KUOPIO is a city and a municipality located in the region of Northern
Finland . A population of 112,158 makes it the ninth
biggest city in the country. The city has a total area of 2,775.73
square kilometres (1,071.72 sq mi), of which 719.85 km2 (277.94 sq mi)
is water and half forest. The population density is only 70/km2
(180/sq mi), but the city's urban areas are populated very densely
(urban area: 1 618 /km² ), nationally second only to capital Helsinki
(urban area: 1,690.0/km² ).
Kuopio has grown extensively through municipality mergers
. Kuopio’s population surpassed the 100,000 mark when the town of
Kuopio at the beginning of 2013.
* 1 Name
* 2 History
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Climate
* 4 Transport
* 5 Education and business
* 6 People and culture
* 7 Religion
* 8 Notable people
* 9 Sports in
* 10 International relations
* 10.1 Twin towns — Sister cities
* 11 References
* 12 External links
There are several explanations behind the name Kuopio. The first is
that in the 16th century, a certain influential person named Kauhanen
in Tavinsalmi changed his name to Skopa and the people's pronunciation
was Coopia and finally Cuopio. The second explanation is that it comes
from the verb kuopia, meaning "paw", as when a horse paws the ground
with its hoof . A third hypothesis is that it came from a certain
Karelian man's name Prokopij, from
Ruokolahti in the Middle Ages.
This is the most probable explanation, supported by the Research
Institute for the Languages of
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Kuopio was founded in 1653 by Governor
Peter Brahe , but the official
date is recognized as November 17, 1775, when King Gustav III of
Sweden ordered the formal establishment of the city.
The period of Russian rule (1809–1917) brought notable
transportation development within Eastern Finland. The Saimaa Canal
(1856) opened up a summer route towards the Baltic Sea, and the Savo
railroad (1889) improved transport in winter.
The municipality of
Maaninka joined the city of
Kuopio in 2015, town
Nilsiä in 2013 and
Karttula in 2011, like did
Riistavesi in 1973 and
Kuopion maalaiskunta in 1969.
Kuopio is almost completely surrounded by lake
The city is surrounded by Lake
Kallavesi , and several parts of it
are built on islands. Kuopio's ample waterfronts and islands are also
utilized in the Saaristokaupunki (lit. Archipelago city) -project, the
biggest residential area currently being built in Finland.
Saaristokaupunki will accommodate a total of 14,000 inhabitants in
2015. All houses will be situated no more than 500 metres (1,600 ft)
from the nearest lakeshore.
Kuopio falls in the subarctic climate zone (Köppen "Dfc"), closely
bordering on continental due to its warm summers. Winters are long and
cold, with average highs staying below freezing from November until
March, and summers are short and relatively mild. Most precipitation
occurs in the late summer and early fall.
CLIMATE DATA FOR KUOPIO AIRPORT (1981-2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS
Finnish Meteorological Institute
CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )
41 −6 −13
31 −6 −13
34 0 −8
32 6 −3
39 14 4
65 19 10
77 21 13
80 19 11
59 12 6
53 6 2
51 0 −5
46 −4 −10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
World Meteorological Organization
1.6 21 8
1.2 21 8
1.3 31 17
1.3 42 27
1.5 57 39
2.6 67 51
3 71 56
3.2 65 52
2.3 54 44
2.1 43 35
2 32 24
1.8 25 13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
The city has a nationally unique feature in its street network, where
every second street is practically a pedestrian and cycle street, so
called "rännikatu" (from Swedish gränd, alley). These streets
provide pedestrians a calm environment aside from the main street
traffic. This setup dates back all the way to 1776 and the first town
plan by Pehr Kjellman. Originally rännikatu, gränd (in Swedish) were
created as a fire barrier to prevent a possible fire escalating in a
city mostly built with wood.
Kuopio is located along the Blue Highway , which is an international
tourist route from
Mo i Rana ,
Transport connections to
Pendolino trains and air
Kuopio Airport with
Blue1 and Finncomm
(domestic, to Helsinki-Vantaa )
EDUCATION AND BUSINESS
Technology centre Technopolis
Kuopio is situated in Kuopio
Science Park .
Higher Education in
University of Eastern
Savonia University of Applied Sciences
HUMAK University of Applied Sciences
Kuopio has always been a city of education. Some of the first schools
offering education in Finnish (such as the School for the Blind in
1871, and the Trade School in 1887) were established in Kuopio.
Currently the most important institutions are the University of
Finland , the
Savonia University of Applied Sciences ,
Vocational College of
Northern Savonia and the
Kuopio department of
Sibelius Academy .
Kuopio is known as a strong center of health (e.g. it has the biggest
yearly enrollment rate of medical students in Finland), pharmacy,
environment, food ">
Kuopio Museum in a National Romantic style
Kuopio is known as the cultural center of Eastern Finland. A wide
range of musical (from kindergarten to doctorate-level studies) and
dance education is available and the cultural life is active. Notable
ANTI – Contemporary Art Festival ,
Kuopio Wine Festival,
Kuopio Marathon and
Finland Ice Marathon in winter. A notable place, however, to enjoy the
local flavor of
Kuopio life and food is Sampo, a fish restaurant loved
by locals and tourists as well.
Kuopio is known for its association with a national delicacy, Finnish
fish pastry (
Kalakukko ), and the dialect of Savo , as well as the
Puijo and the
Puijo tower . Besides being a very popular
outdoor recreation area,
Puijo serves also as a stage for a yearly
World Cup ski jumping competition.
In inhabitants of
Kuopio have a special reputation: they are known as
jovial and verbally joking. Within the Savo culture, the onus is
placed on the listener to interpret the story. People of the Kuopio
region and Eastern
Finland have always had many health problems and
the mortality has been higher than on an average in Finland. Because
of this, Eastern
Finland has been a hotspot for Public Health studies.
The North Karelia Project by the
University of Kuopio in coordination
with the National Public Health Institute and the World Health
Organization , beginning in the 1970s was one of its first steps
towards world class research.
During the 2000s,
Kuopio has placed very well in a number of image,
popularity and city-attractiveness surveys. In 2007 it was placed
Kuopio Market Place with the
Market Hall in foreground and the City Hall in the background
The largest church denomination in Finland, Evangelical Lutheran
Church has a diocese in
Kuopio , which is shepherded by bishop Jari
Kuopio is home of the
Finnish Orthodox Church where its primate,
archbishop of Karelia and all
Finland Leo (Makkonen) is seated. This
is an autonomous jurisdiction affiliated with the Patriarchate of
Constantinople. It is the only mainstream Orthodox faction to
celebrate Easter on the Latin date. The late Archbishop Paul had been
successful in producing literature of popular theology. The city is
also the location of RIISA- Orthodox Church Museum of
Kuopio also has an Islamic mosque. Muslims from various parts of the
world and certain Finnish Muslims live in Kuopio.
The town is also home to the first Burmese Buddhist monastery in
Finland, named the Buddha Dhamma Ramsi monastery.
H. Olliver Twisted
* Archbishop Leo
* Pertti "Spede" Pasanen
Johan Vilhelm Snellman
* Brothers von Wright: Magnus , Wilhelm and Ferdinand
SPORTS IN KUOPIO
Puijo Ski Jumps with the Observation Tower in the background
Kuopio bid for the
2012 Winter Youth Olympics , a youth sports
festival in the tradition of the Olympics. It became a finalist in
November 2008, but ultimately lost to
Innsbruck, Austria . Kuopio's
image as a small city with a large University and many active young
people was considered a model of what the International Olympic
Committee seeks for the Games.
KalPa (ice hockey )
KuPS (football )
* Kuopion Taitoluistelijat (figure skating )
* Puijon Hiihtoseura (skiing , ski jumping , nordic combined ,
* Puijon Pesis (pesäpallo )
Kuopion Reippaan voimistelijat (gymnastics )
Finland Ice Marathon (ice skating event)
Kuopio Steelers (american football )
Kuopio Skating club, Kuopion Luisteluseura KuLs (figure skating)
* Welhot (floorball )
* Linkki (basketball )
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
TWIN TOWNS — SISTER CITIES
Kuopio is twinned with:
Minneapolis , USA
* ^ A B "
Population density by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland.
Retrieved 12 February 2017.
* ^ A B "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain,
maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March
* ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners
and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics
Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March
* ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31
December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics
Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
* ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax
Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
* ^ A B "Taajamissa asuu 84 prosenttia väestöstä" (in (in
Finnish)). Statistics Finland. 15 January 2008. Retrieved 7 January
2009. Tiheimmin asuttu oli Helsingin keskustaajama, jossa oli 1 690
asukasta maaneliökilometrillä. Seuraavaksi tiheimmin asuttuja olivat
Kuopion keskustaajama (1 618 as./maa-km2) CS1 maint: Unrecognized
language (link )
Kuopio 2015: Jalankulku-, joukkoliikenne- ja autokaupunki.
Finland’s Ministry of the Environment. p. 42. ISBN 978-952-11-2852-3
. Archived from the original on 26 February 2009.
* ^ Archived 26 January 2010 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ A B C "History and basic data".
Kuopio in Brief. City of
Kuopio. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
* ^ "
Karttula sulautuu Kuopioon" & "
Myöhänen, Pentti & Manner, Matias Savon Sanomat. 1 July 2008. pp. 1
* ^ "Kuopion korkein asuinkerrostalo nousi harjakorkeuteen". Suomen
Kiinteistölehti. 2008-10-16. p. 14.
* ^ "Kallaveden syleilyssä". Saaristokaupunki. Kuopio. Retrieved 7
* ^ "Tilastoja Suomen ilmastosta 1981 - 2010". Finnish
* ^ WP2: Accessibility, Synthesis Report (PDF). Universell
utforming. 26 March 2004. p. 14.
* ^ Description of the Case Areas (PDF). VTT Technical Research
Centre of Finland. 2 May 2002. p. 8.
* ^ "Napoleon ja Kuopio: Kuninkaiden Kuopio". Memory of Northern
Savonia. Museums of Northern Savonia. Retrieved 11 January 2009.
* ^ "Key Data for 2007". University of Kuopio. 2007. Retrieved 9
* ^ "In English". Savonia University of Applied Sciences. 2009.
Retrieved 9 January 2009.
* ^ Emergency Services College
* ^ Steps leading to the establishment of the UEF Archived 27
February 2013 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ Kuopion työpaikat ja elinkeinorakenne 1.1.2008 (PDF). Kuopion
kaupungin yrityspalvelu. 2008. pp. 1–2.
* ^ A B "Elinkeinoelämä". City of Kuopio. 7 October 2008.
Retrieved 9 January 2009.
* ^ Koskinen, Jerri (6 May 2012). "Jari Jolkkonen vihittiin Kuopion
piispan virkaan". Savon Sanomat. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
* ^ "
* ^ "Buddhist Channel Buddhism News, Headlines World Burmese
Buddhist monastery opens in Finland". Buddhistchannel.tv. 2009-01-05.
* ^ Innsbruck and
Kuopio Make Final Shortlist For 2012 Youth
Olympic Winter Games Archived 8 January 2012 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). Twins2010.com.
Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2009. Retrieved
* ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Opola". Urzad Miasta Opola (in Polish).
Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
* ^ "
Kuopio and Shanghai
Pudong have signed a sister city
agreement". City of Kuopio. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to KUOPIO .
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for KUOPIO .
* City of
Kuopio – Official