Kyushu (九州, Kyūshū, literally "Nine Provinces";
Japanese: [kʲɯːꜜɕɯː]) is the third largest island of
Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands. Its
alternative ancient names include Kyūkoku (九国, "Nine Provinces"),
Chinzei (鎮西, "West of the Pacified Area"), and Tsukushi-no-shima
(筑紫島, "Island of Tsukushi"). The historical regional name
Saikaidō (西海道, lit. West Sea Circuit) referred to
its surrounding islands.
In the 8th century
Taihō Code reforms, Dazaifu was established as a
special administrative term for the region.
As of 2016[update],
Kyushu has a population of 12,970,479 and covers
36,782 square kilometres (14,202 sq mi).
3 Economy and environment
6 See also
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The island is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at
1,591 metres (5,220 ft), is on Kyushu. There are many other signs
of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The
most famous of these are in Beppu, on the east shore, and around Mt.
Aso, in central Kyushu. The island is separated from
Honshu by the
The name Kyūshū comes from the nine ancient provinces of Saikaidō
situated on the island: Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hizen, Higo, Buzen, Bungo,
Hyūga, Osumi, and Satsuma.
Kyushu Region (九州地方, Kyūshū-chihō) is a politically
defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of
Kyushu (which also includes the former Tsushima and Iki as part of
Okinawa Prefecture to the south:
Most of Kyushu's population is concentrated along the northwest, in
the cities of
Fukuoka and Kitakyushu, with population corridors
stretching southwest into Sasebo and
Nagasaki and south into Kumamoto
and Kagoshima. Excepting Oita and Miyazaki cities, the eastern
seaboard shows a general decline in population.
Kyushu is described as a stronghold of the LDP political party.
Fukuoka (population: 1,460,000)
Kitakyushu (population: 977,000)
Kumamoto (population: 730,000)
Economy and environment
Kyushu region with prefectures
JMSDF District Forces, including the Sasebo District Force
Kyushu have a subtropical climate, particularly Miyazaki
Kagoshima prefecture. Major agricultural products are
rice, tea, tobacco, sweet potatoes, and soy; silk is also widely
produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain,
including Arita, Imari, Satsuma, and Karatsu. Heavy industry is
concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and
Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles, semiconductors, and metal
In 2010, the graduate employment rate in the region was the lowest
nationwide, at 88.9%.
Besides the volcanic area of the south, there are significant mud hot
springs in the northern part of the island, around Beppu. These
springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile
micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot
Japanese motor manufacturer Lexus has a large, state of the art,
manufacturing plant in Kyushu.
Major universities and colleges in Kyushu:
Kyushu University – One of seven former "Imperial Universities"
Kyushu Institute of Technology
Fukuoka University of Education
National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya
University of the Ryukyus
Universities run by local governments
University of Kitakyushu
Kyushu Dental College
Fukuoka Women's University
Fukuoka Prefectural University
Nagasaki Prefectural University
Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences
Prefectural University of Kumamoto
Miyazaki Municipal University
Miyazaki Prefectural Nursing University
Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts
Major private universities
Fukuoka University – University with the largest number of students
Kumamoto Gakuen University
Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University
Seinan Gakuin University
Kyushu Sangyo University – Baseball team won the Japanese National
Championship in 2005
University of Occupational and Environmental Health
The island is linked to the larger island of
Honshu by the Kanmon
Tunnels, which carry both the
San'yō Shinkansen and non-Shinkansen
trains of the
Kyushu Railway Company, as well as vehicular,
pedestrian, and bicycle traffic. The
Kanmon Bridge also connects the
island with Honshu. Railways on the island are operated by the Kyushu
Railway Company, and Nishitetsu Railway.
Look up Kyushu or Islands in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Azumi people, an ancient group of people who inhabited parts of
Geography of Japan
Western Army (Japan)
United States Fleet Activities Sasebo
Hoenn, a fictional region in the
Pokémon franchise which is based on
Kanmonkyo Bridge, that connects Kyūshū with Honshū
Kyushu National Museum
List of regions in Japan
Hōnichi dialect and
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kyushu.
^ "Kujū-san, Japan". Peakbagger.com.
^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kyūshū" in Japan
Encyclopedia, p. 588, p. 588, at Google Books
^ Nussbaum, "Dazaifu" in p. 150, p. 150, at Google Books; Dazaifu
^ "Japanese voters want a plan to handle a declining population". The
Economist. 5 October 2017.
^ "Grads landing jobs near all-time low". The
Japan Times. May 22,
2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. Extremophile. eds. E.Monosson and
C.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and
the Environment, Washington DC
Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan
encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
Regions and administrative divisions of Japan
Coordinates: 33°N 131°E / 33°N 131°E / 33; 131
BNF: cb11961725m (d