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Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai (Russian: Краснода́рский край, tr. Krasnodarsky kray, IPA: [krəsnɐˈdarskʲɪj kraj]) is a federal subject of Russia
Russia
(a krai), located in the North Caucasus
North Caucasus
region in Southern Russia
Russia
and administratively a part of the Southern Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Krasnodar. The third most-populous federal subject, the krai had a population of 5,226,647 as of the 2010 Census.[9] Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai is formally and informally referred to as Kuban, a term denoting a historical region of the same name between the Black Sea and the Kuban
Kuban
River which is mostly composed of the krai's territory. It is bordered by Rostov Oblast
Rostov Oblast
to the north, Stavropol Krai to the east, Karachay-Cherkessia
Karachay-Cherkessia
to the south-east, and Adygea
Adygea
is an enclave entirely within the krai. Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai shares an international border with Georgia to the south, and a disputed border with Crimea across the Kerch Strait. The northern part of the krai belongs to the Don Steppe, while southern region's Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
has made it a popular tourist location. Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk
is Russia's main port on the Black Sea, one of the few cities awarded the title of the Hero City, and Sochi
Sochi
was host of the XXII Olympic Winter Games in 2014. Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai is home to significant infrastructure of the Russian Navy's Black Sea
Black Sea
Fleet.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Politics 4 Administrative divisions

4.1 Cities

5 Economy

5.1 Transportation

6 Demographics

6.1 Religion

7 2012 floods 8 See also 9 References

9.1 Notes 9.2 Sources

10 External links

Geography[edit] Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai is located in the southwestern part of the North Caucasus
Caucasus
and borders with Rostov Oblast
Rostov Oblast
in the northeast, Stavropol Krai and Karachay-Cherkessia
Karachay-Cherkessia
in the east, and with the Abkhazia
Abkhazia
region (internationally recognized as part of Georgia) in the south.[14] The Republic of Adygea
Adygea
is completely encircled by the krai territory. The krai's Taman Peninsula
Taman Peninsula
is situated between the Sea of Azov
Sea of Azov
in the north and the Black Sea
Black Sea
in the south.[15] In the west, the Kerch Strait separates the krai from the contested Crimean Peninsula, internationally recognised as part of Ukraine
Ukraine
but under de facto Russian control.[15] At its widest extent, the krai stretches for 327 kilometers (203 mi) from north to south and for 360 kilometers (220 mi) from east to west.[14] The krai is split into two distinct parts by the Kuban
Kuban
River, which gave its name to this entire geographic region.[15] The southern, seaward part is the western extremity of the Caucasus
Caucasus
range, lying within the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion;[16] the climate is Mediterranean or, in the southeast, subtropical.[15] The northern part is a steppe zone which shares continental climate patterns.[15]

A hilly landscape near Goryachy Klyuch

The height of the mountains exceeds 3,000 meters (9,800 ft), with Mount Tsakhvoa
Mount Tsakhvoa
being the highest at 3,346 meters (10,978 ft).[15] Mount Fisht, at 2,867 meters (9,406 ft), is the Great Caucasus' westernmost peak with a glacier.[15]

Mount Tsakhvoa
Mount Tsakhvoa
is the highest peak in Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai

The Black Sea
Black Sea
coast stretches from the Kerch Strait
Kerch Strait
to Adler and is shielded by Caucasus
Caucasus
Mountains from the cold northern winds.[15] Numerous small mountain rivers flow in the coastal areas, often creating picturesque waterfalls.[15]

Pshadskiye Waterfalls

Lake Abrau, located in the wine-making region of Abrau-Dyurso, is the largest lake in the northeastern Caucasus
Caucasus
region.[15] Lake Ritsa
Lake Ritsa
is considered to be one of the most picturesque lakes in the region and "the diamond of Caucasus"; it is located in an intermountain basin at the height of 884 meters (2,900 ft) above sea level.[15]

Lake Abrau

History[edit] The region's earliest known inhabitants are referred to, generically, as the Maiōtai (after the Greek name for the Sea of Azov)). During the 6th century BCE, Pontic Greeks, founded the area's first cities, such as Phanagoria
Phanagoria
(near modern Sennoy) and Hermonassa
Hermonassa
(on the Taman Peninsula), who traded with nomadic tribes including the Skuthai (Scythians) and Sindi. From the 8th to the 10th centuries, the area was dominated by the Khazars, a Turkic people
Turkic people
who had earlier migrated from the east onto the Pontic-Caspian Steppe, where they reputedly converted to Judaism. After the defeat of the Khazar Khanate
Khazar Khanate
in 965 Kievan prince Svyatoslav conquered the area, it came under the rule of Kievan Rus', and it then formed the Tmutarakan principality. Later, due to the increasing claims of Byzantium at the end of the 11th century, the Tmutarakan principality came under the authority of the Byzantine emperors (until 1204). In that period of history, the Circassians
Circassians
were first mentioned, under the ethnonym Kasogs. For example, Rededi Prince Kasozhsky was mentioned in The Tale of Igor's Campaign. In 1243–1438 the current territory of the Kuban
Kuban
was part of the Golden Horde. After the collapse of the latter, parts of Kuban
Kuban
were held under the Crimean Khanate, Circassia, and the Ottoman Empire, which dominated the region. The Tsardom of Russia
Russia
began to challenge the protectorate of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
in the area during the Russian-Turkish wars. In April 1783, by decree of Catherine II, right-bank Kuban
Kuban
and Taman Peninsula were annexed to the Russian Empire. In the years 1792–1793 Cossacks moved here from Zaporozhye, now located in Ukraine, and formed the Black Sea
Black Sea
Area troops, with the creation of a solid cordon line for the Kuban
Kuban
River and the marginalization of the neighboring Circassians. During the campaign for control of the North Caucasus
North Caucasus
(Caucasian war 1763–1864) to Russia
Russia
in 1829 pushed the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and the 1830s. Border was marked on the Black Sea
Black Sea
coast. For this see Russian conquest of the Western Caucasus. In 1783 present northern territory of Kuban
Kuban
region, became part of Russia
Russia
after the liquidation of the Crimean Khanate. To protect the river Kuban, a border garrison was here in the years 1793–1794. The remains were relocated to the Cossacks, initiating development of the region. Administrative region received the status of "Land of Black Sea Cossack
Cossack
Army". Before the October Revolution
October Revolution
of 1917, most of the territory of modern Kuban- Krasnodar
Krasnodar
territory occupied area, formed in 1860 from the Black Sea Cossack
Cossack
Army, the western part of the Caucasus
Caucasus
Line Cossack troops. Kuban
Kuban
region was a territory of the Kuban
Kuban
Cossack
Cossack
Army. In 1900 the region's population numbered around two million people. In 1913 the gross grain harvest Kuban
Kuban
region entered the 2nd place in Russia, for the production of marketable grain – in the 1st place. Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai was founded on 13 September 1937, when Azov-Black Sea Krai of the Russian SFSR was split up in Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai and Rostov Oblast. Politics[edit]

Krai Administration building in Krasnodar

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the krai was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Krasnodar
Krasnodar
CPSU Committee (who in reality had the greatest authority), the chairman of the Krai Soviet (legislative power), and the chairman of the Krai Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the krai administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament. The Charter of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the krai government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The krai administration supports the activities of the governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the Krai Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia. Administrative divisions[edit] Main article: Administrative divisions of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai is administratively divided into thirty-eight districts (raions) and fifteen cities of district equivalence. The districts and cities are further subdivided into eleven towns, plus urban-type settlements, and rural okrugs and stanitsa okrugs. Cities[edit] The ten largest cities in Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai are as follows:

Name Population (2017 est.)[17] Image

Name Population (2017 est.)[17] Image

Krasnodar 881,476

  Kropotkin 79,152

Sochi 411,524

  Anapa 75,375

Novorossiysk 270,774

  Gelendzhik 74,887

Armavir 190,871

  Slavyansk-na-Kubani 66,014

Yeysk 84,259

  Tuapse 62,841

Economy[edit] Transportation[edit]

Apsheronsk narrow-gauge railway

EMU train Lastotschka, Sochi

Several lines of Russian Railways
Russian Railways
cross the region and link it with Abkhazia, Ukraine, and neighboring Russian regions. There are direct trains from resort cities like Sochi
Sochi
and Anapa
Anapa
to Moscow, via Krasnodar, which become very popular during the summer vacation season. There are also suburb train connections. The Apsheronsk narrow-gauge railway, the longest mountain narrow-gauge railway in Russia, runs through Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai. There are several airports in the region, including Krasnodar International Airport, Sochi
Sochi
International Airport, Anapa
Anapa
Airport, and Gelendzhik
Gelendzhik
Airport. The biggest ports are Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk
and Tuapse. Others are Eisk
Eisk
and Temryuk
Temryuk
on the Azov Sea, and Port
Port
Kavkaz, Taman, Anapa, Gelendzhik, and Sochi
Sochi
on the Black Sea. There is a Kerch Strait
Kerch Strait
ferry line which connects Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai and Crimea. Demographics[edit] Population: 5,404,300 (2014 est.);[18] 5,226,647 (2010 Census);[9] 5,125,221 (2002 Census);[19] 5,113,148 (1989 Census).[20] The population of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai is concentrated in the Kuban
Kuban
River drainage basin, which was traditionally Cossack
Cossack
land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban
Kuban
Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in the area. Historically, they were considered to be ethnic Ukrainian[citation needed], and reported their language as Ukrainian in censuses well into the 20th century; this change in identity is due to assimilation and historical persecution of the Kuban
Kuban
Cossacks[citation needed], which was particularly prominent due to questions of their loyalty[citation needed] to Moscow
Moscow
and the Communist state during the Russian Revolution and First World War[citation needed]. Other notable ethnic groups are the Adyghe, who have lived in the Kuban
Kuban
area for thousands of years, and the Armenians (including Christian
Christian
Hamsheni
Hamsheni
and Cherkesogai), who have lived in the region since at least the 18th century. Ethnic groups: the 2010 Census identified ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:[9]

Ethnicity Population Percentage

Russians 4,522,962 88.3%

Armenians 281,680 5.5%

Ukrainians 83,746 1.6%

Tatars 24,840 0.5%

Caucasus
Caucasus
Greeks 22,595 0.4%

Georgians 17,826 0.3%

Belarusians 16,890 0.3%

Adyghe 13,834 0.3%

Romani 12,920 0.3%

Germans 12,171 0.2%

Azerbaijanis 10,165 0.2%

Turks 8,527 0.2%

Moldovans 5,170 0.1%

Assyrians 3,764 0.1%

Others 79,768 1.5%

101,657 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[21]

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

Birth Rate: 11.19 per 1000 Death Rate: 14.39 per 1000 Net Immigration: +7.1 per 1000 NGR: -0.32% per Year PGR: +0.39% per Year

Vital Statistics for 2008:[22]

Population (Jan 2009): 5,100,000 Births (2008): 62,200 Deaths (2008): 72,900

Vital statistics for 2012

Births: 69 031 (13.1 per 1000) Deaths: 69 427 (13.1 per 1000) [23] Total fertility rate:[24]

2009 - 1.59 2010 - 1.57 2011 - 1.58 2012 - 1.70 2013 - 1.72 2014 - 1.81 2015 - 1.84 2016 - 1.86(e) Religion[edit]

Religion in Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[25][26]

Russian Orthodoxy

52.2%

Other Orthodox

0.9%

Old Believers

0.5%

Other Christians

3.5%

Islam

1.3%

Spiritual but not religious

22.5%

Atheism
Atheism
and irreligion

13.2%

Other and undeclared

5.9%

According to a 2012 survey[25] 52.2% of the population of Krasnodar Krai adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are either Orthodox Christian
Christian
believers who don't belong to church or members of non-Russian Orthodox churches, and 1% are Muslims. In addition, 22% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 13% is atheist, and 7.8% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[25]

2012 floods[edit] Main article: 2012 Russian floods On July 7, 2012, at least 171 people died in Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai, after torrential rains overnight caused the worst flooding and landslides in more than seventy years.[27][28][29] Over 280 millimeters (11 in) of rain – the typical amount for a four- or five-month period – was reported to have fallen within forty-eight hours.[27][29][30] A local police spokesman stated that most of the dead were in Krymsky District, where at least 159 died when a wave of water 5 meters (16 ft) high swept through the town of Krymsk
Krymsk
in the middle of the night.[28][29][30] Ten more deaths occurred in Gelendzhik, including five electrocuted when a transformer fell into the floodwater, and two in Novorossiysk.[27][29][30] Authorities stated that 17 people had been officially reported missing, and there were fears the death toll would rise further, while medics had hospitalized 210 people, including 16 children.[29] The regional government claimed that over 24,000 people were affected by the floods, with more than 3,000 evacuated, and that more than 10,000 rescuers and 140 helicopters were searching for victims and evacuating survivors.[27][29][30] In Krymsk, 14 temporary shelters were set up to house around 2,000 evacuees.[29] The transport system in the region was said to have collapsed, while oil shipments from Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk
were halted when the port, located in the lower part of the city, was threatened by landslides.[27][30][31] Russia's President Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
flew to the area to hold emergency talks with officials in Krymsk, while authorities in Perm Krai dispatched a rescue team to evacuate dozens of children from the region, who had been staying at summer camps on the Black Sea
Black Sea
coast.[27][29][31] Residents of Krymsk
Krymsk
claimed the wave of water that hit the town resulted from the sluice gates of a nearby reservoir being opened, although this was denied by the prosecutor general's investigative committee. Local prosecutors had earlier confirmed that the gates were opened, but stated that it was too early to determine whether this was the cause of the flooding.[28]

On a beach in Sochi

Apsheronsky District

The port of Novorossiysk

See also[edit]

Music in Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ Law #5-KZ ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.). ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. ( Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ). ^ Azarenkova et al., p. 114 ^ Official website of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai. Biography of Alexander Nikolayevich Tkachyov, Governor of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai (in Russian) ^ Charter of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai, Article 39 ^ Charter of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai, Chapter 24 ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All- Russia
Russia
Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.  ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population. ^ Rosstat. [1] (in Russian) ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.). ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia. ^ a b Official website of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai. General Information About the Region (in Russian) ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Gorshenyov ^ WWF. Central Asia: Southwest Russia
Russia
and the Crimean Peninsula
Crimean Peninsula
on the Black Sea
Black Sea
coast ^ a b http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/doc_2017/bul_dr/mun_obr2017.rar (RAR) (in Russian) ^ Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения (in Russian) ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Перепись-2010: русских становится больше. Perepis-2010.ru (2011-12-19). Retrieved on 2012-07-07. ^ Население Краснодарского края в 2008 году увеличилось на 0,4% - Новости России - ИА REGNUM. Regnum.ru (2009-02-19). Retrieved on 2012-07-07. ^ Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации ^ Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived. ^ a b c d e f " Russia
Russia
Flash Floods: 144 Killed in Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Region". BBC News. London. July 7, 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ a b c Elder, Miriam (July 9, 2012). "Russian Floods Kill 150 and Leave Thousands Homeless". The Guardian. London. Retrieved July 9, 2012.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Over 170 Killed as Tsunami-like Flood Hits Southern Russia". Russia
Russia
Today. Moscow. July 7, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2012.  ^ a b c d e "Over 100 Die in Russia
Russia
as Floods and Landslides Hit Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Region". The Guardian. London. July 7, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2012.  ^ a b " Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
Flies to Flood-hit Southern Russia
Russia
as Death Toll Rises". The Guardian. London. July 8, 2012. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №5-КЗ от 5 мая 1995 г. «О символах Краснодарского края», в ред. Закона №2957-КЗ от 8 мая 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Краснодарского края "О символах Краснодарского края"». Вступил в силу 31 мая 1995 г. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №87, 24 мая 1995 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #5-KZ of May 5, 1995 On the Symbols of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai, as amended by the Law #2957-KZ of May 8, 2014 On Amending the Law of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai "On the Symbols of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai". Effective as of May 31, 1995.). «Устав Краснодарского края», в ред. Закона №2870-КЗ от 30 декабря 2013 г «О внесении изменений в Устав Краснодарского края». Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", 10 ноября 1993 г. ( Charter of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai, as amended by the Law #2870-KZ of December 30, 2013 On Amending the Charter of Krasnodar Krai. ). Горшенёв, М. А. (1983). Путешествия по Краснодарскому краю (in Russian). Физкультура и спорт.  Азаренкова, А. С.; И. Ю. Бондарь; Н. С. Вертышева (1986) [1986]. Основные административно-территориальные преобразования на Кубани (1793–1985 гг.) (in Russian). Краснодарское книжное издательство. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai.

Official website of Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai (in Russian)

v t e

Subdivisions of Russia

Federal subjects

Republics

Adygea Altai Bashkortostan Buryatia Chechnya Chuvashia Crimea1 Dagestan Ingushetia Kabardino-Balkaria Kalmykia Karachay-Cherkessia Karelia Khakassia Komi Mari El Mordovia North Ossetia-Alania Sakha Tatarstan Tuva Udmurtia

Krais

Altai Kamchatka Khabarovsk Krasnodar Krasnoyarsk Perm Primorsky Stavropol Zabaykalsky

Oblasts

Amur Arkhangelsk Astrakhan Belgorod Bryansk Chelyabinsk Irkutsk Ivanovo Kaliningrad Kaluga Kemerovo Kirov Kostroma Kurgan Kursk Leningrad Lipetsk Magadan Moscow Murmansk Nizhny Novgorod Novgorod Novosibirsk Omsk Orenburg Oryol Penza Pskov Rostov Ryazan Sakhalin Samara Saratov Smolensk Sverdlovsk Tambov Tomsk Tula Tver Tyumen Ulyanovsk Vladimir Volgograd Vologda Voronezh Yaroslavl

Federal cities

Moscow St. Petersburg Sevastopol1

Autonomous oblast

Jewish

Autonomous okrugs

Chukotka Khanty-Mansi2 Nenets3 Yamalo-Nenets2

1Claimed by Ukraine
Ukraine
and considered by most of the international community to be part of Ukraine 2Administratively subordinated to Tyumen Oblast 3Administratively subordinated to Arkhangelsk Oblast

Internal additional non-constitutional divisions by different institutions

Economic regions (by Ministry of Economic Development) Military districts (by Ministry of Defence) Federal districts (by President) Judicial districts (by law "On arbitration courts")

v t e

Countries and regions of the Caucasus

   

 Abkhazia1  Adjara  Adygea  Armenia  Artsakh1

 Azerbaijan  Chechnya  Dagestan  Georgia

 Ingushetia  Kabardino-Balkaria  Karachay-Cherkessia   Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai

Nakhchivan  North Ossetia-Alania  South Ossetia1  Stavropol Krai

1 Partially-recognized states

Places adjacent to Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai

Sea of Azov   Zaporizhia
Zaporizhia
Oblast,  Ukraine Sea of Azov  Donetsk Oblast,  Ukraine  Rostov Oblast

 Crimea,  Russia/ Ukraine

  Krasnodar
Krasnodar
Krai (surrounding  Adygea)

  Karachay-Cherkessia
Karachay-Cherkessia
and  Stavropol Krai

Black Sea  Abkha

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