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KYUSHU (九州, _Kyūshū_, literally "Nine Provinces"; Japanese: ) is the third biggest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands . Its alternative ancient names include _Kyūkoku_ (九国, "Nine States"), _Chinzei_ (鎮西, "West of the Pacified Area"), and _Tsukushi-no-shima_ (筑紫島, "Island of Tsukushi"). The historical regional name Saikaidō (西海道, lit. West Sea Circuit ) referred to Kyushu and its surrounding islands.

In the 8th century Taihō Code reforms, Dazaifu was established as a special administrative term for the region.

As of 2016 , Kyushu has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 square kilometres (14,202 sq mi).

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Demography * 3 Economy and environment * 4 Education * 5 Transportation * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References

GEOGRAPHY

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The island is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,591 metres (5,220 ft), is on Kyushu. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu , on the east shore, and around Mt. Aso, in central Kyushu. The island is separated from Honshu by the Kanmon Straits .

The name _Kyūshū_ comes from the nine ancient provinces of Saikaidō situated on the island: Chikuzen , Chikugo , Hizen , Higo , Buzen , Bungo , Hyūga , Osumi , and Satsuma .

Today's Kyushu Region (九州地方, _Kyūshū-chihō_) is a politically defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of Kyushu (which also includes the former Tsushima and Iki as part of Nagasaki), plus Okinawa Prefecture to the south:

* Northern Kyushu

* Fukuoka Prefecture * Kumamoto Prefecture * Nagasaki Prefecture * Ōita Prefecture * Saga Prefecture

* Southern Kyushu

* Kagoshima Prefecture * Miyazaki Prefecture * Okinawa Prefecture

DEMOGRAPHY

Most of Kyushu's population is concentrated along the northwest, in the cities of Fukuoka and Kitakyushu , with population corridors stretching southwest into Sasebo and Nagasaki and south into Kumamoto and Kagoshima. Excepting Oita and Miyazaki cities, the eastern seaboard shows a general decline in population. Designated cities

* Fukuoka (population: 1,460,000) * Kitakyushu (population: 977,000) * Kumamoto (population: 730,000)

Core cities

* Kagoshima * Ōita * Nagasaki * Miyazaki * Naha * Kurume * Saga

ECONOMY AND ENVIRONMENT

Map of Kyushu region with prefectures JMSDF District Forces , including the SASEBO DISTRICT FORCE

Parts of Kyushu have a subtropical climate , particularly Miyazaki prefecture and Kagoshima prefecture . Major agricultural products are rice , tea , tobacco , sweet potatoes , and soy ; silk is also widely produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain , including Arita, Imari, Satsuma, and Karatsu. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles, semiconductors, and metal processing.

In 2010, the graduate employment rate in the region was the lowest nationwide, at 88.9%.

Besides the volcanic area of the south, there are significant mud hot springs in the northern part of the island, around Beppu. These springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments.

Japanese motor manufacturer Lexus has a large, state of the art, manufacturing plant in Kyushu.

EDUCATION

Major universities and colleges in Kyushu:

* National universities

* Kyushu University - One of seven former "Imperial Universities" * Kyushu Institute of Technology * Saga University * Nagasaki University * Kumamoto University * Fukuoka University of Education * Oita University * Miyazaki University * Kagoshima University * National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya * University of the Ryukyus

* Universities run by local governments

* University of Kitakyushu * Kyushu Dental College * Fukuoka Women\'s University * Fukuoka Prefectural University * Nagasaki Prefectural University * Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences * Prefectural University of Kumamoto * Miyazaki Municipal University * Miyazaki Prefectural Nursing University * Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts

* Major private universities

* Fukuoka University - University with the largest number of students in Kyushu * Kumamoto Gakuen University * Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University * Seinan Gakuin University * Kyushu Sangyo University - Baseball team won the Japanese National Championship in 2005 * University of Occupational and Environmental Health * Kurume University

TRANSPORTATION

The island is linked to the larger island of Honshu by the Kanmon Tunnels , which carry both the Sanyō Shinkansen and non-Shinkansen trains of the Kyushu Railway Company , as well as vehicular, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic. The Kanmon Bridge also connects the island with Honshu. Railways on the island are operated by the Kyushu Railway Company, and Nishitetsu Railway .

SEE ALSO

_ Look up KYUSHU _ or _ISLANDS _ in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* Japan portal * Islands portal * Geography portal

* Azumi people , an ancient group of people who inhabited parts of northern Kyūshū * Geography of Japan * Group Kyushu * Western Army (Japan) * United States Fleet Activities Sasebo * Hoenn , a fictional region in the Pokémon franchise which is based on Kyushu * Kanmonkyo Bridge , that connects Kyūshū with Honshū * Kyushu National Museum * List of regions in Japan * Kyushu dialects * Hichiku dialect , Hōnichi dialect and Kagoshima dialect

NOTES

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to: KYUSHU _ (category)

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for KYUSHU _.

* ^ "Kujū-san, Japan". Peakbagger.com. * ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kyūshū" in _Japan Encyclopedia, p. 588_, p. 588, at Google Books * ^ Nussbaum, "Dazaifu" in _p. 150_, p. 150, at Google Books ; Dazaifu * ^ "Grads landing jobs near all-time low". The Japan Times . May 22, 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010. * ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. _Extremophile_. eds. E.Monosson and C.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington DC

REFERENCES

* Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). _Japan encyclopedia._ Cambridge: Harvard University Press . ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 ; OCLC 58053128

* v * t * e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

REGIONS

* Hokkaido * Tōhoku

* Kantō

* Nanpō Islands

* Chūbu

* Hokuriku * Kōshin\'etsu * Shin\'etsu * Tōkai

* Kansai

* Chūgoku

* San\'in * San\'yō

* Shikoku

* Kyushu

* Northern * Southern * Okinawa

47 PREFECTURES

HOKKAIDO

* Hokkaido

TōHOKU

* Aomori * Iwate * Miyagi * Akita * Yamagata * Fukushima

KANTō

* Ibaraki * Tochigi * Gunma * Saitama * Chiba * Tokyo * Kanagawa

CHūBU

* Niigata * Toyama * Ishikawa * Fukui * Yamanashi * Nagano * Gifu * Shizuoka * Aichi

KANSAI

* Mie * Shiga * Kyoto * Osaka * Hyōgo * Nara * Wakayama

CHūGOKU

* Tottori * Shimane * Okayama * Hiroshima * Yamaguchi

SHIKOKU

* Tokushima * Kagawa * Ehime * Kōchi

KYUSHU

* Fukuoka * Saga * Nagasaki * Kumamoto * Ōita * Miyazaki * Kagoshima * Okinawa

Coordinates : 33°N 131°E / 33°N 131°E / 33; 131

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 246095633 * GND : 4073463-8 * BNF : cb11961725m (data) * NDL : 00632981

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