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The LGV Nord
LGV Nord
(Ligne à Grande Vitesse) is a French 333-kilometre (207 mi)-long high-speed rail line, opened in 1993, that connects Paris to the Belgian border and the Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
via Lille. With a maximum speed of 300 kilometres per hour (190 mph), the line appreciably shortened rail journeys between Paris and Lille. Its extensions to the north (Belgium, the Channel Tunnel) and the south (via the LGV Interconnexion Est) have reduced journey times to Great Britain and Benelux
Benelux
and for inter-regional trips between the Nord (Pas de Calais) region and the southeast and southwest of France. Its route is twinned with the A1 for 130 kilometres (81 mi). As it is mostly built in flat areas, the maximum incline is 25 metres per kilometre (2.5%). Of all French high-speed lines the LGV Nord
LGV Nord
sees the widest variety of high-speed rolling stock: the TGV
TGV
Sud-Est, TGV
TGV
Réseau, TGV Atlantique, TGV
TGV
Duplex, Eurostar
Eurostar
e300, Eurostar
Eurostar
e320, Thalys
Thalys
PBA and PBKA as well as the local trains. Traffic is controlled by the Lille rail traffic centre.

Contents

1 Route 2 Stations 3 History 4 Services

4.1 From Paris 4.2 Inter-regional 4.3 International 4.4 Future services

4.4.1 Deutsche Bahn 4.4.2 Veolia 4.4.3 Renfe

5 See also 6 Notes 7 External links

Route[edit] The LGV Nord
LGV Nord
begins at Arnouville-lès-Gonesse, 16.6 kilometres (10.3 mi) from the Gare du Nord
Gare du Nord
on the Paris– Lille
Lille
railway line. At Vémars, the LGV Interconnexion Est joins it via a triangular junction, leading to Charles de Gaulle Airport
Charles de Gaulle Airport
and Marne-la-Vallée-Chessy; this enables direct trains from London and Amsterdam
Amsterdam
to Disneyland Paris. After passing east of the forest of Ermenonville
Ermenonville
over the viaduc de Verberie, it joins the A1 around Chevrières and accompanies it to the Lille
Lille
suburbs. At Ablaincourt-Pressoir
Ablaincourt-Pressoir
(Somme), a new station, Gare TGV Haute-Picardie, is served only by inter-regional TGVs. At Croisilles, Pas-de-Calais, a junction leads to the Agny
Agny
link towards Arras. The LGV crosses the A1 autoroute
A1 autoroute
at Seclin
Seclin
(Nord).

Fretin
Fretin
triangle flying junction

At Fretin, a triangular junction links the LGV to the Lille-Brussels HSL 1
HSL 1
high-speed line eastwards, crossing the border at Wannehain
Wannehain
and joining the conventional network at Lembeek, south of Brussels. After the Fretin
Fretin
junction, the LGV has a connection to the conventional network at Lezennes, near Lille. This junction is used for TGVs terminating at Lille, which use Lille-Flandres. TGVs that continue beyond Lille, as well as some Eurostar
Eurostar
services, stop at Lille-Europe instead. Non-stop Eurostars pass through a tunnel under the city of Lille
Lille
at 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph). The line passes south of Armentières
Armentières
and north of Hazebrouck. At Cassel, a link provides a connection with Dunkirk. The LGV continues west, crossing the A26 autoroute
A26 autoroute
at Zouafques and ends at Calais-Fréthun, at the Eurotunnel
Eurotunnel
terminal. This enables TGV
TGV
service to Calais
Calais
and Eurostars through the Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
to London. The TGVs continue to Calais-Ville
Calais-Ville
or reverse in either Calais
Calais
stations and go on to Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boulogne-sur-Mer
and Étaples-Le Touquet and Rang-du-Fliers-Verton. The route was much criticised, particularly by those in the Picardy
Picardy
region. The LGV crosses the region without a stop; Amiens
Amiens
in particular would have liked to have been on the line. The government judged a route via Amiens
Amiens
to be impracticable, as the Lille
Lille
route demanded a straight line between Paris and Lille
Lille
in order to give a reasonable Paris-Lille-London journey time. The LGV Picardie project would address this issue by serving Amiens, and would reduce the Paris–London journey time to less than 2 hours. Stations[edit] The LGV Nord
LGV Nord
serves the following stations:

Gare du Nord
Gare du Nord
(Paris) Gare TGV
TGV
Haute-Picardie1 Gare d'Arras² Gare de Lille-Europe Gare de Calais-Fréthun

1 Haute-Picardie station has been nicknamed "Gare des Betteraves" or "Beetroot Station," since it is located in the middle of nowhere and is only accessible by good road connections. Amiens
Amiens
wanted a station closer to the town centre, stopping at Gare d'Amiens. ² Arras
Arras
station is reached via a branch of the LGV Nord
LGV Nord
that splits off near the village of Croisilles. History[edit]

1984 (1984): The Lyon- Lille
Lille
connection by TGV
TGV
began, using conventional lines between the Ile-de- France
France
and Lille. 29 September 1989 (1989-09-29): declaration of public utility 2 September 1991 (1991-09-02): commencement of tracklaying 9 September 1992 (1992-09-09): catenary in service 20 October 1992 (1992-10-20): first trials with TGV Atlantique trainset 301 23 May 1993 (1993-05-23): service commences between Paris and Arras 21 December 1993 (1993-12-21): TGV
TGV
7150 from Valenciennes
Valenciennes
to Paris, operated by set 511, derailed at 300 kilometres per hour (190 mph) at the site of TGV
TGV
Haute Picardie station (before it was built). Rain had caused a hole to open up under the track; the hole dated from the First World War but had not been detected during construction. The front power car and the front four carriages derailed, but remained aligned with the track. Out of the 200 passengers, one was slightly injured.

The line was designed to facilitate European connections. The foreseen opening of the Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
made it a project of the utmost urgency, leading to an acceleration of work. It opened in 1993, a year before the tunnel, from Arnouville to Fréthun; the Belgian section followed in 1997. Services[edit] Journey times and daily train frequency: From Paris[edit]

Paris– Lille
Lille
1:00/24 Paris– Douai
Douai
1:09/10 Paris– Valenciennes
Valenciennes
1:42/10 Paris– Arras
Arras
0:49/9 Paris– Dunkirk
Dunkirk
1:38/9 Paris–Lens 1:05/7 Paris– Béthune
Béthune
1:15/7 Paris– Calais
Calais
1:23/5 Paris– Cambrai
Cambrai
1:40/1 Paris– St-Omer
St-Omer
1:56/1 Paris–Boulogne 1:57/1

Inter-regional[edit]

Lyon– Lille
Lille
2:48/11 Lyon– Arras
Arras
2:46/3 Lyon– Brussels
Brussels
3:40/2 Nantes– Lille
Lille
3:53/4 Rennes– Lille
Lille
3:49/4 Bordeaux– Lille
Lille
5:00/5

International[edit]

Paris–London 2:15/14 Paris– Brussels
Brussels
1:20/27 Paris–Liège 2:10/8 Paris– Cologne
Cologne
3:14/7 Paris– Amsterdam
Amsterdam
3:18/8 Lille–London 1:20/10

Future services[edit] At present, only Deutsche Bahn has applied for use of the line and in 2009 regulations were relaxed to allow its trains to use the Channel Tunnel. Other proposals are yet to be formalised. Deutsche Bahn[edit]

A Deutsche Bahn high-speed train

This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (May 2017)

In 2009, Eurotunnel
Eurotunnel
(the owners of the Channel Tunnel) announced that it was prepared to start relaxing the fire safety regulations, in order to permit other operators, such as Deutsche Bahn, to transport passengers via the Tunnel using other forms of rolling stock via LGV Nord.[1] Under the deregulation of European railway service, high-speed lines were opened up to open access on 1 January 2010; the Inter-Governmental Commission on the Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
(IGC) announced that it was considering relaxing the safety requirements concerning train splitting. LCR suggested that high-speed rail services between London and Cologne
Cologne
could commence before the 2012 Olympics.[2] As of March 2010 Eurotunnel, High Speed 1, DB and other interested train operators formed a working group to discuss changes to the safety rules, including allowing DB's 200 metres (660 ft) trains through the tunnel on a Frankfurt to London service.[3] Deutsche Bahn hope to run an ICE 3 train through the Channel Tunnel on 19 October 2010,[4][5] in preparation for possible future operations.[6] The current Velaro ICE3
ICE3
sets do not meet the fire safety requirements necessary for the carriage of passengers through the Channel Tunnel, but the Siemens Velaro D sets on order include the necessary additional fire-proofing.[6] DB are considering a Frankfurt to London service which could start in 2020 taking about 4 to 5 hours with stops at Cologne
Cologne
and Brussels. The ICE 4 trains that are planned to be used on the route are yet to be given their permit to travel at speed through northern France
France
and Belgium, increasing the time it will take for this service to come in fruition, but DB now allegedly plan to start a dual service. This would entail the use of two ICE 4 trains tethered together, travelling as far as Brussels
Brussels
Midi, before splitting, where one train will carry on to Amsterdam
Amsterdam
via Rotterdam and the other to Frankfurt via Cologne. [7] Veolia[edit]

Veolia's planned use of the AGV train would cut journey times to London

In September 2008, Air France-KLM
Air France-KLM
indicated a desire to take advantage of the change in the law and apply to run rail services, in cooperation with Veolia, from London to Paris and from Paris to Amsterdam
Amsterdam
in competition with Eurostar
Eurostar
and Thalys, respectively, with the intention of purchasing or leasing a number of the new AGV multiple units currently being tested.[8][9] However, in October 2009, Air France
France
withdrew its interest. This led to Veolia
Veolia
looking for new partners, with the announcement that it would begin working on new proposals in cooperation with Trenitalia
Trenitalia
to run services from Paris to Strasbourg, London and Brussels.[10] Renfe[edit]

Spanish AVE
AVE
train

Spanish railway operator RENFE
RENFE
has also shown an interest in running AVE
AVE
services from Spain to London[11] via Paris, Lyon, Barcelona and Madrid via its AVE
AVE
network which is connected to France
France
via the Barcelona to Figueras and Perpignan to Figueras lines.[12] See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to LGV Nord.

High-speed rail
High-speed rail
in France

Notes[edit]

^ "Deutsche Bahn gets access to Channel Tunnel". Deutsche Welle. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 27 September 2010.  ^ Lydall, Ross (3 February 2010). "The train at St Pancras will be departing for ... Germany via Channel Tunnel". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 6 February 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2010.  ^ Jameson, Angela (10 March 2010). "Deutsche Bahn may run London to Frankfurt service". The Times. London. Retrieved 2 April 2010.  ^ "Deutsche Bahn eyes Chunnel link to UK". The Local. 2 September 2010.  ^ "Date set for Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
ICE test". International Railway Journal. 1 September 2010. Archived from the original on 6 September 2010.  ^ a b "Deutsche Bahn to run ICE3
ICE3
to Britain this year". Railway Gazette International. 29 July 2010.  ^ Auf Wiedersehen jet: London to Frankfurt by train, The Guardian (19 September 2010) ^ Allen, Peter (10 September 2008). "Airlines plot Eurostar
Eurostar
rival services". thisismoney.co.uk.  ^ Savage, Michael (11 September 2008). "Air France
France
to launch 'quicker' train to Paris as Eurostar
Eurostar
monopoly ends". The Independent. London.  ^ Veoila and Trenitalia
Trenitalia
mount rival Eurostar
Eurostar
service – Breaking Travel News, 24/12/09 ^ " Eurostar
Eurostar
Failures Bolster Deutsche Bahn's Tunnel Bid (Update2)". Bloomberg. 9 March 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2010. Renfe said ... it's looking for opportunities to expand ... through the [Channel] tunnel.  ^ Keeley, Graham (27 November 2009). "Rail offers London to Madrid in eight hours". The Times. London. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 

External links[edit]

(in French) Information on LGVs

v t e

Channel Tunnel

Construction

TransManche Link LGV Nord High Speed 1 Folkestone Terminal Calais
Calais
Terminal

Corporate

Eurostar
Eurostar
International Limited Getlink
Getlink
(Groupe Eurotunnel) SNCF NMBS/SNCB

Passenger services

Eurostar

Freight services

Eurotunnel
Eurotunnel
Shuttle Europorte Channel

Trains

Eurotunnel
Eurotunnel
Class 0001 Eurotunnel
Eurotunnel
Class 0031 Eurotunnel
Eurotunnel
Class 9 British Rail Class 92 British Rail Class 373 British Rail Class 374

Other

Rail transport in France Rail transport in the United Kingdom Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
Safety Authority 1996 Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
fire 2008 Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
fire Cycling in the Channel Tunnel

v t e

Train à Grande Vitesse

Lines in service

LGV Atlantique LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire LGV Est LGV Interconnexion Est LGV Méditerranée LGV Nord LGV Rhin-Rhône
LGV Rhin-Rhône
(Eastern branch) LGV Rhône-Alpes LGV Sud-Est LGV Sud Europe Atlantique LGV Perpignan–Barcelona

Line under construction

LGV Nîmes–Montpellier

Planned or projected lines

LGV Bordeaux–Spain LGV Bordeaux–Toulouse LGV Interconnexion Sud LGV Montpellier–Perpignan LGV Normandie LGV Picardie LGV POCL LGV Poitiers–Limoges LGV Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur LGV Rhin-Rhône
LGV Rhin-Rhône
(Western and Southern branches) LGV Toulouse–Narbonne LGV Lyon–Turin

Canceled projects

LGV des Titans

Rolling stock

TGV
TGV
2N2 TGV
TGV
Atlantique TGV
TGV
Duplex TGV
TGV
PBKA TGV
TGV
POS TGV
TGV
Réseau/PBA TGV
TGV
Sud-Est TGV
TGV
TMST

International services

Artésia Elipsos Eurostar TGV
TGV
Lyria Thalys

Associated high-speed lines

High Speed 1 HSL 1 HSL 2 HSL 3 Cologne-Aachen HSL 4 HSL-Zuid Madrid-Barcelona

Export trainsets

Acela AVE
AVE
Class 100 KTX-I

Other

Development of the TGV TGV
TGV
accidents TGV
TGV
services TGV
TGV
stations TGV
TGV
track construction Transmission Voie-Machine

v t e

High-speed railway lines

An asterisk indicates overlap with conventional services.

Africa

None

Asia

China

Beijing–Shanghai Beijing–Shijiazhuang–Wuhan–Guangzhou–Shenzhen Beijing–Tianjin Bengbu–Hefei–Fuzhou Changchun–Jilin Chengdu–Dujiangyan Dalian–Harbin–Qiqihar Guangzhou–Zhuhai Guiyang–Guangzhou Guiyang–Kaiyang Hainan Eastern Ring Hengyang–Liuzhou Jilin–Hunchun Jinan–Qingdao–Rongcheng* Jiujiang–Nanchang–Fuzhou* Lanzhou–Zhongchuan Airport Liuzhou–Nanning* Nanjing–Anqing Nanjing–Hangzhou–Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou–Fuzhou–Xiamen–Shenzhen Nanjing–Hefei–Wuhan* Nanning–Guangzhou Nanning–Kunming Panjin–Yingkou Shanghai–Hangzhou–Changsha–Guiyang Shanghai–Nanjing Shenyang–Dandong Suining–Chongqing* Taiyuan–Shijiazhuang Taiyuan–Xi'an Tianjin–Baoding Tianjin–Qinhuangdao–Shenyang* Wuhan–Xianning Wuhan–Xiaogan Xuzhou–Lanzhou Zhengzhou–Jiaozuo Zhengzhou–Kaifeng Zhengzhou–Xi'an–Baoji–Lanzhou–Urumqi Zhengzhou–Xuzhou

Japan

Hokkaido Shinkansen Hokuriku Shinkansen Jōetsu Shinkansen Kyushu Shinkansen San'yō Shinkansen Tōhoku Shinkansen Tōkaidō Shinkansen

South Korea

Gyeongbu HSR Honam HSR Suseo HSR

Taiwan

Taiwan HSR

Turkey

Ankara–Pendik Polatlı–Konya

Uzbekistan

Tashkent–Samarkand Samarkand–Bukhara

Europe

Belgium

HSL 1 HSL 2 HSL 3 HSL 4

Finland

Kerava-Lahti* St. Petersburg-Helsinki*

France

LGV Atlantique LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire LGV Est LGV Interconnexion Est LGV Méditerranée LGV Nord LGV Rhin-Rhône LGV Rhône-Alpes LGV Sud-Est LGV Sud Europe Atlantique LGV Perpignan–Barcelona*

Germany

Cologne–Düren Cologne–Frankfurt Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle Hanover–Würzburg Mannheim–Stuttgart Nuremberg–Ingolstadt Rastatt–Offenburg Wolfsburg–Berlin

Italy

Bologna–Florence Florence–Rome Milan–Bologna Milan–Verona Naples–Salerno Rome–Naples Turin–Milan

Netherlands

HSL-Zuid

Norway

Gardermoen Line

Poland

Grodzisk–Zawiercie

Russia

Moscow–St.Petersburg* St. Petersburg-Helsinki*

Spain

Atlantic Axis Barcelona–Perpignan* Madrid–Barcelona Madrid–León Madrid–Malaga Madrid–Seville Madrid–Toledo Madrid–Levante

Sweden

Botniabanan

United Kingdom

High Speed 1

North America

United States

Northeast Corridor*

Oceania

None

South America

None

v t e

Eurostar

Stations

London St Pancras International Ebbsfleet International Ashford International Calais-Fréthun Lille-Europe Brussels-South Rotterdam Centraal Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Centraal Paris Gare du Nord Marne la Vallée-Chessy (Disneyland Paris) Lyon-Part-Dieu Avignon TGV Marseille-Saint-Charles

Winter only Moûtiers-Salins-Brides-les-Bains Aime-La Plagne Bourg-Saint-Maurice

Lines

High Speed 1 Channel Tunnel LGV Nord HSL 1 HSL-Zuid LGV Interconnexion Est LGV Sud-Est LGV Rhône-Alpes LGV Méditerranée

Rolling stock

e300 e320

Proposed

Stratford International LGV Picardie

Other

High-speed rail ICE TGV Thalys

Rail transport in the United Kingdom Rail transport in France Rail transport in Belgium Rail transport in the Netherlands

Coordinates: 49°54′33″N 2°50′56″E / 49.9091°N 2.8489°E

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