In everyday language
Okunoin (奥の院), the mausoleum of Kūkai, surrounded by an immense graveyard (the largest in Japan) Danjogaran (壇上伽藍), a heartland of Mt. Kōya. Garan is a name for a area that has buildings, a Main hall, a pagoda, a scripture storage, a bell tower, a lecture hall, severals halls dedicated to important deities, a shrine dedicated to the Shintō-gods of Kōya-san and in front of it an assembly hall for special ceremonies. Danjō Garan is one of the two sacred spots around the Mount Kōya.
Konpon Daitō (根本大塔), a pagoda that according to Shingon doctrine represents the central point of a mandala covering not only Mt. Kōya but all of Japan
In 2004, UNESCO designated Mt. Kōya, along with two other locations on the Kii Peninsula, Yoshino and Omine; and Kumano Sanzan, as World Heritage Sites "Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range". The complex includes a memorial hall and cemetery honoring Japanese who were imprisoned or executed for committing atrocities during World War II.
1 Access 2 Gallery 3 See also 4 Notes 5 External links 6 Further reading
Koya-san is accessible primarily by the
Nankai Electric Railway
Entrance to Kōya-san with two pillars showing the temple name
Danjōgaran Kondō, the main hall of Kongōbu-ji
Danōgaran Saitō (West Pagoda)
Danjōgaran Tōtō (East Pagoda)
Danjōgaran Fudōdo (National Treasure)
Danjogaran Sanō-in (Hall of the "Mountain King")
Banryūtei rock garden, Kongōbu-Temple
Graves in Okunoin Cemetery
A statue in Okunoin Cemetery
A Kannon-statue in Okunoin Cemetery
Detail, Okunoin Cemetery
Koyasan Reihōkan Mount Ōmine Tourism in Japan
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Koyasan.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Okunoin.
^ As there are many temples with identical names, Chinese and Japanese temples are traditionally given additional "mountain names". These are no geographical designations. There is no mountain called Kōya-san in Japan. ^ Garan is an abbreviation of sōgyaranma (僧伽藍摩), skr. saMghaaraama सँघाराम), meaning "garden of monks". In Japan it was later used for central areas of big temples such as Kōya-san. ^ "About Mount Koya Danjo Garan - Mount Koya Travel Guide Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-11-07. ^ Keevak 2008, p. 125 ^ "About Daimon - Mount Koya Travel Guide Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-11-07. ^ Hiragana Times, "Koyasan- A Sacred Tranquility", Volume #294, April 2011, pp. 34-37. ^ Victoria, Brian A., "Mount Koya sites exemplify ‘parallel universe’ where war criminals are martyrs", Japan Times, 5 August 2015
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mount_Koya.
Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range
Further reading Nicoloff, Philip L. (2008). Sacred Koyasan: A pilgrimage to the Mountain Temple of Saint Kōbō Daishi and the Great Sun Buddha. State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-7259-0. Coordinates: 34°12′45″N 135°35′11″E / 34.21250°N 135.58639°E / 34.21250; 135.58639
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 24616