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Kornelia Ender
Kornelia Ender
(born 25 October 1958 in Plauen, Saxony) is a former East German swimmer who at the 1976 Summer Olympics
1976 Summer Olympics
became the first woman swimmer to win four gold medals at a single Olympic Games, all in world record times. It was later proven that the East German team doctors had systematically administered steroids to their athletes[1] (albeit without the athletes' knowledge). As she had exhibited symptoms of steroid use in 1976 (deep voice, overdeveloped body), strong suspicion was cast on the validity of Ender's accomplishments. Ender trained from a young age and won her first Olympic medals as a 13-year-old at the 1972 Olympics in Munich: three silver medals, including one in the 200 m individual medley, finishing behind Australia's Shane Gould. Over the following years she broke 32 world records in individual events, including the four at the Montreal Games. In 1991, she addressed the long-held suspicions about her physical condition at the 1976 Games, acknowledging that team doctors and coaches had given her numerous injections of drugs over the preceding months (cf. doping in East Germany). Ender said that she did not know at the time, nor had she ever subsequently found out, exactly what the drugs were. She said she was told only that the drugs would help her "regenerate and recuperate" and therefore, although she was surprised by the muscle mass she added, she nonetheless attributed it simply to her rigorous training. When she became suspicious and refused to take chlorodehydromethyltestosterone in 1977 she was banned from the team by the Marxist authorities.[2] Ender was married for four years to East German backstroke swimmer and multiple Olympic champion Roland Matthes. She is now married to former East German - German track and field athlete and bobsledder Steffen Grummt. See also[edit]

Kornelia Ender
Kornelia Ender
in 1976

List of multiple Olympic gold medalists

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kornelia Grummt-Ender.

Lord, Craig (Mar 26, 2004). Olympic heroes. Times Online

^ E. German Olympic Dopers Guilty ^ Der Erinnerungsakrobat, April 22, 2000, by Jan von Flocken, FOCUS.

Records

Preceded by Mayumi Aoki Rosemarie Kother Women's 100 metre butterfly world record holder (long course) 14 April 1973 – 21 August 1974 9 June 1975 – 28 August 1977 Succeeded by Rosemarie Kother Christiane Knacke

Preceded by Shane Gould Ulrike Tauber Women's 200 metre individual medley world record holder (long course) 13 April 1973 – 4 September 1973 5 June 1976 – 10 July 1977 Succeeded by Andrea Hubner Ulrike Tauber

Awards

Preceded by Karin Janz East German Sportswoman of the Year 1973 – 1976 Succeeded by Rosemarie Ackermann

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Olympic champions in women's 100 m freestyle

1912:  Fanny Durack (ANZ) 1920:  Ethelda Bleibtrey (USA) 1924:  Ethel Lackie (USA) 1928:  Albina Osipowich (USA) 1932:  Helene Madison (USA) 1936:  Rie Mastenbroek (NED) 1948:  Greta Andersen (DEN) 1952:  Katalin Szőke (HUN) 1956:  Dawn Fraser (AUS) 1960:  Dawn Fraser (AUS) 1964:  Dawn Fraser (AUS) 1968:  Jan Henne (USA) 1972:  Sandy Neilson (USA) 1976:  Kornelia Ender (GDR) 1980:  Barbara Krause (GDR) 1984:  Nancy Hogshead (USA) 1984:  Carrie Steinseifer (USA) 1988:  Kristin Otto (GDR) 1992:  Zhuang Yong (CHN) 1996:  Le Jingyi (CHN) 2000:  Inge de Bruijn (NED) 2004:  Jodie Henry (AUS) 2008:  Britta Steffen (GER) 2012:  Ranomi Kromowidjojo (NED) 2016:  Penny Oleksiak (CAN) 2016:  Simone Manuel (USA)

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Olympic champions in women's 200 m freestyle

1968:  Debbie Meyer (USA) 1972:  Shane Gould (AUS) 1976:  Kornelia Ender (GDR) 1980:  Barbara Krause (GDR) 1984:  Mary Wayte (USA) 1988:  Heike Friedrich (GDR) 1992:  Nicole Haislett (USA) 1996:  Claudia Poll (CRC) 2000:  Susie O'Neill (AUS) 2004:  Camelia Potec (ROU) 2008:  Federica Pellegrini (ITA) 2012:  Allison Schmitt (USA) 2016:  Katie Ledecky (USA)

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Olympic champions in women's 100 m butterfly

1956:  Shelley Mann (USA) 1960:  Carolyn Schuler (USA) 1964:  Sharon Stouder (USA) 1968:  Lyn McClements (AUS) 1972:  Mayumi Aoki (JPN) 1976:  Kornelia Ender (GDR) 1980:  Caren Metschuck (GDR) 1984:  Mary T. Meagher (USA) 1988:  Kristin Otto (GDR) 1992:  Qian Hong (CHN) 1996:  Amy Van Dyken (USA) 2000:  Inge de Bruijn (NED) 2004:  Petria Thomas (AUS) 2008:  Libby Trickett (AUS) 2012:  Dana Vollmer (USA) 2016:  Sarah Sjöström (SWE)

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Olympic champions in women's 4×100 m medley relay

1960:  Burke, Kempner, Schuler, von Saltza (USA) 1964:  Ferguson, Goyette, Stouder, Ellis (USA) 1968:  Hall, Ball, Daniel, Pedersen (USA) 1972:  Belote, Carr, Deardurff, Neilson (USA) 1976:  Richter, Anke, Ender, Pollack (GDR) 1980:  Reinisch, Geweniger, Pollack, Metschuck (GDR) 1984:  Andrews, Caulkins, Meagher, Hogshead (USA) 1988:  Otto, Hörner, Weigang, Meissner (GDR) 1992:  Loveless, Nall, Ahmann-Leighton, Thompson (USA) 1996:  Botsford, Beard, Martino, Van Dyken (USA) 2000:  Bedford, Quann, Thompson, Torres (USA) 2004:  Rooney, Jones, Thomas, Henry (AUS) 2008:  Seebohm, Jones, Schipper, Trickett (AUS) 2012:  Franklin, Soni, Vollmer, Schmitt (USA) 2016:  Baker, King, Vollmer, Manuel (USA)

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World long-course champions in women's 100 m freestyle

1973: Kornelia Ender
Kornelia Ender
(GDR) 1975–1978: Barbara Krause
Barbara Krause
(GDR) 1982: Birgit Meineke
Birgit Meineke
(GDR) 1986: Kristin Otto
Kristin Otto
(GDR) 1991: Nicole Haislett (USA) 1994: Le Jingyi (CHN) 1998: Jenny Thompson (USA) 2001: Inge de Bruijn
Inge de Bruijn
(NED) 2003: Hanna-Maria Seppälä
Hanna-Maria Seppälä
(FIN) 2005: Jodie Henry (AUS) 2007: Libby Lenton
Libby Lenton
(AUS) 2009: Britta Steffen (GER) 2011: Jeanette Ottesen
Jeanette Ottesen
(DEN) / Aleksandra Gerasimenya
Aleksandra Gerasimenya
(BLR) 2013: Cate Campbell
Cate Campbell
(AUS) 2015: Bronte Campbell
Bronte Campbell
(AUS) 2017: Simone Manuel
Simone Manuel
(USA)

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World long-course champions in women's 100 m butterfly

1973–1975: Kornelia Ender
Kornelia Ender
(GDR) 1978: Joan Pennington (USA) 1982: Mary T. Meagher (USA) 1986: Kornelia Gressler
Kornelia Gressler
(GDR) 1991: Qian Hong (CHN) 1994: Liu Limin (CHN) 1998: Jenny Thompson (USA) 2001: Petria Thomas (AUS) 2003: Jenny Thompson (USA) 2005: Jessicah Schipper (AUS) 2007: Libby Lenton
Libby Lenton
(AUS) 2009: Sarah Sjöström
Sarah Sjöström
(SWE) 2011: Dana Vollmer
Dana Vollmer
(USA) 2013–2017: Sarah Sjöström
Sarah Sjöström
(SWE)

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World long-course champions in women's 4×100 m freestyle relay

1973: East Germany
East Germany
(Ender, Eife, Hübner, Eichner) 1975: East Germany
East Germany
(Ender, Krause, Hempel, Brückner) 1978: USA (Caulkins, Elkins, Sterkel, Woodhead) 1982: East Germany
East Germany
(Meineke, Link, Otto, Metschuck) 1986: East Germany
East Germany
(Otto, Stellmach, Schulze, Friedrich) 1991: USA (Haislett, Cooper, Hedgepeth, Thompson) 1994: China (Le J., Shan, Le Y., Lü) 1998: USA (Farella, Van Dyken, Bedford, Thompson) 2001: Germany
Germany
(Dallmann, Buschschulte, Meissner, Völker) 2003: USA (Coughlin, Benko, Jeffrey, Thompson) 2005: Australia
Australia
(Henry, Mills, Reese, Lenton) 2007: Australia
Australia
(Lenton, Schlanger, Reese, Henry) 2009: Netherlands (Dekker, Kromowidjojo, Heemskerk, Veldhuis) 2011: Netherlands (Dekker, Kromowidjojo, Veldhuis, Heemskerk) 2013: USA (Franklin, Coughlin, Vreeland, Romano) 2015: Australia
Australia
(Seebohm, McKeon, B. Campbell, C. Campbell) 2017: USA (Comerford, Worrell, Ledecky, Manuel)

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World long-course champions in women's 4×100 m medley relay

1973: East Germany
East Germany
(Richter, Vogel, Kother, Ender) 1975: East Germany
East Germany
(Richter, Anke, Kother, Ender) 1978: USA (Jasek, Caulkins, Pennington, Woodhead) 1982: East Germany
East Germany
(Otto, Geweniger, Geissler, Meineke) 1986: East Germany
East Germany
(Zimmermann, Gerasch, Gressler, Otto) 1991: USA (Wagstaff, McFarlane, Leighton, Haislett) 1994: China (He, Dai, Liu, Le) 1998: USA (Maurer, Kowal, Thompson, Van Dyken) 2001: Australia
Australia
(Calub, Jones, Thomas, Ryan) 2003: China (Zhan, Luo, Zhou, Yang) 2005: Australia
Australia
(Edington, Jones, Schipper, Lenton) 2007: Australia
Australia
(Seebohm, Jones, Schipper, Lenton) 2009: China (Zhao, Chen, Jiao, Li) 2011: USA (Coughlin, Soni, Vollmer, Franklin) 2013: USA (Franklin, Hardy, Vollmer, Romano) 2015: China (Fu, Shi, Lu, Shen) 2017: USA (Baker, King, Worrell, Manuel)

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European champions in women's 100 m freestyle

1927: Maria Vierdag
Maria Vierdag
(NED) 1931: Yvonne Godard
Yvonne Godard
(FRA) 1934: Willy den Ouden
Willy den Ouden
(NED) 1938: Ragnhild Hveger
Ragnhild Hveger
(DEN) 1947: Fritze Nathansen (DEN) 1950: Irma Schumacher (NED) 1954: Katalin Szőke
Katalin Szőke
(HUN) 1958: Kate Jobson
Kate Jobson
(SWE) 1962: Heidi Pechstein
Heidi Pechstein
(GDR) 1966: Martina Grunert
Martina Grunert
(GDR) 1970: Gabriele Wetzko
Gabriele Wetzko
(GDR) 1974: Kornelia Ender
Kornelia Ender
(GDR) 1977: Barbara Krause
Barbara Krause
(GDR) 1981: Caren Metschuck
Caren Metschuck
(GDR) 1983: Birgit Meineke
Birgit Meineke
(GDR) 1985: Heike Friedrich
Heike Friedrich
(GDR) 1987: Kristin Otto
Kristin Otto
(GDR) 1989: Katrin Meissner
Katrin Meissner
(GDR) 1991: Catherine Plewinski (FRA) 1993: Franziska van Almsick
Franziska van Almsick
(GER) 1995: Franziska van Almsick
Franziska van Almsick
(GER) 1997: Sandra Völker (GER) 1999: Sue Rolph (GBR) 2000: Therese Alshammar
Therese Alshammar
(SWE) 2002: Franziska van Almsick
Franziska van Almsick
(GER) 2004: Malia Metella
Malia Metella
(FRA) 2006: Britta Steffen (GER) 2008: Marleen Veldhuis
Marleen Veldhuis
(NED) 2010: Francesca Halsall
Francesca Halsall
(GBR) 2012: Sarah Sjöström
Sarah Sjöström
(SWE) 2014: Sarah Sjöström
Sarah Sjöström
(SWE) 2016: Sarah Sjöström
Sarah Sjöström
(SWE)

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European Champions in Women's 200 m Freestyle

1970: Gabriele Wetzko
Gabriele Wetzko
(GDR) 1974: Kornelia Ender
Kornelia Ender
(GDR) 1977: Petra Thümer
Petra Thümer
(GDR) 1981: Carmela Schmidt (GDR) 1983: Birgit Meineke
Birgit Meineke
(GDR) 1985: Heike Friedrich
Heike Friedrich
(GDR) 1987: Heike Friedrich
Heike Friedrich
(GDR) 1989: Manuela Stellmach
Manuela Stellmach
(GDR) 1991: Mette Jacobsen (DEN) 1993: Franziska van Almsick
Franziska van Almsick
(GER) 1995: Kerstin Kielgass
Kerstin Kielgass
(GER) 1997: Michelle Smith (IRL) 1999: Camelia Potec
Camelia Potec
(ROM) 2000: Natalya Baranovskaya (BLR) 2002: Franziska van Almsick
Franziska van Almsick
(GER) 2004: Camelia Potec
Camelia Potec
(ROM) 2006: Otylia Jędrzejczak
Otylia Jędrzejczak
(POL) 2008: Sara Isaković (SLO) 2010: Federica Pellegrini
Federica Pellegrini
(ITA) 2012: Federica Pellegrini
Federica Pellegrini
(ITA) 2014: Federica Pellegrini
Federica Pellegrini
(ITA) 2016: Federica Pellegrini
Federica Pellegrini
(ITA)

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European champions in women's 4×100 m freestyle relay

1927: Great Britain (Laverty, Davies, King, Cooper) 1931: Netherlands (Baumeister, Vierdag, den Ouden, Braun) 1934: Netherlands (Selbach, Timmermans, Mastenbroek, den Ouden) 1938: Denmark (Riise, Kraft, Ove-Petersen, Hveger) 1947: Denmark (Svendsen, Harup, Andersen, Nathansen) 1950: Netherlands (Massaar, Termeulen, Linssen-Vaessen, Heijting-Schuhmacher) 1954: Hungary (Gyenge, Sebő, Temes, Szőke) 1958: Netherlands (Schimmel, Lagerberg, Kraan, Gastelaars) 1962: Netherlands (Gastelaars, Lasterie, Terpstra, Tigelaar) 1966: Soviet Union (Sipchenko, Rudenko, Ustinova, Sosnova) 1970: East Germany
East Germany
(Wetzko, Komar, Sehmisch, Schulze) 1974: East Germany
East Germany
(Ender, Franke, Eife, Hübner) 1977: East Germany
East Germany
(Treiber, Wächtler, Priemer, Krause) 1981: East Germany
East Germany
(Meineke, Metschuck, Diers, Link) 1983: East Germany
East Germany
(Otto, Link, Sirch, Meineke) 1985: East Germany
East Germany
(Strauss, König, Stellmach, Friedrich) 1987: East Germany
East Germany
(Stellmach, Friedrich, Otto, Meissner) 1989: East Germany
East Germany
(Meissner, Stellmach, Hunger, Friedrich) 1991: Netherlands (van der Plaats, de Bruijn, Mastenbroek, Brienesse) 1993: Germany
Germany
(van Almsick, Kielgass, Stellmach, Hunger) 1995: Germany
Germany
(van Almsick, Osygus, Kielgass, Hunger) 1997: Germany
Germany
(Meissner, Osygus, Buschschulte, Völker) 1999: Germany
Germany
(Meissner, Buschschulte, van Almsick, Völker) 2000: Sweden (Jöhncke, Sjöberg, Kammerling, Alshammar) 2002: Germany
Germany
(Meissner, Dallmann, Völker, van Almsick) 2004: France (Figuès, Couderc, Mongel, Metella) 2006: Germany
Germany
(Dallmann, Götz, Steffen, Liebs) 2008: Netherlands (Dekker, Kromowidjojo, Heemskerk, Veldhuis) 2010: Germany
Germany
(Samulski, Lippok, Vitting, Schreiber) 2012: Germany
Germany
(Steffen, Lippok, Vitting, Schreiber) 2014: Sweden (Coleman, Kuras, Hansson, Sjöström) 2016: Netherlands (van der Meer, Heemskerk, Steenbergen, Kromowidjojo)

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European champions in women's 4 × 100 m medley relay

1958: Netherlands (de Nijs, den Haan, Voorbij, Gastelaars) 1962: East Germany
East Germany
(Schmidt, Göbel, Noack, Pechstein) 1966: Netherlands (Sikkens, G. Kok, A. Kok, Beumer) 1970: East Germany
East Germany
(Hofmeister, Schuchardt, Lindner, Wetzko) 1974: East Germany
East Germany
(Richter, Vogel, Kother, Ender) 1977: East Germany
East Germany
(Richter, Nitschke, Pollack, Krause) 1981: East Germany
East Germany
(Kleber, Geweniger, Geissler, Metschuck) 1983: East Germany
East Germany
(Kleber, Geweniger, Geissler, Meineke) 1985: East Germany
East Germany
(Weigang, Gerasch, Gressler, Friedrich) 1987: East Germany
East Germany
(Otto, Hörner, Weigang, Stellmach) 1989: East Germany
East Germany
(Otto, Börnike, Jacob, Meissner) 1991: Soviet Union (Krupskaya, Roudkovskaya, Kononenko, Yermakova) 1993: Germany
Germany
(Völker, Gerasch, Ustrowski, van Almsick) 1995: Germany
Germany
(Rund, Dörries, Voitowitch, van Almsick) 1997: Germany
Germany
(Buschschulte, Gerasch, Meissner, Völker) 1999: Sweden (Alshammar, Östling, Sjöberg, Svahnström) 2000: Sweden (Alshammar, Igelström, Sjöberg, Jöhncke) 2002: Germany
Germany
(Buschschulte, Weiler, van Almsick, Völker) 2004: France (Manaudou, Thomassin, Mongel, Metella) 2006: Great Britain (Marshall, Balfour, Dunning, Halsall) 2008: Great Britain (Simmonds, Haywood, Lowe, Halsall) 2010: Great Britain (Spofforth, Haywood, Halsall, Smith) 2012: Germany
Germany
(Mensing, Poewe, Wenk, Steffen) 2014: Denmark (Nielsen, Pedersen, Ottesen, Blume) 2016: Great Britain (Dawson, Tutton,

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