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The KRISHNA RIVER is the fourth-biggest river in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India , after the Ganga , Godavari and Brahmaputra . The river is almost 1,300 kilometres (810 mi) long. The river is also called Krishnaveni. It is a major source of irrigation for Maharashtra , Karnataka , Telangana and Andhra Pradesh .

CONTENTS

* 1 Sources * 2 Tributaries * 3 Krishna Basin * 4 Places and temples * 5 Flora and Fauna * 6 Waterfalls * 7 Bridges * 8 Floods * 9 Interstate water sharing * 10 Dams * 11 Hydroelectric power stations * 12 Mineral deposits * 13 Pollution * 14 See also * 15 References

SOURCES

The Krishna river originates in the western ghats near Mahabaleshwar at an elevation of about 1,300 metres, in the state of Maharashtra in central India. It is one of the longest rivers in India. The Krishna river is around 1,300 km in length. The Krishna river's source is at Mahabaleswar near the Jor village in the extreme north of Wai Taluka, Satara District, Maharashtra in the west and empties into the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi (near Koduru) in Andhra Pradesh , on the east coast. It flows through the state of Karnataka before entering Telangana State. The delta of this river is one of the most fertile regions in India and was the home to ancient Satavahana and Ikshvaku Sun Dynasty kings. Vijayawada is the largest city on the River Krishna.

It causes heavy soil erosion during the monsoon floods. It flows fast and furious, often reaching depths of over 75 feet (23 m). Ironically, there is a saying in Marathi: "_Shant vaahate Krishnamaai_" which means "quiet flows Krishna". This term is used to describe that a person should be as quiet as Krishna.

TRIBUTARIES

Panoramic view of Ujjani or Bhima Dam Tungabhadra Dam near Hosapete

The largest tributary of the Krishna River is the Tungabhadra River with a drainage basin measuring 71,417 km2 (27,574 sq mi), running for about 531 km (330 mi), but the longest tributary is the Bhima River , which makes a total run of 861 km (535 mi) and has an equally large drainage area of 70,614 km2 (27,264 sq mi).

There are four rivers that join the Krishna at a confluence known as Preeti Sangam, or "Lover's Meeting Point" in the Satara District . These are Venna River , Urmodi River, Tarli River and Koyna River .

Three tributaries meet Krishna river near Sangli . These places are considered very holy. It is said that Lord Dattatreya spent some of his days at Audumber on the banks of river Krishna. Sangameswaram of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh is a famous pilgrim center for Hindus where Tungabhadra and Bhavanasi rivers join the Krishna river. The Sangameswaram temple is now drowned in the Srisailam reservoir, and visible for devotees only during summer when the reservoir's water level comes down.

RIGHT-BANK TRIBUTARY TOWN, DISTRICT, STATE OF CONFLUENCE LEFT-BANK TRIBUTARY

Venna River Sangam Mauli, Satara, Maharashtra

Urmodi river Kashil, Satara, Maharashtra

Tarali/Kali Ganga river Umbraj, Satara, Maharashtra

Mand river Umbraj, Satara, Maharashtra

Tasawade, Satara, Maharashtra Kolamba river

Koyna River Karad, Satara, Maharashtra

Bramhanal, Sangli, Maharashtra Yerla river

Warna River Haripur, Sangli, Maharashtra

Panchganga River Narsobawadi, Sangli, Mahrashtra

Dudhaganga Yadur, Belgaum, Karnataka

Hippagiri barrage

Ghataprabha River Almatti, Bagalkot District, Karanataka

Almatti Dam

Malaprabha River Kudala Sangam, Bagalkot District, Karanataka

Basava Sagar Reservoir

Ammapur, Kalburgi, Karnataka Doni River

Kadlur, Raichur, Karnataka Bhima River

Jurala dam

Lower Jurala dam

Tungabhadra River Alampur, Mahaboobnagar, Telangana

Srisailam temple Srisailam Dam

Nalgonda district, Telangana Dindi River

Nagarjuna Sagar dam

Chityala, Nalgonda Haliya River

Nagarjuna Sagar tail pond dam

Wazirabad, Nalgonda, Telangana Musi River

Pulichintala dam

Mukteswarapuram, Krishna district Paleru River

Amaravathi village, Guntur district Munneru River

Ibrahimpatnam, Krishna district Polavaram right bank canal

Kondaveeti vagu Ibrahimpatnam, Krishna district Budameru diversion channel

Amaravati city Prakasam Barrage Vijayawada city

National Waterway 4 Prakasam Barrage National Waterway 4

KRISHNA BASIN

DRAINAGE BASIN OF KRISHNA Bhima Upper (17.58%) Bhima Lower (9.29%) Krishna Upper (21.39%) Krishna Middle (8.73%) Krishna Lower (15.50%) Tungabhadra Upper (11.20%) Tungabhadra Lower (16.31%)

Krishna Basin extends over an area of 258,948 km2 (99,980 sq mi) which is nearly 8% of the total geographical area of the country. This large basin lies in the states of Karnataka (113,271 km2), Telangana , Andhra Pradesh (76,252 km2) and Maharashtra (69,425 km2).

The Krishna river rises in the Western Ghats, at an elevation of about 1,337 m (4,386 ft) just north of Mahabaleshwar , about 64 km (40 mi) from the Arabian Sea. It flows for about 1,400 km (870 mi) and outfalls into the Bay of Bengal. The principal tributaries joining Krishna are the Ghataprabha River , Malaprabha River , Bhima River , Tungabhadra River and Musi River .

Most of this basin comprises rolling and undulating country, except for the western border, which is formed by an unbroken line of the Western Ghats . The important soil types found in the basin are black soils, red soils, laterite and lateritic soils, alluvium, mixed soils, red and black soils and saline and alkaline soils.

An average annual surface water potential of 78.1 km3 has been assessed in this basin. Out of this, 58.0 km3 is utilizable water. Culturable area in the basin is about 203,000 km2 (78,000 sq mi), which is 10.4% of the total cultivable area of the country. As the water availability in the Krishna river was becoming inadequate to meet the water demand, Godavari River is linked to the Krishna river by commissioning the Polavaram right bank canal with the help of Pattiseema lift scheme in the year 2015 to augment water availability to the Prakasam Barrage in Andhra Pradesh. The irrigation canals of Prakasam Barrage form part of National Waterway 4 .

Mullayanagiri peak in Karnataka at an altitude of 1,930 m (6,330 ft) above msl , is the highest point of the Krishna basin.

PLACES AND TEMPLES

Pre Historic sites of Middle Krishna- Tungabhadra Valley in Telangana , Andhra Pradesh

This river is revered by Hindus as sacred. The river is also believed to remove all sins of people by taking a bath in this river. The centre of attraction is the Krishna Pushkaram fair which is held once in twelve years on the banks of the Krishna river. There are many pilgrimage places in Maharashtra , Karnataka , Telangana and Andhra Pradesh on the course of the river.

The first holy place on the river Krishna is "Dakshin Kashi Wai", known for the Mahaganpati Mandir and Kashivishweshwar temple. It has seven ghats along the river. Temples like Dattadeva temple, which is revered by the people of Maharashtra, are located on the banks of Krishna at Nrusinha Waadi and Audumbar near Sangli . Also, located on the banks of the river Krishna are the Sangameshwar Shiva temple at Haripur, goddess Durga temple in Vijayawada and Ramling temple near Sangli, Mallikarjuna temple (Srisailam), Amareshwara Swamy temple ( Amaravati (state capital) ), Dattadeva temple, Sangameshwara Shiva temples at Alampur in Telangana, Ramling temple, etc. as well as, villages such as Jihe .

FLORA AND FAUNA

See also: Wildlife sanctuaries of India , Tiger reserves of India , and List of national parks of India

Wide spread area near to the Krishna river holds the rich flora and fauna. The last surviving Mangrove forests in the Krishna estuary have been declared as the Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary . The sanctuary is the home to the large number of resident and migratory birds. Fishing cat, otter, Estuarine crocodile, spotted deer, sambar, black buck, snake, lizards and jackal can also be spotted in the sanctuary. The sanctuary also supports rich vegetation with plants like Rhizophora, Avicennia, and Aegiceros. The following are few other wildlife sanctuaries located in the river basin.

* Nagarjunsagar- Srisailam Tiger Reserve * Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary * Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary * Ghataprabha Bird Sanctuary * Gudavi Bird Sanctuary * Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary * Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary * Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary * Chandoli National Park * Kudremukh National Park * Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park * Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park * Mrugavani National Park * Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary * Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary * Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary * Daroji Sloth Bear Sanctuary, Bellary

WATERFALLS

Gokak Falls on Ghataprabha river See also: List of waterfalls of India

Manikyadhara Falls is located in Chikkamagaluru Taluk of Karnataka. It is formed by the water flowing from the slopes of Mullayanagiri peak which is the highest peak between the Himalayas and the Nilgiris . Barkana Falls is located in Agumbe hills which receives second highest average annual rainfall (7,624.3 mm) in India. The following are few other waterfalls located in the river basin

* Ethipothala * Godchinamalaki * Gokak * Kune * Mallela Theertham * Kalhatti Falls * Sirimane Falls

BRIDGES

Panorama of Prakasam Barrage and Railway bridges on Krishna near Vijayawada

The Krishna River is spanned by several bridges along its course, some of which are listed below.

* Krishna Bridge, Wai, Maharashtra – This bridge, which is located in the Dharmpuri Peth area of the town of Wai, is one of the oldest bridges that were built by the British in India. It spans the Krishna over nine _kamans_ (arches) and is made of black rock. The bridge serves as a flood mark (when the water rises to the level of the road on the bridge) for the "Waikar" people. * Irwin Bridge, Sangli – This is one of the oldest, historic and largest bridges over the Krishna that were built by the British. The Irwin Bridge, which is built of reddish stone, has two passages where one can climb down to the river in the middle of its span to view the water. * Kudachi - Ugar Railway bridge built by the British in 1891. * B. Soundatti Bridge, Raibag – This is also one of the oldest bridges built during the British rule. This bridge connects Maharashtra to Karnataka state. * Tangadagi Bridge, This is one of oldest bridge that connects the Bijapur and Bagalkot Districts of Karnataka. God Neelambika Temple is there at the bank of Krishna River.

FLOODS

In October 2009, heavy floods occurred, isolating 350 villages and leaving millions homeless, which is believed to be first occurrence in 1000 years. The flood resulted in heavy damage to Kurnool, Mahabubnagar, Guntur, Krishna and Nalagonda Districts. The entire city of Kurnool was immersed in approximately 10 ft (3 m) water for nearly 3 days.

Water inflow of 1,110,000 cu ft/s (31,000 m3/s) was recorded at the Prakasam Barriage, which surpassed the previous record of 1,080,000 cu ft/s (31,000 m3/s) recorded in the year 1903.

INTERSTATE WATER SHARING

Main article: Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal

At present, the award of Bachawat tribunal dated 31 May 1976 is applicable for sharing the water available in the river among the riparian states. The Brijesh Kumar tribunal award given on 29 November 2013 is challenged by Andhra Pradesh in the Supreme Court and the case pending since then. Newly created Telangana state also approached Supreme Court demanding a fresh tribunal hearing to secure its water needs on equitable basis .

DAMS

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam Gates view

There are many dams constructed across the Krishna river.

* Dhom Dam * Hippagiri barrage * Almatti Dam * Narayanpur Dam * Srisailam Dam * Jurala Dam * Nagarjuna Sagar Dam * Nagarjuna Sagar tail pond * Pulichinthala Dam * Prakasam Barrage * Amar Dam * Kanur Dam

HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATIONS

Krishna river is one of the rivers whose water energy is harnessed to a large extent by various hydro electric power stations in India. The following is the list of hydro electric power stations excluding small and medium installations. Almatti Dam with its right bank power house

Hydroelectric power stations on Krishna river NAME OF THE PROJECT RATED POWER (IN MW ) COMMENTS

Koyna Hydroelectric Project 1,920 Power station with Pumped-storage hydroelectricity units

Mulshi Dam 300 Power station with Pumped-storage hydroelectricity units

Thokarwadi Dam 72

Ujjani Dam 12 Power station with Pumped-storage hydroelectricity units

Almatti Dam 290

Bhadra Dam 39

Tungabhadra Dam 127

Jurala Hydroelectric Project 240

Lower Jurala Hydro Electric Project 240

Srisailam Dam 1,670 Power station with Pumped-storage hydroelectricity units

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam 960 Power station with Pumped-storage hydroelectricity units

Nagarjuna Sagar tail pond 50

Pulichinthala Dam 120

MINERAL DEPOSITS

Krishna close to its origin at Menawali , near Wai , Satara district, Maharashtra.18th century, Maratha statesman, Nana Fadnavis built the Ghat and a palace here.This location has been used in many Hindi movies. See also: List of mines in India

Krishna river basin is endowed with rich mineral deposits such as oil -webkit-column-width: 20em; column-width: 20em;">

* Krishna Godavari Basin , oil "> The Deccan Traps near Pune

Most of the years, the river water is not joining the sea due to full utilisation of water mainly in agriculture. The river receives the waste from the large number of cities and the river basin population has increased to 80 million enhancing pollution load many folds into the river. Adequate average and minimum continuous environmental flows to the sea are not taking place in most of the years constricting salt export and leading to formation of saline and sodic alkaline soils in the lower reaches of the river basin. High alkalinity water is discharged from the ash dump areas of many coal fired power stations into the river which further increases the alkalinity of the river water whose water is naturally of high alkalinity since the river basin is draining vast area of basalt rock formations. The following are the few coal fired power stations located in the river basin

Thermal power stations in Krishna river basin NAME OF POWER STATION RATED POWER (IN MW )

Vijayawada Thermal Power Station 1,760

Raichur Thermal Power Station 1,470

Bellary Thermal Power station 1,700

Yermarus Thermal Power Station 1,600

Solapur Super Thermal Power Station 1,320

Kudgi Super Thermal Power Project 2,400

Yadadri Thermal Power Plant 4000

SEE ALSO

* List of rivers of India * Godavari River * Soil salinity control

* Alkali soils * Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal * Upper Krishna Project

* Krishna (the deity) * Krishna Pushkaralu

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to KRISHNA RIVER _.

_ Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica_ article _KISTNA (RIVER) _.

REFERENCES

* ^ Krishna at GEOnet Names Server * ^ Kumar, Rakesh; Singh, R.D.; Sharma, K.D. (2005-09-10). "Water Resources of India" (PDF). _Current Science_. Bangalore: Current Science Association. 89 (5): 794–811. Retrieved 2013-10-13. * ^ "Map of Krishna River basin" (PDF). Retrieved 27 March 2015. * ^ Srisailam project manual * ^ "Lower Krishna basin watershed map" (PDF). Retrieved 21 March 2016. * ^ " Krishna basin status report, March 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 27 March 2015. * ^ IWMI Research Report 83. "Spatial variation in water supply and demand across river basins of India" (PDF). Retrieved 23 June 2015. * ^ "Flooding along the Krishna River: Natural Hazards". earthobservatory.nasa.gov. Retrieved 11 October 2009. * ^ "Agony of Floods: Flood Induced Water Conflicts in lndia " (PDF). Retrieved 8 February 2016. * ^ "Managing historic flood in the Krishna river basin in the year 2009". Retrieved 11 October 2015. * ^ Hindu daily dated. "Court: do not publish KWDT-II decision". Retrieved 5 November 2012. * ^ "T-State wants tribunal to adjudicate water disputes". Retrieved 12 July 2014. * ^ (Dam, Barrage, Weir, Anicut, Lift) "Headworks (Dam, Barrage, Weir, Anicut, Lift)" Check url= value (help ). Retrieved 27 March 2015. * ^ "Power Houses in Krishna Basin". Retrieved 27 March 2015. * ^ "Do not kill a river". Retrieved 20 April 2016. * ^ J. Keller, A. Keller and G. Davids. "River basin development phases and implications of closure" (PDF). Retrieved 25 August 2012. * ^ "IWMI Research report nos # 1, 3, 14, 56, 72, 83, 107, 111, 121, 123, 125 etc.". Retrieved 25 August 2015. * ^ Oregon State University, USA. "Managing irrigation water quality" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2012. * ^ " Alkalinity and salinity bane of soil in T state". Retrieved 23 October 2015. * ^ Chemical weathering in the Krishna Basin and Western Ghats of the Deccan Traps, India

21. Refer 'theertha prabhanda'(sanskrit).

* v * t * e

Krishna basin

RIVERS

* Amarja * Bhadra * Bhima * Dandavati * Dindi * Gayatri * Ghataprabha * Handri * Indrayani * Koyna * Kundali * Malaprabha * Mula-Mutha * Munneru * Musi * Nira * Paleru * Panchganga * Pavana * Tunga * Tungabhadra * Varada * Vedavathi * Venna

DAMS AND BARRAGES

* Almatti Dam * Bhadra dam * Budameru Diversion Channel * Dhom Dam * Dindi * Ghataprabha * Joorala * Koil Sagar * Koyna Dam * Nagarjuna Sagar Dam * Nagarjuna Sagar tail pond * Narayanpur Dam * Osman Sagar * Prakasam Barrage * Pulichintala * Raja Lakhamagowda * Rajolibanda Dam * Srisailam Dam * Sunkesula * Tungabhadra Dam * Wyra

HYDRO POWER STATIONS

* Almatti Dam * Bhadra * Joorala * Kanher Dam * Koyna * Lower Jurala * Munirabad * Nagarjuna Sagar Dam * Nagarjuna Sagar tail pond * Pulichintala * Radhanagari dam * Srisailam Dam * Tungabhadra Dam

Geographical features/regions

* Coastal Andhra * Deccan Plateau * Eastern Ghats * Karnataka * Konkan * Marathwada * Telangana * Western Ghats

RIPARIAN DISTRICTS

MAHARASHTRA

* Beed * Kolhapur * Latur * Osmanabad * Pune * Ratnagiri * Sangli * Sindhudurg * Solapur

KARNATAKA

* Bagalkot * Belgaum * Bellary * Bidar * Bijapur * Chikmagalur * Chitradurga * Dakshina Kannada * Davanagere * Dharwad * Gadag * Gulbarga * Haveri * Koppal * Raichur * Shimoga * Tumkur * Udupi * Uttara Kannada

TELANGANA

* Hyderabad * Karimnagar * Khammam * Mahboobnagar * Medak * Nalgonda * Ranga Reddy * Warangal

ANDHRA PRADESH

* Ananthapur * Guntur * Krishna * Kurnool * Prakasam

CITIES

* Bagalkot * Ballary * Hubli * Hyderabad * Karad * Pune * Vijayawada

ORES AND MINERALS

* Coal * Dolomite * Gold * Granite * Iron ore * Limestone

OIL/GAS FIELDS

* Krishna Godavari Basin

INDUSTRIES

* Bellary Thermal Power station * Cement plants * Jindal steel, Bellary * Kudgi Super Thermal Power Project * Kudremukh Iron * Raichur Thermal Power Station * Solapur Super Thermal Power Station * Vijayawada Thermal Power Station * Yermarus Thermal Power Station

TRANSPORT

* NH4 * NH4A * NH5 * NH7 * NH9 * NH13 * NH14 * NH18 * NH48 * NH63 * NH202 * NH204 * NH206 * NH218 * NH221 * NH234

Pollution concerns, River basin's sustainable productivity border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Algal bloom in reservoirs * High-alkalinity of river water * Cyanide pollution from gold mines * No effective flood control plan * Alkali salts / high pH ash water run off from coal fired power stations * Inadequate salt export to sea leading to formation of saline/ alkali soils * Excessive exploitation of river water causing insufficient environmental flows * Coastal land erosion due to inadequate water reaching the Sea. * Excessive silting of reservoirs due to deforestation and mining activities. * Poor reservoirs management in terms of irrigation water supply, power generation border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal

OTHER RIVER BASINS

* Godavari * Penna

LINKS TO RELATED ARTICLES

* v * t * e

Hydrography of Maharashtra

RIVERS

* Adan * Banganga * Bhima * Bindusara * Dahisar * Daman Ganga * Darna * Dnyanganga * Girna * Godavari * Gomai * Indravati * Indrayani * Kadva * Karha * Kolar * Koyna * Krishna * Kundali * Kundalika * Mithi * Mula * Mula-Mutha * Mutha * Narmada * Nira * Oshiwara * Painganga * Panchganga * Panzara * Patalganga * Pavana * Poisar * Pranahita * Purna (Tapti tributary) * Purna ( Godavari tributary) * Savitri * Shahanur * Shivana * Sindphana * Tansa * Tapti * Tasso * Ulhas * Vaan * Vashishti * Wainganga * Wardha

WATERFALLS

* Kune * Pandavgad

LAKES

* Gorewada * Khindsi * Lonar crater * Rankala * Salim Ali * Shivaji /Shivsagar * Talao Pali * Upvan * Venna * Talwat * Hidkal * Bhigwan * Mahakali * Sandhur

DAMS

* Bhushi * Jayakwadi * Khadakwasla * Kolkewadi * Koyna * Mulshi * Nilwande * Panshet * Susri * Temghar * Tilari * Ujjani * Walwan * Varasgaon * Waghur

RELATED TOPICS

* Godavari basin * Narmada basin

HYDROGRAPHY OF SURROUNDING AREAS

* Gujarat * Madhya Pradesh * Chhattisgarh * Andhra Pradesh * Karnataka

* v * t * e

Hydrography of Telangana

RIVERS

* Godavari * Krishna * Maner * Pranhita * Munneru * Manjira * Musi * Palar * Tungabhadra * Bhima * Penganga * Wardha * Dindi * Taliperu

WATERFALLS

* Kuntala * Bogatha * Pochera * Mallela Theertham * Paarakaphi * Savatula Gundam * Sirnapally * Gayatri

LAKES

* Bhadrakali * Himayat Sagar * Hussain Sagar * Lotus Pond * Osman Sagar * Pakhal * Palair * Ramappa * Shamirpet * Saroornagar * Laknavaram * Ramanthapur * Kapra * Safilguda * Ramakrishnapuram * Edulabad * Waddepally

DAMS

* Nagarjuna Sagar * Srisailam * Sriram Sagar * Nizam Sagar * Singur * Jurala

* Lower Manair Dam

* LMD

* Pulichinthala * Yellampalli * Rajolibanda Dam * Icchampally * Manjira

RELATED TOPICS

* Godavari basin * Krishna basin

HYDROGRAPHY OF SURROUNDING AREAS

* Andhra Pradesh * Chhattisgarh * Karnataka * Maharashtra * Odisha * Tamil Nadu

* v * t * e

Hydrography of Karnataka

RIVERS

* Amarga * Amarja * Arkavathy * Bhadra * Chakra * Chitrvathi * Dandavathi * Gangavalli * Ghataprabha * Gurupura * Hemavati * Honnuhole * Kabini * Kali * Kaveri * Kedaka * Krishna * Kubja * Kumaradhara * Lakshmana Tirtha * Malaprabha * Manjira River * Netravati * Palar * Panchagangavalli * Papagni * Penna * Ponnaiyar * Shambavi * Sharavathi * Shimsha * Souparnika * Tunga * Tungabhadra * Varada * Varahi * Vedavathi * Vrishabhavathi

WATERFALLS

* Abbey * Barkana * Chunchanakatte * Devaragundi * Godchinamalaki * Gokak * Hebbe * Irupu * Jaladurga * Jog * Kalhatti * Kuchikal * Magod * Mallalli * Muthyalamaduvu * Sathodi * Shivanasamudra or Cauvery * Shivganga * Unchalli * Vajrapoha * Varapoha

LAKES

* Harangi * Hebbal * Hesaraghatta * Honnamana Kere * Krishna Raja Sagara * Kukkarahalli * Pampa Sarovar * Shanti Sagara * Thippagondanahalli * Vibhutipura

BEACHES

* Gokarna * Murudeshwara * Karwar * Kapu * Kudle * Maravanthe * Tannirbhavi * Trasi

DAMS

* Almatti * Basava Sagar * Bhadra Dam * Harangi * Kadra * Kanva * Kodasalli * Krishna Raja Sagara / KRS * Linganamakki * Raja Lakhamagowda * Renuka Sagara * Shanti Sagara * Supa * Tungabhadra * Mari Kanive

SEE ALSO

* Kerala * Tamil Nadu * Andhra Pradesh * Maharashtra

* v * t * e

Hydrography of Andhra Pradesh

COASTAL

* Bay of Bengal * Coromandel

BEACHES

* Ramakrishna Mission Beach * Yarada Beach * Vodarevu Beach * Uppada Beach * Suryalanka Beach * Mypadu Beach * Kalingapatnam Beach * Bheemili Beach * Manginapudi Beach * Rushikonda Beach

ESTUARIES/CREEKS

* Krishna estuary * Narava Gedda creek

MARSHES

* Coringa * Krishna delta mangrove

RIVERS

* Arani * Bendi Gedda * Borramma Gedda * Budameru * Bahuda * Champavathi * Cheyyeru * Chitravathi * Galeru * Garibula Gedda * Godavari * Gosthani * Gundlakamma * Jhanjavati * Kandaleru * Kandivalasa * Kalangi * Kinnerasani * Koringa * Krishna * Kundu * Mahendratanaya * Madala * Maldevi * Manneru * Munneru * Murredu * Nadari * Nagari * Nagavali * Narava Gedda * Palar * Paleru * Papagni * Pedda Gedda * Peddavagu * Penna * Ponnaiyar * Sabari * Sileru * Sarada * Swarnamukhi * Tammileru * Tandava * Tungabhadra * Vamsadhara * Varaha * Vedavathi * Yeleru * Yerrakaluva

WATERFALLS

* Duduma * Ethipothala * Kailasakona * Mallela Theertham * Talakona * Ubbalamadugu

LAKES

* Pulicat Lake * Kolleru Lake

DAMS

* Alaganoor * Balimela * Brahmamsagar * Dowleswaram * Gandikota * Gotta barrage * Gundlakamma * Jalaput * Jeedipalli * Kalyani * Kandaleru * Kanithi * Mid Penna * Mylavaram * Nagarjuna * Nagarjuna Sagar tail pond * Nellore anicut * Penna Ahobilam * Polavaram * Prakasham * Pulichinthala * Rajolibanda * Sangam anicut * Somasila * Srisailam * Sunkesula * Tatipudi * Thotapalli * Veligallu * Veligonda * Veligodu * Yeleru

INLAND WATERWAYS

* National Waterway 4

PORTS (EXISTING/PROPOSED)

* Dugarajapatnam Port * Gangavaram Port * Kakinada Port * Krishnapatnam Port * Machilipatnam Port * Visakhapatnam Port

ISLANDS

* Sriharikota * Nagarjunakonda * Bhavani Lanka * Hope island

RELATED TOPICS

* Godavari basin * Krishna basin * Penna basin

HYDROGRAPHY OF SURROUNDING AREAS

* Odisha * Chhattisgarh * Maharashtra * Karnataka * Tamil Nadu * Telangana

* v * t * e

Western Ghats

RIVERS

* Bhadra * Bhavani * Bhima * Chalakudy * Chittar * Godavari * Gurupura * Kabini * Kali * Kallayi * Kaveri * Koyna * Krishna * Kundali * Malaprabha * Manimuthar * Netravati * Pachaiyar * Parambikulam * Saraswati * Savitri * Sharavati * Tambaraparani * Tapti * Tunga * Venna

REGIONS

* Desh, Maharashtra * Goa Gap * Konkan * Malabar * Malenadu * North Malabar * Kongu Nadu * Palakkad Gap * Tulu Nadu

PEAKS

* Agastya Mala * Anamudi * Anginda * Anjaneri * Banasura * Biligirirangana Betta * Brahmagiri * Chembra * Dhodap * Doddabetta * Gangamoola * Harishchandragad * Kalsubai * Kemmangundi * Kudremukh * Kumarikkal Mala * Kodachadri * Kumara Parvata * Mullayanagiri * Marunthuvazh Malai * Nedumpara Peak * Ponmudi * Pushpagiri * Paithalmala * Salher * Saptashrungi * Sispara * Sonsogor * Tadiandamol * Taramati * Vavul Mala * Vellarimala * Ranipuram * Vagamon

HILLS

* Ambanad Hills * Anaimalai Hills * Biligiriranga Hills * Cardamom Hills * Nilgiri mountains * Satmala Range * Selbari Range * Palni Hills * Trimbakeshwar Range

WATERFALLS

* Abbey * Chunchanakatte * Dudhsagar Falls * Gokak * Irupu * Jog * Kalhatti * Mallalli Falls * Sathodi * Lushington * Sivasamudram * Athirapally Falls * Vazhachal Falls * Hogenakkal

STATES

* Tamil Nadu * Gujarat * Karnataka * Kerala * Maharashtra * Goa

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* Annekal Reserved Forest * Anshi National Park * Aralam Reserved Forest * Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve * Agasthyavanam Biological Park * Bandipur National Park * Bannerghatta National Park * Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary * Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary * Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary * Chandoli National Park * Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary * Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary * Dandeli National Park * Eravikulam National Park * Grass Hills National Park * Anamalai Tiger Reserve * Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve * Karian Shola National Park * Karnala Bird Sanctuary * Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary * Kudremukh National Park * Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary * Mudumalai National Park * Mudumalai Tiger Reserve * Mukurthi National Park * Nagarhole Rajiv Gandhi National Park * New Amarambalam Reserved Forest * Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary * Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve * Palani Hills National Park * Parambikulam Tiger Reserve * Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary * Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary * Periyar National Park * Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary * Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary * SAI Sanctuary * Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary * Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary * Silent Valley National Park * Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary * Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary * Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary * Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

PLACES

* Khandala * Lonavla * Lavasa * Mahabaleshwar * Matheran * Chiplun * Tamhini * Panchgani * Kudremukh * Kodagu * Karjat * Kasara

GHATS

* Amboli Ghat * Bhor Ghat * Tamhini Ghat * Amba Ghat * Bhor Road Ghat * Chorla Ghat * Goa Gap * Kasara Road Ghat * Kumbharli Ghat * Malshej Ghat * Naneghat * Charmadi ghat * Shiradi ghat * Bisle ghat * Sampaje ghat * Palakkad Gap * Varandha Ghat

RELATED

* Mountains of Kerala * Mountains of Maharashtra

* v * t * e

Hydrography of the Indian subcontinent

INLAND RIVERS

* Beas * Betwa * Bhagirathi * Brahmaputra * Chambal * Chenab * Damodar * Godavari * Gandaki * Ganges * Ghaghara * Indus * Jhelum * Kali * Kaveri * Kosi * Krishna * Luni * Mahanadi * Mahaweli * Meghna * Narmada * Padma * Ravi * Sarasvati * Sankosh * Sharda * Son * Sutlej * Tapti * Yamuna

INLAND LAKES, DELTAS, ETC.

* Ganges Basin * Ganges Delta * Indus Delta * Dal Lake * Pookode Lake * Skeleton Lake * Chilika Lake * Lake Powai * Borith Lake * Saiful Muluk * Gosaikunda * Nizam Sagar * Red Hills Lake * Malampuzha * Kerala backwaters * Pulicat Lake

COASTAL

* Indian Ocean * Arabian Sea * Bay of Bengal * Gulf of Kutch * Gulf of Khambhat * Gulf of Mannar * Laccadive Sea * Palk Strait

CATEGORIES

* Lakes of Bangladesh / India / Nepal / Pakistan * Reservoirs and dams in India * Rivers of Bangladesh / Bhutan / India / Nepal / Pakistan

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 239633911 * GND : 4478193-3

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