|Estimates from 1.6 million to 2.5 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Jazira, Afrin, Euphrates|
|Mainly Kurdish (Kurmanji); also Arabic (North Levantine Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic)|
|Majority Sunni Islam, also Shia Islam, Christianity|
|Related ethnic groups|
The eastern Kurdish-inhabited region covers the northern part of the Jazira. Other regions with significant Kurdish populations are the western Afrin District and the central Euphrates Region. All of these are on the Syria-Turkey border, and there are also substantial Kurdish communities in Aleppo and Damascus further south.
Human rights organizations have accused the Syrian government of routinely discriminating and harassing Syrian Kurds. Many Kurds seek political autonomy for what they regard as Western Kurdistan, similar to the Kurdistan Regional Government in Iraq, or outright independence as part of Kurdistan. In the context of the Syrian Civil War, Kurds established the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria.