1.1 Early years 1.2 Post-war and international service expansion 1.3 Privatization and internationalization 1.4 LATAM Airlines Group
2 Corporate affairs
2.1 Subsidiaries 2.2 Cargo branches 2.3 Former subsidiaries
3.1 Codeshare agreements
4.1 Current fleet 4.2 Fleet development 4.3 Former fleet
5 LATAM Pass 6 Lounges 7 South America AirPass 8 Incidents and accidents 9 References 10 External links
History Early years
DH 60G Gipsy Moths in service with LAN-Chile, 1933
The airline was founded by Chilean Air Force Commodore Arturo Merino Benítez (after whom Santiago International Airport is named), and began operations on March 5, 1929 as Línea Aeropostal Santiago-Arica (English: Postal Air Line Santiago-Arica), under the government of President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo. In 1932 It was rebranded as Línea Aérea Nacional de Chile (In English: National Air Line of Chile), using the acronym LAN-Chile as commercial name. LAN-Chile's first fleet consisted of de Havilland Moth planes. Merino Benitez was a strong defender of Chilean carriers exclusivity on domestic routes, differing from most Latin American countries which easily granted authorization on domestic flights to US-based Panagra, influenced by the propaganda made by Charles Lindbergh's Atlantic crossing. Also because of this reason, US-built airplanes became more difficult to incorporate to LAN's fleet until the beginning of WWII. In 1936, 2 French Potez 560 airplanes were purchased while in 1938, 4 German Junkers Ju 86Bs were incorporated to the fleet. During that same year, a joint cooperation agreement was established with Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano and the Peruvian carrier Faucett. Another agreement with Lufthansa was signed for flights to & from Europe and America's Atlantic coast. 
LAN-Chile Douglas DC-3 added to the fleet in 1945
In 1940, given the restrictions imposed during WWII on access to spare parts for the Junker's BMW engines, LAN-Chile had to replace them for Lockheed Electra 10-A planes, adding in 1941 further Lockheed Lodestar C-60 and Douglas DC-3 in 1945. Post-war and international service expansion On August 23, 1945, LAN-Chile became a member of the newly formed IATA. In October 1946, it started international service to Buenos Aires at Morón Airport and in 1947 to Punta Arenas, Chile's most distant continental destination. In December 1954, LAN-Chile made its first commercial flight to Lima, Perú. On December 22, 1956 a LAN-Chile Douglas DC-6 made the world's first commercial flight over Antarctica. Since then, all LAN's DC-6 fleet had painted on their fuselage "Primeros sobre la Antártica (First over Antarctica)", using this same aircraft type for its first commercial service to Miami International Airport in 1958. LAN-Chile entered the jet era in 1963, purchasing three French Sud Aviation Caravelle VI-R, which initially flew to Miami, Guayaquil, Lima, Panama City and within Chile to Punta Arenas, Puerto Montt and Antofagasta.
A LAN-Chile Boeing 707 at Paris-Orly Airport in 1981
In 1966, LAN-Chile purchased from Lufthansa its first Boeing 707, in exchange for flying rights in the Lima-Santiago route. With this aircraft model, the company developed new long haul routes to the USA, Oceania and Europe. LAN-Chile started on April 15, 1967, the route Santiago-John F. Kennedy International Airport and Santiago-Easter Island on April 8. In October 1967 a LAN-Chile Sud Aviation Caravelle made the first ILS landing in South America at Lima's Jorge Chávez International Airport. On January 16, 1968, the Santiago-Easter Island flight was extended to Papeete-Faa'a International Airport, in Tahiti, French Polynesia. On September 4, 1974, this route was extended to Fiji. In 1969, LAN-Chile expanded its destinations to Rio de Janeiro, Asunción and Cali with new Boeing 727s. In 1970, with Boeing 707s LAN-Chile opened its first transatlantic routes to Madrid–Barajas Airport, Frankfurt Airport and Paris-Orly. Since its inception and until 1970 the airline had its headquarters, main hub and maintenance center at Los Cerrillos Airport (ICAO: SCTI; IATA: ULC), in South-West Santiago. The restrictions imposed by the growing metropolitan area of Santiago and the need for modern, jet-era airport facilities that could safely accommodate both domestic and intercontinental flights, drove the need to relocate the Chilean capital's principal airport from Los Cerrillos in the denser southwest metropolitan region of Santiago to the more rural northwest metropolitan area. For this reason, Santiago International Airport in Pudahuel was built between 1961 and 1967, fully moving LAN-Chile's flights to this new airport in 1970.
LAN Chile Boeing 727 at Pudahuel Airport Santiago in 1972
On February 10, 1974, A LAN Chile Boeing 707 flown by captain Jorge Jarpa Reyes made the world's first transpolar non-stop flight between South America (Punta Arenas Airport) and Australia (Sydney Kingsford-Smith Airport). In 1980, the company replaced its Boeing 727s with 737-200 Advanced on its domestic routes. In addition, the McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, LAN Chile's first wide body jets, were added for use on routes to Los Angeles, Miami and New York. That same year, the maintenance facilitites were relocated from Los Cerrillos to Arturo Merino Benitez Airport. In 1985, LAN-Chile implemented a program of flights around the world called Cruceros del Aire ("Air Cruises"), pioneers and unique in Latin America. The initial version included two flights per year (April 26 and September 26) on a Boeing 707 named Three Oceans because it crossed the Atlantic, Indian and South Pacific oceans, visiting 18 different places. The aircraft was specially prepared for these flights. It had 80 seats in first class, thus providing passengers with ample room for their comfort. Eighty tourists were selected for a 31-day tour that included visits to the main cities of Africa, Asia and Oceania. Such flights were made until 1989, marketed according to their route under various names such as "Around the World", "Three Oceans", "Three Continents", "Mediterranean","East-West China", etc.
Lan Chile's Boeing 767 at Frankfurt (1994)
In June 1986, Boeing 767-200ERs replaced the DC-10 fleet, with a new route to Montréal–Mirabel International Airport. In 1988, LAN Chile started construction of its Maintenance Center at Santiago Airport and added a Boeing 747-100 on lease from Aer Lingus to its fleet during the summer season for its US flights. Privatization and internationalization
LAN's logo (2004–2016)
In September 1989, the Chilean government privatized the carrier, selling a majority stake in the company to Icarosan and Scandinavian Airlines (49%), which subsequently sold its stake a few years later to local investors. Since 1994, major shareholders have been the Cueto Family and businessman Sebastián Piñera (until 2010), who sold his shares when taking office as President of the Republic of Chile. The approval from the Chilean Anti-Trust Authority resulted in the acquisition of the country's second largest airline Ladeco on August 11, 1995. In October 1998, Lan Chile merged its cargo subsidiary Fast Air Carrier with Ladeco, forming LAN Express. In 1998 LAN Airlines established a joint venture with Lufthansa called LLTT (Lufthansa-LAN Technical Training S.A.) with the aim to satisfy the needs for aircraft maintenance training in Latin America. LLTT is based at LAN's hangars in Comodoro Arturo Merino Benitez Airport. LLTT is the only A320 Maintenance Simulator (CMOS) training provider in Latin America. In 2000, LAN Cargo opened up a major operations base at Miami International Airport and currently operates one of its largest cargo facilities there. In 2002, LAN Chile started its internationalization process through LAN Perú and LAN Ecuador. In March 2004, Lan Chile and its subsidiaries, LAN Perú, LAN Ecuador, LAN Dominicana and LAN Express, became unified under the unique LAN brand and livery, eliminating each airline country name on the brands. On June 17, 2004, LAN Chile changed its formal name to LAN Airlines (which was said to mean Latin American Network Airlines, even though the airline says LAN is no longer an acronym) as part of this re-branding and internationalization process; although, when founded in 1929, LAN originally meant "Línea Aérea Nacional" (National Airline). In mid-2005, LAN opened its subsidiary LAN Argentina in Argentina and operates national and international flights from Buenos Aires, and is the third largest local operator behind Aerolíneas Argentinas and Austral. This subsidiary is also under the single LAN brand. As of August 1, 2006, LAN Airlines merged first and business classes of service into a single class, named Premium Business. On October 28, 2010, LAN acquired 98% of the shares of AIRES, the second-largest air carrier in Colombia. On December 3, 2011, AIRES started operating as LAN Colombia under the unified LAN livery. LATAM Airlines Group
LATAM Chile's Airbus A321 operate short to medium-haul routes, both domestically and internationally.
On August 13, 2010, LAN signed a non-binding agreement with Brazilian airline TAM Airlines to merge, and form the LATAM Airlines Group. The merger was completed on June 22, 2012. The Administrative Council of Economic Defense of Brazil ("CADE") and the Tribunal de Defensa de la Libre Competencia (Chilean Court at Law for Antitrust) ("TDLC") approved the merger subject to mitigation measures. The airlines have to surrender four daily São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport slot pairs to other airlines willing to fly the Santiago-São Paulo route, to give up membership in either Star Alliance (of which TAM Airlines was a member) or Oneworld, and to interline deals with other airlines that operate selected routes, among other provisions.  Since May 5, 2016, LAN Airlines has been operating as LATAM Chile. The airline opened many routes during 2017, one of them being their longest flight in their history: Santiago to Melbourne, which started operating October 5 of that year. During the first half of 2018 the airline was struggling due to the Rolls Royce engines on their Boeing 787 Dreamliner fleet, having grounded at least six of them since February 2018. On April 2018 their domestic subsidiary LAN Express had a major strike. This has caused several economic losses for the airline. Corporate affairs The airline has its headquarters on the 20th floor of the 5711 Avenida Presidente Riesco Building in Las Condes, Santiago Province. Previously its headquarters were in Estado 10 in downtown Santiago de Chile. Subsidiaries
LATAM Brasil LATAM Perú LATAM Argentina LATAM Colombia LATAM Ecuador LATAM Express LATAM Paraguay
LATAM Cargo Chile LATAM Cargo Brasil LATAM Cargo Colombia LATAM Cargo Mexico
Destinations Main article: LATAM Airlines destinations
LATAM Chile destinations. LATAM Chile Hubs LATAM Chile Airlines Destinations
LATAM Chile operates in 31 international, 17 domestic (Chile), 5 seasonal and 4 marketed destinations in 21 countries. When the airline takes delivery of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner it will start flights to Washington D.C. and London-Heathrow. It is also considering starting flights to Dallas/Fort Worth, Houston, Atlanta, Barcelona (starting in Dec. 2016), Milan, Zurich, Shanghai, Tokyo and Hong Kong. With the delivery of more Airbus A319s, Airbus A320s and new deliveries of the Airbus A321, it will start new destinations in South America; it has considered Panama, San Jose de Costa Rica, Curitiba, Asunción, Manaus, Rosario, Cuzco and others. LATAM Airlines was a popular choice for surfers traveling to South America because of their policy of not charging extra baggage fees but starting December 19, 2016 they changed their policy and are now charging US$200 per way for a surfboard bag of up to three boards. On October 5, 2017, LATAM inaugurated their direct route between Santiago and Melbourne, a 15 hours (westbound) and 11,300 kilometres (6,100 nmi) flight. It is currently the southernmost commercial point-to-point flight. The flight's great circle passes south of the Antarctic Circle, at a distance of approx 800 km off the Antarctic mainland. The flight numbers are LA805 (westbound) and LA804 (eastbound). In November 2017 the company announced the opening of a direct air route to the continent of Asia. The route will operate with a flight departing from Santiago, Chile – make a stop in Sao Paulo, Brazil – and from there will proceed a direct flight to Tel Aviv, Israel. The flights will be operated three times a week starting from September 2018. The flights will be executed with the company's new Boeing 787 aircraft. This is the second air route operated by a South-American company from South America to Asia. Codeshare agreements LATAM Chile codeshares with the following airlines:
Aeroméxico Air China Alaska Airlines American Airlines British Airways Cathay Pacific Iberia Interjet Japan Airlines Jetstar Airways Korean Air LATAM Brasil LATAM Paraguay Qantas WestJet
Fleet For the fleets of the subsidiaries, see LAN Argentina#Fleet, LAN Colombia#Fleet, LAN Ecuador#Fleet, LAN Express#Fleet, and LAN Perú#Fleet. For the fleets of cargo subsidiaries, see ABSA Cargo Airline#Fleet, LAN Cargo#Fleet, LANCO#Fleet, and MasAir#Fleet.
A LAN Airlines Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner at Frankfurt Airport in 2014.
LAN Airlines Boeing 767-300ER with 80 years logo.
A LAN Airlines Airbus A320-200 taking off from Commodore Benitez International Airport in 2011.
A LAN Airlines Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner at John F. Kennedy International Airport, in LAN livery
The same 787-9 Dreamliner as above, in the same location as above, but repainted into the new LATAM livery. This livery will eventually be applied to all LAN (and TAM) aircraft.
A LAN Airlines Airbus A340-300, used only on Australasia services. LAN retired this type from its fleet in spring 2015; Dreamliners were its replacement.
Current fleet The LATAM Chile fleet consists of the following aircraft (287 as of March 2018):
LATAM Chile Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
J Y Total
Airbus A319-100 17 — — 144 144
Airbus A320-200 51 — — 168 168
Airbus A320neo 3 8 TBA CC-BHA and CC-BHB are currently grounded as of March 2018.
Airbus A321-200 18 — — 220 220 2 aircraft are former Air Berlin aircraft. Expected to have 19 A321 in 2018 .
Airbus A321neo — 5 TBA Delivery will start by October 2018. First operator of ACF variant.
Boeing 747-400 — 1 TBA Will wet-leased from Wamos Air.
Boeing 767-300ER 19 — 30 191 221
Boeing 777-200ER — 2 TBA
Boeing 787-8 10 — 30 217 247 CC-BBD, CC-BBE and CC-BBG are grounded as of March 2018.
Boeing 787-9 14 8 30 274 304
Total 132 24
Fleet development LATAM Chile became the launch customer for the Pratt & Whitney PW6000 engine on the Airbus A318. Its Airbus A319s and Airbus A320s are equipped with International Aero Engines V2500s. LATAM Chile renovated its Boeing 767s, adding amenities like flat bed seats in Premium Business class, which offers 180 degrees of recline, and new touch screen personal TVs with on-demand content. In May 2008, LATAM Chile retired its last 737-200 from service; the 737-200 was replaced by the Airbus A318. In addition to its A320's family aircraft and Boeing 767 family, LATAM Chile bought the Boeing 787 for its long haul routes such as Auckland, Sydney and European routes, replacing its Airbus A340-300s, that left the fleet in April 2015. With this new aircraft they plans to open new routes like Chicago O'Hare and Rome-Fiumicino. In 2011, LATAM Chile ordered 10 A318s but has since sold these to Avianca Brasil, to purchase another 128 airliners from the A320 family and 1 more order of A340-300. That year the airline placed orders for more Airbus A320 and brand new Airbus A321 aircraft. LATAM Chile is the American launch customer for the Sharklets for its A320 fleet. In 2012, LATAM Chile became the launch customer in the Americas of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner. In November 2014 the airline received their first Airbus A321 aircraft. This has been the domestic flahship of the airline ever since. In 2015 the airline officially retired the Airbus A340-300 from their fleet, being the last one CC-CQA. In December 2017 the airline received their very first Airbus A320neo aircraft, however, months later these have been grounded due to an issue with the Pratt & Whitney PW1000G engines. LATAM Chile faced many problems caused by both groundings of A320neo and Boeing 787 aircraft during 2018. Former fleet LATAM Chile had also operated these following aircraft since it started services on the Santiago-Ovalle, Copiapó-Antofagasta-Iquique-Arica Route with the de Havilland Gipsy Moth carrying mail and 2 passengers, 1929.
LATAM Chile Former Fleet
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Replacement Notes
Airbus A318-100 15 2007 2013 Airbus A320 family Used for Domestic Route
Airbus A340-300 5 2001 2015 Boeing 787 Dreamliner
Boeing 707-320 Unknown Unknown 1968 McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Operated first scheduled international flight to Frankfurt. (Via Paris–Orly, Madrid and São Paulo)
Boeing 727-100 Unknown Unknown Unknown Boeing 737-200
Boeing 737-200 25 2004 2008 Airbus A318
Boeing 747-100 1 1989 1990 Boeing 767-200ER Leased from Aer Lingus
Boeing 757-200 1 1996 1997 Unknown
Boeing 767-200ER 6 1986 1997 Airbus A340-300
BAe 146–200 3 1990 1997 Airbus A318-100
Convair 440 Unknown Unknown 1952 Boeing 727-100
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
de Havilland Gipsy Moth Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
De Havilland Dove DH-104 Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Douglas DC-3 Unknown Unknown 1945 Convair 440
Douglas DC-6 Unknown Unknown 1954 Boeing 707-320 Operated first long-haul flight to Miami (Via Lima and Panama City)
Ford 5 AT-C Unknown Unknown 1934 Douglas DC-3
Hawker Siddeley HS 748 Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Lockheed Electra L-10A Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Lockheed C-60 Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Martin 2-0-2 Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 5 1980 1986 Boeing 747-100
Sud Aviation Caravelle Unknown Unknown 1961 Boeing 727-100 Operated first long-haul flight to New York City (Via Lima, Bogotá and Montego Bay)
LATAM Pass LATAM Chile created the LANPASS frequent flyer program to reward customer loyalty. There are currently over four million members. Every year, over 250,000 LANPASS members fly for free. LANPASS members earn miles every time they fly with LATAM Chile, a Oneworld alliance member, a LANPASS-affiliated airline or by using the services of any LANPASS-associated business around the world.: The LANPASS Program has four Elite membership categories:
Premium (Oneworld Ruby) Premium Silver (Oneworld Sapphire) Comodoro (Oneworld Emerald) Comodoro Black
On May 5, 2016, LANPASS became known as LATAM Pass, once LAN Airlines fully transitioned into LATAM Chile. Lounges
LATAM lounge in Santiago de Chile.
LATAM Airlines operates VIP passenger lounges at the following airports:
Mistral Lounge at Comodoro Arturo Merino Benitez Airport, in Santiago de Chile Neruda Lounge at Comodoro Arturo Merino Benitez Airport, in Santiago de Chile Ezeiza International Airport, in Buenos Aires, Argentina El Dorado International Airport, in Bogotá, Colombia Miami International Airport São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport
These lounges are accessible by passengers traveling onboard LATAM First Class, Premium Business, Business and Premium Economy, as well as senior members of the LATAM PASS program (Comodoro, Premium Silver levels), TAM Fidelidade program (Black, Vermelho Plus, Vermelho) and oneworld respective categories (Emerald, Sapphire). The new and renovated LATAM Chile Passenger lounges are designed by Chilean architect Mathias Klotz and Parisian Studio Putman Olivia Putman. South America AirPass The "South America AirPass" describes an airfare that allows passengers residing outside of South America to purchase individual, one-way coupon for flights between any of the South American destinations that make up LAN's network, at a price determined by two factors:
Whether the passenger reaches South America with LATAM or with another Oneworld alliance member. The distance between the point of departure and the destination.
The purchase of the AirPass coupons must be made at the time intercontinental travel is purchased and outside South America. Incidents and accidents
On April 3, 1961, LAN Chile Flight 621, a Douglas C-47A registered as CC-CLD, on a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Temuco Airport (now Maquehue Airport, later La Araucania Airport) to Santiago, crashed into a hillside due to inclement weather near La Gotera Hill, Chile. On board were many members of the Chilean association football club C.D. Green Cross. All four crew members and all twenty passengers on board were killed. On February 6, 1965 a Douglas DC-6, operating LAN Chile Flight 107 from Santiago to Ezeiza, Argentina, flew into a mountain near the San José Volcano in the Las Melosas area of the Andes shortly after takeoff. All of the 87 passengers and crew on board died in what is as of 2012 the worst aircraft accident in Chile. On April 28, 1969 LAN Chile Flight 160 crashed short of runway at Colina, Chile. None of the 60 passengers and crew were injured in the accident. On December 5, 1969, a Douglas C-47A registration CC-CBY, crashed shortly after takeoff from El Tepual Airport, Puerto Montt. The aircraft was operating a cargo flight; all three people on board survived. On May 25, 1972, a Boeing 727-100 registration CC-CAG, made an emergency landing at Sir Donald Sangster International Airport after a pipe bomb exploded on board. The aircraft was operating a passenger flight from Tocumen International Airport to Miami International Airport; there were no fatalities or injuries. On August 3, 1978, a Boeing 707 registered as CC-CCX was approaching Ministro Pistarini International Airport in thick fog when it struck trees in a gentle descent, some 2500 metres short of the runway threshold and 300 metres out of line with the runway centreline. All 63 people on board the aircraft survived the accident. On August 4, 1987, a Boeing 737-200, while on the approach at El Loa Airport, landed short of the displaced threshold of runway 27. The nosegear collapsed and the aircraft broke in two. A fire broke out 30 minutes later and destroyed the aircraft. The threshold was displaced by 880m due to construction work. There was one fatality. On February 19, 1991, a chartered BAe 146–200 operating LAN Chile Flight 1069, overran the runway on landing at Puerto Williams in southern Chile and sank in the nearby waters. Of the 73 people aboard, 20 perished. On May 18, 2013, an Airbus A340, departing for Sydney from Auckland Airport lined-up on what was thought to be the centre line of the runway. Instead, it was actually the lights on the edge of the runway & the crew took off without noticing it. The damage wasn't discovered until a runway inspection was made.
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Russia and the CIS regional office
Aeroflot Air Astana Air Moldova AirBridgeCargo Azerbaijan Airlines Belavia Dniproavia Georgian Airways Nordavia Nordwind Airlines Rossiya Airlines S7 Airlines Ukraine International Airlines Ural Airlines Utair Aviation Uzbekistan Airways Volga-Dnepr Airlines
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Airlines of Chile
Aerocardal AeroEjecutiva Aerovías DAP DAP Helicópteros JetSmart LATAM Chile LATAM Cargo Chile LATAM Express LATAM Airlines Group Sky Airline
Aero Continente Chile Air Comet Chile Avant Airlines Ladeco Latin American Wings PAL Airlines
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Fuerza Aérea de Chile "FACH" Servicio de Aviación Militar de Chile Chilean Space Agency
Arturo Merino Benítez Pedro Dartnell Dagoberto Godoy Marmaduque Grove Gustavo Leigh Fernando Matthei Klaus von Storch
Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez Internati