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Recklinghausen
Recklinghausen
(German pronunciation: [ʁɛklɪŋˈhaʊzən]) is a Kreis (district) in the centre of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is surrounded by the neighbouring districts of Borken, Coesfeld, Unna, Gelsenkirchen, Bottrop, and Wesel. The district administration is located in the city of the same name. Apart from the Region Hannover, Kreis Recklingshausen is the largest non-city district in Germany
Germany
by population.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Coat of arms 4 Towns and municipalities 5 Partner districts 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] During medieval times, the area surrounding present-day Recklinghausen was known as Vest Recklinghausen, a territory which belonged to the Electorate of Cologne. From 1446 to 1576, this area was leased to the lordship of Gemen
Gemen
(now a part of the city Borken) and Schaumburg-Lippe. In 1811, the territory was added to the Grand Duchy of Berg, and in 1815 it became part of the Prussian
Prussian
Province of Westphalia.[citation needed] The district was created in 1816. After several changes it obtained its present borders with the last reorganizations of 1975-76.[citation needed] It is also one of the oldest districts located in Germany.[citation needed] Geography[edit] The district Recklinghausen
Recklinghausen
is located at the north of the Ruhr area with the urban parts of Ruhr area
Ruhr area
to the south and the rural Münsterland to the north. [3] The Lippe River
Lippe River
flows through the district. Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms show a silver nettle leaf on green ground - the sign of the Herrlichkeit Lembeck, an Amt (subdivision) in the clerical state of Münster. The black cross is the sign of the Bishops of Cologne
Cologne
who owned a big part of the district's area, the Vest Recklinghausen. The key inside the cross symbolizes St. Peter, the patron of Cologne.[4]

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Towns and municipalities in Kreis Recklinghausen

Castrop-Rauxel Datteln Dorsten Gladbeck

Haltern am See Herten Marl Oer-Erkenschwick

Recklinghausen Waltrop

Partner districts[edit]

Wodzisław County, Poland. Landstinget Sörmland, Sweden[5]

References[edit]

^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-02-24.  ^ https://www.destatis.de/DE/ZahlenFakten/LaenderRegionen/Regionales/Gemeindeverzeichnis/Administrativ/Aktuell/04Kreise.html ^ https://www.britannica.com/place/Recklinghausen ^ https://heraldik-wiki.de/wiki/Wappen_der_deutschen_Stadt-_und_Landkreise ^ http://www.kreis-re.de/Inhalte/Buergerservice/Zahlen_Daten_Fakten/_Partnerkreise.asp

External links[edit] Media related to Kreis Recklinghausen
Recklinghausen
at Wikimedia Commons:

Official website (in German) Official mapserver (in German) Corpus juris of the county of Recklinghausen

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Bottrop Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Hamm Herne Köln (Cologne) Krefeld Leverkusen Mönchengladbach Mülheim Münster Oberhausen Remscheid Solingen Wuppertal

Rural districts

Aachen Borken Coesfeld Düren Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Euskirchen Gütersloh Heinsberg Herford Hochsauerlandkreis Höxter Kleve (Cleves) Lippe Märkischer Kreis Mettmann Minden-Lübbecke Oberbergischer Kreis Olpe Paderborn Recklinghausen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Soest Steinfurt Unna Viersen Warendorf Wesel

Coordinates: 51°40′N 7°10′E / 51.67°N 7.17°E / 51.67; 7.17

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 243391

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