Kunshan is a county-level city in eastern
Suzhou Prefecture in
Jiangsu Province in eastern China. It lies between Suzhou
proper and Shanghai.
6.1 Kunqu opera
Kunshan Culture & Art Center
6.3.1 Food identified with Kunshan
7 Recreation and tourism
9.1.2 National Highway
10 Notable people
13 External links
There is a strong possibility that the name
Kunshan is derived from a
hill, but which one is controversial. According to an impacted
version,[clarification needed] the hill is present-day Little Kunshan
(Xiaokunshan) in Shanghai's Songjiang District. The character 崑
(Kun) was the old Chinese name for the Kunlun Mountains. From it
developed the Chinese idiom "a jade from Kunlun Mountains", meaning
any "outstanding figure". This was applied to Lu Ji and a hill in his
hometown was designated as Kun to commemorate him.
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Maps of "Koen-chan-hien" and other towns of "Kiang-nan" from Du
Halde's 1736 Description of China, based on accounts by Jesuit
Lou county (婁縣) which administered
Kunshan and the area around was
established in Qin dynasty. It was named after Lou River (婁江;
present-day Liu River: 瀏河), while its seat was located in the
north eastern of Kunshan.
In 507, Xinyi county (信義縣) which hold Lou county 's former seat
was separated from the old Lou county.
In 535, the old
Kunshan county was separated from the old Xinyi
county, while its seat was moved to the north of Kun Hill, Songjiang.
In 751, the seat was moved to the south of Ma'anshan (Ma'an Hill:
In 1724, then
Kunshan county was divided into new
Kunshan county and
Xinyang county (新陽縣), the walled city also was halved to locate
their own seat respectively.
In 1860, Taiping Rebellions captured the walled city, then the Ever
Victorious Army?recaptured it in 1863.
On 11 November 1911, the local rally announced that both of the
counties seceded from the Qing court from then on.
In 1912, Xinyang county was merged into
On 15 November 1937, the Japanese army captured the walled city.
On 13 May 1949, the CPC controlled the walled city.
On 28 September 1989, the county was turn into a county-level city.
Kunshan is divided into 10 towns:
Yushan (玉山, the seat of city nominally)
However, both of Yushan and Huaqiao are nominal divisions at present,
they even not to be listed in an official website.
Kunshan New &
Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone
(昆山高新技术产业开发区, KSND) administering the main part
of Yushan functions as the seat of the city, while Huaqiao Economic
Development Zone (花桥经济开发区) administers the north of
Kunshan Economic & Technological Development Zone
(昆山经济技术开发区, KETD) administers the east of Yushan.
The area is relatively flat, still, there is a gentle slope stretching
from the south-east to north-west. The northern part are basically
dense polder, while the southern part is dotted with various lakes.
The major lakes are Dianshan Lake, Yangcheng Lake, Cheng Lake and
Wusong River winds through the city, while smaller rivers
criss-cross it in a grid pattern.
Climate data for
Record high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Kunshan County Chorography
According to the analysis of the local meteorological bureau, from
1961 to 2008, the annual and seasonal air temperatures were the
increasing trends, especially in spring. The total precipitation
remained static relatively, however, much concentrated in summer and
The composition of local GDP have changed drastically since 1978. The
primary sector, the secondary sector and the tertiary sector accounted
for 51.4%, 28.9% and 19.7% respectively. However, the data in 2015
were 0.9%, 55.1% and 44.0%.
The total GDP of
Kunshan was 316 billion RMB , listed as No.1 of
all Chinese county-level city in 2016.
Main article: Kunqu Opera
Kunshan is the cradle of Kunqu opera which evolved from
The tune was fused the Southern Operas and the
Kunshan local cultural
elements in the late Yuan dynasty, it was preferred by some scholars
and dramatists since mid-Ming dynasty. Being improved by them, Kunshan
tune became quite popular until the 1800s.
Kunshan Culture & Art Center
Kunshan Culture & Art Center situated in the west of the downtown
is usually used as the venue for considerable local performances and
conventions. The center is composed of a performing arts center, a
convention center, a movie theater. Its first phase of the project is
set in about 17.6 acres of land.
Food identified with Kunshan
Recreation and tourism
Kunshan is one of the most visited tourist destinations among the
Yangtze River Delta with over 20 million visits in 2016.
2013 World Cyber Games were held
Kunshan in order to draw in
tourism and positive press.
Zhouzhuang Ancient Town
Qiandeng Ancient Town
Jinxi Ancient Town
There are two institutions in
Kunshan provide at least bachelor's
Applied Technology CollegeSoochow University
Shanghai Ring Expressway
S5 Changshu–Jiaxing Expressway
China National Highway 312
There is a
Kunshan Railway Station
Kunshan Railway Station on
Jinghu Railway situated in the
south of the downtown. It principally handles freight.
Kunshan South Railway Station is a junction where Beijing-Shanghai
High-Speed Railway and Shanghai–
Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway
link at. Besides, both
Yangcheng Lake Railway Station and Huaqiao
Railway Station are on the Shanghai–
Nanjing Intercity High-Speed
A motion made to construct two metro railways running through the city
centre was passed by the
Jiangsu provincial government.
Kunshan is the first county-level city with metro railway system. Line
Shanghai Metro has been extended to
Kunshan in 2013. An extension
of Line 3,
Suzhou Rail Transit to
Kunshan has also been proposed.
Einar Tangen: Cities of
China – Kunshan. The
Kunshan Way. Beijing:
Foreign Languages Press, 2010; ISBN 978-7-119-06432-1.
^ Tabulation of the 2010 Population Censue of the People's Republic of
China by County: Kunshan.
China Statistics Press. 2012.
^ Wang (1990), pp. 73–74.
^ 讀史方輿紀要, Vol. 24:
^ Wang (1990), pp. 11–68.
^ Wang (1990), pp. 111–114.
^ "Characteristics of climate change from 1961 to 2008 in Kunshan,
Jiangsu province". Journal of Meteorology and Environment. 26 (5):
Kunshan Statistic Yearbook (2015)".
^ "Main Economic Indicators of
Kunshan (Jan-Dec 2016)".
^ "Release of Scientific Development Index of Studies of Small to
Medium Sized City in
Kunshan Culture & Art Center". www.ks.gov.cn.
www.jstour.gov.cn (in Chinese).
^ Szablewicz, Marcella (March 2016). "China's E-Sports Paradox". Slate
^ "省政府关于昆山市城市总体规划的批复". Archived from
the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-13.
^ "昆山市城市总体规划 (2009—2030)". Retrieved 25 March
Wang, Daowei (1990).
Kunshan County Chorography (昆山县志).
Shanghai People's Publishing House. ISBN 7-80519-404-1.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kunshan.
City of Kunshan
Kunshan (in Chinese)
Kunshan City English guide (Jiangsu.NET)
Kunshan City Guide
Kunshan Leaps to the Head of China's Top 10 Richest Counties
Grand Canal of China
Nanjing Normal University
Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Ge Yuan Garden
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
Yangtze River Bridge
Grand Buddha at Ling Shan
Tianning Temple Pagoda
County-level divisions of