HOME
The Info List - Kunshan


--- Advertisement ---



Kunshan
Kunshan
is a county-level city in eastern Suzhou
Suzhou
Prefecture in southeastern Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province in eastern China. It lies between Suzhou proper and Shanghai.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Administration 4 Geography

4.1 Topography 4.2 Climate

5 Economy 6 Culture

6.1 Kunqu opera 6.2 Kunshan
Kunshan
Culture & Art Center 6.3 Cuisine

6.3.1 Food identified with Kunshan

7 Recreation and tourism 8 Education 9 Transportation

9.1 Road

9.1.1 Expressways 9.1.2 National Highway

9.2 Railway 9.3 Underground

10 Notable people 11 Literature 12 References

12.1 Citations 12.2 Bibliography

13 External links

Name[edit] There is a strong possibility that the name Kunshan
Kunshan
is derived from a hill, but which one is controversial.[2] According to an impacted version,[clarification needed] the hill is present-day Little Kunshan (Xiaokunshan) in Shanghai's Songjiang District. The character 崑 (Kun) was the old Chinese name for the Kunlun Mountains. From it developed the Chinese idiom "a jade from Kunlun Mountains", meaning any "outstanding figure". This was applied to Lu Ji and a hill in his hometown was designated as Kun to commemorate him.[3] History[edit]

This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. You can help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is available. (January 2018)

Maps of "Koen-chan-hien" and other towns of "Kiang-nan" from Du Halde's 1736 Description of China, based on accounts by Jesuit missionaries

Lou county (婁縣) which administered Kunshan
Kunshan
and the area around was established in Qin dynasty. It was named after Lou River (婁江; present-day Liu River: 瀏河), while its seat was located in the north eastern of Kunshan. In 507, Xinyi county (信義縣) which hold Lou county 's former seat was separated from the old Lou county. In 535, the old Kunshan
Kunshan
county was separated from the old Xinyi county, while its seat was moved to the north of Kun Hill, Songjiang. In 751, the seat was moved to the south of Ma'anshan (Ma'an Hill: 馬鞍山; in Kunshan
Kunshan
nowadays). In 1724, then Kunshan
Kunshan
county was divided into new Kunshan
Kunshan
county and Xinyang county (新陽縣), the walled city also was halved to locate their own seat respectively. In 1860, Taiping Rebellions captured the walled city, then the Ever Victorious Army?recaptured it in 1863. On 11 November 1911, the local rally announced that both of the counties seceded from the Qing court from then on. In 1912, Xinyang county was merged into Kunshan
Kunshan
county. On 15 November 1937, the Japanese army captured the walled city. On 13 May 1949, the CPC controlled the walled city.[4] On 28 September 1989, the county was turn into a county-level city.

Administration[edit] Kunshan
Kunshan
is divided into 10 towns:

Yushan (玉山, the seat of city nominally) Bacheng (巴城) Dianshanhu (淀山湖) Huaqiao (花桥) Jinx (锦溪) Lujia (陆家) Qiandeng Zhangpu (张浦) Zhoushi (周市) Zhouzhuang

However, both of Yushan and Huaqiao are nominal divisions at present, they even not to be listed in an official website. Kunshan
Kunshan
New & Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone (昆山高新技术产业开发区, KSND) administering the main part of Yushan functions as the seat of the city, while Huaqiao Economic Development Zone (花桥经济开发区) administers the north of Huaqiao and Kunshan
Kunshan
Economic & Technological Development Zone (昆山经济技术开发区, KETD) administers the east of Yushan. Geography[edit] Topography[edit] The area is relatively flat, still, there is a gentle slope stretching from the south-east to north-west. The northern part are basically dense polder, while the southern part is dotted with various lakes. The major lakes are Dianshan Lake, Yangcheng Lake, Cheng Lake and Kuilei Lake. Wusong River
Wusong River
winds through the city, while smaller rivers criss-cross it in a grid pattern. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kunshan
Kunshan
(1959−1987)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 21.6 (70.9) 25.4 (77.7) 27.9 (82.2) 32.4 (90.3) 34.7 (94.5) 35.7 (96.3) 37.9 (100.2) 37.6 (99.7) 36.2 (97.2) 32.5 (90.5) 27.9 (82.2) 23.2 (73.8) 37.9 (100.2)

Daily mean °C (°F) 2.8 (37) 4.1 (39.4) 8.2 (46.8) 13.9 (57) 19.1 (66.4) 23.4 (74.1) 27.7 (81.9) 27.4 (81.3) 22.8 (73) 17.3 (63.1) 11.6 (52.9) 5.2 (41.4) 15.3 (59.5)

Record low °C (°F) −11.7 (10.9) −8.4 (16.9) −5.1 (22.8) −1.4 (29.5) 6.0 (42.8) 12.3 (54.1) 16.6 (61.9) 16.6 (61.9) 11.0 (51.8) 2.5 (36.5) −3.1 (26.4) −7.8 (18) −11.7 (10.9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 35.2 (1.386) 52.1 (2.051) 75.8 (2.984) 101.1 (3.98) 111.1 (4.374) 159.3 (6.272) 130.2 (5.126) 120.6 (4.748) 128.9 (5.075) 62.2 (2.449) 52.6 (2.071) 34.6 (1.362) 1,063.7 (41.878)

Source: Kunshan
Kunshan
County Chorography[5]

According to the analysis of the local meteorological bureau, from 1961 to 2008, the annual and seasonal air temperatures were the increasing trends, especially in spring. The total precipitation remained static relatively, however, much concentrated in summer and winter.[6] Economy[edit] The composition of local GDP have changed drastically since 1978. The primary sector, the secondary sector and the tertiary sector accounted for 51.4%, 28.9% and 19.7% respectively. However, the data in 2015 were 0.9%, 55.1% and 44.0%.[7] The total GDP of Kunshan
Kunshan
was 316 billion RMB [8], listed as No.1 of all Chinese county-level city in 2016.[9] Culture[edit] Kunqu opera[edit] Main article: Kunqu Opera Kunshan
Kunshan
is the cradle of Kunqu opera which evolved from Kunshan
Kunshan
tune. The tune was fused the Southern Operas and the Kunshan
Kunshan
local cultural elements in the late Yuan dynasty, it was preferred by some scholars and dramatists since mid-Ming dynasty. Being improved by them, Kunshan tune became quite popular until the 1800s. Kunshan
Kunshan
Culture & Art Center[edit] Kunshan
Kunshan
Culture & Art Center situated in the west of the downtown is usually used as the venue for considerable local performances and conventions. The center is composed of a performing arts center, a convention center, a movie theater. Its first phase of the project is set in about 17.6 acres of land.[10] Cuisine[edit] Food identified with Kunshan[edit]

Recreation and tourism[edit] Kunshan
Kunshan
is one of the most visited tourist destinations among the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta with over 20 million visits in 2016.[11] The 2013 World Cyber Games were held Kunshan
Kunshan
in order to draw in tourism and positive press.[12]

Zhouzhuang
Zhouzhuang
Ancient Town

Qiandeng
Qiandeng
Ancient Town

Jinxi Ancient Town

Tinglin Park

Education[edit] There are two institutions in Kunshan
Kunshan
provide at least bachelor's degree education:

Duke Kunshan
Kunshan
University Applied Technology CollegeSoochow University

Transportation[edit] Road[edit] Expressways[edit]

G2 Beijing– Shanghai
Shanghai
Expressway G1501 Shanghai
Shanghai
Ring Expressway S5 Changshu–Jiaxing Expressway S48 Shanghai– Yixing
Yixing
Expressway S58 Shanghai– Changzhou
Changzhou
Expressway

National Highway[edit]

China
China
National Highway 312

Railway[edit]

There is a Kunshan Railway Station
Kunshan Railway Station
on Jinghu Railway
Jinghu Railway
situated in the south of the downtown. It principally handles freight. Kunshan
Kunshan
South Railway Station is a junction where Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway and Shanghai– Nanjing
Nanjing
Intercity High-Speed Railway link at. Besides, both Yangcheng Lake
Yangcheng Lake
Railway Station and Huaqiao Railway Station are on the Shanghai– Nanjing
Nanjing
Intercity High-Speed Railway.

Underground[edit] A motion made to construct two metro railways running through the city centre was passed by the Jiangsu
Jiangsu
provincial government.[13][14] Kunshan
Kunshan
is the first county-level city with metro railway system. Line 11, Shanghai
Shanghai
Metro has been extended to Kunshan
Kunshan
in 2013. An extension of Line 3, Suzhou
Suzhou
Rail Transit to Kunshan
Kunshan
has also been proposed. Notable people[edit]

Gui Youguang Gu Yanwu Gong Xian Ding Shande Fei Junlong

Literature[edit]

Einar Tangen: Cities of China
China
– Kunshan. The Kunshan
Kunshan
Way. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 2010; ISBN 978-7-119-06432-1.

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Tabulation of the 2010 Population Censue of the People's Republic of China
China
by County: Kunshan. China
China
Statistics Press. 2012. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.  ^ Wang (1990), pp. 73–74. ^ 讀史方輿紀要, Vol. 24: '崑山,府西北二十三里。其西為長谷,亦曰華亭谷,有水縈繞百餘里,為泖湖之上源,故泖湖亦兼谷泖之名。杜佑曰:「華亭縣以華亭谷而名。」陸機臨命嘆曰:「華亭鶴唳,可復聞乎?」蓋其地嘗出鶴也。山之得名,亦以陸機兄弟生於此,取崑山出玉之義" ^ Wang (1990), pp. 11–68. ^ Wang (1990), pp. 111–114. ^ "Characteristics of climate change from 1961 to 2008 in Kunshan, Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province". Journal of Meteorology and Environment. 26 (5): 53–56. 2010.  ^ " Kunshan
Kunshan
Statistic Yearbook (2015)".  ^ "Main Economic Indicators of Kunshan
Kunshan
(Jan-Dec 2016)".  ^ "Release of Scientific Development Index of Studies of Small to Medium Sized City in China
China
2017".  ^ " Kunshan
Kunshan
Culture & Art Center". www.ks.gov.cn.  ^ "昆山:2016年昆山接待游客突破2000万人次". www.jstour.gov.cn (in Chinese).  ^ Szablewicz, Marcella (March 2016). "China's E-Sports Paradox". Slate Magazine.  ^ "省政府关于昆山市城市总体规划的批复". Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-13.  ^ "昆山市城市总体规划 (2009—2030)". Retrieved 25 March 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

Wang, Daowei (1990). Kunshan
Kunshan
County Chorography (昆山县志). Shanghai
Shanghai
People's Publishing House. ISBN 7-80519-404-1. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kunshan.

China
China
portal

City of Kunshan City of Kunshan
Kunshan
(in Chinese) Kunshan
Kunshan
City English guide (Jiangsu.NET) Kunshan
Kunshan
City Guide Kunshan
Kunshan
Leaps to the Head of China's Top 10 Richest Counties

v t e

Jiangsu
Jiangsu
topics

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Grand Canal of China Yellow Sea East China
China
Sea Xishan Island Yangtze River Lake Tai Hongze Lake Yangcheng Lake Huai River Qixia Mountain

Education

Nanjing
Nanjing
University Southeast University Hohai University Nanjing
Nanjing
Normal University Nanjing
Nanjing
University of Science and Technology

Culture

Wuyue culture Shuochang Cuisine Chinese opera Ge Yuan Garden

Visitor attractions

Purple Mountain Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum Jiming Temple Nanjing
Nanjing
Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Bridge Hanshan Temple Huqiu Tower Grand Buddha at Ling Shan Chaotian Palace Qixia Temple Tianning Temple Pagoda Zhouzhuang

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Nanjing

Xuanwu District Qinhuai District Jianye District Gulou District Pukou District Luhe District Qixia District Yuhuatai District Jiangning District Lishui District Gaochun District

Prefecture-level cities

Wuxi

Binhu District Huishan District Xishan District Liangxi District Xinwu District Jiangyin
Jiangyin
City Yixing
Yixing
City

Xuzhou

Yunlong District Gulou District Jiawang District Tongshan District Quanshan District Pizhou
Pizhou
City Xinyi City Suining County Pei County Feng County

Changzhou

Zhonglou District Tianning District Xinbei District Wujin District Jintan District Liyang
Liyang
City

Suzhou

Gusu District Huqiu District Wuzhong District Xiangcheng District Wujiang District Kunshan
Kunshan
City Taicang
Taicang
City Changshu
Changshu
City Zhangjiagang
Zhangjiagang
City

Nantong

Chongchuan District Gangzha District Tongzhou District Haimen
Haimen
City Qidong City Rugao
Rugao
City Rudong County Hai'an County

Lianyungang

Haizhou District Lianyun District Ganyu District Guanyun County Donghai County Guannan County

Huai'an

Qingjiangpu District Huai'an
Huai'an
District Huaiyin District Hongze District Jinhu County Xuyi County Lianshui County

Yancheng

Tinghu District Yandu District Dafeng District Dongtai
Dongtai
City Sheyang County Funing County Binhai County Xiangshui County Jianhu County

Yangzhou

Guangling District Hanjiang District Jiangdu District Yizheng
Yizheng
City Gaoyou
Gaoyou
City Baoying County

Zhenjiang

Jingkou District Runzhou District Dantu District Yangzhong
Yangzhong
City Danyang City Jurong City

Taizhou

Hailing District Gaogang District Jiangyan District Jingjiang
Jingjiang
City Taixing
Taixing
City Xinghua City

Suqian

Sucheng District Suyu District Shuyang County Siyang Co

.