LTI – LINGUA TERTII IMPERII: NOTIZBUCH EINES PHILOLOGEN (1947) is a
* 1 Content
* 2 Examples
* 2.1 Recurrent words * 2.2 Euphemisms (Schleierwörter) * 2.3 Recurrent expressions and motives * 2.4 Prefixes * 2.5 Neologisms
* 3 In film * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
Lingua Tertii Imperii studies the way that
LTI demonstrates changes in the German language in most of the population. In contrast, the text also emphasizes the idea that resistance to oppression begins by questioning the constant use of buzzwords . Both the book and its author unexpectedly survived the war. LTI was first published in 1947 in Germany.
It underlines odd constructions of words intended to give a "scientific" or neutral aspect to otherwise heavily engaged discourses, as well as significant every-day behaviour.
Klemperer notes that much of the Nazi language involved appropriating old words and adapting their meaning, rather than making new ones. Among the examples he recorded of propagandistic language use were the following.
* Artfremd ("Alien to the species") * Ewig ("Eternal") E.gr.: der ewige Jude (the eternal Jew ); das ewige Deutschland (the eternal Germany) * Fanatical / Fanaticism (used in a particularly Orwellian way: strongly positively connotated for the "good" side, and strongly negatively connotated for the "bad" side) * Instinct * Spontaneous
* Evakuierung ("evacuation"): deportation
* Holen ("pick up"): arrest
* Konzertlager ("concert camp"): concentration camp
* Krise ("crisis"): defeat
RECURRENT EXPRESSIONS AND MOTIVES
* the war "imposed" onto a peace-loving Führer (France and the United Kingdom did declare war on Germany, but only after the invasion of Poland .) * the "incommensurable hate" of the Jews – an example of Orwellian ambiguity: the Jews have an "incommensurable hate" of the Third Reich (aggressive or conspiratorial), but the German people have an "incommensurable hate" of the Jews (spontaneous and legitimate). * Examples taken from Victor Klemperer's diaries: January 1, 1935 – language tertii imperii: Lutze's New Year message to the SA...Our "fanatical will" twice in a non-pejorative sense. Emphasis on believing without understanding. (1) "fanatical engagement of the SA," (2) "fanatical sense of commitment." Nov 24, 1936 – On the language of the Third Reich:...The Fuhrer must be followed blindly, blindly! They do not need to explain anything at all, since they are accountable to no one. Today it occurred to me: Never has the tension between human power and powerlessness, human knowledge and human stupidity been so overwhelmingly great as now. May 23, 1938 – The aim of education in the Third Reich and of the language of the Third Reich, is to expand the popular stratum in everyone to such an extent that the thinking stratum is suffocated. August 29, 1939 – Lingua...there is no longer any talk of Bolshevists, but instead of the Russian people. December 31, 1940 – language tertii imperii: In Hitler's New Year Order of the Day to the troops again the "victories of unparalleled dimensions," again the American superlative, "The year of 1941 will see the accomplishment of the greatest victory in our history."
* Groß- ("grand")
* Volk(s)- ("Volk = people, Volks = of or for the people (prefix)").
* arisieren ("to aryanise ") * aufnorden ("to nordicise up", make more Nordic ). * entjuden ("to de-Jew"). Conversely, after the war, a strong trend of Entnazifizierung ("denazification ") took place. * Untermenschentum ("sub-humanity", from Untermensch )
* Language Does Not Lie (La langue ne ment pas), a 2003 documentary film based on Klemperer's book, directed by Stan Neumann