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Koprivnica
Koprivnica
(pronounced [kɔ̝̌priːv̞nit͡sa]) is a city in northern Croatia. It is the capital of the Koprivnica-Križevci county. In 2011, the city's administrative area of 90,94 km² had a total population of 30,854, with 23,955 in the city proper.[1]

Contents

1 Population 2 Geography 3 History 4 Notable people 5 Sources 6 References 7 External links

Population[edit] The list of settlements in the Koprivnica
Koprivnica
municipality is:[1]

Bakovčica, population 321 Draganovec, population 506 Herešin, population 728 Jagnjedovec, population 344 Koprivnica, population 23,955 Kunovec Breg, population 641 Reka, population 1,507 Starigrad, population 2,386 Štaglinec, population 466

Geography[edit] Koprivnica
Koprivnica
(German: Kopreinitz, Hungarian: Kapronca) is situated at a strategic location – on the slopes of Bilogora
Bilogora
and Kalnik from the south and river Drava
Drava
from the north. Its position enabled it to develop numerous functions for the wider area such as trade, crafts and administration and in the 13th century Koprivnica
Koprivnica
became a town settlement. Koprivnica
Koprivnica
was named after the brook with the same name, which was first mentioned at the beginning of the 13th century during the Hungarian Kingdom. History[edit]

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Koprivnica
Koprivnica
has a history similar to nearby Varaždin: it was first mentioned in 1272 in a document by prince László IV and declared a free royal town by king Lajos I in 1356, and flourished as a trading place and a military fortress since. In the 14th century, the town settlement further developed due to increased trade under the influence of Varaždin. During the construction of Renaissance fortification in the second half of the 16th century Koprivnica
Koprivnica
was the centre of Slavonian military border. Koprivnica
Koprivnica
had in its troops musketeers, German soldiers, hussars and infantry. At that time the Renaissance square emerges together with the Town hall which emphasized the renaissance identity, so Koprivnica is today legitimately considered a renaissance town. The military aspect set it back some when it was included in the Military Frontier
Military Frontier
in the 16th century during the wars with the Ottoman Turks, but after Maria Theresia's decree of 1765 it resumed life as a peaceful little merchant town that it really was. Its position on the border of Habsburg Empire
Habsburg Empire
and Ottoman Empire influenced the environment, economic, social and demographic changes, as well as everyday life. Koprivnica
Koprivnica
is therefore considered a border town. In the second half of the 17th century Koprivnica
Koprivnica
was among the most developed royal towns in Croatian-Slavonian Kingdom and its economic growth was in the first place based on strong trade activity. The fact that three most significant churches (St. Nicholas, St. Anthony of Padua
Anthony of Padua
with Franciscan monastery and Assumption of Virgin Mary in Mocile further proves economic power of the town in the 17th century. Economic activity was moved outside the town fortifications and this resulted with the wide and spacious baroque square – today’s Zrinski square and Jelačić square. At the same time the oldest streets were formed and they established the development base for the town till the present days. In the 19th century, old Renaissance and Baroque housing and trade objects were replaced with historicistical architecture and the new town centre obtained its present appearance. In 1863, the main part of the future town park was planted, and removal of the old fortification together with the construction of the railway determined the regional development of the town. Railway connections enabled development of industry and further established Koprivnica
Koprivnica
as a leading centre of Podravina region. Koprivnica Synagogue
Koprivnica Synagogue
was built in 1875 in the center of Koprivnica. Today it is listed as a cultural monument. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, Koprivnica
Koprivnica
was a district capital in the Bjelovar-Križevci County
Bjelovar-Križevci County
of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. The first concentration and extermination camp established in the Independent State of Croatia
Croatia
during the World War II was Danica concentration camp
Danica concentration camp
established in Koprivnica.[2][3][4] Koprivnica
Koprivnica
developed significantly in the 20th century with the advent of the Podravka
Podravka
food industry, known worldwide for its Vegeta spice. They even have a museum of Podravka. The annual "motifs of Podravina" event when the whole town becomes a gallery of naïve art. Many of the Croatian greatest naïve artists come from the villages along the Drava
Drava
in this county, notably Ivan Generalić. Notable people[edit]

Vanna Zlata Bartl Ivan Brkić Stjepan Brodarić Žarko Dolinar Ivica Hiršl Baltazar Dvorničić Napuly Ivan Generalić Ivan Golac Slavko Löwy Armin Schreiner Branko Švarc

Sources[edit]

Cresswell, Peterjon; Atkins, Ismay; Dunn, Lily (10 July 2006). Time Out Croatia
Croatia
(First ed.). London, Berkeley & Toronto: Time Out Group Ltd & Ebury Publishing, Random House Ltd. 20 Vauxhall Bridge Road, London SV1V 2SA. ISBN 978-1-904978-70-1. Retrieved 10 March 2010.  Bulatović, Radomir (1990). Koncentracioni logor Jasenovac s posebnim osvrtom na Donju Gradinu: istorijsko-sociološka i antropološka studija. Svjetlost.  Council, United States Holocaust Memorial (1991). Days of remembrance, April 7-14, 1991: fifty years ago : from terror to systematic murder : planning guide. U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council.  Rudolf Horvat, "Povijest slob. i kr. grada Koprivnice", Zagreb, 1943. Leander Brozović, "Građa za povijest Koprivnice", crteži i skice Stjepan Kukec, Koprivnica
Koprivnica
1978. Milan Prelog, Ivanka Reberski, ur., Koprivnica
Koprivnica
- grad i spomenici, Zagreb
Zagreb
1986. ISBN 86-80195-01-4 Nada Klaić, " Koprivnica
Koprivnica
u srednjem vijeku", Koprivnica
Koprivnica
1987. Dragutin Feletar, "Podravina : općine Đurđevac, Koprivnica
Koprivnica
i Ludbreg u prošlosti i sadašnjosti", Koprivnica : Centar za kulturu, 1988. Petrić, Hrvoje (2000). Koprivnica
Koprivnica
na razmeđi epoha (1765-1870). Zavod za hrvatsku povijest Filozofskog fakulteta u Zagrebu i Nakladna kuća dr. Feletar. ISBN 953-6235-54-4.  Mirela Slukan Altić, ur., Povijesni atlas gradova - Koprivnica, Zagreb- Koprivnica
Koprivnica
2005. ISBN 953-6666-42-1

References[edit]

^ a b c "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Koprivnica". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.  ^ (Bulatović 1990, p. 78) ^ www.utilis.biz, Utilis d.o.o., Zagreb,. "JUSP Jasenovac - CAMPS IN THE INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA". www.jusp-jasenovac.hr. Retrieved 2017-02-04. The first Ustasha concentration camp in the Independent State of Croatia, Danica, was founded on 15 April 1941 near Koprivnica.  ^ (Council 1991, p. 12): "April 20: The first concentration camp in Yugoslavia, Danica. near Virovitica, opens; "

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Koprivnica.

Official website

v t e

County seats of Croatia

   

Bjelovar, Bjelovar-Bilogora Slavonski Brod, Brod-Posavina Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik-Neretva Pazin, Istria

Karlovac, Karlovac Koprivnica, Koprivnica-Križevci Krapina, Krapina-Zagorje Gospić, Lika-Senj

Čakovec, Međimurje Osijek, Osijek-Baranja Požega, Požega-Slavonia Rijeka, Primorje-Gorski Kotar

Sisak, Sisak-Moslavina Split, Split-Dalmatia Šibenik, Šibenik-Knin Varaždin, Varaždin

Virovitica, Virovitica-Podravina Vukovar, Vukovar-Srijem Zadar, Zadar Zagreb, Zagreb

v t e

Cities and towns of Croatia
Croatia
by population

100,000+

Osijek Rijeka Split Zagreb

35,000+

Bjelovar Dubrovnik Karlovac Kaštela Pula Samobor Šibenik Sisak Slavonski Brod Varaždin Velika Gorica Vinkovci Zadar

10,000+

Beli Manastir Belišće Benkovac Čakovec Crikvenica Đakovo Daruvar Donji Miholjac Duga Resa Dugo Selo Garešnica Gospić Imotski Ivanec Ivanić-Grad Jastrebarsko Kastav Knin Koprivnica Krapina Križevci Kutina Labin Makarska Metković Našice Nova Gradiška Novi Marof Novska Ogulin Omiš Opatija Petrinja Pleternica Ploče Popovača Poreč Požega Rovinj Sinj Slatina Solin Sveta Nedelja Sveti Ivan Zelina Trogir Umag Valpovo Virovitica Vrbovec Vukovar Zaprešić Županja

v t e

Subdivisions of Koprivnica-Križevci County

Towns

Đurđevac Koprivnica
Koprivnica
(seat) Križevci

Municipalities

Drnje Đelekovec Ferdinandovac Gola Gornja Rijeka Hlebine Kalinovac Kalnik Kloštar Podravski Koprivnički Bregi Koprivnički Ivanec Legrad Molve Novigrad Podravski Novo Virje Peteranec Podravske Sesvete Rasinja Sokolovac Sveti Ivan Žabno Sveti Petar Orehovec Virje

Coordinates: 46°09′N 16°49′E / 46.150°N 16.817°E / 46.150; 16.817

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 246565

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