Kudi Arasu (also pronounced as Kudiyarasu; English: Republic) was a
Tamil weekly magazine published by
Periyar E. V. Ramasamy
Periyar E. V. Ramasamy in Madras
Presidency (present-day Tamil Nadu) in India.
3 In recent times
Kudi Arasu on 2 May 1925 in Erode with K. M.
Thangaperumal pillai as the editor. Its initial publications were
issued weekly on Sunday with 16 pages at a cost of one anna. In
November 1925, Periyar quit the
Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress after his
failed attempt to bring reservation for non-Brahmins in educational
institutions and government jobs. He started the Self-Respect
Movement to propagate self-respect among Indians, especially Tamils.
The magazine became the mouthpiece of the movement. The magazine
circulated in the Tamil diaspora, for which Thamizhavel G. Sarangapani
played a prominent role. It had Periyar's wife Nagammai, his sister
Kannammal and his brother E. V. Krishnasamy as the publisher for
a period of time when he was on tour or arrested. It ceased
publication on 5 November 1949.
Periyar wrote several articles on women's rights, on atheism and
against the caste system. Others like M. Singaravelu wrote many
articles on socialism.
In an editorial dated 29 March 1931, Periyar criticised Mahatma Gandhi
for Bhagat Singh's death. He wrote,
There is no one who has not condoled the death of Mr.
Bhagat Singh by
hanging. There is none who has not condemned the government for
hanging him. Besides, we now see several people known as patriots and
national heroes scolding Mr. Gandhi for the happening of this
The Madras government of the
British Raj banned the magazine at
several occasions for various reasons including sedition and for
propagating communism. In 1935, the Tamil version of Why I am an
Atheist was banned, and translator
P. Jeevanandham and publisher
E.V. Krishnasamy were arrested.
In recent times
In 2010, works from between 1925 and 1938 were reproduced and
published as books.
^ a b K. Srilata (2003). The Other Half of the Coconut: Women Writing
Self-respect History : an Anthology of
(1928–1936). Zubaan. pp. 25–26.
^ S. Muthiah (2008). Madras, Chennai: A 400-year Record of the First
City of Modern India. Palaniappa Brothers. p. 354.
^ Maithreyi Krishnaraj (27 April 2012). Motherhood in India:
Glorification without Empowerment?. Taylor & Francis. p. 203.
^ Chandra Mallampalli (31 July 2004). Christians and Public Life in
Colonial South India, 1863–1937: Contending with Marginality.
Routledge. p. 176. ISBN 978-1-134-35025-4.
^ "Thamizhavel G. Sarangapani". The Modern rationalist.
tamilnation.co. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
^ a b c "Periyar admired Bhagat Singh, criticised Gandhiji". The
Hindu. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
^ Gail Omvedt (1 January 2006). Dalit Visions: The Anti-caste Movement
and the Construction of an Indian Identity. Orient Blackswan.
p. 57. ISBN 978-81-250-2895-6.
^ Bhagat Singh; Bhupendra Hooja (2007). The Jail Notebook and Other
Writings. LeftWord Books. pp. 189–.
^ Kanchi Venugopal Reddy (2002). Class, Colonialism, and Nationalism:
Madras Presidency, 1928-1939. Mittal Publications. pp. 85–.
^ "Periyar's speeches, writings released". The Hindu. 12 June 2010.
Retrieved 22 March