Krystallopigi
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Krystallopigi ( el, Κρυσταλλοπηγή) is a former
community A community is a social unit The term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Level of analysis" is distinct from the term "unit of observation" in that the former refer ...
in Florina regional unit,
West Macedonia Western Macedonia ( el, Δυτική Μακεδονία, translit=Dhitikí Makedhonía, ) is one of the thirteen regions In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devote ...
,
Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geogr ...

Greece
. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality
Prespes Prespes ( el, Πρέσπες) is a municipality in the Florina Florina ( el, Φλώρινα, ''Flórina''; known also by some #Name, alternative names) is a town and Municipalities and communities of Greece, municipality in the mountainous n ...

Prespes
, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 101.984 km2. The population is 359 (2011). The main village is also called Krystallopigi. After the Greek Civil War, the village was resettled with
Aromanians The Aromanians ( rup, Armãnji, Rrãmãnji) are a Romance Romance (from Vulgar Latin , "in the Roman language", i.e., "Latin") may refer to: Common meanings * Romance (love) Romance or Romantic love is an emotional feeling of love fo ...
from
Epirus sq, Epiri rup, Epiru , native_name_lang = , settlement_type = Historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geography, geographical areas which at some point in time had a culture, cultural, ethnic group, ethn ...
. Today they still form the majority of the towns population. Here is located the depopulated village
Vambel Moschochori ( el, Μοσχοχώρι, until 1927 , Vambeli); ( bg, Въмбел); ( mk, В'мбел) was a small village in the community of Krystallopigi, Greece. Its population was 488 at the 1940 census.  History The village is mentioned ...
. Krystallopigi borders
Albania Albania ( ; sq, Shqipëri or Shqipëria), officially the Republic of Albania ( sq, Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a par ...

Albania
to the west;
Prespes municipality
Prespes municipality
to the north;
Korestia municipality
Korestia municipality
, Kastoria regional unit, to the east and southeast; and Kastraki community, Kastoria regional unit, to the south. A major road
border crossing Border control is the measures taken by a state (polity), state or a bloc of states to monitor its borders and regulate the movement of people, animals, and goods across the border. History States and rulers have always regarded the ability to ...
into
Albania Albania ( ; sq, Shqipëri or Shqipëria), officially the Republic of Albania ( sq, Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a par ...

Albania
is located here. The Albanian side of the border crossing is known as Kapshtica, 9 km east from
Bilisht Bilisht ( al, Bilisht) is a town and a former municipality in Korçë County Korçë County ( sq, Qarku Korçë, italic=unset), officially the County of Korçë ( sq, Qarku i Korçës, italic=unset), is a Counties of Albania, county in the Sout ...
.


Name

Until 1926, the village was known as ''Smardesi'' ( gr, Σμαρδέσι). In the
Bulgarian Bulgarian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to the country of Bulgaria * Bulgarians, a South Slavic ethnic group * Bulgarian language, a Slavic language * Bulgarian alphabet * A citizen of Bulgaria, see Demographics of Bulgaria * Bulg ...

Bulgarian
it is known as Смърдеш, ''Smardesh'' or ''Smrdesh'', while in
Macedonian Macedonian most often refers to someone or something from or related to Macedonia (disambiguation), Macedonia. Macedonian may specifically refer to: People Modern * Macedonians (ethnic group), a nation and a South Slavic ethnic group primarily ...
as Смрдеш, ''Smrdeš''. The original name of the village is believed to be derived from the local Slavic name of a nearby mineral spring ''Smrdliva Voda'' meaning ''stinky water''. The modern name Krystallopigi means "crystal spring".


History

The village was mentioned in an Ottoman
defter A ''defter'' (plural: ''defterler'') was a type of tax register and land cadastre in the Ottoman Empire. Description The information collected could vary, but ''tahrir defterleri'' typically included details of villages, dwellings, household h ...
of 1530, under the name of ''Ismirdesh'', and was described as having 53 households. The bigger part of the population of Smerdesh in 19th and in the beginning of 20th century was
Bulgarian Bulgarian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to the country of Bulgaria * Bulgarians, a South Slavic ethnic group * Bulgarian language, a Slavic language * Bulgarian alphabet * A citizen of Bulgaria, see Demographics of Bulgaria * Bulg ...
. There were 1780 inhabitants in 1900. Many residents of Smardesh took part in the struggle of
IMORO The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO; bg, Вътрешна Македонска Революционна Организация (ВМРО), ''Vatreshna Makedonska Revolyutsionna Organizatsiya'' (VMRO); mk, Внатреш ...
. There was an illegal foundry and depot for
hand grenades A grenade is an explosive weapon typically thrown by hand (also called by the retronym hand grenade), but can also refer to a shell (projectile), shell (explosive projectile) shot from the muzzle of a rifle (as a rifle grenade) or a grenade l ...
in 1903. The village was burned by Turkish troops in May 1903. It was plundered and burned for the second time in 1903 during the
Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising The Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising, or simply the Ilinden Uprising of August - October 1903 ( bg, Илинденско-Преображенско въстание, ''Ilindensko-Preobrazhensko vastanie''; mk, Илинденско востан ...
.Шклифов, Благой и Екатерина Шклифова. Български диалектни текстове от Егейска Македония, София 2003, с. 32 (Shklifov, Blagoy and Ekaterina Shklifova. Bulgarian dialect texts from Aegean Macedonia Sofia 2003, p. 32)
Македония и Одринско (1893-1903). Мемоар на Вътрешната организация, 1904, с. 203 The name of the village was changed to Krystallopigi in 1926. In 1951, the village was declared entirely uninhabited, and later
Vlachs "Vlach" ( or ), also "Wallachian" (and many other variants), is a historical term and exonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the ...
from
Thesprotia Thesprotia (; el, Θεσπρωτία, ) is one of the regional units of Greece The 74 regional units ( el, περιφερειακές ενότητες, ; sing. , ) are administrative units Administrative division, administrative unitArticle ...
and from the vicinity of
Preveza Preveza ( el, Πρέβεζα, ) is a city in the region of Epirus (region), Epirus, northwestern Greece, located on the northern peninsula at the mouth of the Ambracian Gulf. It is the capital of the Preveza (regional unit), regional unit of Prev ...

Preveza
were settled there.


Demographics


Notable persons

*
Vasil Chekalarov Vasil Hristov Chekalarov (Bulgarian language, Bulgarian/ mk, Васил Христов Чекаларов) or Vasil Tcakalarov (22 February 1874 – 9 July 1913) was a Bulgarians, Bulgarian revolutionary and one of the leaders of Internal Macedoni ...
(1874–1913) -
Bulgarian Bulgarian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to the country of Bulgaria * Bulgarians, a South Slavic ethnic group * Bulgarian language, a Slavic language * Bulgarian alphabet * A citizen of Bulgaria, see Demographics of Bulgaria * Bulg ...
revolutionary


References

{{Prespes div Populated places in Florina (regional unit) Albania–Greece border crossings Former municipalities in Western Macedonia