The Info List - Kristina Söderbaum

Beata Margareta Kristina Söderbaum
Kristina Söderbaum
(5 September 1912 – 12 February 2001) was a Swedish-born German film actress, producer, and photographer. She is most known for her roles in Nazi-era films.


1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Nazi era 2.2 Postwar

3 Filmography 4 References 5 External links

Early life[edit] Born in Stockholm, Sweden; her father, Professor Henrik Gustaf Söderbaum (1862–1933), was the permanent secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. After both her parents had died shortly after each other, she moved to Berlin
and enrolled in a theatre school. Career[edit] Nazi era[edit] Beginning in 1935, Söderbaum starred in a number of films with her husband, director Veit Harlan, whom she married in 1939.[1] Harlan and Söderbaum made ten films together under Joseph Goebbels.[2] According to Antje Ascheid, Söderbaum is frequently identified as "most singularly representative of the Nazi ideal, as the quintessential Nazi star".[3] As a beautiful Swedish blonde, Söderbaum had the baby-doll looks that epitomized the model Aryan woman. In fact, she had already played the role of the innocent Aryan in a number of feature films and was well-known to German audiences.[1][4]:162 Her youth and beauty made her a symbol of health and purity and thus an exemplary specimen of the Nazi ideal of womanhood.[5] In a number of her films, she had been imperiled by the threat of "rassenschande" ("racial pollution").[6] Two such roles were Dorothea Sturm, the doomed heroine of the antisemitic historical melodrama Jud Süß, who commits suicide by drowning after being raped by the villain[7] and Anna in Die goldene Stadt, a Sudeten German
Sudeten German
whose desire for the city (in defiance of blood and soil) and whose seduction by a Czech result in her drowning suicide.[6] As a result of her watery fate in these two films, as well as a similar end in her debut in Harlan's 1938 film Jugend, she was given the mock honorary title Reichswasserleiche ("Drowned Corpse of the Reich").[8][9] Other roles included Elske in Die Reise nach Tilsit, the wholesome German wife whose husband betrays her with a Polish woman, but finally returns, repentant;[10] Elisabeth in Immensee, who marries a rich landowner to forget her unrequited love, and in the end decides to remain faithful even after she is widowed and her lover returns;[11] Aels in Opfergang, a woman who dies after her love affair;[11] Luise Treskow in The Great King, a miller's daughter who encourages Frederick the Great;[12] and Maria in Kolberg, a peasant girl who loyally supports the resistance to Napoleon and is the only survivor of her family.[11] Postwar[edit] In the first few years after the war, Söderbaum was often heckled off the stage and even had rotten vegetables thrown at her.[13] In subsequent years, she frequently expressed regret for her roles in anti-semitic films. After her husband was again permitted to direct films, Söderbaum played leading roles in a number of his films. These included Blue Hour (1952), The Prisoner of the Maharaja (1953), Betrayal of Germany (1954), and I Will Carry You on My Hands (1958). Their last joint project was a 1963 theater production of August Strindberg's A Dream Play in Aachen. After Harlan's death in 1964, Söderbaum became a noted fashion photographer. In 1974 she took a role in Hans-Jürgen Syberberg's film Karl May. In 1983 she published her memoirs under the title Nichts bleibt immer so ("Nothing Stays That Way Forever"). In her later years, Söderbaum faded into obscurity but still took roles in three movies and the television series The Bergdoktor. Her last film was with Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
in the thriller Night Train to Venice
Night Train to Venice
in 1994. She died in 2001 in a nursing home in Hitzacker, Lower Saxony, Germany. Filmography[edit]

Uncle Bräsig (1936) Jugend (1938) Covered Tracks (1938) The Immortal Heart (1939) The Journey to Tilsit (1939) Jud Süß (1940) Der große König
Der große König
(1942) Die goldene Stadt (1942) Immensee (1943) Opfergang (1945) Kolberg (1944) Immortal Beloved (1951) Hanna Amon (1951) The Blue Hour (1953) Stars Over Colombo (1953) The Prisoner of the Maharaja (1954) Verrat an Deutschland (The Betrayal of Germany) (1954) Two Hearts in May (1958) Ich werde Dich auf Händen tragen (1958) Die blonde Frau des Maharadscha (1962) Karl May (1974) Let's Go Crazy (1983) Das bleibt das kommt nie wieder (1992) Night Train to Venice
Night Train to Venice
(Train to Hell) (1993) Der Bergdoktor: Series 1, Episode 11 "Der Sinn des Lebens" ("The Meaning of Life") (1993)


^ a b Cinzia Romani, Tainted Goddesses: Female Film Stars of the Third Reich p84 ISBN 0-9627613-1-1 ^ Ascheid, Antje (2003). Hitler's heroines: stardom and womanhood in Nazi cinema. Temple University Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-56639-984-5. Retrieved 16 December 2011.  ^ Ascheid, Antje (2003). Hitler's heroines: stardom and womanhood in Nazi cinema. Temple University Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-56639-984-5. Retrieved 9 November 2011.  ^ Fox, Jo (2000). Filming women in the Third Reich. Berg. ISBN 978-1-85973-396-7. Retrieved 30 October 2011.  ^ Wallace, Ian (1 January 2009). Feuchtwanger and film. Peter Lang. p. 141. ISBN 978-3-03911-954-7. Retrieved 2 November 2011.  ^ a b Anthony Rhodes,Propaganda: The art of persuasion: World War II, p. 20, 1976, Chelsea House Publishers, New York ^ Romani, Cinzia. Tainted Goddesses: Female Film Stars of the Third Reich. p. 90. ISBN 0-9627613-1-1.  ^ Romani, Cinzia. Tainted Goddesses: Female Film Stars of the Third Reich. p. 86. ISBN 0-9627613-1-1.  ^ Koch, W. John (July 2004). No Escape: My Young Years Under Hitler's Shadow. Books by W. John Koch Publishing. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-9731579-1-8. Retrieved 3 November 2011.  ^ Romani, Cinzia. Tainted Goddesses: Female Film Stars of the Third Reich. pp. 84–86. ISBN 0-9627613-1-1.  ^ a b c Romani, Cinzia. Tainted Goddesses: Female Film Stars of the Third Reich. p. 87. ISBN 0-9627613-1-1.  ^ Romani, Cinzia. Tainted Goddesses: Female Film Stars of the Third Reich. p. 93. ISBN 0-9627613-1-1.  ^ Ascheid, Antje (2003). Hitler's heroines: stardom and womanhood in Nazi cinema. Temple University Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-56639-984-5. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 

External links[edit]

Kristina Söderbaum
Kristina Söderbaum
on IMDb Photographs and bibliography

v t e

Volpi Cup for Best Actress


Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1934) Paula Wessely
Paula Wessely
(1935) Annabella (1936) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1937) Norma Shearer
Norma Shearer
(1938) Luise Ullrich
Luise Ullrich
(1941) Kristina Söderbaum
Kristina Söderbaum
(1942) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1947) Jean Simmons
Jean Simmons
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Eleanor Parker
Eleanor Parker
(1950) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1951) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1952) Lilli Palmer
Lilli Palmer
(1953) Maria Schell
Maria Schell
(1956) Dzidra Ritenberga (1957) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1958) Madeleine Robinson (1959) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1960) Suzanne Flon
Suzanne Flon
(1961) Emmanuelle Riva
Emmanuelle Riva
(1962) Delphine Seyrig
Delphine Seyrig
(1963) Harriet Andersson
Harriet Andersson
(1964) Annie Girardot
Annie Girardot
(1965) Natalya Arinbasarova
Natalya Arinbasarova
(1966) Shirley Knight
Shirley Knight
(1967) Laura Betti
Laura Betti


Darling Légitimus
Darling Légitimus
(1983) Pascale Ogier
Pascale Ogier
(1984) Valeria Golino
Valeria Golino
(1986) Kang Soo-yeon (1987) Isabelle Huppert/ Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1988) Peggy Ashcroft/ Geraldine James (1989) Gloria Münchmeyer
Gloria Münchmeyer
(1990) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(1991) Gong Li
Gong Li
(1992) Juliette Binoche/ Anna Bonaiuto
Anna Bonaiuto
(1993) Maria de Medeiros/ Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1994) Sandrine Bonnaire/Isabelle Huppert/ Isabella Ferrari
Isabella Ferrari
(1995) Victoire Thivisol (1996) Robin Tunney
Robin Tunney
(1997) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(1998) Nathalie Baye
Nathalie Baye
(1999) Rose Byrne
Rose Byrne
(2000) Sandra Ceccarelli (2001) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2002) Katja Riemann
Katja Riemann
(2003) Imelda Staunton
Imelda Staunton
(2004) Giovanna Mezzogiorno
Giovanna Mezzogiorno
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2007) Dominique Blanc
Dominique Blanc
(2008) Kseniya Rappoport
Kseniya Rappoport
(2009) Ariane Labed
Ariane Labed
(2010) Deanie Ip (2011) Hadas Yaron
Hadas Yaron
(2012) Elena Cotta
Elena Cotta
(2013) Alba Rohrwacher
Alba Rohrwacher
(2014) Valeria Golino
Valeria Golino
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 67261074 LCCN: n80038733 ISNI: 0000 0000 7858 3091 GND: 118748653 SUDOC: 131518062 BNF: cb147005249 (data) NKC: pna2010574704