

3

Telmo Zarra Athletic Bilbao 1940–1955 251 278 0.9

4

Hugo Sánchez Atlético Madrid, Real Madrid & Rayo Vallecano 1981–1994 234 347 0.67

5

Raúl Real Madrid 1994–2010 228 550 0.41

6

Alfredo Di Stéfano Real Madrid & Espanyol 1953–1966 227 329 0.69

7

César Rodríguez Granada, Barcelona, Cultural Leonesa & Elche 1939–1955 223 353 0.63

8

Quini Sporting Gijón & Barcelona 1970–1987 219 448 0.49

9

Pahiño Celta, Real Madrid & Deportivo 1943–1956 210 278 0.76

10

Edmundo Suárez Valencia & Alcoyano 1939–1950 195 231 0.84

Most appearances[edit] See also: List of La Liga players

As of 16 May 2016

Rank Nat Name Years Apps Goals

1

Andoni Zubizarreta 1981–1998 622 0

2

Raúl 1994–2010 550 228

3

Eusebio Sacristán 1983–2002 543 36

4

Francisco Buyo 1980–1997 542 0

5

Manuel Sanchís 1983–2001 523 32

6

Iker Casillas 1999–2015 510 0

7

Xavi 1998–2015 505 58

8

Miquel Soler 1983–2003 504 12

9

Fernando Hierro 1987–2003 497 104

10

José Mari Bakero 1980–1997 483 139

Sponsors[edit]

Banco Santander Nike, Inc El Corte Inglés TAG Heuer EA Sports Samsung Sportium STIHL Mazda Mahou Allianz Groupe Danone Marqués del Atrio Kalise Menorquina Solán de Cabras

See also[edit]

Association football portal Spain portal

Football records in Spain List of football clubs in Spain List of foreign La Liga players List of La Liga broadcasters List of La Liga stadiums List of attendance figures at domestic professional sports leagues Sports broadcasting contracts in Spain

Notes[edit]

^ Spanish: [pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon]; "First Division" ^ /læ ˈliːɡə/, Spanish: [la ˈliɣa]; "The League"

References[edit]

^ "LaLiga and Santander strike title sponsorship deal". LaLiga. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.  ^ "Attendances in India, China and the USA catching up with the major European leagues". World Soccer. Retrieved 2016-05-25.  ^ . worldfootball.net » Attendance » overall http://www.worldfootball.net/attendance/ » Attendance » overall Check url= value (help). Retrieved 2016-05-25.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "European football statistics". 2008.  ^ "Reglamento General de la RFEF 2010 (Artículo 201.2) (page 138)" (PDF) (in Spanish). RFEF. 7 June 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2010.  ^ "Criterios de puntuación del juego limpio" (in Spanish). RFEF. 30 October 1998. Archived from the original on 7 April 2010. Retrieved 18 May 2010.  ^ "Instalaciones" (in Spanish). Deportivo Alavés. Retrieved 29 May 2016.  ^ "Athletic Club - San Mamés (2013)". Athletic Club. Retrieved 10 April 2016.  ^ "Wanda Metropolitano". StadiumDB. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "Camp Nou - FC Barcelona". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 4 March 2016.  ^ "Celta de Vigo - CLUB". Real Club Celta de Vigo. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ "Riazor". Deportivo de La Coruña. Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ "Capacity of Ipurua stands at 7,083". SD Eibar. 3 February 2017.  ^ "RCDE Stadium - Ficha Técnica". RCD Espanyol. Retrieved 9 May 2016.  ^ "Datos Generales". Getafe CF. Retrieved 16 May 2016.  ^ "Campanya abonats 17/18" (in Catalan). Girona FC. Retrieved 1 July 2017.  ^ "Estadio de Gran Canaria". UD Las Palmas. Archived from the original on 10 May 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016.  ^ "Instalaciones - Leganés - web oficial" (in Spanish). CD Leganés. Retrieved 2 April 2017.  ^ Superdeporte. "El Ciutat de Valencia estrena lavado de cara para Europa - Superdeporte". www.superdeporte.es. Retrieved 2017-06-30.  ^ "ESTADIO LA ROSALEDA". Málaga CF. Retrieved 25 April 2016.  ^ "New features for Benito Villamarín Stadium". www.realbetisbalompie.es. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ "Santiago Bernabéu Stadium". Real Madrid C.F. Retrieved 7 March 2016.  ^ "El estadio - Real Sociedad de Fútbol". Real Sociedad. Retrieved 25 April 2016.  ^ "Sevilla Fútbol Club - La entidad". Sevilla FC. Retrieved 10 April 2016.  ^ "Camp de Mestalla" (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "2011/12 UEFA Champions League statistics handbook - Clubs continued" (PDF). UEFA.  ^ "UEFA ranking of European leagues". Bert Kassies. November 2017.  ^ "UEFA club competitions press kit (.PDF archive, page 23)" (PDF). UEFA Official Website. Retrieved 25 August 2006.  ^ "Clasificación Histórica Liga BBVA". LFP. 21 June 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.  ^ All Time Table of Spanish team in La Liga Rsssf.com ^ "Official statement". LFP.es. 5 June 2015.  ^ "Gareth Bale: The history of the world transfer record". BBC Sport. 1 September 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "World Cup winner Denilson on trial at Bolton Wanderers". Daily Mail. 6 January 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ Nash, Elizabeth (25 July 2000). "Figo defects to Real Madrid for record £36.2m". The Independent. London. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ "Zidane al Real". Juventus F.C. (in Italian). 9 July 2001. Archived from the original on 6 August 2001. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ Ogden, Mark (11 June 2009). "Cristiano Ronaldo transfer: Real Madrid agree £80 million fee with Manchester United". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ Wilson, Jeremy (7 June 2009). "Real Madrid to confirm world record £56m signing of Kaka". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 August 2017.  ^ "Kaka completes Real Madrid switch". BBC. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 21 August 2017.  ^ "Gareth Bale contract leak sparks panic at Real Madrid - and agent's fury" (21 January 2016). The Telegraph. 21 January 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ "Barcelona: Neymar deal has damaged brand of La Liga club". BBC Sport. 10 March 2014. Archived from the original on 22 January 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ "Barcelona reveal details of deal to sign Brazil star Neymar". Sky Sports. 24 January 2014. Archived from the original on 11 December 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ "Neymar: Paris St-Germain sign Barcelona forward for world record 222m euros". BBC. The British Broadcasting Corporation. 3 August 2017. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ "Barcelona signs Ousmane Dembele, its Neymar replacement in more ways than one". 25 August 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017.  ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/football/2018/01/08/watch-live-philippe-coutinho-unveiled-barcelona-142million-transfer/

External links[edit]

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2018–19 La Liga venues

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