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KYUSHU (九州, Kyūshū, literally "Nine Provinces"; Japanese: ) is the third biggest island of Japan
Japan
and most southwesterly of its four main islands . Its alternative ancient names include Kyūkoku (九国, "Nine States"), Chinzei (鎮西, "West of the Pacified Area"), and Tsukushi-no-shima (筑紫島, "Island of Tsukushi"). The historical regional name Saikaidō
Saikaidō
(西海道, lit. West Sea Circuit ) referred to Kyushu
Kyushu
and its surrounding islands.

In the 8th century Taihō Code
Taihō Code
reforms, Dazaifu was established as a special administrative term for the region.

As of 2016 , Kyushu
Kyushu
has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 square kilometres (14,202 sq mi).

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Demography * 3 Economy and environment * 4 Education * 5 Transportation * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References

GEOGRAPHY

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The island is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,591 metres (5,220 ft), is on Kyushu. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu , on the east shore, and around Mt. Aso, in central Kyushu. The island is separated from Honshu
Honshu
by the Kanmon Straits .

The name Kyūshū comes from the nine ancient provinces of Saikaidō situated on the island: Chikuzen , Chikugo , Hizen , Higo , Buzen , Bungo , Hyūga , Osumi , and Satsuma .

Today's Kyushu
Kyushu
Region (九州地方, Kyūshū-chihō) is a politically defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of Kyushu
Kyushu
(which also includes the former Tsushima and Iki as part of Nagasaki), plus Okinawa Prefecture to the south:

* Northern Kyushu
Northern Kyushu

* Fukuoka Prefecture * Kumamoto Prefecture
Kumamoto Prefecture
* Nagasaki Prefecture
Nagasaki Prefecture
* Ōita Prefecture
Ōita Prefecture
* Saga Prefecture
Saga Prefecture

* Southern Kyushu
Kyushu

* Kagoshima Prefecture * Miyazaki Prefecture
Miyazaki Prefecture
* Okinawa Prefecture

DEMOGRAPHY

Most of Kyushu's population is concentrated along the northwest, in the cities of Fukuoka
Fukuoka
and Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
, with population corridors stretching southwest into Sasebo and Nagasaki
Nagasaki
and south into Kumamoto and Kagoshima. Excepting Oita and Miyazaki cities, the eastern seaboard shows a general decline in population. Designated cities

* Fukuoka
Fukuoka
(population: 1,460,000) * Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
(population: 977,000) * Kumamoto (population: 730,000)

Core cities

* Kagoshima
Kagoshima
* Ōita * Nagasaki
Nagasaki
* Miyazaki * Naha * Kurume * Saga

ECONOMY AND ENVIRONMENT

Map of Kyushu
Kyushu
region with prefectures JMSDF District Forces , including the SASEBO DISTRICT FORCE

Parts of Kyushu
Kyushu
have a subtropical climate , particularly Miyazaki prefecture and Kagoshima
Kagoshima
prefecture . Major agricultural products are rice , tea , tobacco , sweet potatoes , and soy ; silk is also widely produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain , including Arita, Imari, Satsuma, and Karatsu. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles, semiconductors, and metal processing.

In 2010, the graduate employment rate in the region was the lowest nationwide, at 88.9%.

Besides the volcanic area of the south, there are significant mud hot springs in the northern part of the island, around Beppu. These springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments.

Japanese motor manufacturer Lexus has a large, state of the art, manufacturing plant in Kyushu.

EDUCATION

Major universities and colleges in Kyushu:

* National universities

* Kyushu University
Kyushu University
- One of seven former "Imperial Universities" * Kyushu Institute of Technology * Saga University * Nagasaki
Nagasaki
University * Kumamoto University * Fukuoka
Fukuoka
University of Education * Oita University * Miyazaki University * Kagoshima
Kagoshima
University * National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya * University of the Ryukyus

* Universities run by local governments

* University of Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
* Kyushu Dental College * Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Women\'s University * Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefectural University * Nagasaki
Nagasaki
Prefectural University * Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences * Prefectural University of Kumamoto * Miyazaki Municipal University * Miyazaki Prefectural Nursing University * Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts

* Major private universities

* Fukuoka
Fukuoka
University - University with the largest number of students in Kyushu * Kumamoto Gakuen University * Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University
Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University
* Seinan Gakuin University * Kyushu Sangyo University - Baseball team won the Japanese National Championship in 2005 * University of Occupational and Environmental Health * Kurume University

TRANSPORTATION

The island is linked to the larger island of Honshu
Honshu
by the Kanmon Tunnels , which carry both the Sanyō Shinkansen
Sanyō Shinkansen
and non-Shinkansen trains of the Kyushu Railway Company , as well as vehicular, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic. The Kanmon Bridge also connects the island with Honshu. Railways on the island are operated by the Kyushu Railway Company, and Nishitetsu Railway .

SEE ALSO

Look up KYUSHU or ISLANDS in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* Japan
Japan
portal * Islands portal * Geography portal

* Azumi people , an ancient group of people who inhabited parts of northern Kyūshū * Geography of Japan
Japan
* Group Kyushu * Western Army (Japan) * United States Fleet Activities Sasebo
United States Fleet Activities Sasebo
* Hoenn , a fictional region in the Pokémon
Pokémon
franchise which is based on Kyushu * Kanmonkyo Bridge , that connects Kyūshū with Honshū * Kyushu National Museum * List of regions in Japan
Japan
* Kyushu
Kyushu
dialects * Hichiku dialect , Hōnichi dialect
Hōnichi dialect
and Kagoshima
Kagoshima
dialect

NOTES

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: KYUSHU (category)

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for KYUSHU .

* ^ "Kujū-san, Japan". Peakbagger.com. * ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kyūshū" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 588, p. 588, at Google Books
Google Books
* ^ Nussbaum, "Dazaifu" in p. 150, p. 150, at Google Books
Google Books
; Dazaifu * ^ "Grads landing jobs near all-time low". The Japan
Japan
Times . May 22, 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010. * ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. Extremophile. eds. E.Monosson and C.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington DC

REFERENCES

* Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press . ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 ; OCLC
OCLC
58053128

* v * t * e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan
Japan

REGIONS

* Hokkaido
Hokkaido
* Tōhoku

* Kantō

* Nanpō Islands

* Chūbu

* Hokuriku * Kōshin\'etsu * Shin\'etsu * Tōkai

* Kansai

* Chūgoku

* San\'in * San\'yō

* Shikoku

* Kyushu
Kyushu

* Northern * Southern * Okinawa

47 PREFECTURES

HOKKAIDO

* Hokkaido
Hokkaido

TōHOKU

* Aomori * Iwate * Miyagi * Akita * Yamagata * Fukushima

KANTō

* Ibaraki * Tochigi * Gunma * Saitama * Chiba * Tokyo
Tokyo
* Kanagawa

CHūBU

* Niigata * Toyama * Ishikawa * Fukui * Yamanashi * Nagano * Gifu * Shizuoka * Aichi

KANSAI

* Mie * Shiga * Kyoto * Osaka * Hyōgo * Nara * Wakayama

CHūGOKU

* Tottori * Shimane * Okayama * Hiroshima * Yamaguchi

SHIKOKU

* Tokushima * Kagawa * Ehime * Kōchi

KYUSHU

* Fukuoka
Fukuoka
* Saga *