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Kowloon–Canton Railway (KCR)
KowloonCanton.svg
Overview
LocaleNew Territories, New Kowloon, Kowloon
Transit type
Number of lines4 (3 railway lines, 1 light rail system)
Number of stations33 railway stations, 68 light rail stations
Daily ridershipabout 1.49 million (2006)
Operation
Began operation1 October 1910
Ended operation1 December 2007 (became a part of the MTR system)
Operator(s)KCR Corporation (1982–2007) / MTR Corporation since 2007
Technical
System length35 km (22 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Kowloon–Canton Railway
Traditional Chinese九廣鐵路
Simplified Chinese九广铁路

The Kowloon–Canton Railway (KCR; Chinese: 九廣鐵路; Cantonese Yale: Gáugwóng Titlouh) was a railway network in Hong Kong.[1] It is owned, and was operated by the Kowloon–Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC) until 2007. It provided rapid transit services, a light rail system and feeder bus routes within Hong Kong, and intercity passenger and freight train services to Mainland China.

While still owned by its previous operator, the KCRC (which is wholly owned by the Hong Kong Government) has been operated by the MTR Corporation under a 50-year, extendible, service concession since 2 December 2007. The two companies have since merged their lines into one unified MTR system. Immediately after the merger, steps were taken to integrate the network into the same fare system as the MTR, and gates between the two networks were removed in several stages in 2008. Although the MTR Corporation is a listed company, the Hong Kong Government is the controlling shareholder.

In 2006, the local KCR passenger train network (i.e. intercity services excluded) recorded an annual ridership of 544 million.