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KUOPIO is a city and a municipality located in the region of Northern Savonia , Finland
Finland
. A population of 112,158 makes it the ninth biggest city in the country. The city has a total area of 2,775.73 square kilometres (1,071.72 sq mi), of which 719.85 km2 (277.94 sq mi) is water and half forest. The population density is only 70/km2 (180/sq mi), but the city's urban areas are populated very densely (urban area: 1 618 /km² ), nationally second only to capital Helsinki (urban area: 1,690.0/km² ).

Since 1969 Kuopio
Kuopio
has grown extensively through municipality mergers . Kuopio’s population surpassed the 100,000 mark when the town of Nilsiä
Nilsiä
joined Kuopio
Kuopio
at the beginning of 2013.

CONTENTS

* 1 Name * 2 History

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Climate

* 4 Transport * 5 Education and business * 6 People and culture * 7 Religion * 8 Notable people * 9 Sports in Kuopio
Kuopio

* 10 International relations

* 10.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

* 11 References * 12 External links

NAME

There are several explanations behind the name Kuopio. The first is that in the 16th century, a certain influential person named Kauhanen in Tavinsalmi changed his name to Skopa and the people's pronunciation was Coopia and finally Cuopio. The second explanation is that it comes from the verb kuopia, meaning "paw", as when a horse paws the ground with its hoof . A third hypothesis is that it came from a certain Karelian man's name Prokopij, from Ruokolahti
Ruokolahti
in the Middle Ages. This is the most probable explanation, supported by the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland
Finland
.

HISTORY

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Kuopio
Kuopio
was founded in 1653 by Governor Peter Brahe , but the official date is recognized as November 17, 1775, when King Gustav III of Sweden
Sweden
ordered the formal establishment of the city.

The period of Russian rule (1809–1917) brought notable transportation development within Eastern Finland. The Saimaa Canal (1856) opened up a summer route towards the Baltic Sea, and the Savo railroad (1889) improved transport in winter.

The municipality of Maaninka
Maaninka
joined the city of Kuopio
Kuopio
in 2015, town of Nilsiä
Nilsiä
in 2013 and Karttula in 2011, like did Vehmersalmi
Vehmersalmi
in 2005, Riistavesi
Riistavesi
in 1973 and Kuopion maalaiskunta in 1969. Kuopio
Kuopio
is almost completely surrounded by lake Kallavesi .

GEOGRAPHY

The city is surrounded by Lake Kallavesi , and several parts of it are built on islands. Kuopio's ample waterfronts and islands are also utilized in the Saaristokaupunki (lit. Archipelago city) -project, the biggest residential area currently being built in Finland. Saaristokaupunki will accommodate a total of 14,000 inhabitants in 2015. All houses will be situated no more than 500 metres (1,600 ft) from the nearest lakeshore.

CLIMATE

Kuopio
Kuopio
falls in the subarctic climate zone (Köppen "Dfc"), closely bordering on continental due to its warm summers. Winters are long and cold, with average highs staying below freezing from November until March, and summers are short and relatively mild. Most precipitation occurs in the late summer and early fall.

CLIMATE DATA FOR KUOPIO AIRPORT (1981-2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1959-PRESENT)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 5.0 (41) 9.2 (48.6) 13.3 (55.9) 21.9 (71.4) 28.6 (83.5) 31.1 (88) 33.8 (92.8) 33.2 (91.8) 24.8 (76.6) 16.0 (60.8) 11.1 (52) 8.6 (47.5) 33.8 (92.8)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) −6.0 (21.2) −5.7 (21.7) −0.2 (31.6) 6.4 (43.5) 14.1 (57.4) 18.9 (66) 21.8 (71.2) 18.9 (66) 13.0 (55.4) 6.3 (43.3) −0.1 (31.8) −3.9 (25) 6.96 (44.51)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −9.2 (15.4) −9.2 (15.4) −4.1 (24.6) 2.0 (35.6) 9.1 (48.4) 14.5 (58.1) 17.5 (63.5) 15.0 (59) 9.7 (49.5) 4.1 (39.4) −2.0 (28.4) −6.7 (19.9) 3.39 (38.1)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −12.6 (9.3) −13.0 (8.6) −8.0 (17.6) −2.2 (28) 4.3 (39.7) 10.3 (50.5) 13.6 (56.5) 11.7 (53.1) 7.0 (44.6) 2.1 (35.8) −4.1 (24.6) −9.7 (14.5) −0.05 (31.9)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −39.3 (−38.7) −37.0 (−34.6) −33.0 (−27.4) −20.9 (−5.6) −8.2 (17.2) 0.1 (32.2) 4.7 (40.5) 2.7 (36.9) −4.9 (23.2) −15.0 (5) −27.6 (−17.7) −33.2 (−27.8) −39.3 (−38.7)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 48 (1.89) 36 (1.42) 36 (1.42) 30 (1.18) 46 (1.81) 67 (2.64) 80 (3.15) 75 (2.95) 53 (2.09) 56 (2.2) 52 (2.05) 51 (2.01) 630 (24.81)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS 11 9 9 7 9 10 11 11 10 11 11 11 120

Source: Finnish Meteorological Institute

KUOPIO

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

41 −6 −13 31 −6 −13 34 0 −8 32 6 −3 39 14 4 65 19 10 77 21 13 80 19 11 59 12 6 53 6 2 51 0 −5 46 −4 −10

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Source: World Meteorological Organization

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

1.6 21 8 1.2 21 8 1.3 31 17 1.3 42 27 1.5 57 39 2.6 67 51 3 71 56 3.2 65 52 2.3 54 44 2.1 43 35 2 32 24 1.8 25 13

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

TRANSPORT

The city has a nationally unique feature in its street network, where every second street is practically a pedestrian and cycle street, so called "rännikatu" (from Swedish gränd, alley). These streets provide pedestrians a calm environment aside from the main street traffic. This setup dates back all the way to 1776 and the first town plan by Pehr Kjellman. Originally rännikatu, gränd (in Swedish) were created as a fire barrier to prevent a possible fire escalating in a city mostly built with wood.

Kuopio
Kuopio
is located along the Blue Highway , which is an international tourist route from Mo i Rana , Norway
Norway
to Pudozh , Russia
Russia
via Sweden
Sweden
.

Transport connections to Kuopio
Kuopio
include Pendolino
Pendolino
trains and air service from Kuopio Airport with Finnair
Finnair
, Blue1 and Finncomm (domestic, to Helsinki-Vantaa )

EDUCATION AND BUSINESS

Technology centre Technopolis Kuopio
Kuopio
is situated in Kuopio Science Park .

Higher Education in Kuopio
Kuopio
UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

University of Eastern Finland
Finland
6 229

Savonia University of Applied Sciences 5 000

HUMAK University of Applied Sciences ~150

Sibelius Academy ~100

Kuopio
Kuopio
has always been a city of education. Some of the first schools offering education in Finnish (such as the School for the Blind in 1871, and the Trade School in 1887) were established in Kuopio. Currently the most important institutions are the University of Eastern Finland
Finland
, the Savonia University of Applied Sciences , Vocational College of Northern Savonia and the Kuopio
Kuopio
department of the Sibelius Academy .

Kuopio
Kuopio
is known as a strong center of health (e.g. it has the biggest yearly enrollment rate of medical students in Finland), pharmacy, environment, food "> Kuopio
Kuopio
Museum in a National Romantic style building

Kuopio
Kuopio
is known as the cultural center of Eastern Finland. A wide range of musical (from kindergarten to doctorate-level studies) and dance education is available and the cultural life is active. Notable events include ANTI – Contemporary Art Festival , Kuopio
Kuopio
Dance Festival, Kuopio
Kuopio
Rockcock, Kuopio
Kuopio
Wine Festival, Kuopio
Kuopio
Marathon and Finland
Finland
Ice Marathon in winter. A notable place, however, to enjoy the local flavor of Kuopio
Kuopio
life and food is Sampo, a fish restaurant loved by locals and tourists as well.

Kuopio
Kuopio
is known for its association with a national delicacy, Finnish fish pastry ( Kalakukko ), and the dialect of Savo , as well as the hill of Puijo
Puijo
and the Puijo
Puijo
tower . Besides being a very popular outdoor recreation area, Puijo
Puijo
serves also as a stage for a yearly World Cup ski jumping competition.

In inhabitants of Kuopio
Kuopio
have a special reputation: they are known as jovial and verbally joking. Within the Savo culture, the onus is placed on the listener to interpret the story. People of the Kuopio region and Eastern Finland
Finland
have always had many health problems and the mortality has been higher than on an average in Finland. Because of this, Eastern Finland
Finland
has been a hotspot for Public Health studies. The North Karelia Project by the University of Kuopio in coordination with the National Public Health Institute and the World Health Organization , beginning in the 1970s was one of its first steps towards world class research.

During the 2000s, Kuopio
Kuopio
has placed very well in a number of image, popularity and city-attractiveness surveys. In 2007 it was placed third, behind Tampere
Tampere
and Oulu
Oulu
. Kuopio
Kuopio
Market Place with the Market Hall in foreground and the City Hall in the background

RELIGION

Kuopio Cathedral

The largest church denomination in Finland, Evangelical Lutheran Church has a diocese in Kuopio
Kuopio
, which is shepherded by bishop Jari Jolkkonen .

Kuopio
Kuopio
is home of the Finnish Orthodox Church where its primate, archbishop of Karelia and all Finland
Finland
Leo (Makkonen) is seated. This is an autonomous jurisdiction affiliated with the Patriarchate of Constantinople. It is the only mainstream Orthodox faction to celebrate Easter on the Latin date. The late Archbishop Paul had been successful in producing literature of popular theology. The city is also the location of RIISA- Orthodox Church Museum of Finland
Finland
.

Kuopio
Kuopio
also has an Islamic mosque. Muslims from various parts of the world and certain Finnish Muslims live in Kuopio.

The town is also home to the first Burmese Buddhist monastery in Finland, named the Buddha Dhamma Ramsi monastery.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Juhani Aho * Martti Ahtisaari * Atso Almila * Minna Canth * Pekka Halonen
Pekka Halonen
* Janne Happonen * Matti Hautamäki * Marco Hietala * Zachary Hietala * Janne Tolsa * Olli Jokinen * Sami Kapanen * Mika Kojonkoski * H. Olliver Twisted

* Hannes Kolehmainen
Hannes Kolehmainen
* Lasse Lehtinen * Paavo Lipponen * Archbishop Leo * Pertti "Spede" Pasanen * Aarno Ruusuvuori * Aulis Rytkönen * Tuomo Saikkonen * Johan Vilhelm Snellman * Kimmo Timonen * Jenni Vartiainen * Paavo Lötjönen * Brothers von Wright: Magnus , Wilhelm and Ferdinand

SPORTS IN KUOPIO

Puijo
Puijo
Ski Jumps with the Observation Tower in the background

Kuopio
Kuopio
bid for the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics , a youth sports festival in the tradition of the Olympics. It became a finalist in November 2008, but ultimately lost to Innsbruck, Austria . Kuopio's image as a small city with a large University and many active young people was considered a model of what the International Olympic Committee seeks for the Games.

* KalPa
KalPa
(ice hockey ) * KuPS (football ) * Kuopion Taitoluistelijat (figure skating ) * Puijon Hiihtoseura (skiing , ski jumping , nordic combined , biathlon ) * Puijon Pesis (pesäpallo ) * Kuopion Reippaan voimistelijat (gymnastics ) * Finland
Finland
Ice Marathon (ice skating event) * Kuopio
Kuopio
Steelers (american football ) * Kuopio
Kuopio
Skating club, Kuopion Luisteluseura KuLs (figure skating) * Welhot (floorball ) * Linkki (basketball )

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Finland
Finland

TWIN TOWNS — SISTER CITIES

Kuopio
Kuopio
is twinned with:

* Győr
Győr
, Hungary
Hungary
* Minneapolis
Minneapolis
, USA * Winnipeg
Winnipeg
, Canada
Canada
* Trabzon , Turkey
Turkey
* Jönköping , Sweden
Sweden
* Alūksne , Latvia
Latvia

* Svendborg , Denmark
Denmark
* Pitkyaranta , Russia
Russia
* Pskov
Pskov
, Russia
Russia
* Castrop-Rauxel , Germany
Germany
* Bodø , Norway
Norway

* Gera
Gera
, Germany
Germany
* Besançon
Besançon
, France
France
* Opole
Opole
, Poland
Poland
* Craiova , Romania
Romania
* Shanghai Pudong
Pudong
, China
China

REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ A B " Population density
Population density
by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 12 February 2017. * ^ A B "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016. * ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. * ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. * ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. * ^ A B "Taajamissa asuu 84 prosenttia väestöstä" (in (in Finnish)). Statistics Finland. 15 January 2008. Retrieved 7 January 2009. Tiheimmin asuttu oli Helsingin keskustaajama, jossa oli 1 690 asukasta maaneliökilometrillä. Seuraavaksi tiheimmin asuttuja olivat Kuopion keskustaajama (1 618 as./maa-km2) CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link ) * ^ Kuopio
Kuopio
2015: Jalankulku-, joukkoliikenne- ja autokaupunki. Finland’s Ministry of the Environment. p. 42. ISBN 978-952-11-2852-3 . Archived from the original on 26 February 2009. * ^ Archived 26 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ A B C "History and basic data". Kuopio
Kuopio
in Brief. City of Kuopio. Retrieved 2 November 2016. * ^ " Karttula sulautuu Kuopioon" & " Karttula ja Kuopio
Kuopio
yhteen". Myöhänen, Pentti & Manner, Matias Savon Sanomat. 1 July 2008. pp. 1 and 3. * ^ "Kuopion korkein asuinkerrostalo nousi harjakorkeuteen". Suomen Kiinteistölehti. 2008-10-16. p. 14. * ^ "Kallaveden syleilyssä". Saaristokaupunki. Kuopio. Retrieved 7 January 2009. * ^ "Tilastoja Suomen ilmastosta 1981 - 2010". Finnish Meteorological Institute. * ^ WP2: Accessibility, Synthesis Report (PDF). Universell utforming. 26 March 2004. p. 14. * ^ Description of the Case Areas (PDF). VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2 May 2002. p. 8. * ^ "Napoleon ja Kuopio: Kuninkaiden Kuopio". Memory of Northern Savonia. Museums of Northern Savonia. Retrieved 11 January 2009. * ^ "Key Data for 2007". University of Kuopio. 2007. Retrieved 9 January 2009. * ^ "In English". Savonia University of Applied Sciences. 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2009. * ^ Emergency Services College * ^ Steps leading to the establishment of the UEF Archived 27 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Kuopion työpaikat ja elinkeinorakenne 1.1.2008 (PDF). Kuopion kaupungin yrityspalvelu. 2008. pp. 1–2. * ^ A B "Elinkeinoelämä". City of Kuopio. 7 October 2008. Retrieved 9 January 2009. * ^ Koskinen, Jerri (6 May 2012). "Jari Jolkkonen vihittiin Kuopion piispan virkaan". Savon Sanomat. Retrieved 11 May 2012. * ^ " Kuopio
Kuopio
Mosque". * ^ "Buddhist Channel Buddhism News, Headlines World Burmese Buddhist monastery opens in Finland". Buddhistchannel.tv. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2011-09-16. * ^ Innsbruck and Kuopio
Kuopio
Make Final Shortlist For 2012 Youth Olympic Winter Games Archived 8 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). Twins2010.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-28. * ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Opola". Urzad Miasta Opola (in Polish). Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-01. * ^ " Kuopio
Kuopio
and Shanghai Pudong
Pudong
have signed a sister city agreement". City of Kuopio. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 24 August 2012.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KUOPIO .

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for KUOPIO .

* City of