Kwanza River
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The Kwanza River, also known as the Coanza, the Quanza, and the Cuanza, is one of the longest
rivers A river is a natural flowing watercourse A watercourse is the channel Channel, channels, channeling, etc., may refer to: Geography * Channel (geography), in physical geography, a landform consisting of the outline (banks) of the path o ...
in
Angola , national_anthem = "Angola Avante"() , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Luanda , religion = , religion_year = 2015 , religion_ref = , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , o ...

Angola
. It empties into the
Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
just south of the national capital
Luanda Luanda () is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lower ...

Luanda
.


Geography

The river is navigable for about from its mouth, located south of
Luanda Luanda () is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lower ...

Luanda
. Its tributaries included the Cutato and Lucala.


History

The river's navigable lower course was the original route of
Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, ...
invasion into northern Angola. The
Capanda Dam The Capanda Dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Kwanza River in Malanje Province, Angola. Built in 1987–2007 by the Russian company Tekhnopromexport, general designer - the institute Hydroproject (Chief Engineer - Ph.D Fedosov V.E.) The facility ge ...
in
Malanje Province Malanje is a Provinces of Angola, province of Angola. It has an area of 97,602 km² and a 2014 census population of 986,363. Malanje is the capital of the province. Geography The Malanje Province is located in the north of Angola, the provi ...
was finished in 2004, providing hydroelectric power to the region and assisting its irrigation. The
Cambambe Hydroelectric Power Station The Cambambe Hydroelectric Power Station is a hydroelectric power Hydroelectricity, or hydroelectric power, is electricity produced from hydropower Hydropower (from el, ὕδωρ, "water"), also known as water power, is the use of fa ...
also lies on the river, with the
Lauca Dam Lauca is a Biosphere Reserve A nature reserve (also known as a natural reserve, wildlife refuge, wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserve or bioreserve, natural or nature preserve, or nature conservation area), is a protected area Protected a ...
under construction. The ''Barra do Kwanza'', the mouth of the river is gradually being developed for tourism, including a golf course. The Church of Nossa Senhora da Victoria stands near the banks of the Kwanza River in Massanganu, Province of Cuanza-Norte,
Angola , national_anthem = "Angola Avante"() , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Luanda , religion = , religion_year = 2015 , religion_ref = , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , o ...

Angola
.


Wildlife

Rich biodiversity has been found in the Angolan river, according to research reported on the Science and Development Network website. Angola's first biodiversity tally of the Kwanza River has so far found 50 fish species. Researchers from the National Fishing Research Institute and the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity say genetic testing may reveal new species. Sportfishing includes tarpon.


Legacy

Angola's currency, the Angolan kwanza, kwanza, is named after the river. The river is also the namesake of the provinces of Angola, provinces of Cuanza Norte Province, Cuanza Norte ("Cuanza North") and Cuanza Sul Province, Cuanza Sul ("Cuanza South").


See also

* Quissama National Park, to the south of the river


References


Citations


Bibliography

* .


External links


Map of the Cuanza River basin at Water Resources eAtlas
Rivers of Angola {{Angola-river-stub