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Korean Americans
Americans
(Korean: 한국계 미국인, Hanja: 韓國系美國人, Hangukgye Migukin) are Americans
Americans
of Korean heritage or descent, mostly from South Korea, and with a very small minority from North Korea, China, Japan
Japan
and Post-Soviet states. The Korean American community comprises about 0.6% of the United States population, or about 1.8 million people, and is the fifth largest Asian American
Asian American
subgroup, after the Chinese American, Filipino American, Indian American, and Vietnamese American
Vietnamese American
communities.[1][4] The U.S. is home to the second largest Korean diaspora
Korean diaspora
community in the world after the People's Republic of China.[5]

Contents

1 Demographics 2 History

2.1 Flatbush boycott 2.2 Comfort women
Comfort women
controversy 2.3 East Sea controversy 2.4 Sewol ferry tragedy memorial in the United States 2.5 Nail salon abuse 2.6 Recent statistics

3 Languages 4 Memorials and celebrities 5 Politics 6 Religion 7 Cuisine 8 Illegal immigration 9 Notable people 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Demographics[edit] Main article: List of U.S. cities with significant Korean American populations

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1910 462 —    

1920 1,224 +164.9%

1930 1,860 +52.0%

1940 1,711 −8.0%

1970 69,130 +3940.3%

1980 354,593 +412.9%

1990 798,849 +125.3%

2000 1,076,872 +34.8%

2010 1,423,784 +32.2%

According to the 2010 Census, there were approximately 1.7 million people of Korean descent residing in the United States, making it the country with the second largest Korean population living outside Korea (after the People's Republic of China). The ten states with the largest estimated Korean American populations were California (452,000; 1.2%), New York (141,000, 0.7%), New Jersey
New Jersey
(94,000, 1.1%), Virginia
Virginia
(71,000, 0.9%), Texas
Texas
(68,000, 0.3%), Washington (62,400, 0.9%), Illinois
Illinois
(61,500, 0.5%), Georgia (52,500, 0.5%), Maryland (49,000, 0.8%), and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
(41,000, 0.3%). Hawaii
Hawaii
was the state with the highest concentration of Korean Americans, at 1.8%, or 23,200 people.

Korean Americans
Americans
have achieved a high demographic profile in some U.S. cities, including New York City.

The two metropolitan areas with the highest Korean American populations as per the 2010 Census were the Greater Los Angeles Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
(334,329)[9] and the Greater New York Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
(218,764).[10] The Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area ranks third, with approximately 93,000 Korean Americans
Americans
clustered in Howard and Montgomery Counties in Maryland
Maryland
and Fairfax County in Virginia.[11] Southern California
California
and the New York City metropolitan area[12] have the largest populations of Koreans outside of the Korean Peninsula.[13] Among Korean Americans
Americans
born in Korea, the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Los Angeles metropolitan area
had 226,000 as of 2012; New York (including Northern New Jersey) had 153,000 Korean-born Korean Americans; and Washington had 60,000.[14] The percentage of Korean Americans
Americans
in Bergen County, New Jersey, in the New York City
New York City
Metropolitan Area, 6.3% by the 2010 United States Census[15][16] (increased to 6.9% by the 2011 American Community Survey),[17] is the highest of any county in the United States.[16] All of the nation's top ten municipalities by percentage of Korean population as per the 2010 Census are located within Bergen County,[18] while the concentration of Korean Americans
Americans
in Palisades Park, New Jersey, in Bergen County, is the highest of any municipality in the United States,[19] at 52% of the population.[15] Between 1990 and 2000, Georgia was home to the fastest-growing Korean community in the U.S., growing at a rate of 88.2% over that decade.[20] There is a significant Korean American population in the Atlanta metropolitan area, mainly in Gwinnett County (2.7% Korean), and Fulton County (1.0% Korean).[9]

According to the statistics of the Overseas Korean Foundation and the Republic of Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 107,145 South Korean children were adopted into the United States
United States
between 1953-2007.[21] In a 2005 United States
United States
Census Bureau survey, an estimated 432,907 ethnic Koreans
Koreans
in the U.S. were native-born Americans, and 973,780 were foreign-born. Korean Americans
Americans
that were naturalized citizens numbered at 530,100, while 443,680 Koreans
Koreans
in the U.S. were not American citizens.[22] While people living in North Korea
North Korea
cannot—except under rare circumstances—leave their country, there are many people of North Korean origin living in the U.S., a substantial portion who fled to the south during the Korean War
Korean War
and later emigrated to the United States. Since the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004
North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004
allowed North Korean defectors to be admitted as refugees, about 130 have settled in the U.S. under that status.[23][24] History[edit]

North and South Korean obtaining lawful permanent resident status: fiscal years 1940 to 2016

One of the first Korean Americans
Americans
was Seo Jae-pil, or Philip Jaisohn, who came to America shortly after participating in an abortive coup with other progressives to institute political reform in 1884. He became a citizen in 1890 and earned a medical degree in 1892 from what is now George Washington University. Throughout his life, he strove to educate Koreans
Koreans
in the ideals of freedom and democracy, and pressed the U.S. government for Korean independence. He died during the Korean War. His home is now a museum, cared for by a social services organization founded in his name in 1975. A prominent figure among the Korean immigrant community is Ahn Chang Ho, pen name Dosan, a Protestant
Protestant
social activist. He came to the United States
United States
in 1902 for education. He founded the Friendship Society in 1903 and the Mutual Assistance Society. He was also a political activist during the Japanese occupation of Korea. There is a memorial built in his honor in downtown Riverside, California
California
and his family home on 36th Place in Los Angeles has been restored by University of Southern California. The City of Los Angeles has also declared the nearby intersection of Jefferson Boulevard and Van Buren Place to be "Dosan Ahn Chang Ho
Ahn Chang Ho
Square" in his honor. The Taekwondo
Taekwondo
pattern Do-san was named after him.

Korean-American football player in Chicago, 1918

Another prominent figure among the Korean immigrant community was Syngman Rhee
Syngman Rhee
(이승만), a Methodist.[2] He came to the United States in 1904 and earned a bachelor's degree at George Washington University in 1907, a master's degree at Harvard University, and a Ph.D.
Ph.D.
from Princeton University
Princeton University
in 1910. In 1910, he returned to Korea
Korea
and became a political activist. He later became the first president of the Republic of Korea. In 1903, the first group of Korean laborers came to Hawaii
Hawaii
on January 13, now known annually as Korean-American Day,[25] to fill in gaps created by problems with Chinese and Japanese laborers. Between 1904 and 1907 about 1,000 Koreans
Koreans
entered the mainland from Hawaii
Hawaii
through San Francisco.[26] Many Koreans
Koreans
dispersed along the Pacific Coast as farm workers or as wage laborers in mining companies and as section hands on the railroads. Picture brides became a common practice for marriage to Korean men. After the annexation of Korea
Korea
by Japan
Japan
in 1910, Korean migration to the United States
United States
was virtually halted. The Immigration Act of 1924
Immigration Act of 1924
or sometimes referred to as the Oriental Exclusion Act was part of a measured system excluding Korean immigrants into the US. In 1952 with the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, opportunities were more open to Asian Americans, enabling Korean Americans
Americans
to move out of enclaves into middle-class neighborhoods. When the Korean War
Korean War
ended in 1953, small numbers of students and professionals entered the United States. A larger group of immigrants included Western princesses married with U.S. servicemen. With the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, Koreans
Koreans
became one of the fastest growing Asian groups in the United States, surpassed only by Filipinos. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
abolished the quota system that had restricted the numbers of Asians allowed to enter the United States. Large numbers of Koreans, including some from North Korea
North Korea
who had come via South Korea, have been immigrating ever since, putting Korea
Korea
in the top six countries of origin of immigrants to the United States[27] since 1975. The reasons for immigration are many including the desire for increased freedom and the hope for better economic opportunities.

A wide range of Korean Americans

In the 1980s and 1990s Koreans
Koreans
became noted not only for starting small businesses such as dry cleaners or convenience stores, but also for diligently planting churches. They would venture into abandoned cities and start up businesses which happened to be predominantly African American in demographics. This would sometimes lead to publicized tensions with customers as dramatized in movies such as Spike Lee's Do the Right Thing, and the Los Angeles riots of April 1992. Their children, along with those of other Asian Americans, would also be noted in headlines and magazine covers in the 1980s for their numbers in prestigious universities and highly skilled white collar professions. Favorable socioeconomic status and education have led to the painting of Asian groups such as the Koreans
Koreans
as a "model minority". Throughout the 1980s until today, Korean Americans
Americans
and other East Asian groups continue to attend prestigious universities in high numbers and make up a large percentage of the professional white collar work force including such fields as medicine, law, computer science, finance, and investment banking.

Juju Chang
Juju Chang
is an American television journalist for ABC News, and currently serves as an anchor of Nightline.

Los Angeles has emerged as a major center of the Korean American community. It experienced rapid transition in the 1990s, with heavy investment by Korean banks and corporations, and the arrival of tens of thousands of Koreans, as well as even larger numbers of Hispanics.[28][29] Many entrepreneurs opened small businesses, and were hard hit by the 1992 Los Angeles riots.[30] More recently, L.A.'s Koreatown
Koreatown
has been perceived to have experienced declining political power secondary to re-districting[31] and an increased crime rate,[32] prompting an exodus of Koreans
Koreans
from the area. Furthermore, the aftermath of the 1992 riots witnessed a large number of Koreans
Koreans
from Southern California
California
moving to the San Francisco Bay Area
San Francisco Bay Area
and opening businesses and buying property near downtown Oakland, furthering the growth of that city's Koreatown
Koreatown
until the early 2000s,[33] although this Oakland neighborhood has also subsequently witnessed a decline in its Korean population, created by an exodus to other parts of the Bay Area. According to Park (1998) the violence against Korean Americans
Americans
in 1992 stimulated a new wave of political activism among Korean Americans, but it also split them into two main camps. The "liberals" sought to unite with other minorities in Los Angeles to fight against racial oppression and scapegoating. The "conservatives," emphasized law and order and generally favored the economic and social policies of the Republican Party. The conservatives tended to emphasize the political differences between Koreans
Koreans
and other minorities, specifically blacks and Hispanics.[34] Abelmann and Lie, (1997) report that the most profound result was the politicization of Korean Americans, all across the U.S. The younger generation especially realized they had been too uninvolved in American politics, and the riot shifted their political attention from South Korea
South Korea
to conditions in the United States.[35]

Randall Park
Randall Park
beginning in 2015 he portrayed Eddie Huang's father, American restaurateur Louis Huang, in ABC's television show Fresh Off the Boat.

A substantial number of affluent Korean American professionals have settled in Bergen County, New Jersey
New Jersey
since the early 2000s (decade) and have founded various academically and communally supportive organizations, including the Korean Parent Partnership Organization at the Bergen County Academies
Bergen County Academies
magnet high school[36] and The Korean-American Association of New Jersey.[37] Holy Name Medical Center in Teaneck, New Jersey, within Bergen County, has undertaken an ambitious effort to provide comprehensive health care services to underinsured and uninsured Korean patients from a wide area with its growing Korean Medical Program, drawing over 1,500 Korean American patients to its annual health festival.[38][39][40][41] Bergen County's Broad Avenue Koreatown
Koreatown
in Palisades Park[42] has emerged as a dominant nexus of Korean American culture,[43] and its Senior Citizens Center provides a popular gathering place where even Korean grandmothers were noted to follow the dance trend of the worldwide viral hit Gangnam Style
Gangnam Style
by South Korean "K-pop" rapper Psy in September 2012;[44] while the nearby Fort Lee Koreatown
Koreatown
is also emerging as such. The Chusok Korean Thanksgiving harvest festival has become an annual tradition in Bergen County, attended by several tens of thousands.[45] Bergen County's growing Korean community[46][47][48][49] was cited by county executive Kathleen Donovan in the context of Hackensack, New Jersey attorney Jae Y. Kim's appointment to Central Municipal Court judgeship in January 2011.[50] Subsequently, in January 2012, New Jersey Governor Chris Christie nominated attorney Phillip Kwon of Bergen County for New Jersey
New Jersey
Supreme Court justice,[51][52][53] although this nomination was rejected by the state's Senate Judiciary Committee,[54] and in July 2012, Kwon was appointed instead as deputy general counsel of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.[55] According to The Record of Bergen County, the U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
has determined the county’s Korean American population – 2010 census figures put it at 56,773[56][57] (increasing to 63,247 by the 2011 American Community Survey)[58] - has grown enough to warrant language assistance during elections,[15] and Bergen County's Koreans
Koreans
have earned significant political respect.[59][60][61] As of May 2014, Korean Americans
Americans
had garnered at least four borough council seats in Bergen County.[62] Flatbush boycott[edit] In 1990, Korean-American owned shops were boycotted in the Flatbush section of the borough of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in New York City. The boycott started by Black Nationalist, Sonny Carson, lasted for six months and became known as the Flatbush boycott. Comfort women
Comfort women
controversy[edit] In May 2012, officials in Bergen County's borough of Palisades Park, New Jersey
New Jersey
rejected requests by two diplomatic delegations from Japan to remove a small monument from a public park, a brass plaque on a block of stone, dedicated in 2010 to the memory of comfort women, thousands of women, many Korean, who were forced into prostitution by Japanese soldiers during World War II.[46][63] Days later, a South Korean delegation endorsed the borough's decision.[64] However, in neighboring Fort Lee, various Korean American groups could not reach consensus on the design and wording for such a monument as of early April 2013.[65][66] In October 2012, a similar memorial was announced in nearby Hackensack, to be raised behind the Bergen County Courthouse, alongside memorials to the Holocaust, the Irish Potato Famine, and the Armenian Genocide,[60] and was unveiled in March 2013.[67][68] An apology and monetary compensation of roughly US$8 million by Japan
Japan
to South Korea
South Korea
in December 2015 for these transgressions largely fell flat in Bergen County, where the first U.S. monument to pay respects to comfort women was erected.[69] East Sea controversy[edit] According to The Record, the Korean-American Association of New Jersey petitioned Bergen County school officials in 2013 to use textbooks that refer to the Sea of Japan
Japan
as the East Sea as well.[70] In February 2014, Bergen County lawmakers announced legislative efforts to include the name East Sea in future New Jersey
New Jersey
school textbooks.[71][72] In April 2014, a bill to recognize references to the Sea of Japan
Japan
also as the East Sea in Virginia
Virginia
textbooks was signed into law.[73] Sewol ferry tragedy memorial in the United States[edit] In May 2014, the Palisades Park Public Library in New Jersey
New Jersey
created a memorial dedicated to the victims of the tragic sinking of the Sewol ferry off the South Korean coast on April 16, 2014.[74] Nail salon abuse[edit] According to an investigation by The New York Times
The New York Times
in 2015, abuse by Korean nail salon owners in New York City
New York City
and Long Island was rampant, with 70 to 80% of nail salon owners in New York being Korean, per the Korean American Nail Salon Association; with the growth and concentration in the number of salons in New York City
New York City
far outstripping the remainder of the United States
United States
since 2000, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Abuses routinely included underpayment and non-payment to employees for services rendered, exacting poor working conditions, and stratifying pay scales and working conditions for Korean employees above non-Koreans.[75] Recent statistics[edit] The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea
Korea
estimates the number of Koreans
Koreans
to be 224,600 as of 2013. However, it's hard to determine the accuracy of this reporting due to the figures being sourced from the Korean Consulate in Korea, and the channels of various Korean-affiliated organizations. For example, tens of thousands of immigrant women who have been married to USFK
USFK
since the 1950s and who have been adopted since the liberation of the United States have not been identified in the Korean consulate statistics.[76] Languages[edit] Korean Americans
Americans
can speak a combination of English and Korean depending on where they were born and when they immigrated to the United States. New immigrants often use a mixture of Korean and English, a practice also known as code switching.[77] Memorials and celebrities[edit] A number of U.S. states have declared January 13 as Korean American Day in order to recognize Korean Americans' impact and contributions. Celebrities are named at List of Korean Americans. Politics[edit]

Paull Shin
Paull Shin
Washington State Senate

Steven Choi
Steven Choi
is an American Republican Party politician from Orange County, California, who is the California
California
State Assemblymember representing the 68th Assembly District.

In a poll from the Asia Times before the 2004 U.S. Presidential Election, Korean Americans
Americans
narrowly favored Republican candidate George W. Bush
George W. Bush
by a 41% to 38% margin over Democrat John Kerry, with the remaining 19% undecided or voting for other candidates.[78] However, according to a poll done by the AALDEF the majority of Korean Americans
Americans
that voted in the 2004 Presidential Election favored Democrat John Kerry
John Kerry
by a 66% to 33% margin over Republican candidate George W. Bush.[79] And another poll done by the AALDEF suggest the majority of Korean Americans
Americans
that voted in the 2008 Presidential Election favored Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
by a 64% to 35% margin over Republican John McCain[79] In the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election, Korean Americans
Americans
favored Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
over Republican John McCain, around 59% to 41%.[80] However, there are still more registered Republican Korean Americans
Americans
than registered Democrats. Korean-Americans, due to their Republican and Christian leanings, overwhelmingly supported California's constitutional gay marriage ban, Proposition 8.[81] According to a Multilingual Exit poll from the 2012 Election, 77% of Korean Americans
Americans
voted for Democrat Barack Obama while only 20% voted for Republican Mitt Romney.[82] The poll also showed that 60% of Korean Americans
Americans
identify themselves as being Democrats, while only 14% of Korean Americans
Americans
identify themselves as being Republican.[82] Religion[edit] Korean Americans
Americans
have historically had a very strong Christian - particularly Protestant
Protestant
- heritage. Between 70% and 80% identify as Christian; 40% of those consist of immigrants who were not Christians at the time of their arrival in the United States. There are about 4,000 Korean Christian churches in the United States. The Korean Presbyterian churches represent a large religious bodies, the Korean-American Presbyterian Church, the Korean Presbyterian Church in America, the Korean Presbyterian Church in America (Koshin) (part of the Presbyterian Church in Korea
Korea
(Koshin)).[83] But the majority of Korean Presbyterians are members of the PC(USA)
PC(USA)
and the Presbyterian Church in America, both have several Korean language
Korean language
Presbyteries across the country.[84] There are only 89 Korean Buddhist temples in the United States; the largest such temple, Los Angeles' Sa Chal Temple, was established in 1974.[85] A small minority, about 2 to 10% of Korean Americans
Americans
are Buddhist.[86] Reasons given for the conversion of immigrant Korean families to Christianity include the responsiveness of Christian churches to immigrant needs as well as their communal nature, whereas Buddhist temples foster individual spirituality and practice and provide fewer social networking and business opportunities, as well as social pressure from other Koreans
Koreans
to convert.[87] Most Korean American Christians do not practice traditional Confucian ancestral rites practiced in Korea
Korea
(in Korea, most Catholics, Buddhists, and nonbelievers practice these rites).[86][88] Cuisine[edit]

David Chang
David Chang
is an American restaurateur, author, and television personality.

"Korean American cuisine" can be described as a fusion of traditional Korean cuisine
Korean cuisine
with American culture and tastes.[89] Dishes such as "Korean tacos" have emerged from the contacts between Korean bodega owners and their Mexican workers in the Los Angeles area, spreading from one food truck (Kogi Korean BBQ) in November 2008 to the national stage eighteen months later.[90] According to Chef Roy Choi
Roy Choi
(of Kogi Korean BBQ
Kogi Korean BBQ
fame), sundubu jjigae was a dish developed by Korean immigrants in Los Angeles.

Judy Joo
Judy Joo
host of Food Networks "Korean Food Made Simple" and an Iron Chef UK.

Often, chefs borrow from Korean flavors and preparation techniques that they will integrate it into the style they are most comfortable with (whether it be Tex-Mex, Chinese, or purely American). Even a classic staple of the American diet, the hamburger, is available with a Korean twist – bulgogi (Korean BBQ) burgers. With the popularity of cooking and culinary sampling, chefs, housewives, food junkies, and culinary aficionados have been bolder in their choices, favoring more inventive, specialty, and ethnic dishes. Already popular in its subset populations peppered throughout the United States, Korean food debuted in the many Koreatowns found in metropolitan areas including in Los Angeles; Queens and Manhattan in New York City; Palisades Park[91] and Fort Lee[92][93] in Bergen County, New Jersey; Annandale, Virginia; Philadelphia; Atlanta; Dallas; and Chicago. Korean cuisine
Korean cuisine
has unique and bold flavors, colors, and styles; these include spicy oddities (kimchi, kaktugi, sam jang), long fermented pastes (gochujang, ganjang, doenjang), noodle dishes (ramen and naengmyun), and fish cakes and raw seafood concoctions (raw octopus tentacles in spicy sauce, freshly halved sea urchin). Broad Avenue in Bergen County's Palisades Park Koreatown
Koreatown
in New Jersey has evolved into a Korean dessert destination as well;[94][95] while a five-mile long " Kimchi
Kimchi
Belt" has emerged in the Long Island Koreatown.[96] Korean coffeehouse chain Caffe Bene, also serving misugaru, has attracted Korean American entrepreneurs as franchisees to launch its initial expansion into the United States, starting with Bergen County, New Jersey
New Jersey
and the New York City
New York City
Metropolitan Area.[97] Illegal immigration[edit] See also: Illegal immigration to the United States
United States
and Illegal immigration amongst Asian Americans In 2012, the Department of Homeland Security estimated that there were two hundred and thirty thousand (230,000) "unauthorized immigrants" born in South Korea; they are the seventh largest nationality of illegal immigrants behind those from Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, the Philippines, and India.[98] Notable people[edit] For a more comprehensive list, see List of Korean Americans. See also[edit]

Asian Americans
Americans
portal Korea
Korea
portal North Korea
North Korea
portal South Korea
South Korea
portal United States
United States
portal

Asian Americans Demographics of the United States Greater Dallas
Dallas
Korean American Chamber of Commerce KoreAm Korean adoptees Korean American writers Korean-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce Korean Americans
Americans
in New York City Korean diaspora Koreans Koreatown Koreatown, Fort Lee Koreatown, Long Island Koreatown, Los Angeles Koreatown, Manhattan Koreatown, Palisades Park Koreatown, Philadelphia List of Korea-related topics List of Korean Americans yKAN Southern California
California
Korean College Students Association

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

Abelmann, Nancy and Lie, John. Blue Dreams: Korean Americans
Americans
and the Los Angeles Riots. (1995). 272 pp. Kibria, Nazli. Becoming Asian American: Second-Generation Chinese and Korean American Identities (2003) Korean American Historical Society, comp. Han in the Upper Left: A Brief History of Korean Americans
Americans
in the Pacific Northwest. (Seattle: Chin Music, 2015. 103 pp.) Min, Pyong Gap. Caught in the Middle: Korean Communities in New York and Los Angeles. (1996). 260 pp. Oh, Arissa H., “From War Waif to Ideal Immigrant: The Cold War Transformation of the Korean Orphan,” Journal of American Ethnic History (2012), 31#1 pp 34–55. Park, Kyeyoung. The Korean American Dream: Immigrants and Small Business in New York City
New York City
(1997) Park, Kyu Young. Korean Americans
Americans
in Chicago
Chicago
(2003)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Korean Americans.

KoreanAmericanStory.org: A Non-profit Organization Dedicated to Preserving Stories of Korean-Americans Arirang - Interactive History of Korean Americans AsianWeek: Korean American Timeline KoreAm
KoreAm
Journal Korean-American Community and Directory Korean American Foundation Korean American Heritage Foundation Korean American Historical Society Korean American History Korean American literature Korean-American Ministry Resources (Listing of Korean-American churches) The Korean American Museum Early Korean Immigrants to America: Their Role in the Establishment of the Republic of Korea

v t e

Asian Americans1, 2

Central Asian3

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East Asian

Chinese

Hong Kong Tibetan4 Fuzhou/Hokchiu Hakka

Japanese

Hawaii

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South Asian5

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Other

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and Latino

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Notes

1 The U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
definition of Asians refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent. [3][4] 2 The United States
United States
Government classified Kalmyks as Asian until 1951, when Kalmyk Americans
Americans
were reclassified as White Americans.[5] 3 The U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
considers Mongolians and Uzbeks as Central Asians,[6] but a specific Central Asian American
Asian American
group similar to Middle Eastern American does not yet exist.[7] 4 The U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
reclassifies anyone identifying as "Tibetan American" as "Chinese American".[8] 5 Bengali Americans
Americans
may be classified as Bangladeshi or Indian.[9] Punjabi Americans
Americans
may be classified as Indian or Pakistani.[10] Tamil Americans
Americans
may be classified as Indian or Sri Lankan.

v t e

Korean diaspora

Africa

Canary Islands1 South Africa

North America

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Hawaii by city

South America

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Asia

East Asia

China

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(North Koreans) Taiwan

South-East Asia

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South Asia

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West Asia

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Elsewhere

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Related topics

Languages

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Misc.

Adoptees Koreatowns North Korean defectors South Korean defectors

1 An autonomous community of Spain off the northwe

.