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The Primera División,[a] commonly known as La Liga[b] and as La Liga Santander for sponsorship reasons with Santander[1], is the top professional association football division of the Spanish football league system. Administrated by the Liga de Fútbol Profesional
Liga de Fútbol Profesional
(LFP), La Liga
La Liga
is contested by 20 teams, with the three lowest-placed teams relegated to the Segunda División
Segunda División
and replaced by the top two teams in that division plus the winner of a play-off. A total of 62 teams have competed in La Liga
La Liga
since its inception. Nine teams have been crowned champions, with Real Madrid
Madrid
winning the title a record 33 times and Barcelona
Barcelona
24 times. After Athletic Bilbao claimed several titles in the league's early years, Real Madrid dominated the championship from the 1950s through to the 1980s, when Athletic and neighbours Real Sociedad
Real Sociedad
each won the league twice. From the 1990s onwards, Barcelona
Barcelona
(14 titles) and Real Madrid
Madrid
(9 titles) were both prominent, though La Liga
La Liga
also saw other champions, including Atlético Madrid, Valencia, and Deportivo de La Coruña. In the 2010s, Atlético Madrid
Atlético Madrid
became increasingly strong, forming a trio alongside Real Madrid
Madrid
and Barcelona
Barcelona
which occupied the podium places exclusively. According to UEFA's league coefficient, La Liga
La Liga
has been the top league in Europe over the last five years and has led Europe for more years (13) than any other country. It has also produced the continent's top-rated club more times (20) than any other league, more than double that of second-placed Serie A. Its clubs have won the most UEFA
UEFA
Champions League (17), UEFA
UEFA
Europa League (10), UEFA
UEFA
Super Cup (14), and FIFA Club World Cup
FIFA Club World Cup
(6) titles, and its players have accumulated the highest number of (FIFA) Ballon d'Or awards (19). La Liga
La Liga
is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 26,741 for league matches in the 2014–15 season. This is the sixth-highest of any domestic professional sports league in the world and the fourth-highest of any professional association football league in the world, behind the Bundesliga, the Premier League, and the Indian Super League.[2][3][4]

Contents

1 Competition format

1.1 Promotion and relegation 1.2 Ranking of clubs on equal points 1.3 Qualifying for European competitions

2 History

2.1 Foundation 2.2 The 1930s 2.3 The 1940s 2.4 Alfredo Di Stéfano, Puskás, Kubala and Suárez 2.5 The Madrid
Madrid
years 2.6 The 1980s 2.7 The 1990s 2.8 The 2000s 2.9 The 2010s

3 Teams

3.1 Stadiums and locations

4 La Liga
La Liga
clubs in Europe 5 Champions

5.1 Performance by club

6 All-time La Liga
La Liga
table 7 Players

7.1 Eligibility of non-EU players 7.2 Individual awards 7.3 Transfers

8 Player records

8.1 Top scorers 8.2 Most appearances

9 Sponsors 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 External links

Competition format[edit] The competition format follows the usual double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which lasts from August to May, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for a total of 38 matchdays. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, and no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, with the highest-ranked club at the end of the season crowned champion. Promotion and relegation[edit] A system of promotion and relegation exists between the Primera División and the Segunda División. The three lowest placed teams in La Liga
La Liga
are relegated to the Segunda División, and the top two teams from the Segunda División
Segunda División
promoted to La Liga, with an additional club promoted after a series of play-offs involving the third, fourth, fifth and sixth placed clubs. Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history;

 

1929–1934: 10 clubs 1934–1941: 12 clubs 1941–1950: 14 clubs 1950–1971: 16 clubs 1971–1987: 18 clubs 1987–1995: 20 clubs 1995–1997: 22 clubs 1997–present: 20 clubs

Ranking of clubs on equal points[edit] If points are equal between two or more clubs, the rules are:[5]

If all clubs involved have played each other twice:

If the tie is between two clubs, then the tie is broken using the goal difference for the two matches those clubs have played against each other (without away goals rule) If the tie is between more than two clubs, then the tie is broken using the games the clubs have played against each other:

a) head-to-head points b) head-to-head goal difference c) head-to-head goals scored

If two legged games between all clubs involved have not been played, or the tie is not broken by the rules above, it is broken using:

a) total goal difference b) total goals scored

If the tie is still not broken, the winner will be determined by Fair Play scales.[6] These are:

yellow card, 1 point doubled yellow card/ejection, 2 points direct red card, 3 points suspension or disqualification of coach, executive or other club personnel (outside referees' decisions), 5 points misconduct of the supporters: mild 5 points, serious 6 points, very serious 7 points stadium closure, 10 points if the Competition Committee removes a penalty, the points are also removed

If the tie is still not broken, it will be resolved with a tie-break match in a neutral stadium.

Qualifying for European competitions[edit]

Barcelona
Barcelona
against Schalke 04 in the 2008 UEFA
UEFA
Champions League

The top teams in La Liga
La Liga
qualify for the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League. The first, second, third and fourth placed teams directly enter the group stage of UEFA
UEFA
Champions League. Teams placed fifth and sixth play in the UEFA
UEFA
Europa League, along with the cup winners. If both teams in the cup final finish in the top six, an additional berth in the Europa League is given to the team that finishes in seventh. History[edit] Foundation[edit] In April 1929, José María Acha, a director at Arenas Club de Getxo, first proposed the idea of a national league in Spain. After much debate about the size of the league and who would take part, the Real Federación Española de Fútbol eventually agreed on the ten teams who would form the first Primera División in 1929. Real Madrid, Barcelona, Athletic Bilbao, Real Sociedad, Arenas Club de Getxo
Arenas Club de Getxo
and Real Unión
Real Unión
were all selected as previous winners of the Copa del Rey. Atlético Madrid, Espanyol and Europa qualified as Copa del Rey runners-up and Racing de Santander qualified through a knockout competition. Only three of the founding clubs, Real Madrid, Barcelona and Athletic Bilbao, have never been relegated from the Primera División. The 1930s[edit] Although Barcelona
Barcelona
won the very first Liga in 1929 and Real Madrid
Madrid
won their first titles in 1932 and 1933, it was Athletic Bilbao
Athletic Bilbao
that set the early pace winning Primera División in 1930, 1931, 1934 and 1936. They were also runners-up in 1932 and 1933. In 1935, Real Betis, then known as Betis Balompié, won their only title to date. Primera División was suspended during the Spanish Civil War. In 1937, the teams in the Republican area of Spain, with the notable exception of the two Madrid
Madrid
clubs, competed in the Mediterranean League and Barcelona
Barcelona
emerged as champions. Seventy years later, on 28 September 2007, Barcelona
Barcelona
requested the RFEF to recognise that title as a Liga title. This action was taken after RFEF was asked to recognise Levante FC's Copa de la España Libre win as equivalent to Copa del Rey
Copa del Rey
trophy. Nevertheless, the governing body of Spanish football has not made an outright decision yet. The 1940s[edit] When the Primera División resumed after the Spanish Civil War, it was Atlético Aviación
Atlético Aviación
(nowadays Atlético Madrid), Valencia, and Sevilla that initially emerged as the strongest clubs. Atlético were only awarded a place during the 1939–40 season as a replacement for Real Oviedo, whose ground had been damaged during the war. The club subsequently won their first Liga title and retained it in 1941. While other clubs lost players to exile, execution, and as casualties of the war, the Atlético team was reinforced by a merger. The young, pre-war squad of Valencia
Valencia
had also remained intact and in the post-war years matured into champions, gaining three Liga titles in 1942, 1944, and 1947. They were also runners-up in 1948 and 1949. Sevilla also enjoyed a brief golden era, finishing as runners-up in 1940 and 1942 before winning their only title to date in 1946. By the latter part of the decade, Barcelona
Barcelona
began to emerge as a force when they were crowned champions in 1945, 1948 and 1949. Alfredo Di Stéfano, Puskás, Kubala and Suárez[edit]

Naturalised Argentine Alfredo Di Stéfano
Alfredo Di Stéfano
was part of a dominant Real Madrid
Madrid
side in the 1950s

Although Atlético Madrid, previously known as Atlético Aviación, were champions in 1950 and 1951 under catenaccio mastermind Helenio Herrera, the 1950s saw the beginning of the Barcelona/Real Madrid dominance. During the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, there were strict limits imposed on foreign players. In most cases, clubs could only have three foreign players in their squads, meaning that at least eight local players had to play in every game. During the 1950s, however, these rules were circumvented by Real Madrid
Madrid
and Barcelona, who naturalized Alfredo Di Stéfano, Ferenc Puskás, and László Kubala. Inspired by Kubala, Barça won the title in 1952 and 1953. Di Stéfano, Puskás, Raymond Kopa
Raymond Kopa
and Francisco Gento
Francisco Gento
formed the nucleus of the Real Madrid
Madrid
team that dominated the second half of the 1950s. Madrid
Madrid
won the first division for the first time as Real Madrid
Madrid
in 1954 and retained its title in 1955. They were winners again in 1957 and 1958, with only Athletic Bilbao
Athletic Bilbao
interrupting their sequence. During this period, Real Madrid
Madrid
also won an unprecedented five consecutive European Cups. Barcelona, with a team coached by Helenio Herrera and featuring Luis Suárez, won the title in 1959 and 1960. The Madrid
Madrid
years[edit] Between 1961 and 1980, Real Madrid
Madrid
dominated the Primera División, being crowned champions 14 times, although their only European Cup triumph during this era came in 1966, a sharp contrast to their five successive victories in the competition starting with the first final in 1956. This included a five-in-a-row sequence from 1961 to 1965 and two three-in-a-row sequences (1967–1969 and 1978–1980). During this era, only Atlético Madrid
Atlético Madrid
offered Real Madrid
Madrid
any serious challenge, adding four more titles to their tally in 1966, 1970, 1973, and 1977. Of the other clubs, only Valencia
Valencia
in 1971 and the Johan Cruyff-inspired Barcelona
Barcelona
of 1974 managed to break the dominance of Real Madrid. The 1980s[edit] The Madrid
Madrid
winning sequence was ended more significantly in 1981 when Real Sociedad
Real Sociedad
won their first-ever title. They retained it in 1982 and their two in a row was followed by another by their fellow Basques Athletic Bilbao, who won back-to-back titles in 1983 and 1984. Terry Venables led Barcelona
Barcelona
to a solitary title in 1985 before Real Madrid won again another five in a row sequence (1986–1990) with a team guided by Leo Beenhakker
Leo Beenhakker
and including Hugo Sánchez
Hugo Sánchez
and the legendary La Quinta del Buitre
Quinta del Buitre
– Emilio Butragueño, Manolo Sanchís, Martín Vázquez, Míchel and Miguel Pardeza.[citation needed] The 1990s[edit] Johan Cruyff
Johan Cruyff
returned to Barcelona
Barcelona
as manager in 1988, and assembled the legendary Dream Team. Cruyff introduced players like Pep Guardiola, José Mari Bakero, Txiki Begiristain, Andoni Goikoetxea, Ronald Koeman, Michael Laudrup, Romário
Romário
and Hristo Stoichkov. This team won Primera División four times between 1991 and 1994 and won the European Cup
European Cup
in 1992. Laudrup then moved to arch-rivals Real Madrid, and helped them end Barcelona's run in 1995. Atlético Madrid won their ninth Primera División title in 1996 before Real Madrid added another Liga trophy to their cabinet in 1997. After the success of Cruyff, another Dutchman – Ajax manager Louis van Gaal
Louis van Gaal
– arrived at the Camp Nou, and with the talents of Luís Figo, Luis Enrique, and Rivaldo, Barcelona
Barcelona
again won the title in 1998 and 1999. The 2000s[edit] As Primera División entered a new century, the Big Two of Real Madrid and Barcelona
Barcelona
found themselves facing new challengers. Between 1993 and 2004, Deportivo La Coruña finished in the top three on ten occasions, a better record than either Real Madrid
Madrid
or Barcelona, and in 2000, under Javier Irureta, they became the ninth team to be crowned champions. Real Madrid
Madrid
won two more Liga titles in 2001 and 2003 and also the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League in 2000 and 2002, and won their 30th league title in 2007 after a three-year drought. They were challenged by a re-emerging Valencia
Valencia
in both competitions. Under the management of Héctor Cúper, Valencia
Valencia
finished as Champions League runners-up in 2000 and 2001. His successor, Rafael Benítez, built on this and led the club to a Liga title in 2002 and winning the double with a league title and the UEFA
UEFA
Cup in 2004. The 2004–05 season saw a resurgent Barcelona, inspired by the brilliant Ronaldinho, win their first title of the new century, in addition to the Liga-Champions League double in 2005–06. With world-class players like Raúl, Ruud van Nistelrooy and Gonzalo Higuaín, Real Madrid
Madrid
won back-to-back La Liga titles in 2006–07 and 2007–08 season. Under Pep Guardiola's Dream Team, powered by La Masia
La Masia
talents such as Lionel Messi, Xavi
Xavi
and Andrés Iniesta, Barcelona
Barcelona
added three straight Liga titles (2008–09, 2009–10 and 2010–11). The 2010s[edit]

Match between Deportivo de La Coruña
Deportivo de La Coruña
and FC Barcelona
FC Barcelona
in 2016–17 season.

In the 2011–12 season, Real Madrid
Madrid
won its 32nd title under the management of José Mourinho
José Mourinho
with a record-breaking points tally of 100, a record 121 number of goals scored, most overall (32) and away (16) wins in a single season in La Liga
La Liga
history. Barcelona
Barcelona
coach Tito Vilanova matched the 100-point record a year later in 2012–13 while battling terminal cancer. Atlético Madrid
Atlético Madrid
won the 2013–14 title, their first in 18 years, and the first title in ten years that Real Madrid
Madrid
or Barcelona
Barcelona
had not won. Barcelona
Barcelona
won the 2014–15 season as well as the 2015–16 season resulting in 6 titles in 8 years. Real Madrid
Madrid
have brought back the La Liga
La Liga
title under the management of Zinedine Zidane
Zinedine Zidane
for the 2016–17 season. Teams[edit]

Alavés

Athletic Bilbao

Atlético Madrid

Barcelona

Celta Vigo

Deportivo

Eibar

Espanyol

Getafe

Girona

Leganés

Las Palmas

Levante

Málaga

Betis

Real Madrid

Real Sociedad

Sevilla

Valencia

Villarreal

Location of teams in 2017–18 La Liga

A total of 20 teams contest the league in its current season, including the top 17 sides from the 2016–17 season and three promoted from the 2016–17 Segunda División. These are two clubs promoted directly from that division (Levante and Girona), and the winner of the play-offs, Getafe. Stadiums and locations[edit]

Team Location Stadium Capacity

Alavés Vitoria-Gasteiz Mendizorrotza 7004198400000000000♠19,840[7]

Athletic Bilbao Bilbao San Mamés 7004532890000000000♠53,289[8]

Atlético Madrid Madrid Wanda Metropolitano 7004680000000000000♠68,000[9]

Barcelona Barcelona Camp Nou 7004993540000000000♠99,354[10]

Celta Vigo Vigo Balaídos 7004290000000000000♠29,000[11]

Deportivo La Coruña A Coruña Abanca-Riazor 7004329120000000000♠32,912[12]

Eibar Eibar Ipurua 7003708300000000000♠7,083[13]

Espanyol Barcelona RCDE Stadium 7004405000000000000♠40,500[14]

Getafe Getafe Coliseum Alfonso Pérez 7004170000000000000♠17,000[15]

Girona Girona Montilivi 7004135000000000000♠13,500[16]

Las Palmas Las Palmas Gran Canaria 7004331110000000000♠33,111[17]

Leganés Leganés Butarque 7004109220000000000♠10,922[18]

Levante Valencia Ciutat de València 7004263540000000000♠26,354[19]

Málaga Málaga La Rosaleda 7004300440000000000♠30,044[20]

Real Betis Seville Benito Villamarín 7004607200000000000♠60,720[21]

Real Madrid Madrid Santiago Bernabéu 7004810440000000000♠81,044[22]

Real Sociedad San Sebastián Anoeta 7004320000000000000♠32,000[23]

Sevilla Seville Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán 7004427140000000000♠42,714[24]

Valencia Valencia Mestalla 7004495000000000000♠49,500[25]

Villarreal Villarreal Estadio de la Cerámica 7004248900000000000♠24,890[26]

La Liga
La Liga
clubs in Europe[edit] Main article: Spanish football clubs in European competitions

Real Madrid
Madrid
against Borussia Dortmund
Borussia Dortmund
in the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League in 2013

The Primera División is currently first in the UEFA
UEFA
rankings of European leagues based on their performances in European competitions over a five-year period, ahead of Germany's Bundesliga
Bundesliga
,England's Premier League
Premier League
and Italy's Serie A
Serie A
in fourth.[27] Real Madrid, Barcelona
Barcelona
and Valencia
Valencia
are in the top ten most successful clubs in European football in terms of total European trophies.[citation needed] These three clubs, along with Sevilla and Atlético Madrid, are five of the most successful teams in European competition history; these five are the only Spanish clubs to have won five or more international trophies. Deportivo La Coruña are the sixth-most participating Spanish team in the Champions League — after Real Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Atletico Madrid
Madrid
and Sevilla FC — with five Champions League appearances in a row, including a semifinal appearance in 2003–04.[28] In 2005–06, Barcelona
Barcelona
won the Champions League and Sevilla won the UEFA
UEFA
Cup, making the La Liga
La Liga
the first league to do the European "double" since 1997. On 25 August 2015, La Liga
La Liga
became the first league to classify five teams for the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League group stage (Atlético Madrid, Barcelona, Real Madrid, Sevilla and Valencia). Champions[edit] Main article: List of Spanish football champions Performance by club[edit]

Teams Winners Runners-up Winning seasons

Real Madrid

33

23

1931–32, 1932–33, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1971–72, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1994–95, 1996–97, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2011–12, 2016–17

Barcelona

24

25

1929-29, 1944–45, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1973–74, 1984–85, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2014–15, 2015–16

Atlético Madrid

10

8

1939–40, 1940–41, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1965–66, 1969–70, 1972–73, 1976–77, 1995–96, 2013–14

Athletic Bilbao

8

7

1929–30, 1930–31, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1942–43, 1955–56, 1982–83, 1983–84

Valencia

6

6

1941–42, 1943–44, 1946–47, 1970–71, 2001–02, 2003–04

Real Sociedad

2

3

1980–81, 1981–82

Deportivo La Coruña

1

5

1999–00

Sevilla

1

4

1945–46

Real Betis

1

0

1934–35

All-time La Liga
La Liga
table[edit] The All-time La Liga
La Liga
table[29] is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in La Liga since its inception in 1929. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2016–17 season.[30] Teams in bold are part of the 2017–18 La Liga.

Pos Team S Pts GP W D L GF GA 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th T Debut Since/ Last App Best

1 Real Madrid 86 4385 2762 1647 552 563 5947 3140 33 23 8 8 3 4 79 1929 1929 1

2 Barcelona 86 4262 2762 1581 560 621 5900 3114 24 25 12 12 4 6 83 1929 1929 1

3 Atlético Madrid 80 3442 2614 1241 598 775 4534 3309 10 8 16 9 7 6 56 1929 2002–03 1

4 Valencia 82 3386 2664 1187 616 861 4398 3469 6 6 10 11 10 7 50 1931–32 1987–88 1

5 Athletic Bilbao 86 3368 2762 1209 633 920 4631 3700 8 7 10 5 8 10 49 1929 1929 1

6 Sevilla 73 2819 2408 990 531 887 3680 3373 1 4 4 5 12 6 32 1934–35 2001–02 1

7 Espanyol 82 2792 2626 948 608 1070 3609 3889 – – 4 5 2 5 16 1929 1994–95 3

8 Real Sociedad 70 2573 2302 864 577 861 3228 3230 2 3 2 5 4 3 19 1929 2010–11 1

9 Zaragoza 58 2109 1986 698 522 766 2683 2847 – 1 4 5 4 4 18 1939–40 2012–13 2

10 Real Betis 51 1884 1728 606 440 682 2159 2492 1 – 2 3 4 4 14 1932–33 2015–16 1

11 Deportivo La Coruña 45 1814 1530 563 392 575 2052 2188 1 5 4 1 – 1 12 1941–42 2014–15 1

12 Celta Vigo 51 1789 1698 586 389 723 2278 2624 – – – 2 4 5 11 1939–40 2012–13 4

13 Valladolid 42 1471 1466 463 384 619 1767 2180 – – – 1 1 1 3 1948–49 2013–14 4

14 Racing Santander 44 1416 1428 453 336 639 1843 2368 – 1 1 2 – 1 5 1929 2011–12 2

15 Sporting Gijón 43 1389 1458 471 358 629 1753 2152 – 1 1 2 2 1 7 1944–45 2015–16 2

16 Osasuna 37 1351 1318 426 327 565 1500 1834 – – – 2 2 2 6 1935–36 2016–17 4

17 Málaga 36 1314 1255 390 330 535 1421 1763 – – – 1 – 1 2 1949–50 2008–09 4

18 Oviedo 38 1174 1192 408 292 492 1642 1951 – – 3 2 2 4 11 1933–34 2000–01 3

19 Mallorca 27 1148 988 333 256 399 1182 1371 – – 2 – 2 1 5 1960–61 2012–13 3

20 Las Palmas 33 1020 1096 367 242 487 1347 1746 – 1 1 1 1 1 5 1951–52 2015–16 2

21 Villarreal 17 970 646 266 172 208 892 789 – 1 1 2 3 2 9 1998–99 2013–14 2

22 Granada 23 667 742 218 175 349 819 1157 – – – – – 2 2 1941–42 2016–17 6

23 Rayo Vallecano 17 662 652 189 148 305 760 1088 – – – – – – – 1977–78 2015–16 8

24 Elche 21 606 678 203 180 295 750 1022 – – – – 1 1 2 1959–60 2014–15 5

25 Getafe 12 553 456 147 112 197 520 633 – – – – – 1 1 2004–05 2015–16 6

26 Hércules 20 538 628 184 149 295 716 1050 – – – – 1 4 5 1935–36 2010–11 5

27 Tenerife 13 510 494 155 128 211 619 744 – – – – 2 – 2 1961–62 2009–10 5

28 Murcia 18 445 586 145 143 298 607 992 – – – – – – – 1940–41 2007–08 11

29 Alavés 12 421 380 125 81 174 458 623 – – – – – 1 1 1930–31 2016–17 6

30 Levante 11 416 402 113 95 194 430 632 – – – – – 1 1 1963–64 2015–16 6

31 Salamanca 12 375 423 123 102 198 422 581 – – – – – – – 1974–75 1998–99 7

32 Sabadell 14 353 426 129 95 202 492 720 – – – 1 1 – 2 1943–44 1987–88 4

33 Cádiz 12 343 448 104 127 217 393 662 – – – – – – – 1977–78 2005–06 12

34 Logroñés 9 293 346 96 92 158 291 489 – – – – – – – 1987–88 1996–97 7

35 Castellón 11 285 334 103 79 152 419 588 – – – 1 2 – 3 1941–42 1990–91 4

36 Albacete 7 277 270 76 76 118 320 410 – – – – – – – 1991–92 2004–05 7

37 Almería 6 242 228 62 56 110 244 366 – – – – – – – 2007–08 2014–15 8

38 Córdoba 9 230 282 82 63 137 285 430 – – – – 1 – 1 1962–63 2014–15 5

39 Compostela 4 190 160 52 45 63 199 241 – – – – – – – 1994–95 1997–98 10

40 Recreativo 5 188 186 50 46 90 202 296 – – – – – – – 1978–79 2008–09 8

41 Burgos CF 6 168 204 59 50 95 216 310 – – – – – – – 1971–72 1979–80 12

42 Pontevedra 6 150 180 53 44 83 165 221 – – – – – – – 1963–64 1969–70 7

43 Numancia 4 148 152 37 37 78 155 253 – – – – – – – 1999–00 2008–09 17

44 Eibar 3 132 114 35 27 52 139 167 – – – – – – – 2014–15 2014–15 10

45 Arenas 7 107 130 43 21 66 227 308 – – 1 – 3 – 4 1929 1934–35 3

46 Real Burgos 3 96 114 26 44 44 101 139 – – – – – – – 1990–91 1992–93 9

47 Gimnàstic 4 91 116 34 16 66 181 295 – – – – – – – 1947–48 2006–07 7

48 Extremadura 2 83 80 20 23 37 62 117 – – – – – – – 1996–97 1998–99 17

49 Mérida 2 81 80 19 24 37 70 115 – – – – – – – 1995–96 1997–98 19

50 Alcoyano 4 76 108 30 16 62 145 252 – – – – – – – 1945–46 1950–51 10

51 Jaén 3 71 90 29 13 48 121 183 – – – – – – – 1953–54 1957–58 14

52 Real Unión 4 56 72 21 14 37 153 184 – – – – – 1 1 1929 1931–32 6

53 AD Almería 2 52 68 17 18 33 71 116 – – – – – – – 1979–80 1980–81 10

54 Europa 3 42 54 18 6 30 97 131 – – – – – – – 1929 1930–31 8

55 Lleida 2 40 68 13 14 41 70 182 – – – – – – – 1950–51 1993–94 16

56 Leganés 1 35 38 8 11 19 36 55 – – – – – – – 2016–17 2016–17 17

57 Xerez 1 34 38 8 10 20 38 66 – – – – – – – 2009–10 2009–10 20

58 Condal 1 22 30 7 8 15 37 57 – – – – – – – 1956–57 1956–57 16

59 Atlético Tetuán 1 19 30 7 5 18 51 85 – – – – – – – 1951–52 1951–52 16

60 Cultural Leonesa 1 14 30 5 4 21 34 65 – – – – – – – 1955–56 1955–56 15

61 Girona 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2017–18 2017–18 –

League or status at 2017–18:

2017–18 La Liga

2017–18 Segunda División

2017–18 Segunda División
Segunda División
B

2017–18 Tercera División

2017–18 Divisiones Regionales

To be determined

Clubs that no longer exist

Players[edit] Eligibility of non-EU players[edit] In La Liga, players can claim citizenship from the nation their ancestors came from. If a player does not have European ancestry, he can claim Spanish citizenship after playing in Spain
Spain
for five years. Sometimes, this can lead to a triple-citizenship situation; for example, Leo Franco, who was born in Argentina, is of Italian heritage yet can claim a Spanish passport, having played in La Liga
La Liga
for over five years. In addition, players from the ACP countries
ACP countries
— countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific that are signatories to the Cotonou Agreement — are not counted against non-EU quotas due to the Kolpak ruling. Individual awards[edit] Until the season 2008–09, no official awards for individuals in La Liga existed. Following[clarification needed] the 2008–09 season, the Liga de Fútbol Profesional
Liga de Fútbol Profesional
(LFP) governing body sanctioned LFP Awards to player individuals. Additional awards relating to La Liga are distributed, some are sanctioned by the LFP or the Royal Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) and therefore not regarded as official.[clarification needed] The most notable of these are four awarded by Spain's biggest sports paper, Marca, namely the Pichichi Trophy, awarded to the top scorer of the season; the Ricardo Zamora Trophy
Ricardo Zamora Trophy
for the goalkeeper with the least "goals-to-games" ratio; the Trofeo Alfredo di Stéfano, for the player judged to be the best overall player in the division; and the Zarra Trophy, awarded to the Spanish domestic player with the highest goal total in La Liga. Since the 2013–14 season, La Liga
La Liga
also awards the monthly Manager of the Month and Player of the Month awards. Transfers[edit] The first La Liga
La Liga
player to be involved in a transfer which broke the world record was Luis Suárez in 1961, who moved from Barcelona
Barcelona
to Internazionale for £152,000. Twelve years later, Johan Cruyff
Johan Cruyff
was the first player to join a La Liga
La Liga
club for a record fee, £922,000 from Ajax to Barcelona. In 1982, Barcelona
Barcelona
again set the record by signing Diego Maradona
Diego Maradona
from Boca Juniors
Boca Juniors
for £5 million.[31] Real Betis
Real Betis
set the world record in 1998 when they signed Denílson from São Paulo for £21.5 million.[32] Four of the last six world transfer records (in euro) have been set by Real Madrid, signing Luís Figo,[33] Zinedine Zidane,[34] Cristiano Ronaldo[35] (plus a deal for Kaká
Kaká
days before Ronaldo[36] which fell just below a world record due to the way the fee was calculated)[37] and finally Gareth Bale, who was bought for £85.3 million (€103.4 million / $140 million) from Tottenham Hotspur in 2013.[38] The Brazilian forward Neymar
Neymar
was the subject of an expensive and complicated transfer arrangement when he joined Barcelona
Barcelona
from Santos in 2013,[39][40] and his outgoing transfer to Paris Saint-Germain in 2017 set a new world record fee at €222m (via his 'buyout clause').[41] Barcelona
Barcelona
soon invested a large chunk of this money in a replacement, Ousmane Dembélé, whose deal – €105m – was the second most expensive ever before Philippe Coutinho's transfer to Barcelona
Barcelona
for €142m.[42] [43] Player records[edit] Top scorers[edit]

As of matches played 4 March 2018

Rank Nat Name Club Years Goals Apps Ratio

1

Lionel Messi Barcelona 2004– 375 410 0.91

2

Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid 2009– 307 288 1.05

3

Telmo Zarra Athletic Bilbao 1940–1955 251 278 0.9

4

Hugo Sánchez Atlético Madrid, Real Madrid
Madrid
& Rayo Vallecano 1981–1994 234 347 0.67

5

Raúl Real Madrid 1994–2010 228 550 0.41

6

Alfredo Di Stéfano Real Madrid
Madrid
& Espanyol 1953–1966 227 329 0.69

7

César Rodríguez Granada, Barcelona, Cultural Leonesa
Cultural Leonesa
& Elche 1939–1955 223 353 0.63

8

Quini Sporting Gijón & Barcelona 1970–1987 219 448 0.49

9

Pahiño Celta, Real Madrid
Madrid
& Deportivo 1943–1956 210 278 0.76

10

Edmundo Suárez Valencia
Valencia
& Alcoyano 1939–1950 195 231 0.84

Most appearances[edit] See also: List of La Liga
La Liga
players

As of 16 May 2016

Rank Nat Name Years Apps Goals

1

Andoni Zubizarreta 1981–1998 622 0

2

Raúl 1994–2010 550 228

3

Eusebio Sacristán 1983–2002 543 36

4

Francisco Buyo 1980–1997 542 0

5

Manuel Sanchís 1983–2001 523 32

6

Iker Casillas 1999–2015 510 0

7

Xavi 1998–2015 505 58

8

Miquel Soler 1983–2003 504 12

9

Fernando Hierro 1987–2003 497 104

10

José Mari Bakero 1980–1997 483 139

Sponsors[edit]

Banco Santander Nike, Inc El Corte Inglés TAG Heuer EA Sports Samsung Sportium STIHL Mazda Mahou Allianz Groupe Danone Marqués del Atrio Kalise Menorquina Solán de Cabras

See also[edit]

Association football
Association football
portal Spain
Spain
portal

Football records in Spain List of football clubs in Spain List of foreign La Liga
La Liga
players List of La Liga
La Liga
broadcasters List of La Liga
La Liga
stadiums List of attendance figures at domestic professional sports leagues Sports broadcasting contracts in Spain

Notes[edit]

^ Spanish: [pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon]; "First Division" ^ /læ ˈliːɡə/, Spanish: [la ˈliɣa]; "The League"

References[edit]

^ "LaLiga and Santander strike title sponsorship deal". LaLiga. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.  ^ "Attendances in India, China and the USA catching up with the major European leagues". World Soccer. Retrieved 2016-05-25.  ^ . worldfootball.net » Attendance » overall http://www.worldfootball.net/attendance/ » Attendance » overall Check url= value (help). Retrieved 2016-05-25.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "European football statistics". 2008.  ^ "Reglamento General de la RFEF 2010 (Artículo 201.2) (page 138)" (PDF) (in Spanish). RFEF. 7 June 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2010.  ^ "Criterios de puntuación del juego limpio" (in Spanish). RFEF. 30 October 1998. Archived from the original on 7 April 2010. Retrieved 18 May 2010.  ^ "Instalaciones" (in Spanish). Deportivo Alavés. Retrieved 29 May 2016.  ^ "Athletic Club - San Mamés (2013)". Athletic Club. Retrieved 10 April 2016.  ^ "Wanda Metropolitano". StadiumDB. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ " Camp Nou
Camp Nou
- FC Barcelona". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 4 March 2016.  ^ " Celta de Vigo
Celta de Vigo
- CLUB". Real Club Celta de Vigo. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ "Riazor". Deportivo de La Coruña. Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ "Capacity of Ipurua stands at 7,083". SD Eibar. 3 February 2017.  ^ " RCDE Stadium
RCDE Stadium
- Ficha Técnica". RCD Espanyol. Retrieved 9 May 2016.  ^ "Datos Generales". Getafe
Getafe
CF. Retrieved 16 May 2016.  ^ "Campanya abonats 17/18" (in Catalan). Girona
Girona
FC. Retrieved 1 July 2017.  ^ "Estadio de Gran Canaria". UD Las Palmas. Archived from the original on 10 May 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016.  ^ "Instalaciones - Leganés
Leganés
- web oficial" (in Spanish). CD Leganés. Retrieved 2 April 2017.  ^ Superdeporte. "El Ciutat de Valencia
Valencia
estrena lavado de cara para Europa - Superdeporte". www.superdeporte.es. Retrieved 2017-06-30.  ^ "ESTADIO LA ROSALEDA". Málaga
Málaga
CF. Retrieved 25 April 2016.  ^ "New features for Benito Villamarín Stadium". www.realbetisbalompie.es. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ "Santiago Bernabéu Stadium". Real Madrid C.F.
Real Madrid C.F.
Retrieved 7 March 2016.  ^ "El estadio - Real Sociedad
Real Sociedad
de Fútbol". Real Sociedad. Retrieved 25 April 2016.  ^ "Sevilla Fútbol Club - La entidad". Sevilla FC. Retrieved 10 April 2016.  ^ "Camp de Mestalla" (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 June 2017.  ^ "2011/12 UEFA
UEFA
Champions League statistics handbook - Clubs continued" (PDF). UEFA.  ^ " UEFA
UEFA
ranking of European leagues". Bert Kassies. November 2017.  ^ " UEFA
UEFA
club competitions press kit (.PDF archive, page 23)" (PDF). UEFA
UEFA
Official Website. Retrieved 25 August 2006.  ^ "Clasificación Histórica Liga BBVA". LFP. 21 June 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.  ^ All Time Table of Spanish team in La Liga
La Liga
Rsssf.com ^ "Gareth Bale: The history of the world transfer record". BBC Sport. 1 September 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "World Cup winner Denilson on trial at Bolton Wanderers". Daily Mail. 6 January 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ Nash, Elizabeth (25 July 2000). "Figo defects to Real Madrid
Madrid
for record £36.2m". The Independent. London. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ "Zidane al Real". Juventus F.C. (in Italian). 9 July 2001. Archived from the original on 6 August 2001. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ Ogden, Mark (11 June 2009). " Cristiano Ronaldo
Cristiano Ronaldo
transfer: Real Madrid agree £80 million fee with Manchester United". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ Wilson, Jeremy (7 June 2009). "Real Madrid
Madrid
to confirm world record £56m signing of Kaka". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 August 2017.  ^ "Kaka completes Real Madrid
Madrid
switch". BBC. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 21 August 2017.  ^ " Gareth Bale
Gareth Bale
contract leak sparks panic at Real Madrid
Madrid
- and agent's fury" (21 January 2016). The Telegraph. 21 January 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ "Barcelona: Neymar
Neymar
deal has damaged brand of La Liga
La Liga
club". BBC Sport. 10 March 2014. Archived from the original on 22 January 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ " Barcelona
Barcelona
reveal details of deal to sign Brazil star Neymar". Sky Sports. 24 January 2014. Archived from the original on 11 December 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ "Neymar: Paris St-Germain sign Barcelona
Barcelona
forward for world record 222m euros". BBC. The British Broadcasting Corporation. 3 August 2017. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ " Barcelona
Barcelona
signs Ousmane Dembele, its Neymar
Neymar
replacement in more ways than one". 25 August 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017.  ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/football/2018/01/08/watch-live-philippe-coutinho-unveiled-barcelona-142million-transfer/

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to La Liga.

(in English) Liga Nacional de Fútbol Profesional (in Spanish) Royal Spanish Football Federation

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La Liga

2017–18 clubs

Alavés Athletic Bilbao Atlético Madrid Barcelona Betis Celta Vigo Deportivo La Coruña Eibar Espanyol Getafe Girona Las Palmas Leganés Levante Málaga Real Madrid Real Sociedad Sevilla Valencia Villarreal

Former clubs

Albacete Alcoyano AD Almería UD Almería Arenas Getxo Atlético Tetuán Burgos Cádiz Castellón Compostela Condal Córdoba Cultural Leonesa Elche Europa Extremadura Gimnàstic Granada Hércules Jaén Lleida CD Logroñés CD Málaga Mallorca CP Mérida Rayo Vallecano Murcia Numancia Osasuna Oviedo Pontevedra Racing Santander Real Burgos Real Unión Recreativo Huelva Sabadell Salamanca Sporting Gijón Tenerife Valladolid Xerez Zaragoza

Competition

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foreign

Managers

Winners

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Statistics and awards

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Finances

Richest clubs:

Deloitte list Forbes' list

Team owners

Associated competitions

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La Liga
La Liga
seasons

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v t e

2017–18 La Liga
2017–18 La Liga
venues

Anoeta Balaídos Benito Villamarín Butarque Camp Nou Ciutat de València Coliseum Alfonso Pérez Gran Canaria Ipurua La Cerámica La Rosaleda Mendizorrotza Montilivi Mestalla RCDE Stadium Riazor San Mamés Sánchez Pizjuán Santiago Bernabéu Wanda Metropolitano

v t e

2017–18 La Liga
2017–18 La Liga
managers

Abelardo (Alavés) Bordalás (Getafe) Calleja (Villarreal) Flores (Espanyol) Garitano (Leganés) González (Málaga) Imanol (Real Sociedad) López (Levante) Marcelino (Valencia) Machín (Girona) Mendilibar (Eibar) Montella (Sevilla) Paco (Las Palmas) Seedorf (Deportivo) Setién (Betis) Simeone (Atlético Madrid) Unzué (Celta) Valverde (Barcelona) Zidane (Real Madrid) Ziganda (Athletic Bilbao)

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Football in Spain

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National teams

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Women's national team

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League system

Level 1

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Level 2

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Level 3

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B (4 groups)

Level 4

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Tercera División
(18 groups)

Levels 5–10

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Level 2

Segunda División
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(7 groups)

Levels 3–5

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Youth league system

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Domestic cups

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UEFA
Regions' Cup

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Juvenil

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v t e

Top-level football leagues in Europe (UEFA)

Current

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Defunct

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Ostmark

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Republic State

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Herzeg-Bosnia Mandatory Palestine Scotland

Premier Division Premier League

Turkey

Championship National Division

Serbia and Montenegro Soviet Union Yugoslavia

Non-recognized

Artsakh Crimea Isle of Man Monaco Northern Cyprus Vatican City

v t e

Top level men's association football leagues around the world

Africa (clubs)

North Africa

Botola
Botola
(Morocco) Ligue Professionnelle 1 (Algeria) Ligue Professionnelle 1 (Tunisia) Premier League
Premier League
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Premier League
(Libya)

West Africa

Campeonato Nacional (Cape Verde) Campeonato Nacional (Guinea-Bissau) Championnat National (Guinea) Championnat National (Togo) First Division (Gambia) Ligue 1
Ligue 1
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Ligue 1
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(Niger) Premier League
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Premier League
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Central Africa

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Elite One
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East Africa

Premier League
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Southern Africa

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(Yemen)

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Oceania (clubs)

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South America (clubs)

Primera División (Argentina) Liga de Fútbol Profesional
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Categoría Primera A
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Uruguayan Primera División
(Uruguay) Venezuelan Primera División
Venezuelan Primera División
(Venezuela)

Domestic association football season Geography of as

.