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Kvemo Kartli (Lower Kartli, Georgian: ქვემო ქართლი) is a historic province and current administrative region (Mkhare) in southeastern Georgia. The city of Rustavi is a regional capital.

Location

Kvemo Kartli is located in the Southern-Eastern part of Georgia. It surrounded by Tbilisi, Shida Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti by north; Samtskhe-Javakheti by east; Kakheti by west and Armenia and Azerbaijan by the south.

General Facts

Rustavi, the biggest city of the region

The region is one of the most economically developed in Georgia. After Tbilisi, the region is ranked second in industrial production. The area of the region is of 6528 km squares, which accounts for 10% of the Georgian territory; and is the fourth most big region. The region is the third most populated region in Georgia with a population of 497.000. The administrative center is Rustavi. There are 353 populated areas, including :

Demographics

The population is mixed between Georgians 217305 (51.25%), Azerbaijanis 177032 (41.75%), Armenians 21500 (5.07%), Russians 2113 (0.49%), Pontic and Caucasus Greeks 2631 (0.62%) and others.[1] The current governor is Paata Khizanashvili [1]

The ethnic Georgians live mostly in northern part of the region and comprise for the majority in the municipalities of Tetritsqaro, Gardabani Municipality, Tsalka and in Rustavi. The Azerbaijanis live in the southern part and comprise for the majority in the municipalities of Marneuli, Dmanisi and Bolnisi. The ethnic Armenians and Greeks mostly live in the Tsalka Municipality.

The population estimate in 2012 was 511,300,[2] but the 2014 census shows it now reduced to about 424,000.

Marneuli Shia mosque

Religions

According to a study, 57,8% of the population identifies as Orthodox Christians, mostly Georgians, Russians and Greeks; 38,9 % are Muslims of the Shiit branche,mostly Azerbaijanis; 2,8% are Armenian Christians and 0,5% are irreligious.

Rustavi Sioni : An Orthodox cathedral in Rustavi

Subdivisions

300 პქ Kvemo Kartli is divided into 6 municipalites and 1 special status city, Rustavi :

Economy

Due to his good location, the region has a great transport links. There passes the railway and the motorways which link Georgia with its neighbours Armenia and Azerbaijan. The main industries are located in Rustavi and Marneuli. The industrial production of Kvemo Kartlo comprises 20% of the global Georgian production.

Monuments

Kvemo Kartli inherited a lot of historical monuments such as the Bolnisi Sioni, the Pitareti Monastery, Birtvisi, Samshvilde and the old inhabited area near Dmanisi

Bolnisi.jpg

References

  1. ^ "Total population by regions and ethnicity". National Statistics Office of Georgia. Retrieved 5 Aug 2017. 
  2. ^ Number of Population is Increasing. Published on 31 May 2012

External links


Coordinates: 41°31′N 44°31′E / 41.517°N 44.517°E / 41.517; 44.517