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Kuopio
Kuopio
(Finnish pronunciation: [ˈkuo̯pio]) is a city and municipality located in Northern Savonia, Finland. It has a population of 117,842,[2] which makes it the ninth-most populous city in Finland. Kuopio
Kuopio
has a total area of 4,326.35 square kilometres (1,670.41 sq mi), of which 719.85 km2 (277.94 sq mi) is water[1] and half is forest. Though the city’s population is a spread-out 74/km2 (190/sq mi), the city's urban areas are populated comparably densely (urban area: 1,618 /km²),[6] making Kuopio
Kuopio
Finland’s second-most densely populated city. Since 1969 Kuopio
Kuopio
has grown extensively through municipality mergers. Kuopio’s population surpassed 100,000 when the town of Nilsiä joined the city in the beginning of 2013.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Transport 5 Education and business 6 People and culture 7 Religion 8 Notable people 9 Sports in Kuopio 10 International relations

10.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

11 References 12 External links

Name[edit] There are several explanations behind the name Kuopio. The first is that in the 16th century, a certain influential person named Kauhanen in Tavinsalmi changed his name to Skopa and the people's pronunciation was Coopia and finally Cuopio. The second explanation is that it comes from the verb kuopia, meaning "paw", as when a horse paws the ground with its hoof. A third hypothesis is that it came from a certain Karelian man's name Prokopij, from Ruokolahti
Ruokolahti
in the Middle Ages.[7] This is the most probable explanation, supported by the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland. History[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2011)

Kuopio
Kuopio
was founded in 1653 by Governor Peter Brahe, but the official date is recognized as November 17, 1775, when King Gustav III of Sweden
Sweden
ordered the formal establishment of the city.[8] The period of Russian rule (1809–1917) brought notable transportation development within Eastern Finland. The Saimaa Canal (1856) opened up a summer route towards the Baltic Sea, and the Savo railroad (1889) improved transport in winter.[8] The municipality of Maaninka
Maaninka
joined the city of Kuopio
Kuopio
in 2015, town of Nilsiä
Nilsiä
in 2013 and Karttula[9] in 2011, like did Vehmersalmi
Vehmersalmi
in 2005, Riistavesi
Riistavesi
in 1973 and Kuopion maalaiskunta in 1969.[8]

Kuopio
Kuopio
is almost completely surrounded by lake Kallavesi.

Geography[edit] The city is surrounded by Lake Kallavesi, and several parts of it are built on islands. Kuopio's ample waterfronts and islands are also utilized in the Saaristokaupunki (lit. Archipelago city) -project, the biggest residential area currently being built in Finland.[10] Saaristokaupunki will accommodate a total of 14,000 inhabitants in 2015. All houses will be situated no more than 500 metres (1,600 ft) from the nearest lakeshore.[11] Climate[edit] Kuopio
Kuopio
falls in the subarctic climate zone (Köppen "Dfc"), closely bordering on continental due to its warm summers. Winters are long and cold, with average highs staying below freezing from November until March, and summers are short and relatively mild. Most precipitation occurs in the late summer and early fall.

Climate data for Kuopio Airport
Kuopio Airport
(1981-2010 normals, extremes 1959-present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 5.0 (41) 9.2 (48.6) 13.3 (55.9) 21.9 (71.4) 28.6 (83.5) 31.1 (88) 33.8 (92.8) 33.2 (91.8) 24.8 (76.6) 16.0 (60.8) 11.1 (52) 8.6 (47.5) 33.8 (92.8)

Average high °C (°F) −6.0 (21.2) −5.7 (21.7) −0.2 (31.6) 6.4 (43.5) 14.1 (57.4) 18.9 (66) 21.8 (71.2) 18.9 (66) 13.0 (55.4) 6.3 (43.3) −0.1 (31.8) −3.9 (25) 6.96 (44.51)

Daily mean °C (°F) −9.2 (15.4) −9.2 (15.4) −4.1 (24.6) 2.0 (35.6) 9.1 (48.4) 14.5 (58.1) 17.5 (63.5) 15.0 (59) 9.7 (49.5) 4.1 (39.4) −2.0 (28.4) −6.7 (19.9) 3.39 (38.1)

Average low °C (°F) −12.6 (9.3) −13.0 (8.6) −8.0 (17.6) −2.2 (28) 4.3 (39.7) 10.3 (50.5) 13.6 (56.5) 11.7 (53.1) 7.0 (44.6) 2.1 (35.8) −4.1 (24.6) −9.7 (14.5) −0.05 (31.9)

Record low °C (°F) −39.3 (−38.7) −37.0 (−34.6) −33.0 (−27.4) −20.9 (−5.6) −8.2 (17.2) 0.1 (32.2) 4.7 (40.5) 2.7 (36.9) −4.9 (23.2) −15.0 (5) −27.6 (−17.7) −33.2 (−27.8) −39.3 (−38.7)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 48 (1.89) 36 (1.42) 36 (1.42) 30 (1.18) 46 (1.81) 67 (2.64) 80 (3.15) 75 (2.95) 53 (2.09) 56 (2.2) 52 (2.05) 51 (2.01) 630 (24.81)

Average precipitation days 11 9 9 7 9 10 11 11 10 11 11 11 120

Source: Finnish Meteorological Institute[12]

Kuopio

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    41     −6 −13

    31     −6 −13

    34     0 −8

    32     6 −3

    39     14 4

    65     19 10

    77     21 13

    80     19 11

    59     12 6

    53     6 2

    51     0 −5

    46     −4 −10

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Source: World Meteorological Organization

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    1.6     21 8

    1.2     21 8

    1.3     31 17

    1.3     42 27

    1.5     57 39

    2.6     67 51

    3     71 56

    3.2     65 52

    2.3     54 44

    2.1     43 35

    2     32 24

    1.8     25 13

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Transport[edit] The city has a nationally unique feature in its street network, where every other street is reserved for pedestrian and cycle traffic,[13] so-called "rännikatu" (derived from the Swedish gränd, alley). These streets provide pedestrians a calm environment away from vehicular traffic.[14] This setup dates back to Kuopio’s first town plan by Pehr Kjellman in 1776. Originally, rännikadut were created as a fire barrier to prevent a possible fire escalating in a mainly wood-constructed city.[15] The Blue Highway passes through Kuopio. It is an international tourist route from Mo i Rana, Norway
Norway
to Pudozh, Russia
Russia
via Sweden
Sweden
and Finland. Long-distance transport connections from Kuopio
Kuopio
include Pendolino
Pendolino
and Inter City
City
trains to several destinations around Finland, operated by VR, as well as multiple daily departures from Kuopio Airport
Kuopio Airport
on Finnair
Finnair
to Helsinki. Education and business[edit]

Technology centre Technopolis Kuopio
Kuopio
is situated in Kuopio
Kuopio
Science Park.

Higher Education in Kuopio

University Students

University of Eastern Finland 6 229[16]

Savonia University of Applied Sciences 5 000[17]

HUMAK University of Applied Sciences ~150

Sibelius Academy ~100

Kuopio
Kuopio
has always been a city of education. Some of the first schools offering education in Finnish (such as the School for the Blind in 1871, and the Trade School in 1887) were established in Kuopio. Currently the most important institutions are the University of Eastern Finland, the Savonia University of Applied Sciences, Vocational College of Northern Savonia
Northern Savonia
and the Kuopio
Kuopio
department of the Sibelius Academy. Kuopio
Kuopio
is known as a strong center of health (e.g. it has the biggest yearly enrollment rate of medical students in Finland), pharmacy, environment, food & nutrition (all legalized Clinical and Public Health Nutritionists in Finland
Finland
graduate from the University of Eastern Finland), safety (education in Emergency Services is centered in Kuopio[18]) and welfare professions, as the major organisations University of Kuopio
University of Kuopio
(now part of the University of Eastern Finland since January 2010.[19]), Savonia University of Applied Sciences
Savonia University of Applied Sciences
and Technopolis Kuopio
Kuopio
are particularly oriented to those areas. There are about 4,200 enterprises in Kuopio,[20] of which approximately 180 are export companies.[21] These provide about 45,000 jobs.[21] People and culture[edit]

Kuopio
Kuopio
Museum in a National Romantic style building

Kuopio
Kuopio
is known as the cultural center of Eastern Finland. A wide range of musical (from kindergarten to doctorate-level studies) and dance education is available and the cultural life is active. Notable events include ANTI – Contemporary Art Festival, Kuopio
Kuopio
Dance Festival, Kuopio
Kuopio
Rockcock, Kuopio
Kuopio
Wine Festival, Kuopio
Kuopio
Marathon and Finland
Finland
Ice Marathon in winter. A notable place, however, to enjoy the local flavor of Kuopio
Kuopio
life and food is Sampo, a fish restaurant loved by locals and tourists as well. Kuopio
Kuopio
is known for its association with a national delicacy, Finnish fish pastry (Kalakukko), and the dialect of Savo, as well as the hill of Puijo
Puijo
and the Puijo
Puijo
tower. Besides being a very popular outdoor recreation area, Puijo
Puijo
serves also as a stage for a yearly World Cup ski jumping competition. In inhabitants of Kuopio
Kuopio
have a special reputation: they are known as jovial and verbally joking.[citation needed] Within the Savo culture, the onus is placed on the listener to interpret the story. People of the Kuopio
Kuopio
region and Eastern Finland
Finland
have always had many health problems and the mortality has been higher than on an average in Finland. Because of this, Eastern Finland
Finland
has been a hotspot for Public Health studies. The North Karelia Project by the University of Kuopio
Kuopio
in coordination with the National Public Health Institute and the World Health Organization, beginning in the 1970s was one of its first steps towards world class research.[citation needed] During the 2000s, Kuopio
Kuopio
has placed very well in a number of image, popularity and city-attractiveness surveys. In 2007 it was placed third, behind Tampere
Tampere
and Oulu.

Kuopio
Kuopio
Market Place with the Market Hall in foreground and the City Hall in the background

Religion[edit]

Kuopio
Kuopio
Cathedral

The largest church denomination in Finland, Evangelical Lutheran Church has a diocese in Kuopio, which is shepherded by bishop Jari Jolkkonen.[22] Kuopio
Kuopio
is home of the Finnish Orthodox Church
Finnish Orthodox Church
where its primate, archbishop of Karelia and all Finland
Finland
Leo (Makkonen) is seated. This is an autonomous jurisdiction affiliated with the Patriarchate of Constantinople. It is the only mainstream Orthodox faction to celebrate Easter on the Latin date. The late Archbishop Paul had been successful in producing literature of popular theology. The city is also the location of RIISA- Orthodox Church Museum of Finland. Kuopio
Kuopio
also has an Islamic mosque.[23] Muslims from various parts of the world and certain Finnish Muslims live in Kuopio. The town is also home to the first Burmese Buddhist monastery in Finland, named the Buddha Dhamma Ramsi monastery.[24] Notable people[edit]

Juhani Aho Martti Ahtisaari Atso Almila Minna Canth Pekka Halonen Janne Happonen Matti Hautamäki Marco Hietala Zachary Hietala Janne Tolsa Olli Jokinen Sami Kapanen Mika Kojonkoski H. Olliver Twisted

Hannes Kolehmainen Lasse Lehtinen Paavo Lipponen Archbishop Leo Martti Nissinen Pertti "Spede" Pasanen Aarno Ruusuvuori Aulis Rytkönen Tuomo Saikkonen Sanna Sillanpää Alma (Finnish singer) Johan Vilhelm Snellman Kimmo Timonen Jenni Vartiainen Paavo Lötjönen Brothers von Wright: Magnus, Wilhelm and Ferdinand

Sports in Kuopio[edit]

Puijo
Puijo
Ski Jumps with the Observation Tower in the background

Kuopio
Kuopio
bid for the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics, a youth sports festival in the tradition of the Olympics. It became a finalist in November 2008, but ultimately lost to Innsbruck, Austria. Kuopio's image as a small city with a large University and many active young people was considered a model of what the International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
seeks for the Games.[25]

KalPa
KalPa
(ice hockey) KuPS
KuPS
(football) Kuopion Taitoluistelijat (figure skating) Puijon Hiihtoseura (skiing, ski jumping, nordic combined, biathlon) Puijon Pesis (pesäpallo) Kuopion Reippaan voimistelijat (gymnastics) Finland
Finland
Ice Marathon (ice skating event) Kuopio
Kuopio
Steelers (american football) Kuopio
Kuopio
Skating club, Kuopion Luisteluseura KuLs (figure skating) Welhot (floorball) Linkki (basketball)

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Finland Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Kuopio
Kuopio
is twinned with:

Győr, Hungary Minneapolis, USA Winnipeg, Canada Trabzon, Turkey Jönköping, Sweden Alūksne, Latvia

Svendborg, Denmark Pitkyaranta, Russia Pskov, Russia Castrop-Rauxel, Germany[26] Bodø, Norway

Gera, Germany Besançon, France Opole, Poland[27] Craiova, Romania Shanghai Pudong, China[28]

References[edit]

Notes

^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.  ^ a b "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017.  ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.  ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.  ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.  ^ "Taajamissa asuu 84 prosenttia väestöstä" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. 15 January 2008. Retrieved 7 January 2009. Tiheimmin asuttu oli Helsingin keskustaajama, jossa oli 1 690 asukasta maaneliökilometrillä. Seuraavaksi tiheimmin asuttuja olivat Kuopion keskustaajama (1 618 as./maa-km2)  ^ [1] Archived 26 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c "History and basic data". Kuopio
Kuopio
in Brief. City
City
of Kuopio. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.  ^ " Karttula
Karttula
sulautuu Kuopioon" & " Karttula
Karttula
ja Kuopio
Kuopio
yhteen". Myöhänen, Pentti & Manner, Matias & Hartikainen, Jarno; Savon Sanomat. 1 July 2008. pp. 1 and 3.  ^ "Kuopion korkein asuinkerrostalo nousi harjakorkeuteen". Suomen Kiinteistölehti. 16 October 2008. p. 14. Archived from the original on 24 February 2009.  ^ "Kallaveden syleilyssä". Saaristokaupunki. Kuopio. Archived from the original on 29 January 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2009.  ^ "Tilastoja Suomen ilmastosta 1981 - 2010". Finnish Meteorological Institute.  ^ WP2: Accessibility, Synthesis Report (PDF). Universell utforming. 26 March 2004. p. 14.  ^ Description of the Case Areas (PDF). VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2 May 2002. p. 8.  ^ "Napoleon ja Kuopio: Kuninkaiden Kuopio". Memory of Northern Savonia. Museums of Northern Savonia. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2009.  ^ "Key Data for 2007". University of Kuopio. 2007. Archived from the original on 25 January 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2009.  ^ "In English". Savonia University of Applied Sciences. 2009. Archived from the original on 4 January 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2009.  ^ Emergency Services College ^ Steps leading to the establishment of the UEF Archived 27 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Kuopion työpaikat ja elinkeinorakenne 1.1.2008 (PDF). Kuopion kaupungin yrityspalvelu. 2008. pp. 1–2.  ^ a b "Elinkeinoelämä". City
City
of Kuopio. 7 October 2008. Archived from the original on 26 February 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2009.  ^ Koskinen, Jerri (6 May 2012). " Jari Jolkkonen vihittiin Kuopion piispan virkaan". Savon Sanomat. Retrieved 11 May 2012.  ^ " Kuopio
Kuopio
Mosque".  ^ "Buddhist Channel Buddhism News, Headlines World Burmese Buddhist monastery opens in Finland". Buddhistchannel.tv. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2011-09-16.  ^ Innsbruck and Kuopio
Kuopio
Make Final Shortlist For 2012 Youth Olympic Winter Games Archived 8 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). Twins2010.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Opola". Urzad Miasta Opola (in Polish). Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-01.  ^ " Kuopio
Kuopio
and Shanghai Pudong
Pudong
have signed a sister city agreement". City
City
of Kuopio. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kuopio.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kuopio.

City
City
of Kuopio
Kuopio
– Official website (in Finnish) (in Swedish) (in English) (in German) KuopioInfo – Various resources about different areas of interest related to Kuopio
Kuopio
History and Life (in Finnish) (in English) (in German) (in Russian) (in Chinese) 360° panorama of Kuopio
Kuopio
Marketplace Savonia University of Applied Sciences
Savonia University of Applied Sciences
(in English) University of Eastern Finland
Finland
(in English) Technopolis Kuopio
Kuopio
(in Finnish) (in English) (in Russian) Invest in Kuopio
Kuopio
-factsheet (in English) Kuopio
Kuopio
Mosque Satellite picture by Google Maps

v t e

Municipalities of Northern Savonia

Municipalities

Iisalmi Kaavi Keitele Kiuruvesi Kuopio Lapinlahti Leppävirta Pielavesi Rautalampi Rautavaara Siilinjärvi Sonkajärvi Suonenjoki Tervo Tuusniemi Varkaus Vesanto Vieremä

Former municipalities

Iisalmen maalaiskunta Juankoski Karttula Kuopion maalaiskunta Maaninka Muuruvesi Nilsiä Riistavesi Säyneinen Varpaisjärvi Vehmersalmi

Northern Savonia Finland

v t e

50 most populous urban areas in the Nordic countries

 Denmark  Finland  Iceland  Norway  Sweden

1. Stockholm 1,372,565

2. Copenhagen 1,263,698

3. Helsinki 1,214,210

4. Oslo 958,378

5. Gothenburg 549,839

6. Tampere 325,025

7. Malmö 280,415

8. Aarhus 261,570

9. Turku 260,367

10. Bergen 250,420

11. Stavanger 210,874

12. Reykjavík 209,510

13. Oulu 193,817

14. Trondheim 175,068

15. Odense 173,814

16. Uppsala 140,454

17. Aalborg 132,578

18. Jyväskylä 120,306

19. Lahti 117,424

20. Drammen 113,534

21. Västerås 110,877

22. Fredrikstad-Sarpsborg 108,636

23. Örebro 107,038

24. Linköping 104,232

25. Helsingborg 97,122

26. Porsgrunn-Skien 91,737

27. Jönköping 89,396

28. Norrköping 87,247

29. Kuopio 86,034

30. Pori 84,509

31. Lund 82,800

32. Umeå 79,594

33. Esbjerg 72,060

34. Gävle 71,033

35. Vaasa 66,911

36. Borås 66,273

37. Joensuu 65,686

38. Eskilstuna 64,679

39. Södertälje 64,619

40. Karlstad 61,685

41. Randers 61,664

42. Täby 61,272

43. Växjö 60,887

44. Kristiansand 60,583

45. Kolding 58,757

46. Halmstad 58,577

47. Horsens 56,536

48. Lappeenranta 55,429

49. Vejle 53,975

.