Kyprinos (Greek: Κυπρίνος) is a town and a former municipality
in the Evros regional unit, East Macedonia and Thrace, Greece. Since
the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality
Orestiada, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has
an area of 135.976 km2. In 2011 its population was 806 for the
village and 2,226 for the municipal unit.
Kyprinos is located
southwest of Edirne, Turkey, west-northwest of Orestiada, north of
Alexandroupoli and about 5 to 6 km east of
Kurdzhali and the
Bulgarian frontier, where there is a border crossing.
approximately 1,050 km to the southwest.
Komara is on the other
side of the river Ardas.
1 Name origin
4 Logo and seal
6 The river of Ardas
8 External links
The Turkish name of
Kyprinos was at first "Simavna", after
Kyprinos was once called "Sarihadir" what means "yellow
Hadir". Hadir is Hidir who was an Islamic religious figure. His
holiday was celebrated at the same day the Greek Christian Saint St.
George's holiday was celebrated (April, 23rd).
St. George was and
still is the guardian Saint of the village
Kyprinos and also its
church' name-giver. So the Turkish just interpreted
Kyprinos as the
village with the yellow church -which indeed was made out of yellow
stones- meaning St. George, whom they considered to be something like
the religious person whom they knew as Hadir. The church is still
there down in the valley and can be visited at any time. When the
great flood of the 1920s destroyed every house of the village which at
that time was also located in the valley not a single building
resisted its power except for that church. The Greek name "Kyprinos"
means "carp". It is not clear whether that name was given to the
village because of the carps found in the nearby Ardas river or for
some other reasons.
The name is rendered in Bulgarian as Саръхадър, Saryhadyr.
The municipal unit
Kyprinos is subdivided into the following
communities (constituent villages in brackets):
Kyprinos (Kyprinos, Galini)
Fylakio (Fylakio, Keramos, Ammovouno)
Zoni (Zoni, Chelidona, Mikra Doxipara)
Municipal unit population
Logo and seal
Its logo contains a beautiful blue sky with its setting sun with a
forested mountain and hills and foothills. In the middle is the river
Arda written in the Greek alphabet, also a swan and two fishes are in
the water which is mainly its reservoir. Its rim is coloured yellow
and reflects the colour gold. Its Greek form of the municipality is at
the bottom along with the Delta-Kappa letter and the founding year.
The Greek word for welcome (Kalos Irthate) is at the bottom as well.
The villages of and around
Kyprinos are assumed to have been there for
many centuries and what can certainly be said is that in the documents
of the late 18th century found in different archives, both Greek and
Kyprinos itself and most of the nearby villages are already
mentioned. Even though it is not clear when the first ones were
founded since historical sources are rare and barely explicit.
However, there is evidence that in the Ancient world there already
were settlements in that area. Excavations near the village of Mikri
Doxipara - Zoni have brought interesting pieces of ancient Thracian
culture (Thrace) into the light. The
Tombs found in that place
(8 km from Kyprinos, between Zoni and Mikri Doxipara) are
estimated to be from the 1st or 2nd century AD.
Sheikh Bedreddin (1359–1420), also known as Sheikh Bedreddin, was
born in Kyprinos, son of a local g(h)azi (warrior), whose name was
Israel. He was a famous Sufi teacher and a rebel against the Ottoman
The modern municipality was founded in 1998.
The river of Ardas
The river of Ardas, after a distance of 216 km from its original
source in the mountains of Rhodope enters the
Kyprinos territory on
the border to
Bulgaria close to the village of Galini and reaches from
there to the river Evros (Maritsa), flowing along
Filakio. The Ardas river composes an important ecosystem for that area
and its forest which is growing corresponding to its river bed. It is
a biotope of crucial importance on a regional as well as on a national
There is a reservoir dam, the
Kyprinos Dam, built in 1969
approximately 8 km from
Kyprinos of 350 meters width providing
resident farmers with water.
Kyprinos is the Partner-City of Bulgarian Ivaylovgrad
Information on the Democritus University of Thrace
Kyprinos (municipality) on GTP Travel Pages
Kyprinos (town) on GTP Travel Pages
^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011.
ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical
^ Kallikratis law
Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average
elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
Places adjacent to Kyprinos
Subdivisions of the municipality of Orestiada
Municipal unit of Kyprinos
Municipal unit of Orestiada
Municipal unit of Trigono
Municipal unit of Vyssa