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Kwang-chih Chang (Chinese: 張光直; pinyin: Zhāng Guāngzhí; 1931 – January 3, 2001), commonly known as K.C. Chang, was a Chinese-American archaeologist and sinologist. He was the John E. Hudson Professor of archaeology at Harvard University, Vice-President of the Academia Sinica, and a curator at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. He helped to bring modern, western methods of archaeology to the study of ancient Chinese history. He also introduced new discoveries in Chinese archaeology to western audiences by translating works from Chinese to English. He pioneered the study of Taiwanese archaeology, encouraged multi-disciplinal anthropological archaeological research, and urged archaeologists to conceive of East Asian prehistory (China, Korea, and Japan) as a pluralistic whole.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Selected works 4 Honors 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Early life[edit] Chang's paternal grandfather was a farmer in Taiwan. His father, Chang Wo-chün (張我軍), moved to Beijing
Beijing
in 1921 to pursue his education, where he met and married K.C. Chang's mother. His father later became a professor of Japanese literature
Japanese literature
and language at Peking University and also established some fame as a leading literary figure. Born in Beijing
Beijing
as the second son in a family of four children, he moved to Taiwan with his family in 1946; the family's eldest son remained in mainland China. Because of that association, the 17-year-old Chang spent a year in prison during Taiwan's White Terror period.[1] He enrolled in National Taiwan University
National Taiwan University
in 1950, where he studied anthropology and archaeology under Li Ji. He chose archaeology because "it is fun". He graduated in 1954 and moved to the United States to pursue his graduate studies at Harvard University. He earned his Ph.D in 1960; his dissertation was entitled Prehistoric Settlements in China: A Study in Archaeological Method and Theory. Career[edit] Chang began his teaching career in the Anthropology Department at Yale University and later became the chair of the department. In 1977, he returned to Harvard to chair its Department of Anthropology.[2] He became a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences
United States National Academy of Sciences
in 1979 and the John E. Hudson Professor of Archaeology at Harvard in 1984. He was a Vice-President of Taiwan's Academia Sinica
Academia Sinica
from 1994 to 1996.[2] He trained many students over the years including distinguished archaeologists such as Bruce Trigger, Richard J. Pearson, Choi Mong-lyong, and Li Liu. Chang's main research interests included Chinese prehistory, archaeological theory, settlement archaeology, shamanism, Bronze Age society, and the development of and interaction between regional archaeological cultures in China. He died in 2001 from complications due to Parkinson's disease. Most of his books of personal research are preserved in the International Center for East Asian Archaeology and Cultural History, Boston University.[3] Selected works[edit] In a statistical overview derived from writings by and about Chang, OCLC/ WorldCat
WorldCat
encompasses more than 100 works in more than 200 publications in 9 languages and nore than 9000 library holdings.[4] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

The Archaeology of Ancient China
China
(1963), 2nd ed. (1968), 3rd ed. (1977), 4th ed. (1986) Rethinking Archaeology (1967) Settlement Archaeology (1968) Fengpitou, Tapenkeng, and the Prehistory of Taiwan (1969) Early Chinese Civilization: Anthropological Perspectives (1976) Food in Chinese Culture: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives (1977) Shang Civilization (1980) The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 221 BC (1999) "The Chinese Bronze Age: A Modern Synthesis", in Fong, Wen, ed. (1980). The great bronze age of China: an exhibition from the People's Republic of China. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 35–50. ISBN 0-87099-226-0.  Art, Myth and Ritual: the Path to Political Authority in Ancient China (1983) "The Rise of Kings and the Formation of City-states", in Allan, Sarah, ed. (2002). The Formation of Chinese Civilization: an archaeological perspective. Yale University
Yale University
Press. pp. 125–139. ISBN 978-0-300-09382-7. 

Honors[edit]

Association for Asian Studies (AAS), 1996 Award for Distinguished Contributions to Asian Studies[5]

Notes[edit]

^ Kang-i Sun Chang (2006). Journey Through the White Terror. Taipei: National Taiwan University
National Taiwan University
Press. pp. 59–60. ISBN 9789860056990.  ^ a b Keightley (2001), p. 619. ^ "International Center for East Asian Archaeology & Cultural History Boston University". www.bu.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-05.  ^ Chang, Kwang-chih, OCLC
OCLC
WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities. ^ Wilson, Jon. "AAS Award for Distinguished Contributions to Asian Studies". Association for Asian Studies (AAS). Archived from the original on 2008-05-17. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 

References[edit]

Ferrie, Helke (1995). "A Conversation With K. C. Chang". Current Anthropology. 36 (2): 307–325. doi:10.2307/2744116. JSTOR 2744116.  Keightley, David N. (2001). "Kwang-Chih Chang (1931–2001)". The Journal of Asian Studies. 60 (02): 619–621. doi:10.1017/S0021911800009396. JSTOR 2659775. 

External links[edit]

Short Biography with a link to K.C. Chang's complete bibliography Murowchick, Robert E. (2012). Kwang-Chih Chang 1931-2001 (PDF). National Academy of Sciences. 

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 24615345 LCCN: n50000864 ISNI: 0000 0001 0879 3437 GND: 123144078 SUDOC: 028425162 BNF: cb120263244 (data) BIBSYS: 90092112 NDL: 00317

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