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The Info List - Koppal District


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KOPPAL DISTRICT is an administrative district in the state of Karnataka in India . In the past Koppal was referred to as 'Kopana Nagara'. Hampi , a World heritage center, covers some areas of Koppal District. It is situated approximately 38 km away. Anegundi , is also a famous travel destination.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Towns in Koppal District

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Taluks

* 4 Demographics

* 5 Tourist attractions

* 5.1 The Mahadeva Temple * 5.2 Kukanur

* 6 Hideout for Balkrishna Hari Chapekar * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

Koppal, now a district headquarters is ancient Kopana a major holy place of the Jainas. Palkigundu is described as the Indrakila parvata of epic fame and there is an ancient Shiva temple called the Male Malleshwara. There are two Ashokan inscriptions at Palkigundu and Gavimatha. It was the capital of a branch of Shilaharas under the Chalukya\'s of Kalyan . In Shivaji 's times it was one of the eight prants or revenue divisions of Southern Maratha Country. During India\'s First War of Independence Mundargi Bheema Rao and Hammige Kenchanagouda died fighting the British here in June 1858. Kinhal 13 km away from Koppal is famous for its traditional colourful lacquerware work.

TOWNS IN KOPPAL DISTRICT

* Gangavathi * Kanakagiri * Karatagi * Koppal * Kuknoor * Kushtagi * Munirabad * Yalaburga * Bhagyanagar * Tavaragera * Hanumasagar * Kinnal * Mangaluru * Challur * Madinur

GEOGRAPHY

The district occupies an area of 7,190 kmĀ² and has a population of 1,196,089, which 16.58% were urban as of 2001. The Koppal district was formed after split of Raichur district.

TALUKS

Koppal district has following four talukas : Koppal , Gangavathi , Yelbarga , and Kushtagi .

DEMOGRAPHICS

According to the 2011 census Koppal district has a population of 1,391,292, roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland or the US state of Hawaii . This gives it a ranking of 350th in India (out of a total of 640 ). The district has a population density of 250 inhabitants per square kilometre (650/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.32%. Koppal has a sex ratio of 983 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.28%.

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

Mahadeva Temple at Itagi in the Koppal district, 1112 CE, an example of Karnata-Dravida articulation with a nagara superstructure

Most notable of the many buildings dating from this period is the Mahadeva Temple at Itagi in the Yelabarga taluk.

THE MAHADEVA TEMPLE

Open mantapa (hall) at the Mahadeva Temple in Itagi, the Koppal district, 1112 CE Figure sculpture at Mahadeva Temple

The Mahadeva temple at Itagi dedicated to Shiva is among the larger temples built by the Western Chalukyas and perhaps the most famous. Inscriptions hail it as the 'Emperor among temples'. Here, the main temple, the sanctum of which has a linga, is surrounded by thirteen minor shrines, each with its own linga. The temple has two other shrines, dedicated to Murthinarayana and Chandraleshwari, parents of Mahadeva, the Chalukya commander who consecrated the temple in 1112 CE. Soapstone is found in abundance in the regions of Haveri, Savanur, Byadgi, Motebennur and Hangal. The great archaic sandstone building blocks used by the Badami Chalukyas were superseded with smaller blocks of soapstone and with smaller masonry. The first temple to be built from this material was the Amrtesvara Temple in Annigeri in the Dharwad district in 1050 CE. This building was to be the prototype for later, more articulated structures such as the Mahadeva Temple at Itagi. The 11th-century temple-building boom continued in the 12th