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Korfball
Korfball
(Dutch: Korfbal) is a ball sport, with similarities to netball and basketball. It is played by two teams of eight players with four females and four males in each team or with eight females in each team. The objective is to throw a ball through a bottomless basket that is mounted on a 3.5 m (11.5 feet) high pole. The sport was invented by Dutch school teacher Nico Broekhuysen
Nico Broekhuysen
in 1902. In the Netherlands, there are around 569 clubs and over 100,000 people playing korfball. The sport is also very popular in Belgium
Belgium
and Taiwan, and is played in many other countries.

Contents

1 History 2 Rules and regulations

2.1 Equipment 2.2 Team 2.3 Match

3 International tournaments

3.1 World Games 3.2 World Championship 3.3 IKF U23 World Championship 3.4 Continental championships 3.5 Europa Cup for Clubs

4 Beach
Beach
play 5 Cultural references 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

Korfball
Korfball
match at the 1928 Summer Olympics
1928 Summer Olympics
in the Olympic Stadium in Amsterdam

Korfball
Korfball
has Dutch origins.[1] In 1902 Nico Broekhuysen, a Dutch school teacher from Amsterdam, was sent to Nääs, a town in Sweden, to follow an educational course about teaching gymnastics to children. This is where he was introduced to the Swedish game 'ringboll'. In ringboll one could score points by throwing the ball through a ring that was attached to a 3 m pole. Men and women played together, and the field was divided into three zones. Players could not leave their zone.[2] Broekhuysen was inspired and when he returned to Amsterdam
Amsterdam
he decided to teach his students a similar game. He replaced the ring with a basket (for which the Dutch word is korf or mand), so it was easier to see if a player had scored or not. Broekhuysen also simplified the rules so children could also understand and play it. Korfball
Korfball
was born. The main idea was the same as ringboll, but it now stood on its own. The oldest still existing korfball club to never have merged with any other club is a Dutch korfball club H.K.C. ALO
H.K.C. ALO
from The Hague, Netherlands. H.K.C. ALO
H.K.C. ALO
was founded on 1 February 1906. At first there was considerable controversy about the sport, because the players were of both sexes. Several sports journalists refused to pay even the slightest attention to the new sport[citation needed]. Korfball
Korfball
players were accused of being immoral. Even the sportswear was criticized, because the women were showing bare knees and ankles; one newspaper wrote that " Korfball
Korfball
is a monster that spreads its claws to all sides"[citation needed]. Yet korfball was featured as a demonstration sport in the Summer Olympics of 1920 and 1928.[3]

Members of the International Korfball
Korfball
Federation

The International Korfball Federation was founded in 1933. Korfball
Korfball
is played in over 60 countries including: United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, the Czech Republic, Poland, Greece, Serbia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, India, the Netherlands, Belgium, Russia, Germany, Taiwan, Turkey, Hong Kong, Portugal, Pakistan, Sweden, Hungary, the Philippines, Indonesia, Italy, Spain, France and Romania. It is growing in popularity in the UK and in a unique reference to the sport, is featured in a song by the band Half Man Half Biscuit
Half Man Half Biscuit
entitled "Joy in Leeuwarden
Leeuwarden
(We Are Ready)" on their 2011 album 90 Bisodol (Crimond). Korfball
Korfball
has been played in the World Games since 1985. IKF World Championships have been held every four years since 1978. The leading nations are Belgium
Belgium
and the Netherlands. Hong Kong hosted its first international tournament, the Asia Oceania Championship in 2006. New Zealand hosted the Asia Oceania Youth Championships in 2007. Rules and regulations[edit] Equipment[edit] Korfball
Korfball
is played inside in winter and outdoors in spring and fall. The size of the indoor court is 20 x 40 m (22 x 44 yd), outdoor courts are 30 x 60 m (33 x 66 yd). The new outdoor courts size is 40 m x 20 m.The court is divided into halves called zones. In each zone is a 3.5 m (11.5 ft) tall post with a basket at the top. This is positioned two-thirds of the distance between the center line and the back of the zone.[1] Team[edit] A korfball team consists of eight players; four female and four male.[4] Match[edit]

Korfbal match in the Netherlands

A korfball match typically consists of two periods, with the length varying depending on the competition, but typically between 25 and 30 minutes, with a break between periods.[4] Four players of each team are in one zone, and the others are in the other zone. Within each zone, a player may only defend a member of the opposite team of the same gender. At the beginning of the match one team chooses one-half of the court. That half will be their defending zone, with 'their' basket in it. Players score by throwing the ball through the opponents' basket. After two goals, the teams change zones: defenders become attackers and attackers become defenders. In between those zone-changes, attackers cannot set foot on their defending zone or vice versa. At half-time teams swap halves. The rules prevent physical strength dominating the game. Blocking, tackling and holding are not allowed, as well as kicking the ball. Once a player has the ball, one cannot dribble, run or walk with it, however, one can move one foot as long the foot the player landed on when they caught the ball stays in the same spot. Therefore, tactical and efficient teamwork is required, because players need each other to keep the ball moving. A player may not attempt to score when defended, which occurs when the defender is in between the opponent and the basket, is facing his/her opponent, is within arm's length and attempting to block the ball. This rule encourages fast movement while also limiting the impact of players' height compared to their opponents. International tournaments[edit] World Games[edit] Main article: Korfball
Korfball
at the World Games The national teams competition organized by the International Korfball Federation has been played roughly every four years since 1978.

Year Host Champion Second place Third place

II Details 1985 United Kingdom  Netherlands  Belgium  United States

III Details 1989 West Germany  Netherlands  Belgium  West Germany

IV Details 1993 Netherlands  Netherlands  Belgium  Germany

V Details 1997 Finland  Netherlands  Belgium  Chinese Taipei

VI Details 2001 Japan  Netherlands  Belgium  Chinese Taipei

VII Details 2005 Germany  Netherlands  Belgium  Czech Republic

VIII Details 2009 Taiwan  Netherlands  Belgium  Chinese Taipei

VIII Details 2013 Colombia  Netherlands  Belgium  Chinese Taipei

IX Details 2017 Poland  Netherlands  Chinese Taipei  Belgium

X Details 2021 United States

World Championship[edit] Main article: IKF Korfball
Korfball
World Championship The national teams competition organized by the International Korfball Federation has been played roughly every four years since 1978.

Year Host Champion Second place Third place

I Details 1978 Netherlands  Netherlands  Belgium  West Germany

II Details 1984 Belgium  Netherlands  Belgium  West Germany

III Details 1987 Netherlands  Netherlands  Belgium  Great Britain

IV Details 1991 Belgium  Belgium  Netherlands  Chinese Taipei

V Details 1995 India  Netherlands  Belgium  Portugal

VI Details 1999 Australia  Netherlands  Belgium  Great Britain

VII Details 2003 Netherlands  Netherlands  Belgium  Czech Republic

VIII Details 2007 Czech Republic  Netherlands  Belgium  Czech Republic

IX Details 2011 China  Netherlands  Belgium  Chinese Taipei

X Details 2015 Belgium  Netherlands  Belgium  Chinese Taipei

XI Details 2019 South Africa

IKF U23 World Championship[edit] Main article: IKF U23 World Championship

2008 Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Taiwan
– Winner: Netherlands 2012 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain – Winner: Netherlands 2016 Olomouc, Czech Republic – Winner: Netherlands

Continental championships[edit] IKF promotes four continental championships: European Korfball Championship, All-Africa Korfball
Korfball
Championship, Pan-American Korfball Championship and Asia-Oceania Korfball
Korfball
Championship. Europa Cup for Clubs[edit] Every year the IKF organises the European Cup for clubs. The winner in 2009 was Koog Zaandijk from Koog aan de Zaan, the Netherlands. The winner in 2007 and 2008 was DOS '46 from Nijeveen, the Netherlands. DOS'46 won their first European Cup in 1982. Ons Eibernest from The Hague, the Netherlands
Netherlands
won the first championship in 1967. PKC from Papendrecht, the Netherlands, have won the championship the most times, a record 10 wins in total. The Europa Cup is the only official international competition for clubs. Until now, the winning team was either from the Netherlands
Netherlands
or Belgium, with respectively 39 and 6 championships. The only club from the United Kingdom to reach the final was Mitcham Korfball
Korfball
Club from London. Mitcham lost the final against Catbavrienden from Belgium
Belgium
in 1998. Beach
Beach
play[edit] For beach play, the rules of the game differ slightly from those of indoor play. Each team has 4 starters and 4 substitutes. The field of play is 16 metres by 8 metres, and goals are to be placed 3 metres from the end line. Matches consist of four quarters of 150 seconds each with a 45-second rest between each quarter. If either team has only two players remaining (1 man and 1 woman) because of injury or other reason during the match, the referee will stop play and terminate the game early.[5] Cultural references[edit] Korfball
Korfball
is the theme of the song "Joy in Leeuwarden
Leeuwarden
(We Are Ready)" on the album 90 Bisodol (Crimond)
90 Bisodol (Crimond)
by Half Man Half Biscuit. See also[edit]

Korfball
Korfball
European Bowl Commonwealth Korfball
Korfball
Championships British Student Korfball
Korfball
Nationals Korfball
Korfball
Europa Shield

References[edit]

^ a b "korfball". Webster's Sports Dictionary. Springfield, Mass.: G&G Merriam Company. 1976. p. 248.  ^ Koninklijk Nederlands Korfbalverbond. "History of korfball" (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 February 2011.  ^ Jurryt van de Vooren. "Forgotten Sport-heroes: Nico Broekhuysen" (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 February 2011.  ^ a b IKF. "Complete Rules of Korfball" (PDF).  ^ The rule of Beach
Beach
korfball International Korfball
Korfball
Federation

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Korfball.

International Korfball Federation (IKF) includes rules, all national associations and event results. (in Dutch) Royal Dutch Korfball
Korfball
Association"​".  (793.7 KB) Extensive description and explanation of rules and requirements in competition korfball. Infographic about what korfball is

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