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Kyprinos
Kyprinos
(Greek: Κυπρίνος) is a town and a former municipality in the Evros regional unit, East Macedonia and Thrace, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Orestiada, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] The municipal unit has an area of 135.976 km2.[3] In 2011 its population was 806 for the village and 2,226 for the municipal unit. Kyprinos
Kyprinos
is located southwest of Edirne, Turkey, west-northwest of Orestiada, north of Alexandroupoli
Alexandroupoli
and about 5 to 6 km east of Kurdzhali
Kurdzhali
and the Bulgarian frontier, where there is a border crossing. Athens
Athens
is approximately 1,050 km to the southwest. Komara
Komara
is on the other side of the river Ardas.

Contents

1 Name origin 2 Subdivisions 3 Population 4 Logo and seal 5 History 6 The river of Ardas 7 City-Partnership 8 External links 9 References

Name origin[edit] The Turkish name of Kyprinos
Kyprinos
was at first "Simavna", after "Sarihadir". Kyprinos
Kyprinos
was once called "Sarihadir" what means "yellow Hadir". Hadir is Hidir who was an Islamic religious figure. His holiday was celebrated at the same day the Greek Christian Saint St. George's holiday was celebrated (April, 23rd). St. George
St. George
was and still is the guardian Saint of the village Kyprinos
Kyprinos
and also its church' name-giver. So the Turkish just interpreted Kyprinos
Kyprinos
as the village with the yellow church -which indeed was made out of yellow stones- meaning St. George, whom they considered to be something like the religious person whom they knew as Hadir. The church is still there down in the valley and can be visited at any time. When the great flood of the 1920s destroyed every house of the village which at that time was also located in the valley not a single building resisted its power except for that church. The Greek name "Kyprinos" means "carp". It is not clear whether that name was given to the village because of the carps found in the nearby Ardas river or for some other reasons. The name is rendered in Bulgarian as Саръхадър, Saryhadyr. Subdivisions[edit] The municipal unit Kyprinos
Kyprinos
is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):

Kyprinos
Kyprinos
(Kyprinos, Galini) Fylakio
Fylakio
(Fylakio, Keramos, Ammovouno) Zoni (Zoni, Chelidona, Mikra Doxipara)

Population[edit]

Year Town population Municipal unit population

1981 1,926 -

1991 1,320 3,478

2001 1,157 2,915

2011 806 2,226

Logo and seal[edit] Its logo contains a beautiful blue sky with its setting sun with a forested mountain and hills and foothills. In the middle is the river Arda written in the Greek alphabet, also a swan and two fishes are in the water which is mainly its reservoir. Its rim is coloured yellow and reflects the colour gold. Its Greek form of the municipality is at the bottom along with the Delta-Kappa letter and the founding year. The Greek word for welcome (Kalos Irthate) is at the bottom as well. History[edit] The villages of and around Kyprinos
Kyprinos
are assumed to have been there for many centuries and what can certainly be said is that in the documents of the late 18th century found in different archives, both Greek and Turkish, Kyprinos
Kyprinos
itself and most of the nearby villages are already mentioned. Even though it is not clear when the first ones were founded since historical sources are rare and barely explicit. However, there is evidence that in the Ancient world there already were settlements in that area. Excavations near the village of Mikri Doxipara - Zoni have brought interesting pieces of ancient Thracian culture (Thrace) into the light. The Tombs
Tombs
found in that place (8 km from Kyprinos, between Zoni and Mikri Doxipara) are estimated to be from the 1st or 2nd century AD. Sheikh Bedreddin (1359–1420), also known as Sheikh Bedreddin, was born in Kyprinos, son of a local g(h)azi (warrior), whose name was Israel. He was a famous Sufi teacher and a rebel against the Ottoman central rule. The modern municipality was founded in 1998. The river of Ardas[edit] The river of Ardas, after a distance of 216 km from its original source in the mountains of Rhodope enters the Kyprinos
Kyprinos
territory on the border to Bulgaria
Bulgaria
close to the village of Galini and reaches from there to the river Evros (Maritsa), flowing along Kyprinos
Kyprinos
and Filakio. The Ardas river composes an important ecosystem for that area and its forest which is growing corresponding to its river bed. It is a biotope of crucial importance on a regional as well as on a national level. There is a reservoir dam, the Kyprinos
Kyprinos
Dam, built in 1969 approximately 8 km from Kyprinos
Kyprinos
of 350 meters width providing resident farmers with water. City-Partnership[edit] Kyprinos
Kyprinos
is the Partner-City of Bulgarian Ivaylovgrad External links[edit]

Official Website Information on the Democritus University of Thrace Kyprinos
Kyprinos
(municipality) on GTP Travel Pages Kyprinos
Kyprinos
(town) on GTP Travel Pages

References[edit]

^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.  ^ Kallikratis law Greece
Greece
Ministry of Interior (in Greek) ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21. 

Places adjacent to Kyprinos

Trigono Vyssa

Ivaylovgrad
Ivaylovgrad
(Bulgaria)

Kyprinos

Orestiada

Metaxades

v t e

Subdivisions of the municipality of Orestiada

Municipal unit of Kyprinos

Fylakio Kyprinos Zoni

Municipal unit of Orestiada

Ampelakia Chandras Megali Doxipara Neo Cheimonio Neochori Orestiada Thourio Valtos

Municipal unit of Trigono

Arzos Dikaia Elaia Komara Marasia Milia Ormenio Pentalofos Petrota Plati Ptelea Spilaio Therapeio

Municipal unit of Vyssa

Kastanies Kavyli Nea Vyssa

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