Coordinates: 47°35′00″N 12°10′00″E / 47.58333°N
12.16667°E / 47.58333; 12.16667Coordinates: 47°35′00″N
12°10′00″E / 47.58333°N 12.16667°E / 47.58333;
Martin Krumschnabel (Independent)
39.37 km2 (15.20 sq mi)
499 m (1,637 ft)
Population (1 January 2016)
480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
• Summer (DST)
Kufstein is a town in the Austrian state of Tyrol, the administrative
Kufstein District. With a population of about 18,400, it is
the second largest Tyrolean town after the state capital Innsbruck.
The greatest landmark is
Kufstein Fortress, first mentioned in the
7 International relations
7.1 Twin towns — Sister cities
8 Notable people
9 Media and the Arts
9.1 Film and television
11 External links
It is located in the
Tyrolean Unterland region on the river Inn, at
the confluence with its
Kaiserbach tributaries, near the
border to Bavaria, Germany. The municipal area stretches along the
Lower Inn Valley
Lower Inn Valley between the
Brandenberg Alps in the northwest and the
Kaiser Mountains in the southeast. The remote
Kaisertal until recently
was the last settled valley in
Austria without transport connections,
prior to the construction of a tunnel road from
Ebbs in 2006. North of the town, the Inn river leaves the
Northern Limestone Alps
Northern Limestone Alps and enters the Bavarian Alpine Foreland. The
town area comprises several small lakes, such as Pfrillsee, Längsee,
and Hechtsee; Egelsee and
Maistaller Lacke are protected nature
The municipal arrangement comprises the cadastral communities of
Kufstein, Mosbach and Thierberg; the town itself is divided into five
quarters (Zentrum, Sparchen, Weissach, Endach, and Zell).
Climate data for Kufstein
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Glass manufacturer Riedel, gunmaker Voere, and textile mat
manufacturer Kleen-Tex are based in Kufstein.
Kufstein is also home to the University of Applied Sciences Kufstein
which specializes in providing business education and is a center for
Almabtrieb cow train in Kufstein
Kufstein has two exits along the A12 motorway (autobahn) from
Innsbruck to Rosenheim.
Kufstein railway station, opened in 1876, forms part of the Lower Inn
Valley railway section of the Brenner-axis from
Munich to Verona.
The Festungsbahn is a funicular that links the city centre with the
Archaeological findings in the
Tischofer Cave in
Kaisertal denote a
settlement of the area more than 30,000 years ago, the oldest traces
of human habitation in Tyrol. Incorporated into the
Roman Empire in 15
BC, the Inn river formed the border between the Roman provinces of
Raetia and Noricum.
A church at Caofstein was first mentioned in a 788 deed issued by
Bishop Arno of Salzburg. At that time, the
Lower Inn Valley
Lower Inn Valley was part
of the Bavarian realm under the Agilolfing duke Tassilo III, who was
Charlemagne and replaced by Prefect Gerold. The Fortress is
first documented in 1205 as a possession of the Bishop of Regensburg
and the Duke of Bavaria.
In the early 14th century, the Wittelsbach emperor Louis IV, also
Bavarian duke, vested the
Kufstein citizens with rights of
Kufstein passed to the
County of Tyrol
County of Tyrol in 1342, when it
was a wedding gift to Countess Margaret from her husband, Emperor
Louis's son Louis the Brandenburger. However, it fell back to Bavaria
upon Margaret's death in 1369. Duke Stephen III of
Kufstein city status in 1393, due to its prominence as a trading and
docking point on the Inn River. From 1415 onwards, his son and
successor Duke Louis VII had the Fortress largely rebuilt and
Emperor Maximilian entering Kufstein, 1836 drawing
The possession of the strategically important
Kufstein border fortress
remained disputed. In 1504, the Habsburg emperor Maximilian I took the
opportunity of the
War of the Succession of Landshut within the
Bavarian Wittelsbach dynasty: his Austrian forces laid siege to the
town, and at the Imperial Diet in
Cologne the next year, the emperor
resolved upon the cession of the
Kufstein territories to the Habsburg
lands of Tyrol. Maximilian had the prominent Kaiserturm tower of the
fortress erected, which was finished in 1522.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the castle was again
besieged by Bavarian troops under Elector Maximilian II Emanuel in
1703, nevertheless the Austrian domains were confirmed by the Treaty
of Ilbersheim the next year. After the War of the Third Coalition,
Kufstein once again was awarded to the newly established Kingdom of
Bavaria in the 1805 Peace of Pressburg and the
Tyrolean Rebellion of
1809 was crushed by the Bavarian Army. Finally in 1813/14 it passed to
the Austrian Empire.
In the 19th century,
Kufstein Fortress was turned into a bastille for
political prisoners, such as the Hungarian outlaw Sándor Rózsa, who
spent several years here before he was finally pardonned in 1868. The
town's economic development was decisively promoted by the opening of
Lower Inn Valley
Lower Inn Valley Railway line in 1858.
In the late days of
World War II
World War II the historic town centre suffered
from Allied bombing. After the war,
Kufstein was occupied by French
and US forces; it was the site of a French sector United Nations
Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Displaced Persons camp.
Panorama View over Kufstein
Architecture style typical for Tirol region in Austria.
Wasserbastion, a part of the medieval wall.
Saint Vitus Church.
Due to its long history, the city of
Kufstein has various sights to
The Fortress (Festung) is built on a rock the height of which amounts
to 90 metres (300 feet). Sometimes erroneously called Schloss
Garoldseck, the fortress was mentioned as Castrum Caofstein in a
document for the first time in 1205. It was enlarged several times.
The most important tower, the round and impressive Kaiserturm, was
built from 1518-22. Several times in its history, the fortress was
used as a prison. Today it is famous for its large organ
The old city center (Altstadt) with several picturesque lanes the most
famous of which is Römerhofgasse.
The sightworthy City Hall (Rathaus) is on a square called Stadtplatz.
Saint Vitus Church is the oldest church of Kufstein. It was built from
1390-1420 in a typical Gothic style. Later, it was converted into a
baroque church from 1660-61.
A part of the medieval city wall is well preserved and worth a visit.
The sightworthy Wasserbastei is in the Northern part of the old city
center on the river Inn. In the Southern part of the wall, a former
gate called Auracher Löchl can be seen.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Austria
Twin towns — Sister cities
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Kufstein is twinned with
Ferenc Kazinczy (1759–1831), author, the regenerator of the
Hungarian language and literature
Josef Madersperger (1768–1850), tailor and one of the inventors of
the sewing machine
Adele Stürzl (1892–1944), communist and resistance fighter against
Max Reisch (1912–1985), Orient-researcher and writer
Claus Josef Riedel (1925–2004), entrepreneur and glass designer
Cornelius Rost (1919–1983), Wehrmacht officer and a template for the
novel As far as your feet will carry
Christian Pravda (1927–1994), alpine skier
Günter Pichler (born 1940), musician and professor
Franz Schuler (born 1962), biathlete
Manfred Linzmaier (born 1962), soccer player and team manager
Armin Kircher (1966–2015), church musician and composer
Markus Kronthaler (1967–2006), mountaineer and climber
Karl Wendlinger (born 1968), racecar and Formula One driver
Claus Dalpiaz (born 1971), ice hockey goaltender
Leslie H. Sabo, Jr.
Leslie H. Sabo, Jr. (1948–1970), US-soldier, Medal of Honor
Media and the Arts
Film and television
Locations in and around
Kufstein have been used for a number of films
and television programmes: Destiny (1942),
Mountain Crystal (1949),
Bluebeard (1951), White Shadows (1951), Das letzte Aufgebot (1953),
The Flying Classroom (1954), Graf Porno und die liebesdurstigen
Töchter (1969), Vanessa (1977), Sachrang (1978), TV documentary
series Bilderbuch Deutschland (1996), Da wo das Glück beginnt (2006),
Da wo es noch Treue gibt (2006), and Da wo die Freundschaft zahlt
(2007). For further information see the Internet Movie Database.
Heino sings in Das Kufsteinlied about Kufstein. Franzl Lang sings
Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach
Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Kufstein.
^ "Monthly Averages for Kufstein, Austria". Retrieved 19 August
^ Chizzali. Tyrol: Impressions of Tyrol. (Innsbruck: Alpina Printers
and Publishers), p. 44
^ Eisterer, Klaus (1991). Französische Besatzungspolitik Tirol und
Vorarlberg 1945/46-Innsbrucker Forschungen zur Zeitgeschichte Band 9
(in German). Innsbruck: Haymon Verlag. p. 104.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kufstein.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kufstein.
Official website (in German)
Kufstein Gigapixel Panorama (15.000 Megapixel)
Kufstein Tourist Board[permanent dead link]
www.heimat-kufstein.at: Historical pictures of Kufstein
Municipalities in the district of Kufstein
Breitenbach am Inn
Reith im Alpbachtal
Scheffau am Wilden Kaiser