KOPRIVNICA (pronounced ) is a city in northern
Croatia . It is the
capital of the
Koprivnica-Križevci county . In 2011, the city's
administrative area of 90,94 km² had a total population of 30,854,
with 23,955 in the city proper.
* 1 Population
* 2 Geography
* 3 History
* 4 Notable people
* 5 Sources
* 6 References
* 7 External links
The list of settlements in the
Koprivnica municipality is:
* Bakovčica , population 321
* Draganovec , population 506
Herešin , population 728
* Jagnjedovec , population 344
* KOPRIVNICA, population 23,955
Kunovec Breg , population 641
* Reka , population 1,507
* Starigrad , population 2,386
Štaglinec , population 466
Koprivnica (German : Kopreinitz, Hungarian : Kapronca) is situated at
a strategic location – on the slopes of
Bilogora and Kalnik from the
south and river
Drava from the north. Its position enabled it to
develop numerous functions for the wider area such as trade, crafts
and administration and in the 13th century
Koprivnica became a town
Koprivnica was named after the brook with the same name,
which was first mentioned at the beginning of the 13th century during
Hungarian Kingdom .
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Koprivnica has a history similar to nearby
Varaždin : it was first
mentioned in 1272 in a document by prince László IV and declared a
free royal town by king Lajos I in 1356, and flourished as a trading
place and a military fortress since.
In the 14th century, the town settlement further developed due to
increased trade under the influence of Varaždin. During the
construction of Renaissance fortification in the second half of the
Koprivnica was the centre of Slavonian military border.
Koprivnica had in its troops musketeers, German soldiers, hussars and
infantry. At that time the Renaissance square emerges together with
the Town hall which emphasized the renaissance identity, so Koprivnica
is today legitimately considered a renaissance town.
The military aspect set it back some when it was included in the
Military Frontier in the 16th century during the wars with the Ottoman
Turks , but after
Maria Theresia 's decree of 1765 it resumed life as
a peaceful little merchant town that it really was.
Its position on the border of
Habsburg Empire and Ottoman Empire
influenced the environment, economic, social and demographic changes,
as well as everyday life.
Koprivnica is therefore considered a border
town. In the second half of the 17th century
Koprivnica was among the
most developed royal towns in Croatian-Slavonian Kingdom and its
economic growth was in the first place based on strong trade activity.
The fact that three most significant churches (
St. Nicholas , St.
Anthony of Padua
Anthony of Padua with Franciscan monastery and Assumption of Virgin
Mary in Mocile further proves economic power of the town in the 17th
century. Economic activity was moved outside the town fortifications
and this resulted with the wide and spacious baroque square –
today’s Zrinski square and Jelačić square. At the same time the
oldest streets were formed and they established the development base
for the town till the present days.
In the 19th century, old Renaissance and Baroque housing and trade
objects were replaced with historicistical architecture and the new
town centre obtained its present appearance. In 1863, the main part of
the future town park was planted, and removal of the old fortification
together with the construction of the railway determined the regional
development of the town. Railway connections enabled development of
industry and further established
Koprivnica as a leading centre of
Koprivnica Synagogue was built in 1875 in the center
of Koprivnica. Today it is listed as a cultural monument.
In the late 19th century and early 20th century,
Koprivnica was a
district capital in the
Bjelovar-Križevci County of the Kingdom of
Croatia-Slavonia . The first concentration and extermination camp
established in the Independent State of
Croatia during the World War
Danica concentration camp established in Koprivnica.
Koprivnica developed significantly in the 20th century with the
advent of the
Podravka food industry , known worldwide for its Vegeta
spice. They even have a museum of Podravka.
The annual "motifs of Podravina" event when the whole town becomes a
gallery of naïve art . Many of the Croatian greatest naïve artists
come from the villages along the