Lạc Việt (雒越; pinyin: Luòyuè) were an ancient
conglomeration of Yue tribes that inhabited what is today
China and the lowland plains of Northern Vietnam,
particularly the marshy, agriculturally rich area of the Red River
Delta. They are particularly associated with the
Bronze Age Đông
Sơn culture of mainland Southeast Asia.
Lạc Việt are believed to have founded a state called Văn Lang
in 2879 BC. The people of
Văn Lang traded with the upland-based Âu
Việt people, who lived in the mountainous regions of what are today
northernmost Vietnam, western Guangdong, and northern Guangxi, China,
to their north, until 258 BC or 257 BC, when Thục Phán, the leader
of the alliance of
Âu Việt tribes, invaded
Văn Lang and defeated
the last Hùng king. He united the two kingdoms, naming the new nation
Âu Lạc and taking a Sino-Vietnamese title, "peaceful virile king"
(Chinese: 安陽王; Vietnamese: An Dương Vương).
^ SarDesai, D. R. (1998). Vietnam, Past and Present. Avalon
Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-8133-3435-6.
^ Hoàng, Anh Tuấn (2007). Silk for Silver: Dutch-Vietnamese
Rerlations ; 1637 - 1700. BRILL. p. 12.
^ Chapuis, Oscar (1995). A History of Vietnam: From Hong Bang to Tu
Duc. Greenwood Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-