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Kozani
Kozani
(Greek: Κοζάνη, pronounced [koˈzani]) is a city in northern Greece, capital of Kozani
Kozani
regional unit and of West Macedonia region. It is located in the western part of Macedonia, in the northern part of the Aliakmonas
Aliakmonas
river valley. The city lies 710 metres (2,329 feet) above sea level, 15 kilometres (9 miles) northwest of the artificial lake Polyfytos, 120 km (75 miles) south-west of Thessaloniki, between the mountains Pieria, Vermio, Vourinos
Vourinos
and Askio. The population of the Kozani
Kozani
municipality is over 70,000 people.[1] The climate of the area is continental with cold and dry winters, and hot summers. Kozani
Kozani
is the home of the Technological Educational Institute of Western Macedonia
Western Macedonia
and the University
University
of Western Macedonia, with about 15,000 students from all over Greece
Greece
and other places. It is also the seat of West Macedonia's court of appeal, police department, fire brigade, the seat of the 1st Army Corps of the Hellenic Army and of the Bishop of Servia and Kozani. One of the most important aspects of local folklore is Kozani's carnival at the end of the winter, which retains much of the profanity of the ancient Dionysiac cult.[2] Kozani
Kozani
is renowned in Greece
Greece
and abroad for the production of Saffron
Saffron
( Krokos
Krokos
Kozanis), in the nearby town of Krokos.[3][4] Kozani
Kozani
is a transport node between Central Macedonia, Thessaly
Thessaly
and Epirus. The nearest airport is Filippos Airport, 4 kilometres (2 miles) from the city, IATA code: KZI. The airport was first opened in the mid-20th century. Kozani
Kozani
is situated near the Egnatia Highway, which connects the coast of the Ionian Sea with Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
and Turkish borders.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Antiquity 2.2 Ottoman period 2.3 Balkan wars 2.4 Modern times

3 Economy 4 Sites of interest

4.1 Downtown sites of interest 4.2 Nearby sites of interest

5 Mass media 6 Historical population 7 Transport 8 Government

8.1 Province

9 Climate 10 Education 11 Culture

11.1 Festivals and events 11.2 Cuisine 11.3 Notable people 11.4 Sports

12 International relations

12.1 Twin towns – sister cities

13 Location 14 See also 15 References 16 External links

Etymology[edit]

Kozani
Kozani
in Northern Greece.

According to prevailing opinion in Greece, the name comes from the village of Epirus
Epirus
Kósdiani, the origin of settlers of Kozani
Kozani
in 1392. The settlement was first named Kózdiani, which then, it was changed into Kóziani, and in the end into Kozáni.[5] History[edit] Antiquity[edit] Antiquities from the prehistoric to the Byzantine period have been unearthed in many sectors of the city. In the east part of Kozani, an ancient necropolis has been found, dating to the early Iron Age.[6] During Philip II of Macedon's reign, the region was named Elimeia, which was part of Upper Macedonia
Upper Macedonia
and probably in the same place there was a town named Tyrissa.[7] In the south-west of the modern city, on Siopoto hill, there was a settlement named Kalyvia, between 1100 and 1300, traces of which are still preserved.

St Nicholas church

Ottoman period[edit] Kozani
Kozani
was probably founded by Christian settlers who, after the Ottoman conquest, withdrew from the plains of Macedonia into the mountains, during the 14th and 15th centuries. Its secure position soon attracted other Christians
Christians
expelled from Epirus, in 1392.[8] Together with the settlers from Epirus, many cattle-breeders moved in the region. The first recorded mention of Kozani
Kozani
is in an Ottoman register of 1528, as a settlement with 91 houses, 23 singles and 15 widows.[9] One of the most important colonizers of Kozani
Kozani
was the chief shepherd Ioannis Trantas, who settled about 100 families.[10] His son, Charisios Trantas, managed to obtain a Sultan's firman in 1664, according to the terms of which the town came under the protection of the Sultan's mother, was endowed with many privileges, and became forbidden for the Turks to settle in.[5]

Agios Nikolaos' clock tower (Mamatsios), landmark of the city, in 1916.

In 1664, the magnificent church of Agios Nikolaos was built. In 1668, the library and the famous school of Kozani
Kozani
were founded. During the 17th and 18th century, commercial relations with the countries of central Europe gave the opportunity for the city to flourish economically. During the 19th century, as foreign travellers relate, the population of the town was Greek, and was growing (Leake 1835:305[11] and Bouè
Bouè
1854:87[12]). The town's growth was disrupted in 1770, because of conflict that erupted between Kozani's local inhabitants and Kozanite merchants in central Europe, who contributed to the town's prosperity; even more catastrophically, the city was pillaged by Turkish beys in 1770. A subsequent incursion by Aslan bey, in 1830, ravaged the city immensely. In 1855 next to St. Nicholas Church a 26 meters high bell tower was built, which would become the symbol of the city. In 1939, a clock was added to the top of the tower, donated by Greek American Konstantinos Mamatsios.[13] According to the 1904 population census, 12,000 Greeks
Greeks
and 350 Vlachs
Vlachs
were living in Kozani
Kozani
at the time.[14] In the late 19th and early 20th century, Kozani
Kozani
was part of the Manastir Vilayet
Manastir Vilayet
of the Ottoman Empire. Balkan wars[edit]

Kozani, 1918

The clock tower today, Nikis (Victory) Square

View of the municipal park

The Greek army
Greek army
entered Kozani
Kozani
on 11 October 1912, during the First Balkan War, after its victory against the Ottoman army in the Battle of Sarantaporo. By this time, the population of the town was 12,000 Orthodox Greeks.[15] In 1923, during the population exchange between Greece
Greece
and Turkey, about 1,400 Greek families from Pontus and Asia Minor were settled in Kozani. Modern times[edit] In the 20th century, the city grew tremendously, as lignite reserves in the area started being used by Public Power Corporation, making Kozani
Kozani
the foremost producer of electrical power in Greece. An earthquake that occurred in the region on 13 May 1995, with a magnitude of 6.6 on the Richter scale caused only property damage.[16] The city now combines modern with old faries architecture. Some magnificent buildings are the clock tower, the town hall, the folklore museum, the "Valtadoreio" Gymnasium, the National Bank of Greece building, the "Ermioneion" Hotel and the mansions of Georgios Lassanis and Grigorios Vourkas. The Municipal Library
Library
of Kozani
Kozani
called "Kovendareios" is the second biggest in Greece, and it has 150,000 books, rare publications, valuable documents, and one of the rare copies of Rigas Feraios' charter. For this reason Kozani
Kozani
was included in the National Cultural Network of Cities with object the promotion of the Book and Reading. The Institute of Book and Reading was established and Kozani
Kozani
is now known as City of Books.[17] Today Kozani is the administrative, commercial, economic, and transport centre of the region of West Macedonia. Economy[edit] The city is mostly known for its important contribution to the Greek electricity supply, and a large part of the population works in the Public Power Corporation's Agios Dimitrios Power Plant, the largest power plant in Greece. The Ptolemaida
Ptolemaida
Basin hosts the Western Macedonia Lignite Center, which is accountable for the production of 40%[citation needed] of the electric energy of the country. Other famous products are marble, Saffron, ( Krokos
Krokos
Kozanis), fruits, local wines and specialized arts and crafts industry. The Commercial Exhibition of Kozani
Kozani
takes part in the Exhibition Centre of West Macedonia in Koila Kozanis every September. Many firms from Greece
Greece
and other Balkan countries participate, especially with local products. While Kozani
Kozani
remains a regional banking center, the Kozani-based Co-operative Bank of Western Macedonia
Western Macedonia
however failed the stress test conducted by the Bank of Greece
Greece
and subsequently was liquidated in December 2013.[18] Sites of interest[edit]

The Historical– Folklore
Folklore
and Natural History Museum of Kozani.

Lake Polyfytos Bridge
Lake Polyfytos Bridge
crossing the Polyfytos artificial lake of the river Aliakmonas
Aliakmonas
near Kozani.

The new Nikis square

Downtown sites of interest[edit]

The Archaeological Museum of Kozani The Historical– Folklore
Folklore
and Natural History Museum of Kozani
Kozani
is a place worth visiting. It is built according to old Macedonian architecture, and in its 6 floors, visitors can see everything about the geography, natural history, flora and animals of the region, as well as the history, the traditions and the past way of life in Kozani. The Museum of Modern Local History of Kozani The clock tower and the church of Agios Nikolaos - 350 years old - in Nikis Square. Other attractions include the Grigorios Vourkas Mansion
Vourkas Mansion
and the Georgios Lassanis
Georgios Lassanis
Mansion. The second one lies in a central square, named Lassani Square and it is used as the Municipal Map Library.

Nearby sites of interest[edit]

The Municipal Park Kouri located in Agios Dimitrios where you can see the Cultural Center
Cultural Center
and the Municipal Theatre of Kozani, and the hill of Xenia with the nice view of all the city The Museum of the Macedonian Struggle
Macedonian Struggle
in Chromio, a museum dedicated to the history of the Macedonian Struggle. Lake Polyfytos Bridge
Lake Polyfytos Bridge
crossing the artificial Polyfytos Lake. With a length of 1,372 m (4,501 ft), it is the second longest bridge in Greece
Greece
next to the Rio–Antirrio bridge.

Mass media[edit] There are some telecommunications companies, TV and radio stations, newspapers, magazines, and web portals based in Kozani. The television channels are West Channel, TOP Channel and Flash TV. Top-circulation newspapers include Chronos, Grammi, Tharros
Tharros
and others. Historical population[edit]

Year Town Municipal unit Municipality

1971 23,240 - -

1981 31,120 - -

1991 31,553 43,395 -

2001 38,591 49,812 -

2011[1] 42,604 53,880 71,388

Transport[edit] Kozani
Kozani
is accessed with Motorway Egnatia (or GR-2, or E90) from Ioannina
Ioannina
and Thessaloniki, GR-3 (or E65) from Larissa
Larissa
and Florina, GR-4 and GR-20.

By bus, (KTEL Kozanis) for all West Macedonian towns and for the biggest Greek cities Athens
Athens
(4 times/day - 470 km), Thessaloniki (every hour - 120 km), Larisa
Larisa
(120 km), Volos, Ioannina (160 km), Patras. By aeroplane (Sky Express), the city is connected with Athens
Athens
and Kastoria
Kastoria
from Filippos Airport which lies 3 km (2 mi) south-east of Kozani. By railway (OSE) to Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
(Railway Line Kozani
Kozani
- Amyntaio).

The public transit in the city is provided by minibuses, and between the centre and the municipal departments, it is provided by Transit buses. The traffic problems of the city have become more severe during the last few years. Government[edit] See also: List of mayors of Kozani

Map of Kozani
Kozani
center, Greece.

The Municipality of Kozani
Kozani
within West Macedonia
West Macedonia
after the 2011 reform.

The municipality Kozani
Kozani
was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[19]

Municipal unit Population (2011)[1] Area (km²)[20]

Kozani 47,461 366.018

Aiani 3,429 156.004

Dimitrios Ypsilantis 2,335 112.071

Elimeia 5,910 99.166

Ellispontos 5,834 337.992

The total population is 71,388 (2011). It is developing into a nodal town of the Western Balkans, with areas and activities of a wider regional nature. Within this context, the municipality of Kozani
Kozani
is creating a modern satellite town, the Kozani
Kozani
Zone of Alternate Urban Planning (ZEP). The Municipal Corporation of alternate planning and development of Kozani
Kozani
S.A.(DEPEPOK) was established in order to implement the projects of the ZEP. The ZEP is strategically located on 50 ha south-west of Kozani, and aims to become a model development centre, attracting an urban population and economic activities from throughout Western Macedonia in Greece
Greece
and the Western Balkans. Other known neighborhoods of Kozani
Kozani
are Sk'rka, Ipirotika, Gitia, Agios Athanasios, Platania. Province[edit] The province of Kozani
Kozani
(Greek: Επαρχία Κοζάνης) was one of the provinces of the Kozani
Kozani
Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Kozani
Kozani
(except a few villages that were part of the Eordaia
Eordaia
province) and Servia-Velventos.[21] It was abolished in 2006. Climate[edit] Under the Köppen climate classification, Kozani
Kozani
has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), with considerable hot-summer continental climate (Dfa) influences. Rainfall is spread evenly throughout the year.

Climate data for Kozani
Kozani
(1955–1997)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 6.1 (43) 8.0 (46.4) 11.4 (52.5) 16.3 (61.3) 21.7 (71.1) 26.5 (79.7) 29.3 (84.7) 29.2 (84.6) 25.0 (77) 18.8 (65.8) 12.7 (54.9) 8.0 (46.4) 17.8 (64)

Daily mean °C (°F) 2.3 (36.1) 3.7 (38.7) 6.9 (44.4) 11.6 (52.9) 16.8 (62.2) 21.5 (70.7) 24.1 (75.4) 23.6 (74.5) 19.3 (66.7) 13.5 (56.3) 8.0 (46.4) 3.9 (39) 12.9 (55.2)

Average low °C (°F) −1.2 (29.8) −0.5 (31.1) 1.8 (35.2) 5.2 (41.4) 9.5 (49.1) 13.2 (55.8) 15.7 (60.3) 15.7 (60.3) 12.5 (54.5) 8.1 (46.6) 3.9 (39) 0.4 (32.7) 7.0 (44.6)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 36.2 (1.425) 30.2 (1.189) 39.2 (1.543) 43.3 (1.705) 56.7 (2.232) 37.1 (1.461) 38.1 (1.5) 30.0 (1.181) 31.7 (1.248) 52.8 (2.079) 60.3 (2.374) 52.0 (2.047) 507.6 (19.984)

Average rainy days 10.8 10.0 11.2 10.4 11.2 7.3 5.6 5.1 6.2 8.1 10.7 11.7 108.3

Average relative humidity (%) 74.2 70.1 67.5 63.0 62.0 54.8 49.8 50.4 57.0 66.7 74.7 75.7 63.8

Source: Hellenic National Meteorological Service[22]

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The climate of Kozani
Kozani
has changed over the years as a result of the environmental degradation brought by the extensive lignite mining in the area. The lignite mine is one of the largest in Eastern Europe; due to the constant expansion of the mining activities in the area several communities have already been moved closer to city of Kozani and more are scheduled to be moved by 2020. Given that the main source of income for the city of Kozani
Kozani
is the lignite mine and the thermal power station in the area local residents are often biased about the environmental catastrophe brought on by these activities. Education[edit]

Valtadoreion Gymnasion

There are 18 Primary schools in Kozani, and another 8, in the municipal departments of Vatero, Kariditsa, Koila, Lefkovrysi, Lefkopigi, Nea Charavgi, Xirolimni
Xirolimni
and Petrana. The Gymnasiums of the city are 8, and there are two more in the municipal departments of Lefkopigi
Lefkopigi
and Xirolimni. There are also 4 Lyceums, 4 Technical Schools (TEE), some Business Schools and one municipal Odeum. Kozani
Kozani
is the home of the Technological Educational Institute of Western Macedonia
Western Macedonia
- one of the biggest in Greece
Greece
(founded on 1976). Three of its Faculties are in the city - the Faculty of Administration and Economy, Technological Applications and Health. (The rest of them are in other places of West Macedonia). The seat of the University
University
of Western Macedonia
Western Macedonia
and its Faculty of Engineering, they are also in Kozani. The University
University
was founded in 2002. Culture[edit] Festivals and events[edit]

Fanos; an old carnival custom.

The mansion of Georgios Lassanis
Georgios Lassanis
in Kozani. Today it is used as a Municipal Map Library.

Vourkas mansion

Kozani
Kozani
carnival is one of the most important events in the region, taking place the end of the winter. The most interesting local celebration during the carnival[23] are the Fanoi (great bonfires), which are lit in the squares of Kozani. Around them, people sing and dance mainly scoptic songs and local dances, such as the best known song in the region - the Enteka of Kozani, often called Kozani's "national anthem". All celebrations become more exciting on the Sunday of the last week, after the carnival parade, when bonfires are lit all over the town which burn until the early morning hours. At the end of summer Lassaneia Events are organised. They consist of theatrical representations, concerts, athletic events etc. The name "Lassaneia" comes from Georgios Lassanis, who was from Kozani
Kozani
and participated in the Greek War of Independence. A part of those events is also the new authors song festival "Nikolas Asimos".[24] Niaimeros is a fair in the north of the city in the Niaimeros place. It takes place on the first Tuesday of October. It used to last 9 days (niaimeros = nine days), but now it lasts only 3 days. Official local public holidays are the celebration for the liberation of the city from the Turks on 11 October and Saint Nicolas day - Kozani's patron - on 6 December. The municipal Band is named Pandora. It was founded in 1902, and it takes part in all the events and celebrations. Cuisine[edit] Main article: Macedonian cuisine (Greek) A typical dish in Kozani
Kozani
is the so-called Giaprakia. The main ingredients are meat and rice in salty carbage-leaf, having the shape of an egg. It is used often as Christmas food. Kichi (Kozanitiko kichi) is called another local dish, which is actually a cheese pie with circular-snail form. Notable people[edit]

View of Kozani
Kozani
from the south.

Ioannis Amanatidis, (1981–present) footballer Nikolas Asimos, (1949–1988) composer and singer Elias Atmatsidis, (1969–present)Football goalkeeper Evripidis Bakirtzis, (1895–1947), politician Anna Diamantopoulou, (1959–present) politician, former EU Commissioner, for Employment and Social Affairs, in the Prodi Commission Foulidis Eleftherios, Iconographer Georgios Lassanis, (1793–1870) scholar and politician Michalis Papakonstantinou, (1919–2010), author and Minister for Foreign Affairs (1992–1993)[25] Giorgos Papakonstantinou, Minister for Finance
Minister for Finance
of Greece Georgios Parakeimenos, educator Georgios Sakellarios, (1765–1838) educator Ieroklis Stoltidis, (1975–present) footballer Ioannis Topalidis, (1962–present), former Greek football player, assistant manager of the Greek national football team. Chrisanthos Theodoridis, (1934–2005) singer-songwriter, was born in Kozani

Sports[edit]

Kozani FC
Kozani FC
(Greek Third Division - 1st group) Lassanis Kozanis BC G.S. Κozanis, volleyball, gskozanis.gr

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Kozani
Kozani
is twinned with:

Bristol, Connecticut, USA, since November 2, 1987 Iaşi, Romania Toluca, Mexico Turgovishte, Bulgaria, since 2002[26]

Location[edit]

 Kastoria    Ptolemaida
Ptolemaida
- Florina     Veroia
Veroia
- Thessaloniki 

  Siatista
Siatista
- Neapoli    

  Velvendos
Velvendos
- Katerini    

  Grevena
Grevena
- Ioannina   Aiani    Servia - Larissa 

See also[edit]

Lake Polyfytos Bridge Kozani
Kozani
Municipal Stadium I Army Corps of the Hellenic Army Kozani
Kozani
National Airport "Filippos" Enteka dance Krokos
Krokos
Kozanis

References[edit]

^ a b c d e "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.  ^ http://alternatrips.gr/en/makedonia/kozani/carnival-fanoiof-city-kozani ^ http://www.visitgreece.gr/en/gastronomy/traditional_products/kozani_crocus ^ http://www.safran.gr/index.asp ^ a b Ιστοσελίδα Δήμου Κοζάνης - 14ος αιώνας - 20ος αιώνας Archived July 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Κώστας Δ. Ντίνας 2005. Το γλωσσικό ιδίωμα της Κοζάνης. ^ "Τύρισσα ήταν το όνομα της αρχαίας Κοζάνης (του Σταύρου Καπλάνογλου) Kozan.gr : Καθημερινή ενημέρωση για την κοζάνη — Κοζάνης Κοζανη kozani kozanh kozanhs KOZANI Πτολεμαίδα, ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΔΑ". Kozan.gr. 2012-12-30. Retrieved 2013-03-26.  ^ Μεγδάνης, Χ. 1820. Αγγελία παρί της αρχής προόδου της Ελληνικής Σχολης. Βιέννη. ^ Χατζηιωάννου Μ.-Χ. 2000:32. Η ιστορική εξέλιξη των οικισμών στην περιοχή του Αλιάκμωνα κατά την Τουρκοκρατία. Ο κώδικας αρ. 201 της Μονής Μεταμορφώσεως του Σωτήρος Ζάβορδας. Αθήνα: Κέντρο Νεοελληνικών Ερευνών/Εθνικού Ιδρύματος Ερευνών. ^ Γουναρόπουλος, Κ.Α. 1872:488-9. Κοζανιτικά. Αθήνα: Πανδώρα ΚΒ & Λιούφης, Π. 1924:44-5. Ιστορία της Κοζάνης (History of Kozani). Αθήνα. ^ Leake, W.M. 1835:305. Travels in Northern Greece. London. ^ Bouè, A. 1854:87. Recueil d' itineraires dans la Turquie d' Europe. Details topographiques et statistiques sur cet empire. Vienna. ^ [1] Archived October 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Κωνσταντίνος Σπανός. "Η απογραφή του Σαντζακίου των Σερβίων", in: "Ελιμειακά", 48-49, 2001. ^ A. Chalkiopoulos (Χαλκιόπουλος, Α.) 1910:109. Εθνολογική στατιστική των Βιλαετίων Θεσσαλονίκης και Μοναστηρίου. Athens. & Χατζηιωάννου Μ.-Χ. 2000:37. Η ιστορική εξέλιξη των οικισμών στην περιοχή του Αλιάκμωνα κατά την Τουρκοκρατία. ^ Ο σεισμός της 13 Μαΐου 1995 ^ τέχνες και πολιτισμός Archived 2012-02-16 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Resolution Measures Committee Decision 14/7/08.12.2013" (DOC). Bank of Greece. 8 December 2013. Retrieved 2 April 2015.  ^ Kallikratis law Greece
Greece
Ministry of Interior (in Greek) ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.  ^ "Detailed census results 1991" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 3, 2016.   (39 MB) (in Greek) (in French) ^ "Climate of Kozani". Hellenic National Meteorological Service. Retrieved 28 February 2013.  ^ "Αποκριά Κοζάνης 2007". Apokries-kozanis.gr. Retrieved 2013-03-26.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-03-05. Retrieved 2016-02-08.  ^ "Απεβίωσε ο πρώην υπουργός Μιχάλης Παπακωνσταντίνου". In.gr. 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2010-01-22.  ^ "International Contacts". Targovishte Municipality. Archived from the original on 2006-08-21. Retrieved 2013-08-29. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Κοζάνη.

Look up kozani in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Municipality of Kozani Prefecture of Kozani Region of Western Macedonia University
University
of Western Macedonia TEI of Western Macedonia http://www.macedonian-heritage.gr/HellenicMacedonia/en/C3.6.html Kozani
Kozani
travel guide from Wikivoyage Find all events in Kozani

v t e

Administrative division of the Western Macedonia
Western Macedonia
Region

Area 9,451 km2 (3,649 sq mi) Population 283,689 (as of 2011) Municipalities 12 (since 2011) Capital Kozani

Regional unit of Florina

Amyntaio Florina Prespes

Regional unit of Grevena

Deskati Grevena

Regional unit of Kastoria

Kastoria Nestorio Orestida

Regional unit of Kozani

Eordaia Kozani Servia-Velventos Voio

Regional governor Theodoros Karypidis (since 2014) Decentralized Administration Epirus
Epirus
and Western Macedonia

v t e

Subdivisions of the municipality of Kozani

Municipal unit of Aiani

Agia Paraskevi Aiani Chromio Kerasea Kteni Rodiani Rymnio

Municipal unit of Dimitrios Ypsilantis

Livera Mavrodendri Pontokomi Sideras

Municipal unit of Elimeia

Amygdalea Ano Komi Kaisareia Kato Komi Kontovouni Krokos Milea Sparto

Municipal unit of Ellispontos

Agios Charalampos Agios Dimitrios Akrini Avgi Drepano Kapnochori Kleitos Koilada Polymylos Ryaki Tetralofo Voskochori

Municipal unit of Kozani

Alonakia Anthotopos Argilos Charavgi Exochi Kalamia Karyditsa Koila Kozani Lefkopigi Lefkovrysi Lygeri Metamorfosi Nea Nikopoli Oinoi Petrana Protochori Ptelea Skiti Vatero Xirolimni

v t e

  Prefectural capitals of Greece

Agios Nikolaos Alexandroupoli Amfissa Argostoli Arta Athens Chalcis Chania Chios Corfu Corinth Drama Edessa Ermoupoli Florina Grevena Heraklion Igoumenitsa Ioannina Kalamata Karditsa Karpenisi Kastoria Katerini Kavala Kilkis Komotini Kozani Lamia Larissa Lefkada Livadeia Missolonghi Mytilene Nafplion Pallini Patras Piraeus Polygyros Preveza Pyrgos Rethymno Rhodes Serres Sparta Thessaloniki Trikala Tripoli Vathy Veria Volos Xanthi Zakynthos

v t e

  Capitals of regions of Greece

Athens
Athens
(Attica) Corfu
Corfu
(Ionian Islands) Heraklion
Heraklion
(Crete) Ioannina
Ioannina
(Epirus) Komotini
Komotini
(East Macedonia and Thrace) Kozani
Kozani
(West Macedonia) Lamia (Central Greece) Larissa
Larissa
(Thessaly) Mytilene
Mytilene
(North Aegean) Patras
Patras
(West Greece) Ermoupoli
Ermoupoli
(South Aegean) Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
(Central Macedonia) Tripoli (Peloponnese)

v t e

Former provinces of Greece

Grouped by region and prefecture

Attica

East and West Attica

Attica

Piraeus

Aegina Hydra Kythira Piraeus Troizinia

West Attica

Megaris

Central Greece

Boeotia

Livadeia Thebes

Euboea

Chalcis Istiaia Karystia

Phocis

Dorida Parnassida

Phthiotis

Domokos Locris Phthiotis

Central Macedonia

Chalkidiki

Arnaia Chalkidiki

Imathia

Imathia Naousa

Kilkis

Kilkis Paionia

Pella

Almopia Edessa Giannitsa

Serres

Fyllida Serres Sintiki Visaltia

Thessaloniki

Lagkadas Thessaloniki

Crete

Chania

Apokoronas Kissamos Kydonia Selino Sfakia

Heraklion

Kainourgio Malevizi Monofatsi Pediada Pyrgiotissa Temenos Viannos

Lasithi

Ierapetra Lasithi Mirampello Siteia

Rethymno

Agios Vasileios Amari Mylopotamos Rethymno

East Macedonia and Thrace

Evros

Alexandroupoli Didymoteicho Orestiada Samothrace Soufli

Kavala

Kavala Nestos Pangaio Thasos

Rhodope

Komotini Sapes

Epirus

Ioannina

Dodoni Konitsa Metsovo Pogoni

Thesprotia

Filiates Margariti Souli Thyamida

Ionian Islands

Corfu

Corfu Paxoi

Kefallinia

Ithaca Kranaia Pali Sami

North Aegean

Lesbos

Lemnos Mithymna Mytilene Plomari

Samos

Ikaria Samos

Peloponnese

Arcadia

Gortynia Kynouria Mantineia Megalopoli

Argolis

Argos Ermionida Nafplia

Laconia

Epidavros Limira Gytheio Lacedaemon Oitylo

Messenia

Kalamai Messini Pylia Trifylia

South Aegean

Cyclades

Andros Kea Milos Naxos Paros Syros Thira Tinos

Dodecanese

Kalymnos Karpathos Kos Rhodes

Thessaly

Larissa

Agia Elassona Farsala Larissa Tyrnavos

Magnesia

Almyros Skopelos Volos

Trikala

Kalampaka Trikala

West Greece

Achaea

Aigialeia Kalavryta Patras

Aetolia-Acarnania

Missolonghi Nafpaktia Trichonida Valtos Vonitsa-Xiromero

Elis

Elis Olympia

West Macedonia

Kozani

Eordaia Kozani Voio

Note: not all prefectures were subdivided into provinces.

v t e

Macedonia (Greece)

People

Ancient Macedonians List of ancient Macedonians Greek Macedonians

List

Jews of Thessaloniki Slavic speakers

Macedonian Bulgarians, Ethnic Macedonians

History

Ancient Macedonia

History Government Kings

Wars of Alexander the Great Wars of the Diadochi Macedonian Wars Roman Macedonia Theme of Thessalonica Theme of Strymon Sack of Thessalonica (904) Byzantine–Bulgarian wars Sack of Thessalonica (1185) Kingdom of Thessalonica Empire of Thessalonica Byzantine civil war of 1321–1328 Byzantine civil war of 1341–1347 Zealots of Thessalonica Byzantine–Ottoman wars Siege of Thessalonica (1422–1430) Ottoman Greece Rumelia Eyalet Greek War of Independence Manastir Vilayet

Sanjak of Monastir Sanjak of Serfiğe

Salonica Vilayet

Sanjak of Drama Sanjak of Salonica Sanjak of Siroz

Greek Struggle for Macedonia Balkan Wars Macedonian Front

Provisional Government of National Defence

Axis occupation Greek Civil War Macedonia naming dispute

Administration

Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace Western Macedonia Central Macedonia Eastern Macedonia and Thrace

Economy

Agios Dimitrios Power Plant Amyntaio
Amyntaio
Power Plant Drama coal mine Gerakini mine Olympias mine Piavitsa mine Port of Kavala Port of Thessaloniki Prinos oil field Ptolemaida- Florina
Florina
coal mine Skouries mine Stratoni mine

Major cities

Thessaloniki Veria Serres Kavala Kastoria Katerini Edessa Florina Drama Naousa Kozani Ptolemaida

Nature

Axios River Doiran Lake Falakro Galikos River Haliacmon Lake Kerkini Lake Koroneia Lake Orestiada Lake Prespa Lake Vegoritida Lake Volvi Mount Paiko Nestos (river) Pindus
Pindus
( Pindus
Pindus
National Park) Petralona cave Strymon River Vasilitsa Vermio Mountains

Seli

Voras Mountains

Monuments

Agios Athanasios Alexandrion (Litochoro) Amphipolis

Lion of Amphipolis Kasta Tomb

Dion Mount Athos Mieza Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki Pella Philippi Platamon Castle Vergina

Culture

Vergina
Vergina
Sun Flag Music Cuisine

Greek Mace

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