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Ko-Shintō
Ko-Shintō
(古神道) refers to the original animism of Jōmon period Japan which is the alleged basis of modern Shinto. The search for traces of Koshintō
Koshintō
began with Restoration Shinto
Shinto
in the Edo period. Some movements which claim to have discovered this primeval way of thought are Oomoto, Izumo-taishakyo, and Shinrikyō. The Sino-Japanese word ko (古) means "ancient or old"; shin (神) from Chinese shen, means "spiritual force" or simply "spirit", often translated as "deity" or "god"; and tō (道) from Chinese Tao, means "The Way". Thus Koshintō
Koshintō
literally means the "Ancient Way of the Gods". The term Shinto
Shinto
itself originated in the 6th century
6th century
(to distinguish it from continental ideas such as Buddhism
Buddhism
and Taoism
Taoism
then being introduced), so paradoxically, the reconstructed Koshintō predates any use of the word Shinto.

Contents

1 Koshintō
Koshintō
worldview 2 History of Koshintō
Koshintō
research 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Koshintō
Koshintō
worldview[edit] The following is deduced from studying the language of the Kojiki
Kojiki
and Nihon Shoki
Nihon Shoki
which does not appear in any Chinese philosophy: In Koshintō, the present world or utsushiyo is put in contrast to the eternal world or tokoyo. All individuals possess a tamashii, meaning a mind, heart, or soul. A tamashii without a body is called a mitama. Those whose tamashii has the nature of kami are called mikoto. In the Age of the Kami, or Kamiyo, the Earth was ruled by kami, whose forms were akin to humans, but had pure hearts and spoke in the language of kotodama. History of Koshintō
Koshintō
research[edit] There are no records of "pure" Koshintō
Koshintō
in early Japanese literature. By the time Japan was producing literature, its native religion had already intermixed with Taoism
Taoism
and Buddhism. Medieval development meant that Shinto
Shinto
was integrated into Buddhist symbology.[1] Koshintō
Koshintō
research began at the same time as examinations into Early Buddhism. In this era, Japan's shrine rituals were being "purified" of their religious nature and turned into national forms, a process called State Shinto
State Shinto
today. Religionists began looking for the origin of these forms in a primitive "nature religion".[2] Early folklorists such as Kunio Yanagita
Kunio Yanagita
were also seeking a purely Japanese tradition. Onisaburo Deguchi, the founder of Oomoto, was an extremely influential Koshinto researcher in the Imperial period. He influenced nearly all modern Koshinto lines except for that of Takuma Hisa. Such research continues today and is often connected with aikido and other martial arts.[3] See also[edit]

Ainu people#Religion, another indigenous religion of Japan Ryukyuan religion Haibutsu kishaku Himorogi Kotoamatsukami Shinbutsu bunri Shinbutsu kakuri Modern Paganism

References[edit]

^ Breen, John and Mark Teeuwen, Shinto
Shinto
in Historical Perspective, Routledge Curzon (2000), ISBN 978-0-7007-1172-7 ^ 『(別冊歴史読本) 古神道・神道の謎』 ISBN 4404023774 ^ 大宮司朗・平上信行 『古神道と古流武術―その奥秘を語る』1996年、八幡書店 ISBN 4893501860

Further reading[edit]

Kornicki, Peter and I.J. McMullen (Ed), Religion in Japan: Arrows to Heaven and Earth, Cambridge University Press, (1996), ISBN 978-0-521-55028-4

External links[edit]

Koshinto – Shinto
Shinto
organisation f

.