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TEMPLE NAME

Thái Tông (太宗)

HOUSE Lý

FATHER Lý Thái Tổ
Lý Thái Tổ

MOTHER Empress Linh Hiển

RELIGION Buddhism
Buddhism

Lý THáI TôNG (chữ Hán : 李太宗) (1000–1054) was the posthumous title of Lý Phật Mã (李佛瑪), emperor of the Lý dynasty of Đại Việt
Đại Việt
(now Vietnam) from 1028 to 1054.

BIOGRAPHY

His father was Lý Thái Tổ
Lý Thái Tổ
, the founder and the first emperor of the Lý Dynasty. During his reign, he built the basic bureaucratic infrastructure for the dynasty and was considered one of the greatest kings and emperors in Vietnamese history.

At the beginning of his reign, Thái Tông relied mostly on his father's advisers who were left to him and together they crushed a rebellion led by two of his brothers challenging his throne. Later, he personally led an army to defeat yet another unsatisfied brother.

When his rule became more secure, Thái Tông started to demonstrate his unconventional style of governing. He promoted one of his favorite concubines to royal status. He rejected his officials' advice and plowed the land himself during the spring plowing ceremony.

In 1039, Thái Tông had a serious discussion with his official about whether a good government depended upon strong personal leadership or a sophisticated institution. In the end, he accepted his officials' opinion and started to reform the government.

One of those reforms was to reorganize the royal family and make it into a parallel of the government, which was a bureaucratic system. Another significant reform was the publication of a new law, which replaced the old law that was either copied or borrowed from Tang China .

In 1044, Thái Tông with his army invaded Champa
Champa
. The war was won and the Cham king, Jaya Sinhavarman II, was killed. The amount of the plunder was considerable. :60

Starting around 1049, Thái Tông became less occupied with worldly affairs. He began to seek solutions of life through religion. He died in 1054 and a few months before his death, he transferred the governing job to his son Lý Nhật Tôn ( Lý Thánh Tông ). The succession went much smoother than the one in 1028 and proved the success of Thái Tông’s institutional reform.

REFERENCES

* ^ Maspero, G., 2002, The Champa
Champa
Kingdom, Bangkok: White Lotus Co., Ltd., ISBN 9747534991

* Tarling, Nicholas ed., The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia Volume One, Part One. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Express, 1999. 0 521 35505 2

Preceded by Lý Thái Tổ
Lý Thái Tổ
EMPEROR OF THE Lý DYNASTY 1028–1054 Succeeded by Lý Thánh Tông

Lý ROYAL FAMILY (NOTABLE MEMBERS)

COLOUR NOTE Emperor, Empress Regnant, Retired Emperor
Emperor

Lý Thái Tổ
Lý Thái Tổ

Lý Thái Tông

Lý Thánh Tông

Ỷ Lan

Sùng Hiền hầu

Lý Nhân Tông
Lý Nhân Tông

Lý Thần Tông

Lý Anh Tông

Lý Long Tường

Lý Nguyên vương

Lý Cao Tông

Empress Đàm

Lý Thẩm

Lý Huệ Tông

Trần Thị Dung

Trần Thái Tông
Trần Thái Tông

Lý Chiêu Hoàng

Princess Thuận Thiên

Trần Liễu

NOTES:

* Ngô Sĩ Liên (1993), Đại Việt
Đại Việt
sử ký toàn thư (in Vietnamese) (Nội các quan bản ed.), Hanoi: Social Science Publishing House * National Bureau for Historical Record (1998), Khâm định Việt sử Thông giám cương mục (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Education Publishing House * Trần Trọng Kim
Trần Trọng Kim
(1971), Việt Nam sử lược (in Vietnamese), Saigon: Center for School Materials * Chapuis, Oscar (1995), A history of Vietnam: from Hong Bang to Tu Duc, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0313296227

Family tree of Vietnamese monarchs

Overall Early independence Lý dynasty
Lý dynasty
Trần dynasty Lê dynasty Trịnh lords and Mạc dynasty Nguyễn lords a

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