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Kyushu
Kyushu
(九州, Kyūshū, literally "Nine Provinces"; Japanese: [kʲɯːꜜɕɯː]) is the third largest island of Japan
Japan
and most southwesterly of its four main islands.[2] Its alternative ancient names include Kyūkoku (九国, "Nine Provinces"), Chinzei (鎮西, "West of the Pacified Area"), and Tsukushi-no-shima (筑紫島, "Island of Tsukushi"). The historical regional name Saikaidō
Saikaidō
(西海道, lit. West Sea Circuit) referred to Kyushu
Kyushu
and its surrounding islands. In the 8th century Taihō Code
Taihō Code
reforms, Dazaifu was established as a special administrative term for the region.[3] As of 2016[update], Kyushu
Kyushu
has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 square kilometres (14,202 sq mi).[citation needed]

Contents

1 Geography 2 Demography 3 Economy and environment 4 Education 5 Transportation 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References

Geography[edit]

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The island is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,591 metres (5,220 ft), is on Kyushu. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu, on the east shore, and around Mt. Aso, in central Kyushu. The island is separated from Honshu
Honshu
by the Kanmon Straits. The name Kyūshū comes from the nine ancient provinces of Saikaidō situated on the island: Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hizen, Higo, Buzen, Bungo, Hyūga, Osumi, and Satsuma. Today's Kyushu
Kyushu
Region (九州地方, Kyūshū-chihō) is a politically defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of Kyushu
Kyushu
(which also includes the former Tsushima and Iki as part of Nagasaki), plus Okinawa Prefecture
Okinawa Prefecture
to the south:

Northern Kyushu

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture Kumamoto
Kumamoto
Prefecture Nagasaki
Nagasaki
Prefecture Ōita Prefecture Saga Prefecture

Southern Kyushu

Kagoshima
Kagoshima
Prefecture Miyazaki Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture

Demography[edit] Most of Kyushu's population is concentrated along the northwest, in the cities of Fukuoka
Fukuoka
and Kitakyushu, with population corridors stretching southwest into Sasebo and Nagasaki
Nagasaki
and south into Kumamoto and Kagoshima. Excepting Oita and Miyazaki cities, the eastern seaboard shows a general decline in population. Kyushu
Kyushu
is described as a stronghold of the LDP political party.[4]

Designated cities

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
(population: 1,460,000) Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
(population: 977,000) Kumamoto
Kumamoto
(population: 730,000)

Core cities

Kagoshima Ōita Nagasaki Miyazaki Naha Kurume Saga

Economy and environment[edit]

Map of Kyushu
Kyushu
region with prefectures

JMSDF District Forces, including the Sasebo District Force

Parts of Kyushu
Kyushu
have a subtropical climate, particularly Miyazaki prefecture and Kagoshima
Kagoshima
prefecture. Major agricultural products are rice, tea, tobacco, sweet potatoes, and soy; silk is also widely produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain, including Arita, Imari, Satsuma, and Karatsu. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles, semiconductors, and metal processing. In 2010, the graduate employment rate in the region was the lowest nationwide, at 88.9%.[5] Besides the volcanic area of the south, there are significant mud hot springs in the northern part of the island, around Beppu. These springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments.[6] Japanese motor manufacturer Lexus has a large, state of the art, manufacturing plant in Kyushu. Education[edit] Major universities and colleges in Kyushu:

National universities

Kyushu University
Kyushu University
– One of seven former "Imperial Universities" Kyushu
Kyushu
Institute of Technology Saga University Nagasaki
Nagasaki
University Kumamoto
Kumamoto
University Fukuoka
Fukuoka
University of Education Oita University Miyazaki University Kagoshima
Kagoshima
University National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya University of the Ryukyus

Universities run by local governments

University of Kitakyushu Kyushu
Kyushu
Dental College Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Women's University Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefectural University Nagasaki
Nagasaki
Prefectural University Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences Prefectural University of Kumamoto Miyazaki Municipal University Miyazaki Prefectural Nursing University Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts

Major private universities

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
University – University with the largest number of students in Kyushu Kumamoto
Kumamoto
Gakuen University Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Seinan Gakuin University Kyushu Sangyo University – Baseball team won the Japanese National Championship in 2005 University of Occupational and Environmental Health Kurume University

Transportation[edit] The island is linked to the larger island of Honshu
Honshu
by the Kanmon Tunnels, which carry both the San'yō Shinkansen
San'yō Shinkansen
and non-Shinkansen trains of the Kyushu
Kyushu
Railway Company, as well as vehicular, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic. The Kanmon Bridge
Kanmon Bridge
also connects the island with Honshu. Railways on the island are operated by the Kyushu Railway Company, and Nishitetsu Railway. See also[edit]

Look up Kyushu or Islands in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Japan
Japan
portal Islands portal Geography portal

Azumi people, an ancient group of people who inhabited parts of northern Kyūshū Geography of Japan Group Kyushu Western Army (Japan) United States Fleet Activities Sasebo Hoenn, a fictional region in the Pokémon
Pokémon
franchise which is based on Kyushu Kanmonkyo Bridge, that connects Kyūshū with Honshū Kyushu
Kyushu
National Museum List of regions in Japan Kyushu
Kyushu
dialects Hichiku dialect, Hōnichi dialect
Hōnichi dialect
and Kagoshima
Kagoshima
dialect

Notes[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Kyushu
Kyushu
(category)

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kyushu.

^ "Kujū-san, Japan". Peakbagger.com.  ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kyūshū" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 588, p. 588, at Google Books ^ Nussbaum, "Dazaifu" in p. 150, p. 150, at Google Books; Dazaifu ^ "Japanese voters want a plan to handle a declining population". The Economist. 5 October 2017.  ^ "Grads landing jobs near all-time low". The Japan
Japan
Times. May 22, 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010.  ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. Extremophile. eds. E.Monosson and C.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington DC

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Coordinates: 33°N 131°E / 33°N 131°E / 33; 131

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 246095633 GND: 4073463-8 BNF: cb11961725m (d

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