Archaeological remains of the Mauryan period (322–185 BCE) have been discovered here, this include the ruins of a hypostyle 80-pillared hall The excavation finding here dates back to 600 BCE, and marks the ancient capital of Ajatshatru , Chandragupta and Ashoka , and collectively the relics range from four continuous periods from 600 BCE to 600 CE.
* 1 Assembly Hall of 80-pillars * 2 Other structures * 3 See also * 4 Further reading * 5 References * 6 External links
ASSEMBLY HALL OF 80-PILLARS
Following the excavation of nearby
Bulandi Bagh by
L.A. Waddell in
1895, American archaeologist
David Brainard Spooner excavated in
The pillars are arranged in 8 rows of 10 pillars each. The pillars are separated with each other by a distance of 4.57 meters. Each pillar is made of fine sandstone from Chunar , and was 9.75 meters in height, of which 2.74 meters were below the surface for grounding. Since no other stone works were recovered, it is thought that the pillars sustained a wooden roof, and that there were no surrounding walls, making it an open-air hall. South of the pillared hall, seven wooden platforms were excavated, which are thought to have supported a staircase going into the canal to welcome guests. Plan of the 80-columns pillared hall.
All the ruins are attributed to the Mauryan period, though historians vary regarding the use of the 80-pillar hall, some suggest that it was in this hall that Third Buddhist Council was held, in 250 BCE, at Ashokarama in Patiliputta ( Pataliputra ), under the reign of Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka (r. 273-232 BCE). The pillared hall seems to have been located about 350 meters south of the wooden palisades of the city of Pataliputra (discovered in the area of Bulandi Bagh ), and was standing by the banks of the former Son river , and therefore cannot have been the Mauryan palace, but probably only "a pleasure hall outside the city walls". Single remaining column of the 80-column hall (this pillar was the 3rd pillar of the 6th row on the map). Portion of pillar, found in Pataliputra.
Spooner initially thought that the pillars that were not found had
sunk into the ground, but later research by Indian archaeologist
Altekar showed that instead they had been removed by locals and reused
for construction purposes. Altekar also thought that the compound was
an isolated structure ouside the city of Pataliputra, with not much
around it, and that it had been burnt down during the time of the
Ruins of the pillared hall at the
Wooden platforms just south of the hall, thought to have supported a staircase to the canal. *
ANAND BIHAR: The foundations of the brick
Buddhist monastery were
excavated, apart from wooden beams and clay figures, which are now
kept for public display in the surrounding park.
AROGYA VIHAR: Also found during the excavations, are the presence of
an Arogya Vihar headed by
Dhanvantari , an early Indian medical
practitioner, considered the source of
DURAKHI DEVI TEMPLE – Excavations in 1890s, by
* Altekar, A. S. Coins in Kumrahar and Bulandibag (Pataliputra) Excavations in 1912-13. (1951)
* ^ "Destinations :: Patna". Archived from the original on
* ^ Devise plan to save