Koprivnica (pronounced [kɔ̝̌priːv̞nit͡sa]) is a city in
northern Croatia. It is the capital of the Koprivnica-Križevci
county. In 2011, the city's administrative area of 90,94 km² had
a total population of 30,854, with 23,955 in the city proper.
4 Notable people
7 External links
The list of settlements in the
Koprivnica municipality is:
Bakovčica, population 321
Draganovec, population 506
Herešin, population 728
Jagnjedovec, population 344
Koprivnica, population 23,955
Kunovec Breg, population 641
Reka, population 1,507
Starigrad, population 2,386
Štaglinec, population 466
Koprivnica (German: Kopreinitz, Hungarian: Kapronca) is situated at a
strategic location – on the slopes of
Bilogora and Kalnik from the
south and river
Drava from the north. Its position enabled it to
develop numerous functions for the wider area such as trade, crafts
and administration and in the 13th century
Koprivnica became a town
Koprivnica was named after the brook with the same name,
which was first mentioned at the beginning of the 13th century during
the Hungarian Kingdom.
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Koprivnica has a history similar to nearby Varaždin: it was first
mentioned in 1272 in a document by prince László IV and declared a
free royal town by king Lajos I in 1356, and flourished as a trading
place and a military fortress since.
In the 14th century, the town settlement further developed due to
increased trade under the influence of Varaždin. During the
construction of Renaissance fortification in the second half of the
Koprivnica was the centre of Slavonian military border.
Koprivnica had in its troops musketeers, German soldiers, hussars and
infantry. At that time the Renaissance square emerges together with
the Town hall which emphasized the renaissance identity, so Koprivnica
is today legitimately considered a renaissance town.
The military aspect set it back some when it was included in the
Military Frontier in the 16th century during the wars with the Ottoman
Turks, but after Maria Theresia's decree of 1765 it resumed life as a
peaceful little merchant town that it really was.
Its position on the border of
Habsburg Empire and Ottoman Empire
influenced the environment, economic, social and demographic changes,
as well as everyday life.
Koprivnica is therefore considered a border
town. In the second half of the 17th century
Koprivnica was among the
most developed royal towns in Croatian-Slavonian Kingdom and its
economic growth was in the first place based on strong trade activity.
The fact that three most significant churches (St. Nicholas, St.
Anthony of Padua
Anthony of Padua with Franciscan monastery and Assumption of Virgin
Mary in Mocile further proves economic power of the town in the 17th
century. Economic activity was moved outside the town fortifications
and this resulted with the wide and spacious baroque square –
today’s Zrinski square and Jelačić square. At the same time the
oldest streets were formed and they established the development base
for the town till the present days.
In the 19th century, old Renaissance and Baroque housing and trade
objects were replaced with historicistical architecture and the new
town centre obtained its present appearance. In 1863, the main part of
the future town park was planted, and removal of the old fortification
together with the construction of the railway determined the regional
development of the town. Railway connections enabled development of
industry and further established
Koprivnica as a leading centre of
Koprivnica Synagogue was built in 1875 in the center
of Koprivnica. Today it is listed as a cultural monument.
In the late 19th century and early 20th century,
Koprivnica was a
district capital in the
Bjelovar-Križevci County of the Kingdom of
Croatia-Slavonia. The first concentration and extermination camp
established in the Independent State of
Croatia during the World War
Danica concentration camp
Danica concentration camp established in Koprivnica.
Koprivnica developed significantly in the 20th century with the advent
Podravka food industry, known worldwide for its Vegeta spice.
They even have a museum of Podravka.
The annual "motifs of Podravina" event when the whole town becomes a
gallery of naïve art. Many of the Croatian greatest naïve artists
come from the villages along the
Drava in this county, notably Ivan
Baltazar Dvorničić Napuly
Cresswell, Peterjon; Atkins, Ismay; Dunn, Lily (10 July 2006). Time
Croatia (First ed.). London, Berkeley & Toronto: Time Out
Group Ltd & Ebury Publishing,
Random House Ltd. 20 Vauxhall Bridge
Road, London SV1V 2SA. ISBN 978-1-904978-70-1. Retrieved 10 March
Bulatović, Radomir (1990). Koncentracioni logor Jasenovac s posebnim
osvrtom na Donju Gradinu: istorijsko-sociološka i antropološka
Council, United States Holocaust Memorial (1991). Days of remembrance,
April 7-14, 1991: fifty years ago : from terror to systematic
murder : planning guide. U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council.
Rudolf Horvat, "Povijest slob. i kr. grada Koprivnice", Zagreb, 1943.
Leander Brozović, "Građa za povijest Koprivnice", crteži i skice
Milan Prelog, Ivanka Reberski, ur.,
Koprivnica - grad i spomenici,
Zagreb 1986. ISBN 86-80195-01-4
Nada Klaić, "
Koprivnica u srednjem vijeku",
Dragutin Feletar, "Podravina : općine Đurđevac,
Ludbreg u prošlosti i sadašnjosti", Koprivnica : Centar za
Petrić, Hrvoje (2000).
Koprivnica na razmeđi epoha (1765-1870).
Zavod za hrvatsku povijest Filozofskog fakulteta u Zagrebu i Nakladna
kuća dr. Feletar. ISBN 953-6235-54-4.
Mirela Slukan Altić, ur., Povijesni atlas gradova - Koprivnica,
Koprivnica 2005. ISBN 953-6666-42-1
^ a b c "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census:
Koprivnica". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011.
Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
^ (Bulatović 1990, p. 78)
^ www.utilis.biz, Utilis d.o.o., Zagreb,. "JUSP Jasenovac - CAMPS IN
THE INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA". www.jusp-jasenovac.hr. Retrieved
2017-02-04. The first Ustasha concentration camp in the Independent
State of Croatia, Danica, was founded on 15 April 1941 near
^ (Council 1991, p. 12): "April 20: The first concentration camp
in Yugoslavia, Danica. near Virovitica, opens; "
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Koprivnica.
County seats of Croatia
Slavonski Brod, Brod-Posavina
Rijeka, Primorje-Gorski Kotar
Cities and towns of
Croatia by population
Sveti Ivan Zelina
Subdivisions of Koprivnica-Križevci County
Sveti Ivan Žabno
Sveti Petar Orehovec
Coordinates: 46°09′N 16°49′E / 46.150°N 16.817°E /