LA ASUNCIóN (Spanish pronunciation: ) is a city in
* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Government * 5 Cityscape
* 6 Landmarks
* 6.1 Catedral Nuestra Señora de La Asunción * 6.2 Castle of Santa Rosa de la Eminencia * 6.3 Museum Nueva Cádiz * 6.4 Casa de Juan Bautista Arismendi * 6.5 Casa de la Cultura * 6.6 Cerro El Copey National Park
* 7 Notable residents * 8 References
In 1562, the Spanish villages of Espiritu Santo migrated to this
hamlet to escape the marauding pirates and the tyrant Lope de Aguirre
Spanish invaders. However, the pirates did not spare them as later in
1566 the French pirates headed by
Jean Bontemps completely razed the
village which was further compounded by the English privateer John
Hopkins . However, as it got re-established as a town, it was given
Coat of Arms
City clock tower
It is situated in a fertile valley surrounded by green hills in the Santa Lucia valley, in the center of eastern Isla Margarita. Porlamar is 6 miles (9.7 km) to the south. It was then a secluded location considering its inaccessibility to pirates in the olden days. It is a fertile valley which is nurtured by the Cerro El Copey which rises in the mountains here. A bridge across the Río Asunción was built in 1609 which existed till 1970 and provided entry to the town from the north.
It is the seat of the regional government and the municipality of
The city has two banks, a post office, two museums, and a private hospital with modern facilities. The Palacio Municipal is located behind the cathedral and houses the offices of the state government. The Assemblea Legislativa is accommodated in the building which was earlier a franciscan monastery and which also subsequently served as a hospital and prison. A sundial fixed in 1612 at the initiative of a governor, is known as "Relox Equinoccia Inferior". which is still seen at this venue. The Plaza of La Asuncion is in two parts, the southern part is named as Plaza Bolivar and the northern part is named Plaza Luisa Caceres, whose statue is installed there. An old double storied house has been converted into a souvenir shop with a coffee kiosk. The birthplace of the independence hero Juan Bautista Arismendi , husband of Luisa Caceres de Arismendi has been refurbished.
Some of the prominent landmarks of La Asuncion are the cathedral of Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion, the Santa Rosa castle, the Museo Nueva Cádiz, the Casa de la Cultura and Cerro El Copey National Park.
CATEDRAL NUESTRA SEñORA DE LA ASUNCIóN
Cathedral of Nuestra Señora de La Asunción.
Built between 1570 and 1612, the Catedral Nuestra Señora de La
Asunción is the oldest existing church in Venezuela. Its
construction was started in 1570 (much before the construction of the
cathedral of Coro) and was never completed. A new church was built
from 1609 which took 10 years to complete. The church has a
rectangular plan with massive walls as protection against pirate
attacks. Supported on two lines of huge pillars which support the
roof. There is a bell tower outside and which is also unique and the
bells are now preserved in the plaza. One of the most important
religious buildings on the Island, the Virgin of
CASTLE OF SANTA ROSA DE LA EMINENCIA
Left: Santa Rosa Castle; right: Statue of Luisa Cáceres de Arismendi .
The castle of Santa Rosa de la Eminencia was built in 1682 due to its
prominent location on a hill; it acted as an observatory to watch for
any invading forces approaching from the north, south, or east. An
underground tunnel (a kilometer long dug during the original
construction) from the fort connected to the governor's house, the
church and the Convent of San Francisco . The fort guarded the eastern
approach to the capital and was one of three forts that secured the
island’s strategic location to fend off the English, French, Dutch
and other colonizers. It was where
Luisa Caceres de Arismendi ,
wife of the leading freedom fighter
Juan Bautista Arismendi against
Spanish imperialism, after capture by the Spanish on 27 September was
imprisoned here one day before she became 17 years of age in 1816. She
became a local heroine; in the prison cell of the fort, her first son
was born and died prematurely due to lack of medical attention. She
was imprisoned as her husband had escaped to the forests of Cerro El
Copey and by capturing her they hoped that they could make the freedom
fighter to surrender but the plan failed. After the death of the baby
she was moved to Spain from where she escaped. She eventually joined
her husband with whom she begot 11 children and the died at the age of
65. After her death she had the honour of being buried in the El
Pantheon Nacional in
MUSEUM NUEVA CáDIZ
The Casa Capitular, the seat of the colonial government, and a city
hall has been re-purposed as the Museo Nueva Cádiz (Museum New
Cádiz) which features displays of pre-colonial artifacts and local
handicrafts. Initially, as the seat of the government it had housed
the offices in the first floor and a prison on the ground floor. On
May 4, 1810, the museum was the venue for Margarita's Declaration of
Independence following the declaration made in
An interesting display in the museum is a sculpture of the tyrant
Lope de Aguirre who had terrorized the islanders during 1561;
this event is featured in the film titled Aguirre, the Wrath of God
CASA DE JUAN BAUTISTA ARISMENDI
Casa de Juan Bautista Arismendi honors Venezuela's war hero, Juan Bautista Arismendi .
CASA DE LA CULTURA
The Casa de la Cultura is located opposite to the church and has a theater. A pre-Columbian pottery collection is on display here and replicas of the same could be bought in the nearby town of Santa Ana.
CERRO EL COPEY NATIONAL PARK
Juan Fermín de Huidobro (1783-1853)- governor of Margarita
Francisco Esteban Gómez
* ^ A B C "History and Geography of Margarita". Freewebs.com.
Retrieved 17 May 2013.
* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O Russell Maddicks (1 February
2011). Venezuela: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 175.
ISBN 978-1-84162-299-6 .
* ^ "Castillo Santa Rosa de la Eminencia" (in Spanish). CorpoTur
Margarita. Archived from the original on 9 January 2013. Retrieved 4
* ^ A B "Fortaleza de Santa Rosa de La Eminencia" (in Spanish).
Explorando Rutas. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012.
Retrieved 4 January 2013.
* ^ "History". Margarita Online. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
* ^ A B "Castillo Santa Rosa de la Eminencia" (in Spanish). Conoce
Margarita. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
* ^ A B Showker, Kay (1 March 2006). Caribbean Ports Of Call
Eastern And Southern Regions. Globe Pequot. pp. 377–. ISBN
978-0-7627-3885-4 . Retrieved 16 May 2013.
* ^ "Venezuela: Federal States, Major Cities, Urban Localities".
City Population.de. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
* ^ "
* ^ Balderston, Daniel; Gonzalez, Mike; López, Ana M. (2000). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Latin American and Caribbean Cultures: A-D. Vol. 1. CRC Press. pp. 82–. ISBN 978-0-415-13188-9 . Retrieved 16 May 2013.
* v * t * e
State capitals of
* Valencia ,
BOLD indicates national capital.
* v * t * e
* International Airport * Stadium * Cathedral * Santa Rosa Castle
Coordinates : 11°01′39″N 63°51′46″W / 11.02750°N 63.86278°W / 11