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Karzok

Korzok
Village
Karzok Tso Moriri.jpg
Karzok is located in Ladakh
Karzok
Karzok
Location in Ladakh, India
Karzok is located in India
Karzok
Karzok
Karzok (India)
Coordinates: 32°58′05″N 78°15′50″E / 32.968125°N 78.2639885°E / 32.968125; 78.2639885Coordinates: Leh district of Ladakh, India.[2] It is located close to Nyoma, in the Rupshu region and block, on the shores of the Tso Moriri lake. It is among the highest towns in the world and the highest settlement in India.[3] Various sources give slightly different measurements of the altitude from 14,995 ft (4,570 m) to 15,075 ft (4,595 m) above sea level.[4] The Drukpa Buddhist Korzok Monastery is located here.

History

Karzok was on the Central Asian trade route until 1947 and was the headquarters of the Rupshu Valley. One of the kings, Rupshu Goba, who lived there with his family, built nine permanent houses there.[5]

The village has several houses, and the nomadic population who establish their tents (made of yak hair or skin) in summer, add to the agricultural operations in the region. The tents are provided with vents at the top to let out the smoke. Pashmina is the valuable product that the Changmas trade along with the salt that they extract from large salt fields in the area, such as the springs at Puga. They barter these two products for food grains and other necessities. In recent years, building activity is on the rise with the nomadic tribes changing their lifestyle.[6]

Demographics

Karzok village

According to the 2011 census of India, Karzok has 253 households. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 46.64%.[7]

Demographics (2011 Census)[7]
Total Male Female
Population 1291 673 618
Children aged below 6 years 189 102 87
Scheduled caste 4 2 2
Scheduled tribe 931 485 446
Literates 514 292 222
Workers (all) 813 450 363
Main workers (total) 315 225 90
Main workers: Cultivators 257 192 65
Main workers: Agricultural labourers 3 2 1
Main workers: Household industry workers 6 0 6
Main workers: Other 49 31 18
Marginal workers (total) 498 225 273
Marginal workers: Cultivators 224 117 107
Marginal workers: Agricultural labourers 7 3 4
Marginal workers: Household industry workers 126 19 107
Marginal workers: Others 141 86 55
Non-workers 478 223 255
Welcome sign, Karzok

Climate

Karzok has a subarctic climate (Köppen classification Dfc) bordering on a tundra climate (ET). Summers are cool with chilly nights, and winters are long and cold with lows below zero.

Climate data for Karzok
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −7.2
(19.0)
−5.4
(22.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.3
(39.7)
9.2
(48.6)
14.0
(57.2)
16.9
(62.4)
16.2
(61.2)
12.9
(55.2)
6.5
(43.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−3.5
(25.7)
5.3
(41.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.1
(8.4)
−11.2
(11.8)
−6.8

Karzok was on the Central Asian trade route until 1947 and was the headquarters of the Rupshu Valley. One of the kings, Rupshu Goba, who lived there with his family, built nine permanent houses there.[5]

The village has several houses, and the nomadic population who establish their tents (made of yak hair or skin) in summer, add to the agricultural operations in the region. The tents are provided with vents at the top to let out the smoke. Pashmina is the valuable product that the Changmas trade along with the salt that they extract from large salt fields in the area, such as the springs at Puga. They barter these two products for food grains and other necessities. In recent years, building activity is on the rise with the nomadic tribes changing their lifestyle.[6]

Demographics

yak hair or skin) in summer, add to the agricultural operations in the region. The tents are provided with vents at the top to let out the smoke. Pashmina is the valuable product that the Changmas trade along with the salt that they extract from large salt fields in the area, such as the springs at Puga. They barter these two products for food grains and other necessities. In recent years, building activity is on the rise with the nomadic tribes changing their lifestyle.[6]

According to the 2011 census of India, Karzok has 253 households. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 46.64%.[7]

Demographics (2011 Census)[7]
Total Male Female
Population 1291 673 618
Children aged below 6 years 189 102 87
Scheduled caste 4 2 2
Scheduled tribe 931 485 446
Literates 514 292 222
Workers (all) 813 450 363
Main workers (total) 315 225 90
Main workers: Cu

Karzok has a subarctic climate (Köppen classification Dfc) bordering on a tundra climate (ET). Summers are cool with chilly nights, and winters are long and cold with lows below zero.

Climate data for Karzok
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −7.2
(19.0)
−5.4
(22.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.3
(39.7)
9.2
(48.6)
14.0
(57.2)
16.9
(62.4)
16.2
(61.2)
12.9
(55.2)
6.5
(43.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−3.5
(25.7)
5.3
(41.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.1
(8.4)
−11.2
(11.8)
−6.8
(19.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.9
(37.2)
7.4
(45.3)
10.7
(51.3)
10.2
(50.4)
6.4
(43.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.6
(21.9)
−10.0
(14.0)
−0.9
(30.4)
Average low °C (°F) −18.9
(−2.0)
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