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KwaZulu
KwaZulu
was a bantustan in South Africa, intended by the apartheid government as a semi-independent homeland for the Zulu people. The capital was moved from Nongoma
Nongoma
to Ulundi
Ulundi
in 1980. It was led until its abolition in 1994 by Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi of the Zulu tribe and head of the Inkatha Freedom Party
Inkatha Freedom Party
(IFP). It was merged with the surrounding South African province of Natal to form the new province of KwaZulu-Natal. The name kwaZulu translates roughly as Place of Zulus, or more formally Zululand. In March 1996, two years after South Africa's transition to majority rule, the trial of The State v. Peter Msane & Others was held due to the accusation against thirteen retired white generals, including Magnus Malan
Magnus Malan
(who served as defence minister at the height of emergency rule in the mid-1980s) and seven Zulus, partisans of Buthelezi's Inkatha Freedom Party
Inkatha Freedom Party
of complicity in a massacre of thirteen people, ten years earlier, in a rural village in the KwaZulu homeland known as KwaMakhutha.[3] The trial was an attempt by Nelson Mandela's new government to bring to justice those at the top of apartheid's security forces, who were alleged to have purposefully fanned violence among blacks by arming and training one faction – Inkatha – as a proxy force, in the tradition of divide and rule.[3] Districts in 1991[edit] Districts of the province and population at the 1991 census.[2]

Ezingolweni: 215,224 Emzumbe: 217,399 Vulamehlo: 125,179 Embumbulu: 271,215 Umlazi: 299,275 Hlanganani: 186,712 Ndwedwe: 318,093 Vulindlela: 223,706 Empumalanga: 314,440 Ntuzuma: 458,529 Kwa Mapumulu: 231,503 Ongoye: 175,993 Inkanyezi: 170,628 Nkandla: 132,578 Nqutu: 213,636 Msinga (main town Tugela Ferry):[4] 154,623 Emnambithi: 205,639 Enseleni: 241,005 Hlabisa: 169,719 Mahlabatini: 141,284 Nongoma: 169,153 Ubombo: 113,409 Ingwavuma: 144,613 Simdlangentsha: 120,368 Madadeni: 313,888 Okhahlamba: 196,963

See also[edit]

Chief Ministers of KwaZulu

References[edit]

^ Sally Frankental; Owen Sichone (2005-01-01). South Africa's Diverse Peoples: A Reference Sourcebook. ABC-CLIO. p. 187. ISBN 978-1-57607-674-3. Retrieved 2013-09-18.  ^ a b "Census > 1991 > RSA > Variable Description > Person file > District code". Statistics South Africa
South Africa
- Nesstar WebView. Retrieved 18 August 2013.  ^ a b Berkeley, Bill (2001). The Graves are Not Yet Full.  ^ "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 319. 

v t e

Apartheid
Apartheid
Bantustans in South Africa
South Africa
and South West Africa

South Africa

Nominal independence

Bophuthatswana Ciskei Transkei Venda

Self-governance

Gazankulu KaNgwane KwaNdebele KwaZulu Lebowa QwaQwa

South West Africa

Self-governance

East Caprivi Hereroland Kavangoland Ovamboland

No self-governance

Bushmanland Damaraland Kaokoland Namaland Rehoboth Tswanaland

Leaders and Administrators

After Nominal Independence

Bophuthatswana
Bophuthatswana

Head of State:

Lucas Mangope (1968–94) Rocky Malebane-Metsing (Feb 1988)

Administrator:

Tjaart Van der Walt and Job Mokgoro (Mar–Apr 1994)

Bushmanland

No central government established

Ciskei
Ciskei

Head of State:

Lennox Sebe (1981–90) Oupa Gqozo (1990–94)

Administrator:

Pieter van Rensburg Goosen and Bongani Blessing Finca (Mar–Apr 1994)

Damaraland
Damaraland

Head of State:

Justus ǁGaroëb
Justus ǁGaroëb
(1980–89)

Kaokoland
Kaokoland

No central government established

Namaland
Namaland

Head of State:

Cornelius Cloete (1980–85) Daniel Luipert (1985–89)

Rehoboth

Head of State:

Johannes "Hans" Diergaardt (1979–89)

Transkei
Transkei

Head of State:

Botha Sigcau (1976–78) Zwelibanzi Maneli Mabandla (1978–79) Kaiser Daliwonga Matanzima (1979–86) Tutor Nyangelizwe Vulindlela Ndamase (1986–94)

Administrator:

Bantu Holomisa (1987–94) (Head of Military Council)

Tswanaland

Head of State:

Constance Kgosiemang
Constance Kgosiemang
(1980–89)

Venda
Venda

Head of State:

Patrick Mphephu (1978–88) Frank N. Ravele (1988–90) Gabriel Ramushwana (1990–94) Tshamano G. Ramabulana (Jan–Apr 1994)

After Self-Governance

East Caprivi
East Caprivi

Chief Minister:

Josiah Moraliswane (Mar–Sept 1976) Richard Muhinda Mamili (1976–81)

Chairman:

Josiah Moraliswane (1981–84) H.J. Becker (Jul–Aug 1984) F.P.J. Visagie (1984–86) I.J. van der Merwe (Mar–Aug 1986) A.G. Visser
A.G. Visser
(1986–89)

Gazankulu
Gazankulu

Chief Minister:

Hudson William Edison Ntsanwisi (1973–93) Edward Mhinga (Mar-Apr 1993) Samuel Dickenson Nxumalo (1993–94)

Hereroland
Hereroland

Chairman:

Hosea Kutako (1968–70) Clemens Kapuuo (1970–78) Kuaima Riruako
Kuaima Riruako
(1978–80) Thimoteus Tjamuaha (1980–84) Erastus Tjejamba (1987–88) Gottlob Mbaukua (1984–89)

KaNgwane
KaNgwane

Chief Minister:

Enos John Mabuza (1970–81, 1984-91) Mangisi Cephas Zitha (1991–94)

Administrator:

N.J. Badenhorst (June-Dec 1982) Enos John Mabuza (1982–84)

Kavangoland
Kavangoland

Chief Minister:

Linus Shashipapo (1973–77) Alfons Shashipapo (1977–81) Sebastiaan Kamwanga (1981–89)

KwaNdebele
KwaNdebele

Chief Minister:

Simon Skosana (1981–86) Klaas Mtshiweni (Nov 1986) George Majozi Mahlangu (1986–89) Jonas Masana Mabena (1989–90) James Mahlangu (1990–94)

KwaZulu
KwaZulu

Chief Minister:

Mangosuthu Buthelezi
Mangosuthu Buthelezi
(1977–94)

Lebowa
Lebowa

Chief Minister:

Mokgama Maurice Matlala (1972–73) Cedric Namedi Phatudi (1973–87) Z.T. Seleka (Oct 1987) Mogoboya Nelson Ramodike (1987–94)

Ovamboland
Ovamboland

Chief Minister:

Filemon Elifas (1973–75) Cornelius Thuhageni Njoba (1975–81) Peter Kalangula (1981–89)

QwaQwa
QwaQwa

Chief Minister:

Wessel Motha (1974–75) Tsiame Kenneth Mopeli (1975–94)

v t e

Other South African Governments

Kingdoms Colonies Boer States Bantustans National

Kingdom of Mapungubwe
Kingdom of Mapungubwe
(c. 1075–c. 1220) Mthethwa Paramountcy
Mthethwa Paramountcy
(c. 1780–1817) Ndwandwe
Ndwandwe
Kingdom (c. 1780–1819) Zulu Kingdom
Zulu Kingdom
(1816–97)

Dutch Cape Colony
Colony
(1652–1806) Cape Colony
Colony
(1795–1910) Natal Colony
Colony
(1843–1910) Orange River Colony
Colony
(1902–10) Transvaal Colony
Colony
(1902–10)

Natalia Republic
Natalia Republic
(1839–43) Orange Free State
Orange Free State
(1854–1902) Griqualand East
Griqualand East
(1861–79) Griqualand West
Griqualand West
(1870–73) Goshen (1882–83) Stellaland
Stellaland
(1882–85) Nieuwe Republiek
Nieuwe Republiek
(1884–88) Upingtonia
Upingtonia
(1885–87) Klein Vrystaat
Klein Vrystaat
(1886–91)

Gazankulu
Gazankulu
(1971–94) Lebowa
Lebowa
(1972–94) QwaQwa
QwaQwa
(1974–94) Transkei
Transkei
(1976–94) Bophuthatswana
Bophuthatswana
(1977–94) Venda
Venda
(1979–94) Ciskei
Ciskei
(1981–94) KaNgwane
KaNgwane
(1981–94) KwaNdebele
KwaNdebele
(1981–94) KwaZulu
KwaZulu
(1981–94)

Cape Qualified Franchise
Cape Qualified Franchise
(1853–1910) South African Republic
South African Republic
(1856–1902) Union of South Africa
South Africa
(1910–61) Republic of South Africa
Republic of South Africa
(1961–Present)

Current Government

Coordinates: 28°19′00″S 31°25′00″E / 28.3167°S 31.4167°E /

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